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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #748 - אָרַךְ

Transliteration
'ârak
Phonetics
aw-rak'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
162
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be long, prolong

1a) (Qal) to be long

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to prolong (days)

1b2) to make long (tent cords)

1b3) to grow long, continue long

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (34) NAS (32) HCS (32)
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Numbers 2
Deuteronomy 11
Joshua 1
Judges 1
1 Kings 2
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 3
Ecclesiastes 3
Isaiah 4
Ezekiel 2
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Numbers 2
Deuteronomy 11
Joshua 1
Judges 1
1 Kings 2
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 3
Ecclesiastes 3
Isaiah 4
Ezekiel 2
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 11
Joshua 1
Judges 1
1 Kings 2
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 3
Ecclesiastes 3
Isaiah 4
Ezekiel 2
BYZ TIS TR
v-hPms 2
v-hc 2
v-hi1cs 2
v-hi2mp 3
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 5
v-hp1cs 1
v-hp2mp 1
v-hp2ms 1
v-hp3cp 3
v-hp3ms 1
v-hvfs 1
v-hw3mp 2
v-qi3mp 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qw3fp 1
v-hPms 2
v-hc 2
v-hi1cs 2
v-hi2mp 3
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 5
v-hp1cs 1
v-hp2mp 1
v-hp2ms 1
v-hp3cp 3
v-hp3ms 1
v-hvfs 1
v-hw3mp 2
v-qi3mp 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qw3fp 1
v-hPms 2
v-hc 2
v-hi1cs 2
v-hi2mp 3
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 5
v-hp1cs 1
v-hp2mp 1
v-hp2ms 1
v-hp3cp 3
v-hp3ms 1
v-hvfs 1
v-hw3mp 2
v-qi3mp 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qw3fp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1448) kr (רכ RK) AC: ? CO: Loins AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head of a man, the k is a picture of the palm representing a covering. Combined these mean "man covered". The reproductive organs of the male including the lower abdomen which are always covered.

A) kr (רכ RK) AC: ? CO: Tender AB: ?: The tenderness of the loins.

Nm) kr (רכ RK) - Tender: KJV (16): tender, soft, weak - Strongs: H7390 (רַךְ)

B) kkr (רככ RKK) AC: ? CO: Tender AB: ?: The tenderness of the loins.

V) kkr (רככ RKK) - Soft: To be soft. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual) tender, faint, mollified, soft - Strongs: H7401 (רָכַךְ)

C) kra (ארכ ARK) AC: ? CO: Long AB: ?: From the male reproductive organ.

V) kra (ארכ ARK) - Prolong: To lengthen or delay. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (35): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) prolong, long, lengthen, draw out, defer, tarry - Strongs: H748 (אָרַךְ), H749 (אַרִיךְ)

Nm) kra (ארכ ARK) - Slow: To be long in patience or time. KJV (15): slow, longsuffering, patient - Strongs: H750 (אָרֵךְ)

Nf1) ekra (ארכה ARKH) - Lengthening: [Aramaic only] KJV (1): lengthening - Strongs: H754 (אַרְכָה)

cm) kfra (ארוכ ARWK) - Long: KJV (3): long, longer - Strongs: H752 (אָרֹךְ)

df1) ekfra (ארוכה ARWKH) - Repair: A reconstruction or healing that causes longer life. KJV (6): health, perfected, made - Strongs: H724 (אֲרֻכָה)

gm) krfa (אורכ AWRK) - Length: KJV (95): length, long, ever, high - Strongs: H753 (אֹרֶךְ)

J) kfr (רוכ RWK) AC: ? CO: Tender AB: ?: The tenderness of the loins.

Nm) kfr (רוכ RWK) - Tender: KJV (1): tender - Strongs: H7391 (רֹךְ)

L) kri (ירכ YRK) AC: ? CO: Loins AB: ?

Nf ) kri (ירכ YRK) - Loins: KJV (34): thigh, side, shaft, loins, body - Strongs: H3409 (יָרֵךְ)

Nf1) ekri (ירכה YRKH) - Loins: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (29): thigh - Strongs: H3410 (יַרְכָה), H3411 (יְרֵכָה)

am) krfm (מורכ MWRK) - Faint: From a blow to the loins. KJV (1): faintness - Strongs: H4816 (מֹרֶךְ)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [אָרַךְ, אָרֵךְ] verb be long, almost always of time (Assyrian arâku COT Gloss, Aramaic אֲרַךְ, ) —

Qal Perfect אָֽרְכוּ Genesis 26:8; Imperfect יַאַרְכוּ Ezekiel 12:22; 3 feminine plural וַתֶּאֱרַכְנָה Ezekiel 31:5 (strike out B Co) — be long, subject הַיָמִים (i.e. a long time passed Genesis 26:8 (J); compare Assyrian urriku ûmî, days grew long, Creation Tablet a see COT Genesis 1:1); of delayed fulfillment of prophecy Ezekiel 12:22; subject מּאֹרֹת Ezekiel 31:5 (but compare above)

Hiph`il Perfect הֶאֱרִיךְ Proverbs 19:11; וְהַאֲרַכְתָּ֫ Deuteronomy 22:7, etc.; Imperfect יַאֲרִיךְ Deuteronomy 17:20 +; יַאֲרִיכוּ Deuteronomy 25:15; יַאֲרִכוּן Exodus 20:12 compare Deuteronomy 5:16; Deuteronomy 6:2; תַּאֲרִיכֻן Deuteronomy 4:26; Deuteronomy 30:18, etc.; Imperative feminine singular הַאֲרִיכִי Isaiah 54:2: Infinitive construct הַאֲרִיךְ Numbers 9:19,22; Participle מַאֲרִיךְ Ecclesiastes 7:15; Ecclesiastes 8:12; —

1 transitive prolong, ( a) object יָמִים (i.e. live long) Deuteronomy 4:26,40; Deuteronomy 5:30; Deuteronomy 11:9; Deuteronomy 17:20; Deuteronomy 22:7; Deuteronomy 30:18; Deuteronomy 32:47; Joshua 24:31= Judges 2:7 (with אַחֲרֵי = survive), Proverbs 28:16; Isaiah 53:10; Ecclesiastes 8:13; also (late) without ימים Ecclesiastes 7:15; Ecclesiastes 8:12; ( b) id. 1 Kings 3:14 ׳י subject וְהַאֲרַכְתִּי אֶתיָֿמֶיךָ I will prolong thy days; (c) postpone anger Isaiah 48:9 compare Proverbs 19:11 (i.e. shew oneself slow to anger); see also Job 6:11 אַאֲרִיךְ נַפְשִׁי i.e. be patient; ( d) literal (but in figure) make long furrows (with ל) Psalm 129:3; tentcords Isaiah 54:2; tongue Isaiah 57:4 (stretch out in mockery).

2 intransitive grow long, continue long (i.e. display length or continuance), subject יָמִים Exodus 20:12 = Deuteronomy 5:16; Deuteronomy 6:2; Deuteronomy 25:15; tarry long Numbers 9:19,22 (subject הֶעָנָן), last (continue) long, (subject כֵּן Proverbs 28:2; be long (literally) of staves of ark 1 Kings 8:8; 2 Chronicles 5:9.

I. ארך (√ of following; Biblical Hebrew [ אָרַךְ, אָרֵךְ]).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָרַךְ

(1) pr. trans. to make long, to extend, to stretch out, kindred to the root עָרַךְ which see. Hence אֲרוּכָה a long bandage; Syr. ܐܶܪܰܟ to prolong, Arab. أَرَكَ to tarry, to delay in a matter.

(2) Med. E. fut. יֶאֱרַךְ; pl. יַאַרְכוּ intransit. to be long. (Syr., Arab., Sam. id.; Aph. אוֹרִיךְ, ܐܰܘܪܶܟ to prolong.) Ezekiel 31:5; Genesis 26:8, וַיְהִי בִּי אָֽרְכוּ־לוֹ שָׁם הַיָּמִים “and it came to pass when days were prolonged to him there,” i.e. when he had lived there long; Ezekiel 12:22.

Hiphil הֶאֱרִיךְ

(1) to make long, lengthen, prolong, Psalms 129:3 “to put forth the tongue,” Isaiah 57:4 הֶאֱרִיךְ יְמֵי פ׳ “to prolong any one’s life,” to grant him long life, 1 Kings 3:14 on the other hand ה׳ יָמָיו “to prolong one’s own life,” to be long-lived, Deuteronomy 4:26, 40 5:30 17:20 22:7 Isaiah 53:10 also without יָמִים Proverbs 28:2; Ecclesiastes 7:15, 8:12.

(2) intrans. to be long, 1 Kings 8:8, especially used of time; הֶאֱרִיכוּ יָמָיו “to be long-lived,” Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16, 6:2 25:15 compare No.1.

(3) to retard, to delay, to defer; הֶאֱרִיךְ אַפּוֹ Isaiah 48:9; Proverbs 19:11, to defer anger, to be patient, and μακρόθυμος. [“So too הֶאֱרִיךְ נַפְשׁוֹ id., Job 6:11.” Ges. add.]. Compare אֶרֶךְ אַפַּיִם under אָרֵךְ.

(4) to delay, to tarry (prop. es lange machen), Numbers 9:19, 22.

The derivatives, except אֲרוּכָה, immediately follow.

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List of Word Forms
אַאֲרִ֣יךְ אַאֲרִ֥יךְ אָֽרְכוּ־ אאריך ארכו־ בְּהַאֲרִ֨יךְ בהאריך הֶ֝אֱרִ֗יכוּ הֶאֱרִ֣יךְ הֶאֱרִ֤יכוּ הַאֲרִ֙יכִי֙ האריך האריכו האריכי וְהַאֲרַכְתֶּ֣ם וְהַאֲרַכְתָּ֖ וְהַאַרַכְתִּ֖י וַֽיַּאֲרִיכוּ֮ וַֽיַּאֲרִכוּ֮ וַתֶּאֱרַ֧כְנָה וּבְהַאֲרִ֧יךְ וּמַאֲרִ֣יךְ ובהאריך והארכת והארכתי והארכתם ויאריכו ויארכו ומאריך ותארכנה יַֽאַרְכוּ֙ יַאֲרִ֣יךְ יַאֲרִ֣יכוּ יַאֲרִ֥יךְ יַאֲרִ֨יךְ יַאֲרִֽיךְ׃ יַאֲרִיכֻ֣ן יַאֲרִכ֣וּן יַאֲרִכֻ֥ן יאריך יאריך׃ יאריכו יאריכן יארכו יארכון יארכן מַאֲרִ֖יךְ מאריך תַּאֲרִ֣יכוּ תַּאֲרִ֤יךְ תַּאֲרִ֤יכוּ תַאֲרִיכֻ֤ן תאריך תאריכו תאריכן ’a’ărîḵ ’a·’ă·rîḵ ’ā·rə·ḵū- ’ārəḵū- aaRich arechu bə·ha·’ă·rîḵ bəha’ărîḵ behaaRich ha’ărîḵî ha·’ă·rî·ḵî haaRichi he’ĕrîḵ he’ĕrîḵū he·’ĕ·rî·ḵū he·’ĕ·rîḵ heeRich heeRichu ma’ărîḵ ma·’ă·rîḵ maaRich ta’ărîḵ ta’ărîḵū ṯa’ărîḵun ta·’ă·rî·ḵū ṯa·’ă·rî·ḵun ta·’ă·rîḵ taaRich taaRichu taariChun ū·ḇə·ha·’ă·rîḵ ū·ma·’ă·rîḵ ūḇəha’ărîḵ ūma’ărîḵ umaaRich uvehaaRich vaiyaariChu vatteeRachnah vehaarachTa vehaarachTem vehaarachTi wat·te·’ĕ·raḵ·nāh watte’ĕraḵnāh way·ya·’ă·ri·ḵū way·ya·’ă·rî·ḵū wayya’ăriḵū wayya’ărîḵū wə·ha·’ă·raḵ·tā wə·ha·’ă·raḵ·tem wə·ha·’a·raḵ·tî wəha’ăraḵtā wəha’ăraḵtem wəha’araḵtî ya’ărîḵ ya’ărîḵū ya’ăriḵun ya’ăriḵūn ya’ărîḵun ya’arḵū ya·’ă·rî·ḵū ya·’ă·ri·ḵun ya·’ă·ri·ḵūn ya·’ă·rî·ḵun ya·’ă·rîḵ ya·’ar·ḵū yaarChu yaaRich yaaRichu yaariChun
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