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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7673 - שָׁבַת

Transliteration
shâbath
Phonetics
shaw-bath'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2323, 2323c
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to cease, desist, rest

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to cease

1a2) to rest, desist (from labour)

1b) (Niphal) to cease

1c) (Hiphil)

1c1) to cause to cease, put an end to

1c2) to exterminate, destroy

1c3) to cause to desist from

1c4) to remove

1c5) to cause to fail

2) (Qal) to keep or observe the sabbath

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 142 ‑ αἴρω (ah'ee‑ro);  373 ‑ ἀναπαύω (an‑ap‑ow'‑o);  2270 ‑ ἡσυχάζω (hay‑soo‑khad'‑zo);  526 ‑ ἀπαλλοτριόω (ap‑al‑lot‑ree‑o'‑o);  654 ‑ ἀποστρέφω (ap‑os‑tref'‑o);  851 ‑ ἀφαιρέω (af‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  853 ‑ ἀφανίζω (af‑an‑id'‑zo);  2616 ‑ καταδυναστεύω (kat‑ad‑oo‑nas‑tyoo'‑o);  2618 ‑ κατακαίω (kat‑ak‑ah'ee‑o);  3870 ‑ παρακαλέω (par‑ak‑al‑eh'‑o);  622 ‑ ἀπόλλυμι (ap‑ol'‑loo‑mee);  4937 ‑ συντρίβω (soon‑tree'‑bo);  1587 ‑ ἐκλείπω (ek‑li'‑po);  3973 ‑ παύω (pow'‑o);  2647 ‑ καταλύω (kat‑al‑oo'‑o);  2664 ‑ καταπαύω (kat‑ap‑ow'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (71) NAS (71) HCS (71)
Genesis 3
Exodus 6
Leviticus 6
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
Ruth 1
2 Kings 2
2 Chronicles 2
Nehemiah 2
Job 1
Psalms 4
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 8
Jeremiah 6
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 13
Daniel 2
Hosea 3
Amos 1
Genesis 3
Exodus 6
Leviticus 6
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 1
Ruth 1
2 Kings 2
2 Chronicles 2
Nehemiah 2
Job 1
Psalms 4
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 8
Jeremiah 6
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 13
Daniel 2
Hosea 3
Amos 1
Genesis 3
Exodus 7
Leviticus 7
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
Ruth 1
2 Kings 2
2 Chronicles 2
Nehemiah 2
Job 1
Psalms 4
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 6
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 13
Daniel 2
Hosea 3
Amos 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-hPms 1
v-hc 2
v-hi1cs 1
v-hi2mp 1
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi3ms 2
v-hp1cp 1
v-hp1cs 16
v-hp2mp 1
v-hp3cp 2
v-hp3ms 4
v-hvmp 1
v-hw3msXa 2
v-np3cp 1
v-np3ms 3
v-qi2mp 1
v-qi2ms 3
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3mp 2
v-qi3ms 2
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3fs 3
v-qp3ms 6
v-qw3mp 1
v-qw3ms 2
v-hPms 2
v-hc 1
v-hi1cs 1
v-hi2mp 1
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi3ms 2
v-hp1cp 1
v-hp1cs 16
v-hp2mp 1
v-hp2ms 2
v-hp3cp 2
v-hp3ms 4
v-hvmp 1
v-hw3msXa 2
v-np3cp 1
v-np3ms 3
v-qi2mp 1
v-qi2ms 3
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3mp 2
v-qi3ms 2
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3fs 3
v-qp3ms 6
v-qw3mp 2
v-qw3ms 2
v-hPms 2
v-hc 1
v-hi1cs 1
v-hi2mp 1
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi3ms 2
v-hp1cp 1
v-hp1cs 16
v-hp2mp 1
v-hp2ms 2
v-hp3cp 2
v-hp3ms 4
v-hvmp 1
v-hw3msXa 2
v-np3cp 1
v-np3ms 3
v-qi2mp 1
v-qi2ms 3
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3mp 2
v-qi3ms 2
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3fs 3
v-qp3ms 6
v-qw3mp 2
v-qw3ms 2
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2812) tbs (סהבת ShBT) AC: Cease CO: ? AB: ?: The ceasing of work or activity in order to rest. [from: bs- sitting to rest]

V) tbs (סהבת ShBT) - Cease: To cease from an activity for the purpose or rest or celebration. KJV (71): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) cease, rest, away, fail, celebrate - Strongs: H7673 (שָׁבַת)

Nf) tbs (סהבת ShBT) - Ceasing: A stopping of activity. Often used for the seventh day or special feast day as a day set aside for resting or celebrating. KJV (111): sabbath, another, lost time, still, cease - Strongs: H7674 (שֶׁבֶת), H7676 (שַׁבָּת)

hm) tbsm (מסהבת MShBT) - Ceasing: KJV (1): sabbath - Strongs: H4868 (מִשְׁבָּת)

jm) nftbs (סהבתונ ShBTWN) - Ceasing: KJV (11): rest, sabbath - Strongs: H7677 (שַׁבָּתוֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שָׁבַת71 verb cease, desist, rest (As šabâtu, probably cease, be completed Dl WB Zim KAT 3. 593 (Jen ZA iv (1889), 277f. is sceptical); Arabic cut off, interrupt; Late Hebrew has שֶׁבֶת neglect, etc., Aramaic שִׁבְתָּא cost of nealect); —

Qal27 Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׁ Genesis 2:3 +; 3 plural שָׁבָ֑תוּ Lamentations 5:14, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשְׁבּוֺת Hosea 7:4; יִשְׁבֹּת Proverbs 22:10 2t.; 3 feminine singular תִּשְׁבֹּת Leviticus 26:35; תִּשְׁבַּת Leviticus 26:34; Nehemiah 6:3 +, etc.; —

1 cease: (absolute 13t.) of seasons Genesis 8:22 (J); manna Joshua 5:12 (P), etc., Isaiah 14:4 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 6:3 +; with מִן Hosea 7:4 3t.

2 desist from labour, rest:

a. with מִן (of god) Genesis 2:2,3(P).

b.מִן omitted, ב temporal Exodus 23:12 (E), Exodus 16:30; Exodus 34:21 (J), Exodus 31:17 (P); ׳בֶּחָרִישׁ וּבַקָּצִיר שׁ Exodus 34:21 (J; i.e., even in these busy seasons).

c. land in 7th year Leviticus 26:34,35 (twice in verse) (H), 2 Chronicles 36:21. — Leviticus 23:32; Leviticus 25:2 see [ שָׁבַת] verb denominative below

Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִשְׁבַּת Isaiah 17:3 2t.; plural נִשְׁבְּתוּ Ezekiel 6:6; — cease: absolute Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 30:18; Ezekiel 33:28; with מִן Isaiah 17:3.

Hiph`il40 Perfect 3 masculine singular הִשְׁבִּית Ruth 4:14 +; 2 masculine singular הִשְׁבַּתָּ Psalm 89:45; Psalm 119:119, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַשְׁבִּיתּ Proverbs 18:18; Daniel 9:27; וַיַּשְׁבֵּת 2 Kings 23:11; 2 Chronicles 16:5, etc.; Infinitive construct הַשְׁבִּית Psalm 8:3; לַשְׁבִּית Amos 8:4 (Ges§ 53 q); Imperative masculine plural הַשְׁבִּ֫יתוּ Isaiah 30:11; Participle מַשְׁבִּית Jeremiah 16:9; Psalm 46:10; —

1 cause to cease, put an end to: with accusative mirth Hosea 2:13, work 2 Chronicles 16:5; Nehemiah 4:5; sacrifice Daniel 9:27; war Psalm 46:10, compare Isaiah 13:11; Ezekiel 7:24; Proverbs 18:18 6t., + קוֺל שָׂשׂוֺן מִן׳הִשׁ Jeremiah 7:34; Jeremiah 16:9, compare Jeremiah 48:33.

2 = exterminate, destroy: with accusative 2 Kings 23:5,11; Amos 8:4 (Now conjectures העשׁקים), Hosea 1:4; Psalm 8:3; Psalm 119:119; with accusative + מִן, Jeremiah 36:29, מִן הָאָרֶץ Leviticus 26:6 (H), Ezekiel 34:25; אלילים Ezekiel 30:13; Deuteronomy 32:26.

3 cause to desist from: with מִן Ezekiel 16:41; Ezekiel 34:10; Exodus 5:5 (E = give rest from); לְבִלְתִּי infinitive Joshua 22:25 (P).

4 remove ( = מִן הֵסִיר): with מִן Ezekiel 23:27,48; Psalm 89:45 (text dubious: read הִשְׁבַּתּוֺ [

3] ᵐ5 Du; מַטֵּה הֹדוֺ Herz Che, see also below טֳהָר); leaven מבתים Exodus 12:15 (P); מִמָּנֵינוּ׳ישׂר ׳אֶחקֿ׳הַשׁ Isaiah 30:11.

5 cause to fail, let be lacking: salt מֵעַל מִנְחָתֶ֑ךָ Leviticus 2:12 (P); accusative pers + ל person Jeremiah 48:35; Ruth 4:14.

[שָׁבַת] verb denominative keep, observe (sabbath); —

Qal, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb; Perfect 3 feminine singular וְשָֽׁבְתָה הָאָרֶץ׳שַׁבָּת לי Leviticus 25:2; 2 masculine plural מֵעֶרֶב עַדעֶֿרֶב תִּשְׁבְּתוּשַׁבַּתְּכֶ֑ם Leviticus 23:32 (P).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
אַשְׁבִּ֥יתָה אשביתה הִשְׁבִּ֥ית הִשְׁבַּ֔תִּי הִשְׁבַּ֙תִּי֙ הִשְׁבַּ֥תָּ הִשְׁבַּֽתִּי׃ הַשְׁבִּ֥יתוּ השבית השביתו השבת השבתי השבתי׃ וְ֝יִשְׁבֹּ֗ת וְהִ֨שְׁבַּתִּ֔י וְהִשְׁבִּ֣ית וְהִשְׁבִּ֤יתוּ וְהִשְׁבִּ֥ית וְהִשְׁבִּ֨ית וְהִשְׁבַּ֖תְנוּ וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֖י וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֞י וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֣י ׀ וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֤י וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֥י וְהִשְׁבַּתִּי֙ וְהִשְׁבַּתִּיךְ֙ וְהִשְׁבַּתִּים֙ וְהִשְׁבַּתֶּ֥ם וְלַשְׁבִּ֖ית וְנִשְׁבְּתוּ֙ וְנִשְׁבַּ֖ת וְנִשְׁבַּ֤ת וְנִשְׁבַּת־ וְשָׁבְתָ֣ה וַֽיִּשְׁבְּת֡וּ וַיִּשְׁבְּת֥וּ וַיִּשְׁבֹּ֨ת וַיִּשְׁבֹּת֙ וַיַּשְׁבֵּ֖ת וַיַּשְׁבֵּ֣ת והשבית והשביתו והשבתי והשבתיך והשבתים והשבתם והשבתנו וישבת וישבתו ולשבית ונשבת ונשבת־ ונשבתו ושבתה יִשְׁבְּת֗וּ יִשְׁבֹּֽתוּ׃ יִשְׁבּ֣וֹת יַשְׁבִּ֣ית יַשְׁבִּ֣ית ׀ ישבות ישבית ישבתו ישבתו׃ לְהַשְׁבִּ֥ית להשבית מַשְׁבִּ֜ית מַשְׁבִּ֥ית משבית שָׁבְתָ֖ה שָׁבְתָ֛ה שָׁבַ֖ת שָׁבַ֣ת שָׁבַת֙ שָׁבָ֔תָה שָׁבָ֔תוּ שבת שבתה שבתו תִּשְׁבְּת֖וּ תִּשְׁבַּ֣ת תִּשְׁבֹּ֑ת תִּשְׁבֹּֽת׃ תִשְׁבַּ֤ת תַּשְׁבִּ֥יתוּ תַשְׁבִּ֗ית תשבית תשביתו תשבת תשבת׃ תשבתו ’aš·bî·ṯāh ’ašbîṯāh ashBitah haš·bî·ṯū hašbîṯū hashBitu hiš·ba·tā hiš·bat·tî hiš·bîṯ hišbatā hišbattî hišbîṯ hishBata hishBatti hishBit lə·haš·bîṯ ləhašbîṯ lehashBit maš·bîṯ mašbîṯ mashBit šā·ḇā·ṯāh šā·ḇā·ṯū šā·ḇaṯ šā·ḇə·ṯāh šāḇaṯ šāḇāṯāh šāḇāṯū šāḇəṯāh shaVat shaVatah shaVatu shaveTah shavTah taš·bî·ṯū ṯaš·bîṯ ṯašbîṯ tašbîṯū tashBit tashBitu tiš·baṯ ṯiš·baṯ tiš·bə·ṯū tiš·bōṯ tišbaṯ ṯišbaṯ tišbəṯū tišbōṯ tishBat tishbeTu tishBot vaiyashBet vaiyishbeTu vaiyishBot vehishBatnu vehishbatTem vehishbatTi vehishbattiCh vehishbatTim vehishBit vehishBitu velashBit venishBat venishbeTu veshavTah veyishBot way·yaš·bêṯ way·yiš·bə·ṯū way·yiš·bōṯ wayyašbêṯ wayyišbəṯū wayyišbōṯ wə·hiš·baṯ·nū wə·hiš·bat·tem wə·hiš·bat·tî wə·hiš·bat·tîḵ wə·hiš·bat·tîm wə·hiš·bî·ṯū wə·hiš·bîṯ wə·laš·bîṯ wə·niš·baṯ wə·niš·baṯ- wə·niš·bə·ṯū wə·šā·ḇə·ṯāh wə·yiš·bōṯ wəhišbaṯnū wəhišbattem wəhišbattî wəhišbattîḵ wəhišbattîm wəhišbîṯ wəhišbîṯū wəlašbîṯ wənišbaṯ wənišbaṯ- wənišbəṯū wəšāḇəṯāh wəyišbōṯ yaš·bîṯ yašbîṯ yashBit yiš·bə·ṯū yiš·bō·ṯū yiš·bō·wṯ yišbəṯū yišbōṯū yišbōwṯ yishbeTu yishBot yishBotu

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