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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4910 - מָשַׁל

Transliteration
mâshal
Phonetics
maw-shal'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1259
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to rule, have dominion, reign

1a) (Qal) to rule, have dominion

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to cause to rule

1b2) to exercise dominion

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (81) NAS (79) HCS (80)
Genesis 7
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
Judges 5
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 4
Nehemiah 1
Job 1
Psalms 10
Proverbs 11
Ecclesiastes 2
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 4
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 2
Daniel 5
Joel 1
Micah 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 7
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
Judges 5
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 4
Nehemiah 1
Job 1
Psalms 10
Proverbs 11
Ecclesiastes 2
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 4
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 2
Daniel 5
Micah 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 8
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
Judges 8
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 4
Nehemiah 1
Job 1
Psalms 10
Proverbs 11
Ecclesiastes 2
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 5
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 2
Daniel 5
Micah 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cmsc 1
v-qPfs 1
v-qPmp 8
v-qPmpc 1
v-qPms 29
v-qc 6
v-qi2ms 3
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3mp 4
v-qi3ms 6
v-qp2ms 1
v-qp3cp 2
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 4
v-qvms 1
v-qw3mp 1
n-cmsc 1
v-ha 1
v-qPfs 1
v-qPmp 8
v-qPmpc 1
v-qPms 31
v-qc 6
v-qi2ms 3
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3mp 4
v-qi3ms 7
v-qp2ms 1
v-qp3cp 2
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 4
v-qvms 1
v-qw3mp 1
n-cmsc 1
v-ha 1
v-qPfs 1
v-qPmp 8
v-qPmpc 1
v-qPms 31
v-qc 6
v-qi2ms 3
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3mp 4
v-qi3ms 7
v-qp2ms 1
v-qp3cp 2
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 4
v-qvms 1
v-qw3mp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2359) lsm (מסהל MShL) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: Dominion: The dominion one rules over. Also the comparison of things as a rule of measurement. (eng: marshal - with the additional r)

V) lsm (מסהל MShL) - I. Rule: II. Compare:To compare one thing to another in the sense of a rule of measurement, often a proverb or parable. KJV (97): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) rule, ruler, reign, dominion, governor, power, like, proverb, speak, use, become, compare, utter - Strongs: H4910 (מָשַׁל), H4911 (מָשַׁל)

Nm) lsm (מסהל MShL) - Comparison: Often a parable or proverb as a story of comparisons. KJV (39): proverb, parable, byword, like - Strongs: H4912 (מָשָׁל)

dm) lfsm (מסהול MShWL) - Comparison: KJV (1): byword - Strongs: H4914 (מְשֹׁל)

hm) lsmm (ממסהל MMShL) - Dominion: The realm of ones rule. KJV (3): dominion, rule - Strongs: H4474 (מִמְשָׁל)

i m) lsfm (מוסהל MWShL) - I. Dominion:The realm of ones rule. II. Comparison: KJV (3): dominion, like - Strongs: H4915 (מֹשֶׁל)

kf1) elsmm (ממסהלה MMShLH) - Dominion: The realm of ones rule. KJV (17): dominion, rule, government, power - Strongs: H4475 (מֶמְשָׁלָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 III. מָשַׁל verb rule, have dominion, reign (Late Hebrew Participle id.; Phoenician משל); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular וּמָשַׁל consecutive Zechariah 6:13 2t., מָשָׁ֑ל Daniel 11:4, וּמָשָׁ֑ל consecutive Daniel 11:5; 3 feminine singular מָשָׁ֑לָה Psalm 103:19; 2 masculine singular מָשַׁלְתָּ Isaiah 63:19, וּמָשַׁלְתָּ֫ Deuteronomy 15:16; 3 plural מָֽשְׁלוּ Isaiah 3:5; Lamentations 5:8; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִמְשֹׁל Exodus 21:8 3t., יִמְשׁוֺל Proverbs 22:7; יִמְשָׁלֿ Genesis 3:16, etc.; Imperative מְשָׁלֿ Judges 8:22; Infinitive absolute מָשׁוֹל Genesis 37:8; construct מְשֹׁל Judges 9:2 +, לִמְשָׁלֿ Joel 2:17, etc.; Participle Genesis 45:26 +, etc.; —

1 human subject, rule, have dominion over (בְּ) Genesis 3:16; Genesis 4:7; Genesis 24:2 (all J), Genesis 45:8,26 (E), ׳מָשׁוֺל תִּמְשֹׁל ב Genesis 37:8 (E); Deuteronomy 15:6 (twice in verse); Joshua 12:5 (D); Judges 8:22,23 (twice in verse); Judges 9:2 (twice in verse); Judges 14:4; Judges 15:11; 2 Samuel 23:3 (Participle absolute = when one ruleth, compare Dr), 1 Kings 5:1; 2 Chronicles 7:18; 9:26; 23:20; Isaiah 3:4,12; Isaiah 19:4; Micah 5:2; Habakkuk 1:14; Jeremiah 22:30; Lamentations 5:8; Joel 2:17; Proverbs 16:32 (משֵׁל בְּרוּחוֺ), Proverbs 17:21; Proverbs 9:10; Proverbs 22:7; Psalm 19:14; Psalm 105:21; Psalm 106:41; Daniel 11:43; Ecclesiastes 9:17; rarely other prepositions: ל (c. infinitive) Exodus 21:8 (E); עַלֿ Proverbs 28:15; Nehemiah 9:37, אֶלֿ Jeremiah 33:26; with suffix Isaiah 52:5; Jeremiah 30:21; with accusative of congnate meaning with verb מִמְשָׁל רָ֑ב׳מ Daniel 11:3,4; מָשַׁל מִן ֗֗֗ וְעַד Joshua 12:2 (D); absolute 2 Samuel 23:3 (compare Dr), Ezekiel 19:14; Zechariah 6:13 (עַל location), Proverbs 12:24; Proverbs 29:2; Daniel 11:5; especially Participle as substantive = ruler, משֵׁלאֶֿרֶץ Isaiah 16:1, משֵׁל עַמִּים Psalm 105:20; absolute Isaiah 14:5; Isaiah 49:7; Jeremiah 51:46 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 19:11; Proverbs 6:7; Proverbs 23:1; Proverbs 29:12,26; Ecclesiastes 10:4; משְׁלֵי הָעָם הַזֶה Isaiah 28:14.

2 of heavenly bodies, withבְּ Genesis 1:18.

3 of God, with בְּ Judges 8:23; Isaiah 63:19; Psalm 22:29; Psalm 59:14; Psalm 89:10; Psalm 103:19; 1 Chronicles 29:12; 2 Chronicles 20:6; absolute Psalm 66:7; לוֺ׳זּזְרֹעוֺ מ Isaiah 40:10 his arm ruling for him.

Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix consecutive וְהִמְשִׁילָם Daniel 11:39; Imperfect 2 masculine singular suffix תַּמְשִׁילֵהוּ Psalm 8:7; Infinitive absolute הַמְשֵׁל Job 25:2; — cause to rule,, followed by accusative of person + בְּ Psalm 8:7 (subject ׳י), Daniel 11:39; exercise dominion, only infinitive absolute as noun abstract the exercise of dominion Job 25:2 (attribute of God).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מָשַׁל fut. יִמְשֹׂל.

(1)  to make like, to assimilate (Arab. مشل Aram. ܡܬܠܰ id.) see Niph. Hiph. and the noun מָשָׁל similitude, parable, etc. hence

(a) to put forth a parable, Ezekiel 24:3.

(b) to use a proverb, Ezekiel 12:23, 17:2 18:2, Ezekiel 18:3.

(c) to sing a song of derision, Joel 2:17. Part. משְׁלִים poets, Numbers 21:27.

(2) to rule, to have dominion, Joshua 12:2; Proverbs 12:24 followed by בְּ of the thing ruled over, Genesis 3:16, 4:7 more rarely followed by עַל Proverbs 28:15 followed by a gerund, to have power of doing anything, Exodus 21:8. With a dat. of benefit, Isaiah 40:10, זְרֹעוֹ משְׁלָה לוֹ “his arm ruleth for him.” Sometimes i.q. to be over anything, Genesis 24:2. Part. משֵׁל lord, ruler, Genesis 45:8 plur. lords, rulers, princes, and in a bad sense tyrants, Isaiah 14:5, 28:14 49:7 52:5 compare נְדִיבִים Isaiah 13:2.

Learned men have made many attempts to reconcile the significations of making like, and ruling; see Schultens on Proverbs 1:1 Michaëlis on Lowth, De Sacra Poësi, p.41; Simonis in Lex. etc. However I have no doubt but that from the signification of making like, is derived that of judging, forming an opinion (compare דִּמָּה, and Eth. መሰለ፡ to think, to suppose, to think fit), which is nearly allied to the notion of giving sentence, ordering, ruling (compare טַעַם). Another explanation, approved of by Winer in Lex. p. 585, was given in my smaller Lexicon, editt. 2 and 3, but this is decidedly better. This notion of ruling, which is not found in this root in the other Phœnicio-Shemitic languages [except the Phœnician] seems to have passed over to the Greek, in which βασιλεύς, βασιλεύω has no root in that language.

Niphal, prop. to be compared; hence to be like any thing, followed by אֶל Isaiah 14:10 עִם Psalms 28:1, 143:7 בְּ Psalms 49:13, 21 Ps4 9:21.

Piel, i.q. Kal No. 1, a, to use parables, Ezekiel 21:5.

Hiphil

(1) to compare, Isaiah 46:5.

(2) to cause to rule, to give dominion, Psalms 8:7; Daniel 11:39. Inf. subst. הַמְשֵׁל dominion, Job 25:2.

Hithpael, i.q. Niphal, to become like, followed by בְּ Job 30:19.

Derived nouns, מִמְשָׁל, מֶמְשֶׁלֶת, and those which immediately follow.

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List of Word Forms
אֶמְשֹׁ֤ל אמשל הַמְשֵׁ֣ל הַמְשֹׁ֨ל הַמֹּשֵׁ֖ל הַמּֽוֹשְׁלִ֨ים הַמּוֹשֵׁל֙ המושל המושלים המשל וְהִמְשִׁילָם֙ וְלִמְשֹׁל֙ וַֽיִּמְשְׁל֥וּ וּ֝מֹשֵׁ֗ל וּ֠מֹשֵׁל וּבִמְשֹׁ֥ל וּמָֽשַׁלְתָּ֙ וּמָשַׁ֖ל וּמָשַׁ֗ל וּמָשַׁל֙ וּמָשָׁ֔ל וּמֹֽשְׁלוֹ֙ וּמֹשֵֽׁל׃ וּמֹשֵׁ֖ל וּמֹשֵׁ֥ל ובמשל והמשילם וימשלו ולמשל ומשל ומשל׃ ומשלו ומשלת יִ֭מְשֹׁל יִמְשְׁלוּ־ יִמְשָׁל־ יִמְשֹֽׁלוּ׃ יִמְשֹׁ֥ל יִמְשׁ֑וֹל ימשול ימשל ימשל־ ימשלו־ ימשלו׃ לִמְשָׁל־ לִמְשׁ֑וֹל למשול למשל־ מ֭וֹשֵׁל מְשָׁל־ מְשֹׁ֥ל מְשֹׁ֬ל מָ֣שְׁלוּ מָשַׁ֣לְתָּ מָשָֽׁלָה׃ מָשָׁ֔ל מָשׁ֥וֹל מֹ֘שֵׁ֤ל מֹ֣שְׁלָה מֹ֭שֵׁל מֹֽשְׁלִ֔ים מֹֽשְׁלֵי֙ מֹשְׁלִ֔ים מֹשְׁלִ֤ים מֹשְׁלִ֥ים מֹשְׁלִֽים׃ מֹשֵֽׁל־ מֹשֵֽׁל׃ מֹשֵׁ֖ל מֹשֵׁ֡ל מֹשֵׁ֣ל מֹשֵׁ֥ל מֹשְׁלָ֤יו מוֹשֵׁ֑ל מוֹשֵׁ֔ל מוֹשֵׁ֖ל מוֹשֵׁ֣ל מוֹשֵׁל֙ מושל משול משל משל־ משל׃ משלה משלה׃ משלו משלי משליו משלים משלים׃ משלת תִּמְשָׁל־ תִּמְשֹׁ֖ל תִּמְשׁ֑וֹל תַּ֭מְשִׁילֵהוּ תמשול תמשילהו תמשל תמשל־ ’em·šōl ’emšōl emShol ham·mō·šêl ham·mō·wō·šə·lîm ham·mō·wō·šêl ham·šêl ham·šōl hammōšêl hammoShel hammosheLim hammōwōšêl hammōwōšəlîm hamšêl hamShel hamShol hamšōl lim·šāl- lim·šō·wl limšāl- limShol limšōwl mā·šā·lāh mā·šāl mā·šal·tā mā·šə·lū mā·šō·wl māšāl māšālāh māšaltā māšəlū maShal maShalah maShalta Mashelu maShol māšōwl mə·šāl- mə·šōl məšāl- meshol məšōl mō·šə·lāh mō·šə·lāw mō·šə·lê mō·šə·lîm mō·šêl mō·šêl- mō·wō·šêl Mooshel mōšêl mōšêl- mōšəlāh mōšəlāw mōšəlê mōšəlîm moShel Moshelah mosheLav mosheLei mosheLim mōwōšêl tam·šî·lê·hū Tamshilehu tamšîlêhū tim·šāl- tim·šō·wl tim·šōl timšāl- timshol timšōl timšōwl ū·ḇim·šōl ū·mā·šal ū·mā·šāl ū·mā·šal·tā ū·mō·šə·lōw ū·mō·šêl ūḇimšōl ūmāšal ūmāšāl ūmāšaltā umaShal umashalTa ūmōšêl ūmōšəlōw umoShel umosheLo uvimShol vaiyimsheLu vehimshiLam velimShol way·yim·šə·lū wayyimšəlū wə·him·šî·lām wə·lim·šōl wəhimšîlām wəlimšōl yim·šāl- yim·šə·lū- yim·šō·lū yim·šō·wl yim·šōl yimšāl- yimšəlū- yimshelu yimshol yimSholu yimšōl yimšōlū yimšōwl
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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