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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4058 - מָדַד
1) to measure, stretch
1a) (Qal) to measure
1b) (Niphal) to be measured
1c1) to extend, continue
1c2) to measure, measure off
1d) (Po) measured
1e) (Hithpolel) to extend oneself, stretch oneself
1280) dm (מד MD) AC: Stretch CO: Carpet AB: Continue: The pictograph m is a picture of water, the d is a picture of a tent door. Combined these mean "water at the door". A carpet was stretched out to cover the dirt floor of the tent. A bowl of water was located at the door so that one could wash his feet before stepping on the carpet. A garment as a rectangular piece of cloth, similar to a carpet, used as a covering for the body.
Nm ) dm (מד MD) - I. Carpet: II. Garment:A rectangular piece of cloth, similar to a carpet, used as clothing. III. Length:From the length of the garment, Also used as a measurement. KJV (12): garment, armour, measure, raiment, judgment, clothes - Strongs: H4055 (מֵד)
Nf1) edm (מדה MDH) - I. Garment: II. Length:From the length of the garment, also as a measurement. III. Tax:A measured amount. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (59): measure, piece, stature, size, meteyard, garment, tribute, wide, toll, tribute - Strongs: H4060 (מִדָּה), H4061 (מִדָּה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
מָדַד plur. מָדְֽדוּ, twice contr. מַדּוֹתִי Isaiah 65:7, and מַדּוֹתֶם Numbers 35:5 inf. מֹד Zechariah 2:6 fut. יָמוֹד [with ו conv. וַיָּמָנ].
(1) i.q. مَدَّ to stretch out, to extend, see Hithpoel and the nouns מַד, מִדָּה, also מָדָה.
(2) to measure (Sanscrit mâ, mâd, to measure, Zend. meêtê, matê, Gr. μέτρον, μέδιμνος, Lat. metior, meta; Goth. mitan, Anglo-Sax. metan, Germ. meffen). Properly to measure the length of any thing with a line stretched out, Ezekiel 40:5, seq.; 41:1, seq.; hence also used of measures of quantity, as of corn, Ruth 3:15. Metaphorically Isaiah 65:7, “I will measure their deeds into their bosom,” i.e. I will repay to them what they deserve.
Niphal, pass. of No. 2, Jeremiah 31:37, 33:22.
Piel, fut. [see מִדַּד ] יְמַדֵּד i.q. Kal No. 2, 2 Samuel 8:2. Psalms 60:8, “I will mete out the valley of Succoth,” i.e. I will measure it to my victorious soldiers, who shall be the new settlers therein.
Poel מוֹדֵד id. Here some refer Habakkuk 3:6, “(God) measures the earth with his eyes,” surveys it. But LXX. and Chald. render it, he shaketh the earth, from מוּד, Arab. Med. Ye, to be moved.
Hithpoel, הִתְמֹדֵד to stretch oneself out, 1 Kings 17:21.
Derivatives, מֵמַד, מַד, מִדָּה [and pr.n. מִדִּין].
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