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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4057 - מִדְבָּר

Transliteration
midbâr
Phonetics
mid-bawr'  
Word Origin
from (01696) in the sense of driving
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
399k,399L
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) wilderness

1a) pasture

1b) uninhabited land, wilderness

1c) large tracts of wilderness (around cities)

1d) wilderness (figuratively)

2) mouth

2a) mouth (as organ of speech)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 68 ‑ ἀγρός (ag‑ros');  504 ‑ ἄνυδρος (an'‑oo‑dros);  2048 ‑ ἔρημος (er'‑ay‑mos);  5117 ‑ τόπος (top'‑os);  2048 ‑ ἔρημος (er'‑ay‑mos);  2049 ‑ ἐρημόω (er‑ay‑mo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (271) NAS (270) HCS (268)
Genesis 7
Exodus 25
Leviticus 4
Numbers 44
Deuteronomy 19
Joshua 15
Judges 9
1 Samuel 14
2 Samuel 6
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 7
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 18
Proverbs 1
Song of Solomon 3
Isaiah 19
Jeremiah 21
Lamentations 3
Ezekiel 14
Hosea 5
Joel 5
Amos 2
Zephaniah 1
Malachi 1
Genesis 7
Exodus 25
Leviticus 4
Numbers 44
Deuteronomy 19
Joshua 15
Judges 9
1 Samuel 14
2 Samuel 6
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 7
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 17
Proverbs 1
Song of Solomon 3
Isaiah 19
Jeremiah 21
Lamentations 3
Ezekiel 14
Hosea 5
Joel 5
Amos 2
Zephaniah 1
Malachi 1
Genesis 7
Exodus 27
Leviticus 4
Numbers 48
Deuteronomy 19
Joshua 14
Judges 9
1 Samuel 16
2 Samuel 6
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 7
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 19
Proverbs 1
Song of Solomon 3
Isaiah 21
Jeremiah 21
Lamentations 3
Ezekiel 15
Hosea 5
Joel 5
Amos 2
Zephaniah 1
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cms 195
n-cmsc 59
n-cms 193
n-cmsc 59
n-cms 193
n-cmsc 59
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2093) rbd (דבר DBR) AC: Order CO: Word AB: ?: An arrangement or placement of something creating order. [from: rd- order]

V) rbd (דבר DBR) - Speak: A careful arrangement of words or commands. KJV (1488): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) speak, say, talk, promise, tell, commune, pronounce, utter, command - Strongs: H1696 (דָּבַר)

Nm) rbd (דבר DBR) - I. Word:An arrangement of words. II. Thing:As something that is arranged. In Hebrew thought words contain substance just as physical objects do. III. Plague:The re-ordering of a population. KJV (49): word, thing, matter, act, chronicle, saying, commandment, pestilence, plague, murrain - Strongs: H1697 (דָּבָר), H1698 (דֶּבֶר)

Nf1) erbd (דברה DBRH) - Word: An arrangement of words. KJV (1): word - Strongs: H1703 (דַּבֶּרֶת)

bm) ribd (דביר DBYR) - Sanctuary: A place of order. KJV (16): oracle - Strongs: H1687 (דְּבִר)

cf1) erfbd (דבורה DBWRH) - Bee: A colony of ordered insects. KJV (4): bee - Strongs: H1682 (דְּבֹרָה)

ef1) erbid (דיברה DYBRH) - Order: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (7): cause, order, estate, end, regard, sake, intent - Strongs: H1700 (דִּבְרָה), H1701 (דִּבְרָה)

gm) rbfd (דובר DWBR) - I. Wilderness:A place of order, a sanctuary. II. Manner:The order which something is performed. KJV (2): manner, fold - Strongs: H1699 (דֹּבֶר)

hm) rbdm (מדבר MDBR) - I. Wilderness:A place of order, a sanctuary. II. Speech:An arrangement of words. KJV (271): wilderness, desert, south, speech - Strongs: H4057 (מִדְבָּר)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [מִדְבָּר] noun masculine mouth, as organ of speech, — מִדְבָּרֵךְ נָאוֶה thy mouth is lovely Song of Solomon 4:3 "" שִׁפְתוֺתַיִךְ, ᵐ5 λαλιά, Jerome eloquium.

II. מִדְבָּר270 noun masculine wildernessDeuteronomy 32:10 +; with ה locative מִדְבָּ֫רָה Joshua 18:12 15t.; construct Exodus 15:22 +; מִדְבַּ֫רָה 1 Kings 19:15; suffix מִדְבָּרָהּ Isaiah 51:3; —

1 tracts of land, used for the pasturage of flocks and herds, דָּֽשְׁאוּ נְאוֺת מִדְבָּר the pastures of the wilderness put forth green grass Joel 2:22; ׳מ׳יִרְעֲפוּ נ the pastures of the wilderness drop (fertility) Psalm 65:13; ׳מ׳יָָֽבְשׁוּ נ are dried up Jeremiah 23:10, compare Jeremiah 9:9; Joel 1:19,20.

2 uninhabited land, מִדְבָּר לֹאאָֿדָם בּוֺ wilderness in which is no man Job 38:26; the abode of pelicans Psalm 102:7; wild asses Job 24:5; Jeremiah 2:24; jackals Malachi 1:3; ostriches Lamentations 4:3; מִייִֿתְּנֵנִי בַמִּדְבָּר מְלוֺןאֹרְחִים וְֶ˜אעֶזְבָה אֶתעַֿמִּי O that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfarers, that I might leave my people Jeremiah 9:1; טוֺב שֶׁבֶת בְּאֶרֶץ מִדְבָּר better to dwell in a desert land, than with a contentious woman Proverbs 21:19; בְּאֶרֶץ מִדְבָּר וּבְתֹהוּ יְלֵל יְשִׁמֹן in a desert land, and in a waste howling wilderness Deuteronomy 32:10.

3 large tracts of such land bearing various names, in certain districts of which there might be towns and cities: יִשְׂאוּמִדְבָּר וְעָרָיו חֲצֵרִים תֵּשֵׁב קֵדָר let the wilderness and its cities lift up (their voice), the villages that Kedar doth inhabit Isaiah 42:11. There were six cities in the wilderness of Judah Joshua 15:61,62; הַמִּדְבָּר usually = wilderness of the wanderings Genesis 14:6; Numbers 14:16,29,32,33 (twice in verse) +, or the great Arabian desert Judges 11:22 +; but may also refer to any other Song of Solomon 3:6; Song of Solomon 8:5. Special tracts — (a) of the wilderness of the wandering were שׁוּר׳מ Exodus 15:22, סין Exodus 16:1 +, סיני Exodus 19:1 +, פארן Numbers 13:26 +, צן Numbers 20:1 +, קדשׁ Psalm 29:8, אתם Numbers 33:8; (b) in West Palestine יהודה׳מ Judges 1:16; Psalm 63:1 compare Joshua 15:61, מעוֺן 1 Samuel 23:24,25, זיף 1 Samuel 23:15; 1 Samuel 26:2, באר שׁבע Genesis 21:14, עין גדי 1 Samuel 24:2, תקוע 2 Chronicles 20:20, ירואל 2 Chronicles 20:16, גבעון 2 Samuel 2:24; (c) in Eastern Palestine מואב Deuteronomy 2:8, אדום 2 Kings 3:8, קדמות Deuteronomy 2:26.

4 figurative וְשַׂמְתִּיהָ כַמִּדְבָּר וְשַׁתִּהָ כְּאֶרֶץצִיָּה and (lest I) make her as a wilderness and set her like a dry land Hosea 2:5; הֲמִדְבָּר הָיִיתִי לְיִשְׂרָאֵל have I been a wilderness to Israel ? Jeremiah 2:31.

דבשׁ (√ of following; compare Arabic IX. become black or brown, of a colour between black and red; see derivatives; so Fl see below; yet verb in this meaning perhaps denominative from i.e. having the colour of dibs).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מִדְבָּר m. [with ה local מִדְבָּרָה; const. מִדְבַּר; once with ה local מִדְבַּרָה 1 Kings 19:15 ].

(1) an uninhabited plain country, fit for feeding flocks, not desert, a pasture, from the root דָּבַר No. 2, to lead to pasture, like the Germ. Trift from treiben (Syriac ܕܰܒܪܐܳ, ܡܕܰܒܪܐܳ id.). Joel 2:22, דָּֽשְׁאוּ נְאוֹת מִדְבָּר “the pastures of the plain are flourishing;” Psalms 65:13, יְרְעֲפוּ נְאוֹת מִדְבָּר “the pastures of the plain drop (fatness or fertility).” And the contrary, Jeremiah 23:10, יָֽבְשׁוּ נְאוֹת מִדְבָּר “the pastures of the plain dry up,” Joel 1:19. Isaiah 42:11, מִדְבָּר וְעָרָיו “the plain and its cities shall rejoice.” More often it is

(2) a sterile, sandy country, Isaiah 32:15, 35:1 50:2 Jeremiah 4:11, etc. מִדְבַּר שְׁמָמָה Joel 2:3, 4:19 with the art. הַמִּדְבָּר always the desert of Arabia, Genesis 14:6, 16:7 Exodus 3:1, 13:18 Deuteronomy 11:24 the particular parts of which are distinguished by their own peculiar names (see סִין, סִינַי, שׁוּר, פָּארָן ). מִדְבַּר יְהוּדָה the plain or desert of Judah; [does not this mean the wilderness of Judah by the Dead Sea, in contrast to the plain in the western part of that tribe?], Judges 1:16; Psalms 63:1. Metaph. Hosea 2:5, שַׂמְתִּיהָ כַמִּדְבָּר “I have made her as a desert,” i.e. most bare, I have deprived her of every thing. Jerem. 2:31, הֲמִדְבָּר הָיִיתִי לְיִשְׂדָאֵל “was I a desert to Israel?” Have I commanded them to worship me for nothing? have I been barren to them? Also used of a country forcibly laid waste, Isaiah 14:17.

(3) poetically the instrument of speech (from דִּבֶּר to speak), the mouth. Song of Solomon 4:3, מִדְבָּרֵךְ נָאוֶה “thy mouth is pleasant” (parall. thy lips). LXX. λαλία. Jerome, eloquium, and so the Rabbins. But the context almost requires it to be some member, as was rightly observed by Alb. Schultens, although I do not with him understand it to be the tongue.

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List of Word Forms
בְּמִדְבַּ֖ר בְּמִדְבַּ֣ר בְּמִדְבַּ֤ר בְּמִדְבַּ֥ר בְּמִדְבַּר־ בְמִדְבַּר־ בַ֭מִּדְבָּר בַּֽמִּדְבָּ֗ר בַּמִּדְבָּ֑ר בַּמִּדְבָּ֔ר בַּמִּדְבָּ֕ר בַּמִּדְבָּ֖ר בַּמִּדְבָּ֗ר בַּמִּדְבָּ֛ר בַּמִּדְבָּ֡ר בַּמִּדְבָּ֣ר בַּמִּדְבָּ֣ר ׀ בַּמִּדְבָּ֥ר בַּמִּדְבָּֽר׃ בַּמִּדְבָּר֒ בַּמִּדְבָּר֙ בַמִּדְבָּ֑ר בַמִּדְבָּ֖ר בַמִּדְבָּ֗ר בַמִּדְבָּ֛ר בַמִּדְבָּ֜ר בַמִּדְבָּר֙ במדבר במדבר־ במדבר׃ הֲמִדְבָּ֤ר הַמִּדְבָּ֑ר הַמִּדְבָּ֑רָה הַמִּדְבָּ֔ר הַמִּדְבָּ֔רָה הַמִּדְבָּ֖ר הַמִּדְבָּ֖רָה הַמִּדְבָּ֗ר הַמִּדְבָּ֗רָה הַמִּדְבָּ֙רָה֙ הַמִּדְבָּ֣ר הַמִּדְבָּ֥ר הַמִּדְבָּ֨ר הַמִּדְבָּֽרָה׃ הַמִּדְבָּֽר׃ הַמִּדְבָּר֙ המדבר המדבר׃ המדברה המדברה׃ וּבַמִּדְבָּ֑ר וּבַמִּדְבָּ֖ר וּבַמִּדְבָּר֙ וּמִדְבָּרֵ֖יךְ וּמִמִּדְבָּ֖ר ובמדבר ומדבריך וממדבר כַּמִּדְבָּ֑ר כַּמִּדְבָּ֖ר כַּמִּדְבָּֽר׃ כַמִּדְבָּ֖ר כַמִּדְבָּ֗ר כמדבר כמדבר׃ לְמִדְבַּ֣ר לְמִדְבַּ֥ר לְמִדְבָּ֑ר לַמִּדְבָּ֑ר למדבר מִ֝דְבָּ֗ר מִ֭דְבָּר מִדְבַּ֖ר מִדְבַּ֖רָה מִדְבַּ֣ר מִדְבַּ֣רָה מִדְבַּ֥ר מִדְבַּר־ מִדְבָּ֑ר מִדְבָּ֑רָה מִדְבָּ֔ר מִדְבָּ֔רָה מִדְבָּ֖ר מִדְבָּ֗ר מִדְבָּ֜רָה מִדְבָּ֣ר מִדְבָּֽר׃ מִדְבָּר֙ מִדְבָּרָהּ֙ מִמִּדְבַּ֣ר מִמִּדְבַּ֥ר מִמִּדְבַּר־ מִמִּדְבָּ֑ר מִמִּדְבָּ֣ר מֵֽהַמִּדְבָּ֛ר מֵהַמִּדְבָּר֩ מדבר מדבר־ מדבר׃ מדברה מהמדבר ממדבר ממדבר־ bam·miḏ·bār ḇam·miḏ·bār bammidBar bammiḏbār ḇammiḏbār bə·miḏ·bar bə·miḏ·bar- ḇə·miḏ·bar- bemidBar bəmiḏbar bəmiḏbar- ḇəmiḏbar- chammidBar hă·miḏ·bār ham·miḏ·bā·rāh ham·miḏ·bār hamidBar hămiḏbār hammidBar hammiḏbār hammidBarah hammiḏbārāh kam·miḏ·bār ḵam·miḏ·bār kammidBar kammiḏbār ḵammiḏbār lam·miḏ·bār lammidBar lammiḏbār lə·miḏ·bar lə·miḏ·bār lemidBar ləmiḏbar ləmiḏbār mê·ham·miḏ·bār mehammidBar mêhammiḏbār miḏ·ba·rāh miḏ·bā·rāh miḏ·bar miḏ·bār miḏ·bar- midbar miḏbar miḏbār miḏbar- midBarah miḏbarāh miḏbārāh Midbor mim·miḏ·bar mim·miḏ·bār mim·miḏ·bar- mimidbar mimmiḏbar mimmiḏbār mimmiḏbar- ū·ḇam·miḏ·bār ū·miḏ·bā·rêḵ ū·mim·miḏ·bār ūḇammiḏbār umidbaReich ūmiḏbārêḵ umimidBar ūmimmiḏbār uvammidBar vammidBar Vammidbor vemidbar
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