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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #6923 - קָדַם

Transliteration
qâdam
Phonetics
kaw-dam'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1988
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to meet, come or be in front, confront, go before

1a) (Piel)

1a1) to meet, confront, come to meet, receive

1a2) to go before, go in front, be in front

1a3) to lead, be beforehand, anticipate, forestall

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to come in front

1b2) to confront, anticipate

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 436 ‑ ἀνθίστημι (anth‑is'‑tay‑mee);  1096 ‑ γίνομαι (ghin'‑om‑ahee);  4198 ‑ πορεύομαι (por‑yoo'‑om‑ahee);  906 ‑ βάλλω (bal'‑lo);  1911 ‑ ἐπιβάλλω (ep‑ee‑bal'‑lo);  2638 ‑ καταλαμβάνω (kat‑al‑am‑ban'‑o);  4313 ‑ προπορεύομαι (prop‑or‑yoo'‑om‑ahee);  4399 ‑ προφθάνω (prof‑than'‑o);  4876 ‑ συναντάω (soon‑an‑tah'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (26) NAS (28) HCS (26)
Deuteronomy 1
2 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
Nehemiah 1
Job 3
Psalms 12
Isaiah 2
Amos 1
Jonah 1
Micah 1
Deuteronomy 1
2 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
Nehemiah 1
Job 3
Psalms 14
Isaiah 2
Amos 1
Jonah 1
Micah 1
Deuteronomy 1
2 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
Nehemiah 1
Job 3
Psalms 12
Isaiah 2
Amos 1
Jonah 1
Micah 2
BYZ TIS TR
v-hi3fs 1
v-pi1cs 2
v-pi3mp 1
v-pp1cs 1
v-pp3cp 3
v-hi3fs 1
v-pi1cp 1
v-pi1cs 2
v-pi3mp 1
v-pp1cs 2
v-pp3cp 5
v-hi3fs 1
v-pi1cp 1
v-pi1cs 2
v-pi3mp 1
v-pp1cs 2
v-pp3cp 5
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2698) mdq (קדמ QDM) AC: Face CO: East AB: Before: The place of the rising sun. The Hebrews recognized the east as the top of the four compass points (contrary to our understanding of north) and is the direction faced when orienting direction. The past is understood as what is in front, or before, you as the past is known (contrary to our understanding of the future being in front of us) . [from: md- the red color blood combined with the quph as the rising sun, hence the "rising sun of blood"]

V) mdq (קדמ QDM) - Face: To go or meet face to face. To go before someone or something in space or time. KJV (26): (vf: Hiphil, Piel) prevent, before, met, come, disappoint, go - Strongs: H6923 (קָדַם)

Nm) mdq (קדמ QDM) - I. East: II. Ancient:A distant past. III. Before:In front or to the face. Also a time before. KJV (87): east, old, eastward, ancient, before, aforetime, eternal - Strongs: H6924 (קֵדְמָה)

Nf1) emdq (קדמה QDMH) - Before: Something in front, or to the face. A time past. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (8): former, old, afore, antiquity, ago, aforetime - Strongs: H6927 (קַדְמָה), H6928 (קַדְמָה)

bm) midq (קדימ QDYM) - East: KJV (69): east, eastward - Strongs: H6921 (קָדִם)

dm) mfdq (קדומ QDWM) - Ancient: A distant past. KJV (1): ancient - Strongs: H6917 (קְדוּמִים)

ef1) emdiq (קידמה QYDMH) - East: KJV (4): east, eastward - Strongs: H6926 (קִדְמָה)

fm) imdq (קדמי QDMY) - First: As what came before. [Aramaic only] KJV (3): first - Strongs: H6933 (קַדְמָי)

gm) mdfq (קודמ QWDM) - Before: Something in front, or to the face. [Aramaic only] KJV (42): before, him - Strongs: H6925 (קְדָם)

jm) nfmdq (קדמונ QDMWN) - East: KJV (1): east - Strongs: H6930 (קַדְמוֹן)

jfm) infmdq (קדמוני QDMWNY) - I. East: II. Ancient:A distant past. III. Before:In front or to the face. Also a time before. KJV (10): east, former, ancient, before, old - Strongs: H6931 (קַדְמֹנִי)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [קָדַם] verb Pi`el denominative (Gerber130) come or be in front, meet; — קִדַּמְתִּי Jonah 4:2; Psalm 119:147; 3 plural קִדְּמוּ Deuteronomy 23:5 +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix יְקַדְּמֵנִי Psalm 59:11; 3 feminine singular suffix תְּקַדְּמֶךָּ Psalm 88:14; 1 singular אֲקַדֵּם Micah 6:6; Imperative masculine singular קַדְּמָה Micah 17:3; —

1. a. meet, confront (with hostility) with accusative of person 2 Samuel 22:6 (twice in verse).= Psalm 18:6; Psalm 18:9; Job 30:27, with accusative מָּנָיו Psalm 17:13 of hostile approach to city (active) 2 Kings 19:32 = Isaiah 37:33 (+ adverb accusative).

b. come to meet one (accusative) as friend, with (ב) something Isaiah 21:14; Deuteronomy 23:5; Nehemiah 13:2, Song of Solomon , as worshippers (accusative of ׳י), Micah 6:6 (twice in verse); with accusative of person + of thing Psalm 21:4, so Psalm 59:11 Kt ᵐ5ᵑ9 (accusative of person alone Qr), accusative of person alone Psalm 79:8; accusative ׳י Psalm 88:14, accusative מָּנָיו (of ׳י) Psalm 95:2, compare חֶסֶד וֶאֱמֶת יְקַדְּמוּ פָנֶיךָ Psalm 89:15 (namely, to join themselves to thee).

c. meet, receive, accusative of person, Job 3:12.

2. a. go before, in front Psalm 68:26.

b. be in front, 1 Samuel 20:25 (read וַיְקַדֵּם for וַיָּקָם) ᵐ5 Ew Th We Dr and others

3 be beforehand, with ב temporal Psalm 119:147; + infinitive construct Jonah 4:2; anticipate, forestall, with accusative of thing Psalm 119:148.

Hiph`il 1. Imperfect 3 feminine singular תַּקְדִּים (We Now GASm תְּקַדֵּם) Amos 9:10 calamity . . . shall not come in front about us (בַּעֲדֵינוּ).

2 Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix הִקְדִּימַנִי Job 41:3 who has anticipated me [God]? ᵐ5 Me Bi Bu confronted me (reading וַיִּשְׁלָ֑ם for following וַאֲשַׁלֵּם); Du יְקַדְּמֶנּוּ confronted him (the crocodile).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

קָדַם not used in Kal, Arab. قدم to precede, to go before, Med. Damma, to precede in time, to be ancient.

Piel קִדֵּם

(1) to precede, to go before, Psalms 68:26. Followed by an acc. of pers. Psalms 89:15. (Arab. قَدَمَ id.)

(2) to get before, come before any one (φθάνειν), followed by an accusative, Psalms 17:13, 119:148, קִדְּמוּ עֵינַי אַשְׁמֻרוֹת “my eyes get before the watches of the night,” i.e. I wake up before the watches of the night are gone. Absol. Jonah 4:2, “thus קִדַּמְתִּי לִבְרֹחַ I anticipated (the danger which threatens me) by fleeing to Tarshish.” Hence to do before (Arab. قَدَمَ), and to do early, in the morning (Chald. קַדֵּם, ܩܰܕܶܡ for the Heb. חִשְׁכִּים). Psalms 119:147, קִדַּמְתִּי בַנֶּשֶׁף “I rise in the morning with the dawn.” Others take it, I anticipate in the dawn, sc. the dawn itself; but this is rather harsh. Hence

(3) to rush on, suddenly and unexpectedly, Psalms 18:6, 19 Psalms 18:19.

(4) to meet, to go to meet any one, followed by an acc. of pers., especially to bring aid, i.q. to succour, Psalms 59:11, 79:8 Job 3:12 differently, Isaiah 37:33, לֹא יְקַדְּמֶנָּה מָגֵן “a shield shall not come against it” (the city), it shall not be turned against it. Job 30:27. Followed by בְּ of the thing, to bring any thing to meet any one, Psalms 95:2 hence to succour any one with any thing (see בּ C, 1, ), Deuteronomy 23:5; Micah 6:6; Nehemiah 13:2 followed by two acc. Psalms 21:4.

Hiphil

(1) to come before any one in good offices, to make any one a debtor by being before-hand in kindness with him (compare قِدَمُ used of such a kindness, see Schult. on Job, p.1183), Job 41:3.

(2) i.q. Pi. No. 3, to fall upon (as calamity), Amos 9:10 followed by בְּעַד.

Derivatives, קֶדֶם-קַדְמִיאֵל, קְדוּמִים, קָדִים.

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List of Word Forms
אֲקַדֵּ֣ם אקדם הִ֭קְדִּימַנִי הַאֲקַדְּמֶ֣נּוּ האקדמנו הקדימני וְתַקְדִּ֛ים ותקדים יְֽקַדְּמ֥וּ יְקַדְּמ֣וּנוּ יְקַדְּמ֥וּנִי יְקַדְּמֵ֑נִי יְקַדְּמֶ֣נָּה יְקַדְּמֻ֖נִי יקדמו יקדמונו יקדמוני יקדמנה יקדמני נְקַדְּמָ֣ה נקדמה קִ֝דְּמ֗וּנִי קִדְּמ֛וּ קִדְּמ֣וּ קִדְּמ֣וּנִי קִדְּמ֤וּ קִדְּמ֥וּ קִדְּמֻ֖נִי קִדְּמֻ֥נִי קִדַּ֖מְתִּי קִדַּ֣מְתִּי קַדְּמָ֣ה קדמה קדמו קדמוני קדמני קדמתי תְ֭קַדְּמֶנּוּ תְקַדְּמֶֽךָּ׃ תקדמך׃ תקדמנו ’ă·qad·dêm ’ăqaddêm akadDem ha’ăqaddəmennū ha·’ă·qad·də·men·nū haakaddeMennu Hikdimani hiq·dî·ma·nî hiqdîmanî kaddeMah kidDamti kiddeMu kiddeMuni nə·qad·də·māh nekaddeMah nəqaddəmāh qad·də·māh qaddəmāh qid·dam·tî qid·də·mū qid·də·mu·nî qid·də·mū·nî qiddamtî qiddəmū qiddəmunî qiddəmūnî ṯə·qad·də·me·kā ṯə·qad·də·men·nū tekaddeMeka Tekaddemennu ṯəqaddəmekā ṯəqaddəmennū vetakDim wə·ṯaq·dîm wəṯaqdîm yə·qad·də·mê·nî yə·qad·də·men·nāh yə·qad·də·mū yə·qad·də·mu·nî yə·qad·də·mū·nî yə·qad·də·mū·nū yekaddeMeni yekaddeMennah yekaddeMu yekaddeMuni yekaddeMunu yəqaddəmênî yəqaddəmennāh yəqaddəmū yəqaddəmunî yəqaddəmūnî yəqaddəmūnū
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, June 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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