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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2763 - חָרַם

Transliteration
châram
Phonetics
khaw-ram'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
744,745
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to ban, devote, destroy utterly, completely destroy, dedicate for destruction, exterminate

1a) (Hiphil)

1a1) to prohibit (for common use), ban

1a2) to consecrate, devote, dedicate for destruction

1a3) to exterminate, completely destroy

1b) (Hophal)

1b1) to be put under the ban, be devoted to destruction

1b2) to be devoted, be forfeited

1b3) to be completely destroyed

2) to split, slit, mutilate (a part of the body)

2a) (Qal) to mutilate

2b) (Hiphil) to divide

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1842 ‑ ἐξολεθρεύω (ex‑ol‑oth‑ryoo'‑o);  337 ‑ ἀναιρέω (an‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  615 ‑ ἀποκτείνω (ap‑ok‑ti'‑no);  622 ‑ ἀπόλλυμι (ap‑ol'‑loo‑mee);  853 ‑ ἀφανίζω (af‑an‑id'‑zo);  854 ‑ ἀφανισμός (af‑an‑is‑mos');  1760 ‑ ἐνθυμέομαι (en‑thoo‑meh'‑om‑ahee);  2049 ‑ ἐρημόω (er‑ay‑mo'‑o);  5407 ‑ φονεύω (fon‑yoo'‑o);  394 ‑ ἀνατίθημι (an‑at‑ith'‑em‑ahee);  332 ‑ ἀναθεματίζω (an‑ath‑em‑at‑id'‑zo);  3645 ‑ ὀλοθρεύω (ol‑oth‑ryoo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (52) NAS (52) HCS (51)
Exodus 1
Leviticus 3
Numbers 2
Deuteronomy 5
Joshua 14
Judges 2
1 Samuel 6
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 2
Ezra 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 4
Daniel 1
Micah 1
Exodus 1
Leviticus 3
Numbers 2
Deuteronomy 5
Joshua 14
Judges 2
1 Samuel 6
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 2
Ezra 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 4
Daniel 1
Micah 1
Exodus 1
Leviticus 3
Numbers 2
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 14
Judges 2
1 Samuel 7
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 4
Daniel 1
Micah 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cms 2
v-Hi3ms 3
v-ha 5
v-hc 2
v-hi2mp 1
v-hi2ms 2
v-hp1cp 1
v-hp1cs 3
v-hp2mp 2
v-hp2ms 1
v-hp3cp 3
v-hp3ms 7
v-hvmp 1
v-hvms 2
v-hw1cpXa 1
v-hw3mp 3
v-hw3ms 1
v-hw3msXa 1
v-qsms 1
n-cms 2
v-Hi3ms 3
v-ha 5
v-hc 2
v-hi2mp 1
v-hi2ms 2
v-hp1cp 1
v-hp1cs 3
v-hp2mp 2
v-hp2ms 1
v-hp3cp 3
v-hp3ms 7
v-hvmp 1
v-hvms 2
v-hw1cpXa 1
v-hw3mp 3
v-hw3ms 1
v-hw3msXa 1
v-qsms 1
n-cms 2
v-Hi3ms 3
v-ha 5
v-hc 2
v-hi2mp 1
v-hi2ms 2
v-hp1cp 1
v-hp1cs 3
v-hp2mp 2
v-hp2ms 1
v-hp3cp 3
v-hp3ms 7
v-hvmp 1
v-hvms 2
v-hw1cpXa 1
v-hw3mp 3
v-hw3ms 1
v-hw3msXa 1
v-qsms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2206) mrh (ההרמ HhRM) AC: Capture CO: Net AB: ?: A throwing of the net to capture fish, animals or man.

V) mrh (ההרמ HhRM) - Capture: To capture something that is dedicated for something special. Also to capture something to destroy it. KJV (52): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) destroy, devote, accurse, consecrate, forfeit, flat nose, slay - Strongs: H2763 (חָרַם)

Nm) mrh (ההרמ HhRM) - I. Net: II. Captured:Someone or something captured for dedication or destruction. KJV (38): net, accursed, curse, devoted, destruction, dedicated, destroyed - Strongs: H2764 (חֶרֶם)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [חָרַם] verb Hiph`il ban, devote, exterminate (MI17 החרמתה of devoting, dedicating a city to Chemosh, in clause with כי explaining massacre of all inhabitants; the altar-hearth of ׳י there was dragged before Chemosh; be prohibited, forbidden, unlawful, become sacred; II. make, pronounce sacred, inviolable; Ethiopic prohibit from common use, consecrate to God, esteem unlawful; Palmyrene חרם = consacrÈ Vog No 35; Nabataean id., Eut p. 28; Sabean מחרם sanctuary, temple, Os ZMG 1865,176. 252, חרמתן DHM ZMG 1875,594; Aramaic אַחֲרִים, and especially anathematize, excommunicate; see also We Skizzen iii, 165, Dr Sm 100 ff., RS Semitic i. 140 (150)) — Hiph`il Perfect הֶהֱרִים Joshua 8:26 5t.; הֶחֱרִם Joshua 10:28; 2 masculine singular וְהַחֲרַמְתָּ֫ה 1 Samuel 15:18; 1 singular הֶחֱרַמְתִּי 1 Samuel 15:20; וְהַחֲרַמְתִּ֫י Numbers 21:2; 2 feminine singular וְהַחֲרַמְתְּ(יׅ consecutive Micah 4:13 (so ᵐ5ᵑ9 ᵑ6ᵑ7 RV most; ᵑ0 1 singular), see Ges§ 44, R. 4; plural הֶחֱרִימוּ 1 Samuel 15:9; 2 Chronicles 32:14 etc.; ( 1 Samuel 15:3 read והחרמתוᵐ5 We Dr); Imperfect יַחֲרִם Leviticus 27:28; וַיַּחֲרֵם Numbers 21:3; Joshua 10:37; suffix וַיַּחֲרִימָהּ Joshua 10:1; 1 plural וַנַּחֲרֵם Deuteronomy 2:34; Deuteronomy 3:6 etc.; Imperative הַחֲרֵם Deuteronomy 13:16; plural הַחֲרִימוּ Jeremiah 51:3; suffix הַחֲרִימוּהָ Jeremiah 50:26; Infinitive absolute הַחֲרֵם Deuteronomy 3:6 4t.; construct הַחֲרִים 2 Chronicles 20:23; Daniel 11:44; suffix הַחֲרִימָם Joshua 11:20 4t.; — ban, devote (especially religiously, followed by objects hostile to the theocracy [see especially Exodus 22:19 Hoph`al]; this involved Generally their destruction; when a city was 'devoted' the inhabitants were put to death, the spoil being destroyed or not according to the gravity of the occasion [contrast Joshua 6:17,21; 1 Samuel 15:3 with Deuteronomy 2:34f. Deuteronomy 3:6,7], compare MI17 לעשתר כמש החרמתה to Ashtar-Chemosh I devoted it, i.e. the city Nebo); —

1 most often of devoting to destruction cities of Canaanites and other neighbours of Israel, exterminating inhabitants, and destroying or appropriating their possessions:

a. Israel and her leaders subject Numbers 21:2,3(destruction according to vow), Joshua 6:21 (compare חֵרֶם ליהוה Joshua 6:17; all J); in Joshua 6:18 read תַּחְמְדוּ (for ᵑ0תַּחֲרִימוּ, see Di VB); Joshua 8:26 (ᵐ5, not ᵐ5 L, omit verse), Joshua 10:1 (JE), Deuteronomy 2:34; Deuteronomy 3:6 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 7:2 (twice in verse) (commanded through Moses, compare for underlying thought Deuteronomy 7:4; Deuteronomy 7:5; Deuteronomy 7:6), Deuteronomy 20:17 (twice in verse) (commanded by ׳י), Joshua 2:10; Joshua 10:28,35,37,39,40 (divine command), Joshua 11:11,12,20,21 (divine command Joshua 11:12; Joshua 11:20; all D), 1 Samuel 15:3,8,9 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 15:15,18,20 (divine command 1 Samuel 15:3; 1 Samuel 15:18; 1 Samuel 15:20, compare 1 Samuel 15:11; 1 Samuel 15:22; 1 Samuel 15:23); quite secondary is simple exterminate 1 Kings 9:21; 1 Chronicles 4:41.

b. secondary meaning destroy, exterminate, also with other nations subject: — 2 Kings 19:11 = Isaiah 37:11 2 Chronicles 32:14; 20:23; Jeremiah 50:21,26 (both by divine command), Jeremiah 51:3; Daniel 11:44.

c. God as subject, figurative all nations and their armies Isaiah 34:2; the nations of Western Asia Jeremiah 25:9; the tongue of the Egyptian sea (by drying it up) Isaiah 11:15 (but read perhaps החריב with ᵐ5ᵑ6 ᵑ9ᵑ7).

d. so also of devoting even Israelites: a city of Israel for worshipping other gods Deuteronomy 13:16; residents of Jabesh-Gilead for not joining in campaign against Benjamin Judges 21:11.

2 devote to ׳י: for sacred uses החרים ליהוה the spoil of the nations Micah 4:13; private possessions, whether a Prayer of Manasseh , animal, or field Leviticus 27:28 (P).

Hoph`al Imperfect יָחֳרַם Leviticus 27:29; Ezra 10:8; יָחֳרָ֑ם Exodus 22:19; —

1 be put under the ban, devoted (to death), for worshipping other gods than ׳י Exodus 22:19 (J E; earliest use of word in OT); for some other theocratic offence Leviticus 27:29 (P; see Di).

2 devoted, i.e. forfeited, to the temple treasures Ezra 10:8. — On חרם see especially Di (Kn) Leviticus 27:28; Ew Antiq. 75. 78, Dr 1 Samuel 15:33.

II. [חָרַם] verb slit (nose, lip, ear, etc.), mutilate, especially face (Arabic perforate, pierce, slit the partition between the nostrils, or the lip, or the lobe of the ear) —

Qal Passive participle אִישׁ עִוֵּראוֺ מִּסֵּחַ אוֺ חָרֻם אוֺ שָׂרוּעַ a man blind or lame or mutilated in the face (in nose, lip, ear, etc.), or too long in a limb Leviticus 21:18 (H), see Di (Kn).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָרַם unused in Kal, properly to shut up (comp. חֶרֶם a net, No. 1.)

(1) specially to shut in, to contract the nose (comp. חָסַם). Hence part. חָרוּם Levit. 21:18, drawn in, or depressed at the nose. Vulg. naso parvo. Arab. خرم and خزم to bore through the cartilage between the nostrils of a camel and put in a ring, properly to draw down the nose.

(2) to prohibit to common use; to consecrate to God (opp. to חָלַל). Arabic حَرَمَ to prohibit, especially to common use. II. to render sacred. IV. to devote. حَرَمُ a sacred place, adytum, also women’s apartment [Haram]. Eth. ሐረመ፡ to account unlawful, አሕረመ፡ to forbid, to prohibit. See Hiphil.

Hiphil, הֶחֱרִים

(1) to consecrate, to devote (Eth. አሕረመ፡ to lay under a curse) to God, so that it could not be redeemed, Leviticus 27:28, 29 Leviticus 27:29; Micah 4:13. In the wars of extermination against the Canaanites, cities were thus devoted, so that when they were taken, both man and beast were one and all destroyed, and the city itself razed. Hence

(2) to extirpate, to destroy utterly, cities (Luth. verbannen), Deuteronomy 2:34, 3:6 7:2 20:17 Joshua 8:26, 10:28, 37 Joshua 10:37, 11:21 1 Samuel 15:3, seq.; Isaiah 34:2, 37:11. There is sometimes added לְפִי חֶרֶב Joshua 11:12; 1 Samuel 15:8. The phrase הֶחֱרִים אַחֲרֵי פ׳ Jeremiah 50:21, seems to denote an enemy pursuing after those who are to be destroyed (comp. בָּעַר אַחֲרֵי 1 Kings 14:10, 21:21 ). Poetically, God himself is said to devote any thing; i.e. utterly to destroy it as something so devoted. Isaiah 11:15, וְהֶחֱרִים יְהֹוָה אֵת לְשׁוֹן יַם מִצְרַיִם “and Jehovah will devote (i.e. will dry up) the bay of the Egyptian sea.”

Hophal הָֽחֳרַם to be devoted, to be consecrated, Ezra 10:8 when used of men, i.q. to be slain, Exodus 22:19; Leviticus 27:29.

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List of Word Forms
הֶחֱרִ֑ים הֶחֱרִ֔ים הֶחֱרִ֣ים הֶחֱרִ֣ימוּ הֶחֱרִ֣ם הֶחֱרִ֥ים הֶחֱרִֽימוּ׃ הֶחֱרִימָ֖ם הֶחֱרִימָ֥ם הֶחֱרַֽמְנוּ׃ הֶחֱרַֽמְתִּי׃ הֶחֱרַמְתֶּ֖ם הַֽחֲרִימָ֔ם הַֽחֲרֵ֔ם הַחֲרִ֖ימוּ הַחֲרִימָ֑ם הַחֲרֵ֣ם הַחֲרֵ֤ם הַחֲרֵ֨ם הַחֲרֵם֙ החרים החרימו החרימו׃ החרימם החרם החרמנו׃ החרמתי׃ החרמתם וְהֶחֱרִ֣ים וְהַ֣חֲרַמְתִּ֔ים וְהַֽחֲרַמְתִּ֖י וְהַֽחֲרַמְתֶּם֙ וְהַחֲרִימ֑וּהָ וְהַחֲרֵ֤ם וְהַחֲרַמְתִּ֤י וְהַחֲרַמְתָּ֞ה וַֽיַּחֲרִ֙ימוּ֙ וַֽנַּחֲרֵם֙ וַיַּחֲרִ֣ימוּ וַיַּחֲרִימָהּ֒ וַיַּחֲרִימֻם֙ וַיַּחֲרֵ֣ם וַיַּחֲרֵ֥ם וַנַּחֲרֵ֣ם וּֽלְהַחֲרִ֖ים והחרים והחרימוה והחרם והחרמתה והחרמתי והחרמתים והחרמתם ויחרימה ויחרימו ויחרימם ויחרם ולהחרים ונחרם חָרֻ֖ם חרם יַחֲרִם֩ יָֽחֳרָ֑ם יָחֳרַ֖ם יָחֳרַ֛ם יחרם לְהַֽחֲרִימָ֑ם לְהַחֲרִ֣ים לְהַחֲרִימָ֑ם להחרים להחרימם תַּחֲרִ֖ימוּ תַּחֲרִֽימוּ׃ תַּחֲרִים֙ תַּחֲרִימֵ֗ם תחרים תחרימו תחרימו׃ תחרימם chaRum ha·ḥă·rêm ha·ḥă·rî·mām ha·ḥă·rî·mū ḥā·rum hachaRem hachariMam hachaRimu haḥărêm haḥărîmām haḥărîmū ḥārum he·ḥĕ·ram·nū he·ḥĕ·ram·tem he·ḥĕ·ram·tî he·ḥĕ·rî·mām he·ḥĕ·rî·mū he·ḥĕ·rim he·ḥĕ·rîm hecheRamnu hecheramTem hecheRamti hecheRim hecheriMam hecheRimu heḥĕramnū heḥĕramtem heḥĕramtî heḥĕrim heḥĕrîm heḥĕrîmām heḥĕrîmū lə·ha·ḥă·rî·mām lə·ha·ḥă·rîm lehachaRim lehachariMam ləhaḥărîm ləhaḥărîmām ta·ḥă·rî·mêm ta·ḥă·rî·mū ta·ḥă·rîm tachaRim tachariMem tachaRimu taḥărîm taḥărîmêm taḥărîmū ū·lə·ha·ḥă·rîm ulehachaRim ūləhaḥărîm vaiyachaRem vaiyachariMah vaiyachaRimu vaiyachariMum vannachaRem vehacharamTah vehacharamTem vehacharamTi veHacharamTim vehachaRem vehachariMuha vehecheRim wan·na·ḥă·rêm wannaḥărêm way·ya·ḥă·rêm way·ya·ḥă·rî·māh way·ya·ḥă·rî·mū way·ya·ḥă·rî·mum wayyaḥărêm wayyaḥărîmāh wayyaḥărîmū wayyaḥărîmum wə·ha·ḥă·ram·tāh wə·ha·ḥă·ram·tem wə·ha·ḥă·ram·tî wə·ha·ḥă·ram·tîm wə·ha·ḥă·rêm wə·ha·ḥă·rî·mū·hā wə·he·ḥĕ·rîm wəhaḥăramtāh wəhaḥăramtem wəhaḥăramtî wəhaḥăramtîm wəhaḥărêm wəhaḥărîmūhā wəheḥĕrîm ya·ḥă·rim yā·ḥo·ram yā·ḥo·rām yachaRim yaḥărim yāḥoram yāḥorām yochoRam
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