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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3409 - יָרֵךְ

Transliteration
yârêk
Phonetics
yaw-rake'  
Word Origin
from an unused root meaning to be soft
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TWOT
916a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) thigh, side, loin, base

1a) thigh

1a1) outside of thigh (where sword was worn)

1a2) loins (as the seat of procreative power)

1b) side (flank) (of object)

1c) base

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2250 ‑ ἡμέρα (hay‑mer'‑ah);  3382 ‑ μηρός (may‑ros');  4628 ‑ σκέλος (skel'‑os);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (34) NAS (34) HCS (34)
Genesis 7
Exodus 7
Leviticus 1
Numbers 6
Judges 4
2 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 2
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
Genesis 7
Exodus 7
Leviticus 1
Numbers 6
Judges 4
2 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 2
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
Genesis 9
Exodus 7
Leviticus 1
Numbers 6
Judges 4
2 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 2
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
BYZ TIS TR
n-cfd 1
n-cfs 6
n-cfsc 14
n-cfd 1
n-cfs 5
n-cfsc 12
n-cfd 1
n-cfs 5
n-cfsc 12
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1448) kr (רכ RK) AC: ? CO: Loins AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head of a man, the k is a picture of the palm representing a covering. Combined these mean "man covered". The reproductive organs of the male including the lower abdomen which are always covered.

A) kr (רכ RK) AC: ? CO: Tender AB: ?: The tenderness of the loins.

Nm) kr (רכ RK) - Tender: KJV (16): tender, soft, weak - Strongs: H7390 (רַךְ)

B) kkr (רככ RKK) AC: ? CO: Tender AB: ?: The tenderness of the loins.

V) kkr (רככ RKK) - Soft: To be soft. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual) tender, faint, mollified, soft - Strongs: H7401 (רָכַךְ)

C) kra (ארכ ARK) AC: ? CO: Long AB: ?: From the male reproductive organ.

V) kra (ארכ ARK) - Prolong: To lengthen or delay. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (35): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) prolong, long, lengthen, draw out, defer, tarry - Strongs: H748 (אָרַךְ), H749 (אַרִיךְ)

Nm) kra (ארכ ARK) - Slow: To be long in patience or time. KJV (15): slow, longsuffering, patient - Strongs: H750 (אָרֵךְ)

Nf1) ekra (ארכה ARKH) - Lengthening: [Aramaic only] KJV (1): lengthening - Strongs: H754 (אַרְכָה)

cm) kfra (ארוכ ARWK) - Long: KJV (3): long, longer - Strongs: H752 (אָרֹךְ)

df1) ekfra (ארוכה ARWKH) - Repair: A reconstruction or healing that causes longer life. KJV (6): health, perfected, made - Strongs: H724 (אֲרֻכָה)

gm) krfa (אורכ AWRK) - Length: KJV (95): length, long, ever, high - Strongs: H753 (אֹרֶךְ)

J) kfr (רוכ RWK) AC: ? CO: Tender AB: ?: The tenderness of the loins.

Nm) kfr (רוכ RWK) - Tender: KJV (1): tender - Strongs: H7391 (רֹךְ)

L) kri (ירכ YRK) AC: ? CO: Loins AB: ?

Nf ) kri (ירכ YRK) - Loins: KJV (34): thigh, side, shaft, loins, body - Strongs: H3409 (יָרֵךְ)

Nf1) ekri (ירכה YRKH) - Loins: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (29): thigh - Strongs: H3410 (יַרְכָה), H3411 (יְרֵכָה)

am) krfm (מורכ MWRK) - Faint: From a blow to the loins. KJV (1): faintness - Strongs: H4816 (מֹרֶךְ)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 יָרֵךְ noun feminine Numbers 5:27 thigh, loin, side, base (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic יַרְכָּא; Zinjirli ירך loin; Assyrian arku, arkâtu, back, rear, hereafter Dl HWB 242; Arabic hip) — absolute יָרֵךְ Judges 15:8 6t.; construct יֶ֫רֶךְ Genesis 24:9 11t. + 2 Samuel 3:27 (see below); suffix יְרֵכִי Genesis 24:2; Genesis 47:29; יְרֵכֵךְ Numbers 5:21; יְרֵכוֺ Genesis 32:26 6t.; יְרֵכָהּ Exodus 25:31+ 3t.; dual יְרֵכַיִם Exodus 28:42; suffix יְרֵכַיִךְ Song of Solomon 7:2; —

1 thigh,

a. outside of thigh, where sword was worn, שִׂים חֶרֶב עַליְֿרֵכוֺ Exodus 32:27 (E); וַיַחְגֹּר אֹתָהּ עַליֶֿרֶךְיְמִינוֺ Judges 3:16 and he girded it upon his right thigh, Judges 3:21; Psalm 45:4; Song of Solomon 3:8; כַּף הַיָּרֵךְ Genesis 32:33 hollow of the thigh, Genesis 32:26 (twice in verse); Genesis 32:33 (all J); חַמּוּקֵי יְרֵכַיִךְ Song of Solomon 7:2 the roundings of thy thighs; מִמָּתְנַיִם וְעַדיְֿרֵכַיִם Exodus 28:42 (P); "" בֶּטֶן Numbers 5:21,22,27 (P); צֹלֵעַ עַליְֿרֵכוֺ Genesis 32:32 (J), limping upon his thigh; סָפַק עַליָֿרֵח Jeremiah 31:19 and (with אֶלֿ) Ezekiel 21:17, smite upon, thigh, in token of consternation; וַיַּךְ אוֺתָם שׁוֺק עַלֿיָרֵךְ Judges 15:8 and he smote them, hip upon thigh, a great slaughter.

b. thigh = loins, as seat of procreative power (RS K. 34; Semitic i, 360 (380)) יֹצְאֵי ירך those proceeding from the loins of any one Genesis 46:26; Exodus 1:5 (both P), Judges 8:30; hence שִׂים יַד תַּחַתירך place the hand under thigh, in taking oath Genesis 24:2,9 (J), Genesis 47:29.

2 side (flank) of altar 2 Kings 16:14; Leviticus 1:11 (P); of tabernacle Exodus 40:22,24; Numbers 3:29,35 (all P); also יֶרֶךְ הַשַּׁעַר (for ᵑ0׳תּוֺךְ הַשּׁ) ᵐ5 Th We Dr Bu Kit.

3 base (loins) of candlestick Exodus 25:31; Exodus 37:17; Numbers 8:4 (all P).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

יָרֵךְ const. יֶרֶךְ with suff. יְרֵכִי f. (Numbers 5:21); dual יְרֵכַיִם.

(1) the thigh, perhaps so called from softness (see the root), Gr. μηρός. (Arab. وَركَُ thigh, haunch, buttocks.) Wherein it differs from מָתְנַיִם the loins, ὀσφύς, is seen both from the words, Exodus 28:42, “make for them linen breeches to cover their nakedness מִמָּתְנַיִם וְעַד יְרֵכַיִם from the loins even to the thighs,” and also from the general use of the word. For thus מָתְנַיִם signifies the lower part of the back, יָרֵךְ dual יְרֵכַיִם the double thick and fleshy member extending from the bottom of the spine to the legs (שׁוֹקַיִם) i.e. the two thighs with the buttocks. כַּף הַיָּרֵךְ the socket of the thigh, where the thigh is joined to the pelvis, Genesis 32:26, 33 Ge3 2:33. On the thigh (עַל יָרֵךְ) soldiers wore their swords, Exodus 32:27; Judges 3:16, 21 Judges 3:21; Psalms 45:4 men smote their thigh in mourning and indignation, Jeremiah 31:19; Ezekiel 21:17 (compare Iliad xii. 162; xv. 397; Od. xiii. 198; Cic. cl. Orat. 80; Quinctil. xi. 3), those who swore put the hand under the thigh; Genesis 24:2, Genesis 24:9, 47:29 to have come forth from the thigh of any one, is to be descended from him, Genesis 46:26; Exodus 1:5; Judges 8:30 (comp. Kor. Sur. iv. 27; vi. 98). The buttocks are to be understood, Numbers 5:21, 27 in animals, the thigh, the haunch (Keule, Schinken), Ezekiel 24:4.

(2) Figuratively applied to inanimate things (in which sense however the feminine form יַרְכָּה is more used; [query, the existence of such a form, see Thes.]), it is

(a) that part of the holy candlestick in which the shaft (קָנֶה) divided into three branches, Exodus 25:31, 37:17.

(b) the side of a tent, Exodus 40:22, 24 Exodus 40:24 of the altar, Leviticus 1:11; 2 Kings 16:14.

Dual יְרֵכַיִם both thighs, Exodus 28:42 (see above), Song of Solomon 7:2.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
הַיָּרֵ֔ךְ הירך יְרֵכ֑וֹ יְרֵכ֔וֹ יְרֵכִ֑י יְרֵכִֽי׃ יְרֵכֵךְ֙ יְרֵכַ֔יִךְ יְרֵכַ֖יִם יְרֵכָ֑הּ יְרֵכָ֣הּ יְרֵכָ֥הּ יְרֵכֽוֹ׃ יֶ֣רֶךְ יֶ֥רֶךְ יֶ֧רֶךְ יֶֽרֶךְ־ יָרֵ֑ךְ יָרֵ֖ךְ יָרֵ֣ךְ יָרֵֽךְ׃ ירך ירך־ ירך׃ ירכה ירכו ירכו׃ ירכי ירכי׃ ירכיך ירכים ירכך haiyaRech hay·yā·rêḵ hayyārêḵ yā·rêḵ yaRech yārêḵ yə·rê·ḵa·yiḵ yə·rê·ḵa·yim yə·rê·ḵāh yə·rê·ḵêḵ yə·rê·ḵî yə·rê·ḵōw ye·reḵ ye·reḵ- Yerech yereChah yereChayich yereChayim yerecheCh yereChi yereCho yereḵ yereḵ- yərêḵāh yərêḵayiḵ yərêḵayim yərêḵêḵ yərêḵî yərêḵōw
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 14th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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