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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #784 - אֵשׁ

Transliteration
'êsh
Phonetics
aysh  
Word Origin
a primitive word
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TWOT
172
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) fire

1a) fire, flames

1b) supernatural fire (accompanying theophany)

1c) fire (for cooking, roasting, parching)

1d) altar-fire

1e) God’s anger (figuratively)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4442 ‑ πῦρ (poor);  4447 ‑ πύρινος (poo'‑ree‑nos);  5395 ‑ φλόξ (flox);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (379) NAS (375) HCS (373)
Genesis 4
Exodus 18
Leviticus 30
Numbers 19
Deuteronomy 28
Joshua 8
Judges 14
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 7
2 Kings 14
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 6
Nehemiah 6
Job 8
Psalms 27
Proverbs 5
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 30
Jeremiah 37
Lamentations 4
Ezekiel 38
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Joel 5
Amos 9
Obadiah 1
Micah 2
Nahum 4
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 2
Zechariah 6
Malachi 1
Genesis 4
Exodus 18
Leviticus 30
Numbers 19
Deuteronomy 27
Joshua 8
Judges 13
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 7
2 Kings 14
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 6
Nehemiah 6
Job 8
Psalms 27
Proverbs 5
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 30
Jeremiah 36
Lamentations 4
Ezekiel 38
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Joel 5
Amos 9
Obadiah 1
Micah 2
Nahum 4
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 2
Zechariah 6
Malachi 1
Genesis 4
Exodus 19
Leviticus 32
Numbers 21
Deuteronomy 29
Joshua 8
Judges 14
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 6
1 Kings 10
2 Kings 17
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 6
Nehemiah 6
Job 8
Psalms 27
Proverbs 5
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 33
Jeremiah 38
Lamentations 4
Ezekiel 45
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Joel 5
Amos 9
Obadiah 1
Micah 2
Nahum 4
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 2
Zechariah 7
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cbs 361
n-cbsc 3
n-cbs 340
n-cbsc 3
n-cbs 338
n-cbsc 3
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1021) sa (אסה ASh) AC: Press CO: Fire AB: Despair: The pictograph a represents strength. The s is a picture of teeth and imply pressing as one does with the teeth to chew food. Combined these pictures mean "a strong pressing down". A fire is made by firmly pressing a wooden rod down onto a wooden board and spinning the rod with a bow drill. Wood dust is generated from the two woods rubbing together and is heated by the friction creating a small ember in the dust. Small tinder is then placed on the ember and is blown ignited the tinder. (eng: ash - as the product of fire)

A) sa (אסה ASh) AC: ? CO: Fire AB: ?: The pressing of wood together with a fire drill to produce fire through friction.

Nf) sa (אסה ASh) - Fire: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (380): fire, burning, fiery, flaming, hot - Strongs: H784 (אֵשׁ), H785 (אֶשָּׁא)

Nf1) esa (אסהה AShH) - Fire: A fire as well as an offering made by fire. KJV (1): fire - Strongs: H800 (אֵשׁ)

jm) nfsa (אסהונ AShWN) - Furnace: [Aramaic only] KJV (10): furnace - Strongs: H861 (אַתּוּן)

B) ssa (אסהסה AShSh) AC: Press CO: Foundation AB: Pressure: The firm pressing down on something.

bf) sisa (אסהיסה AShYSh) - Foundation: The pressing down of the soil to form a firm and flat surface. KJV (1): foundation - Strongs: H808 (אָשִׁישׁ)

bf1) esisa (אסהיסהה AShYShH) - Raisin Cake: Dried raisins, a food staple, were pressed into cakes. KJV (4): flagon - Strongs: H809 (אֲשִׁישָׁה)

E) asa (אסהא AShA) AC: Press CO: Foundation AB: Pressure: The firm pressing down on something.

om) asfa (אוסהא AWShA) - Foundation: The pressing down of the soil to form a firm and flat surface. [Aramaic only] KJV (3): foundation - Strongs: H787 (אשׁ)

H) esa (אסהה AShH) AC: ? CO: Fire AB: ?

em ) esia (איסהה AYShH) - Fire: A fire offering. KJV (65): offering - Strongs: H801 (אִשֶּׁה)

L) sai (יאסה YASh) AC: Press CO: ? AB: Despair: A strong pressing down on someone bringing despair or hopelessness.

V) sai (יאסה YASh) - Despair: A pressure of hopelessness. KJV (6): (vf: Niphal, Piel) despair, desperate, no hope - Strongs: H2976 (יָאַשׁ)

M) sia (איסה AYSh) AC: ? CO: Fire AB: ?: The charred wood after being burned in the fire.

jm) nfsia (איסהונ AYShWN) - Black: The black of night or the pupil of the eye. In the sense of charring from a fire. KJV (6): apple, obscure, black - Strongs: H380 (אִישׁוֹן)

N) isa (אסהי AShY) AC: ? CO: Pillar AB: ?: A strong pressing down on something.

df1) eifsa (אסהויה AShWYH) - Pil KJV (1): foundation - Strongs: H803 (אֲשׁוּיָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אֵשׁ377 noun feminine Exodus 9:23 ( masculine Jeremiah 48:45; Psalm 104:4; ** masculine is dubious: Numbers 16:18 read עָלֶיהָ for 2nd עֲלֵיהֶם (ᵐ5 B); Jeremiah 20:9 see Ges§ 132 d; Jeremiah 48:45 read (many MSS., Numbers 21:23) יצאה; Psalm 104:4 read perhaps (Ol Du): לֵֹ˜הטָה, or וָלָֽחַט; Job 20:26 see Ges§ 145 u (or 121 b): compare Albr ZAW xvi {1896}. 63. feminine & masculine Jeremiah 20:9; Job 20:26) fire (Assyrian išatu COT Gloss, Syriac , Ethiopic derivatives from II. אנשׁ, , sociable, friendly element (MV Wetzst in De Psalmen, ed. 4, p. 888 Lag BN 68 compare , ), improbable especially in view of Assyrian; daghesh probably secondary; compare also Sta§ 189 b) — ׳א absolute Exodus 9:24 +; construct Leviticus 6:2 + (seldom); suffix אִשּׁוֺ Deuteronomy 4:36; Job 18:5; אֶשְׁכֶם Isaiah 50:11; אִשָּׁם Isaiah 66:24; —

1 fire, of conflagration, e.g. in briers, endangering or destroying crops תֵּצֵא אֵשׁ וּמָֽצְאָה קֹצִים Exodus 22:5; compare Exodus 3:2 הַסְּנֶה בֹּעֵר בָּאֵשׁ (both E); more often of deliberate destruction by fire, especially שָׂרַף בָּאֵשׁ (בָּ with qam. preton.) object golden calf Exodus 32:20 (J), other idols Deuteronomy 7:5,25, Asherim Deuteronomy 12:3, chariots Joshua 11:6,9; 2 Kings 23:1, house Judges 12:1; Judges 14:15, tower Judges 9:52, city-gates Nehemiah 1:3; Nehemiah 2:3,13,17, city Joshua 6:24; Judges 18:27 compare Isaiah 1:7 +; also שִׁלַּח אֵשׁ בְּ Amos 1:4,7,10 +; שִׁלַּח אֶתהָֿעִיר בָּאֵשׁ Judges 1:8; Judges 20:48 compare 2 Kings 8:12; הִצִּית אֶתהָֿעִיר בָּאֵשׁ Joshua 8:8,19; Jeremiah 17:27 +, compare Judges 9:49; 2 Samuel 14:30,31 (of field, compare Exodus 22:5 above)

2 of supernatural fire, attending theophany Exodus 3:2; Exodus 19:18 (both J E) Deuteronomy 4:11,12,15,33,36 +; specifically עַמּוּד (הָ)אֵשׁ Exodus 13:21,22; Exodus 14:24 (all J E) Nehemiah 9:12,19 compare Deuteronomy 1:33 (see מַרְאֵהאֵֿשׁ Numbers 9:15,16 P); of destructive fire from ׳י Numbers 11:1,2,3 (J) Numbers 26:10 (P) Leviticus 10:2 (P); compare אֹכֶלָת׳א in simile of Yahweh's glory Exodus 24:17 (E) Deuteronomy 4:24; Deuteronomy 9:3; see also 1 Kings 18:24,38; 2 Kings 1:10 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 1:12 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 1:14; Job 1:16 (perhaps lightning intended), compare further of lightning Exodus 9:23,24 (JE) Psalm 18:13; Psalm 18:14; Psalm 148:8 etc.

3 fire for cooking, roasting, parching, etc. צְלִי אֵשׁ roasted at a fire Exodus 12:8,9 (P) compare Leviticus 2:14; 2 Chronicles 35:13; Isaiah 44:16,19; of tinder for lighting fire Genesis 22:6,7 (E); of fire for melting (gold for the idolatrous calf) Exodus 32:24; for refining Jeremiah 6:29, where read with Qr מֵאֵשׁ תַּם עֹפֶרֶת; compare Malachi 3:2 (simile of purifying work of messenger of cov't).

4 especially of altar-fire Leviticus 1:7 (twice in verse); Leviticus 6:2; Leviticus 6:3; Leviticus 6:5; Leviticus 6:6 +; in offering incense Leviticus 10:1, also אֵשׁ זָרָה strange fire, i.e. an incense not commanded, offered presumptuously Leviticus 10:1; Numbers 3:4; Numbers 26:61; fire from ׳י consuming sacrifice (compare 2) Leviticus 9:24; 2 Chronicles 7:1,3; of fire in child-sacrifice (usually הֶעֱבִיר בֵּן בָּאֵשׁ (לְׅ) 2 Kings 16:3; 2 Kings 21:6; compare 2 Kings 17:17; 2 Kings 23:10; 2 Chronicles 33:6; also ׳שׂרף בָּא 2 Kings 17:31, ׳בער בָּא 2 Chronicles 28:3.

5 figurative of Yahweh's anger Psalm 89:47 (simile) compare Nahum 1:6; Lamentations 2:4 אֵשׁעֶֿבְרָתִי Ezekiel 21:36; Ezekiel 22:31; Ezekiel 38:19, אֵשׁקִֿנְאָתִי Ezekiel 36:5; see also Isaiah 66:15; Psalm 79:5; Psalm 89:47 etc.; of word of ׳י Jeremiah 23:29; figurative of outbursting emotion Psalm 39:4; of flagrant wickedness Isaiah 9:17, etc:

6 in various combinations, לַמִּיד אֵשׁ Genesis 15:17 (J) a torch of fire (compare Di); לַבַּתאֵֿשׁ Exodus 3:2 flame of fire, לַהַב אֵשׁ Joel 2:5, לַמִּידֵי אֵשׁ (in simile) Daniel 10:6 compare Zechariah 12:6, לַהֲבוֺתאֵשׁ Psalm 29:7 לַהֲבֵי אֵשׁ Isaiah 66:15 compare לְהָבוֺת׳א Psalm 105:32, לָהָבָה׳נֹגַהּ א Isaiah 4:5 compare Hosea 7:6; שְׁבִיב אִשּׁוֺ spark of his fire Job 18:5 compare כִּידוֺדֵי אֵשׁ Job 41:11; תַּנּוּר אֵשׁ Psalm 21:10 oven of fire, כִּיּוֺר אֵשׁ Zechariah 12:6; אוֺר אֵשׁ light of fire Psalm 78:14; אֵשׁ לֹהֵט flaming fire Psalm 104:4; לְשׁוֺן אֵשׁ Isaiah 5:24 tongue of fire, גַּחֲלֵי אֵשׁ Ezekiel 1:13 coals of fire, so Ezekiel 10:2, compare רִשְׁמֵּי אֵשׁ Song of Solomon 8:6; on אַבְנֵי אֵשׁ Ezekiel 28:14,16 see אֶבֶן; אֵשׁ דַּת Deuteronomy 33:2, literally fire of a law, or fire was a law, but דָּת law is Persian & late; read perhaps דֹת[לַמִּ] אֵשׁ compare Exodus 20:18 or דֶת [יֹקֶ] אֵשׁ compare Isaiah 65:5.

אֶשָּׁא noun [feminine] fire (Biblical Hebrew אֵשׁ; K§ 55,5. 2 b thinks emphatic from onomatopoetic √ אשׁשׁ; D161 Buhl √ אשׁא compare ᵑ7אישָּׁא, אִישָּׁהָא, Syriac ; — Daniel 7:11.

אֻשֹּׁהִי, אֻשַּׁיָּא see [אשׁ]. above

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אֵשׁ with suff. אִשּׁוֹ Job 18:5 אֶשְׁכֶם Isaiah 50:11. comm. (but rarely masc., Job 20:26; Psalms 104:4; Jeremiah 48:45 comp. as to the gender of words signifying fire, Lehrg. 546, note), fire. (Amongst the cognate languages, the Chaldee has אֶשָּׁא, אֶשְׁתָּא fire, fever; the Syr. ܐܶܫܳܬܳܐ fever; Eth. አሰት፡ fire; Abrb. أَنِيسَةُ, wich however is rarely used. The offshoots of this very ancient stock are very widely spread in the languages of Asia and Europe; comp. Sanscr. ush, to burn; Pehlev. and Persic اتش; Gr. αἶθος, αἴθω: Latin œstus: old Germ. Eit, fire; eiten, to kindle; Germ. heiß, heißen, Effe. A kindred stock is ur; Heb. אוּר, אוֹר, comp. עוּר uro, areo, and with the addition of a labial, πῦρ, comburo, ferveo, Füer, Feuer).

Specially

(1) the fire of God, often used of lightnings, 1 Kings 18:38; 2 Kings 1:10, 12 2 Kings 1:12, 14 2 Kings 1:14; Job 1:16 comp. Exodus 9:23, and Pers. آتش آسمان. Also, figuratively used of the anger and wrath of God (Virg. Æn. ii. 575, “exarsere ignes animo, subit ira,” etc.). Deuteronomy 32:22, אֵשׁ קָֽדְחָה בְאַפִּי “a fire is kindled in my anger.” Jeremiah 4:4, 15:14 21:12 Lamentations 2:4; Ezekiel 22:21 and, by a similar figure, fire, when speaking of men, is also applied to internal ardour of mind. Jeremiah 20:9; Psalms 39:3, Psalms 39:4.

(2) Poet. fire is used of war, so that to be consumed with fire is i.q. to be destroyed in war. [?] Numbers 21:28; Jeremiah 48:45; Judges 9:15, 20 Judges 9:20; Isaiah 10:16, 26:11 Psalms 21:10. קָדַח אֵשׁ “to kindle a fire,” metaph. for to excite the tumult of war, Isaiah 50:11. The same figure is very familiar to the Arabian poets, compare on Isaiah 7:4.

(3) Fire and burning are used in Hebrew to designate any destruction, whether of men or things. Job 15:34, 20:26 22:20 31:12 Isaiah 30:30, 33:11, 14 Isaiah 33:14.

(4) heat of the sun, Joel 1:19, 20 Joel 1:20, 2:3, Joel 2:5.

(5) splendour, brightness, e.g. of arms, Nahum 2:4. אַבְנֵי אֵשׁ “gems of a fiery splendour,” Ezekiel 28:14, 16 Ezekiel 28:16 comp. Stat. Theb. ii. 276, “arcano florentes igne smaragdi.” See the derivative אִשֶּׁה.

אֵשׁ Ch. emphat. st. אִשָּׁא id. Daniel 7:11.

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List of Word Forms
אִשּֽׁוֹ׃ אִשּׁ֣וֹ אֵ֑שׁ אֵ֔שׁ אֵ֖שׁ אֵ֗שׁ אֵ֚שׁ אֵ֛שׁ אֵ֜שׁ אֵ֝֗שׁ אֵ֞שׁ אֵ֡שׁ אֵ֣שׁ אֵ֤שׁ אֵ֥שׁ אֵ֨שׁ אֵ֬שׁ אֵ֭שׁ אֵֽשׁ׃ אֵשׁ֙ אֵשׁ֮ אֵשׁ־ אֶשְׁכֶ֗ם אש אש־ אש׃ אשו אשו׃ אשכם בְּאֵ֖שׁ בְּאֵ֣שׁ בְּאֵ֥שׁ בְּאֵ֨שׁ בְּאֵשׁ־ בְאֵשׁ־ בָ֭אֵשׁ בָּאֵ֑שׁ בָּאֵ֔שׁ בָּאֵ֖שׁ בָּאֵ֜שׁ בָּאֵ֞שׁ בָּאֵ֣שׁ בָּאֵ֣שׁ ׀ בָּאֵ֥שׁ בָּאֵֽשׁ׃ בָּאֵשׁ֒ בָּאֵשׁ֙ בָאֵ֑שׁ בָאֵ֔שׁ בָאֵ֖שׁ בָאֵ֗שׁ בָאֵ֜שׁ בָאֵ֣שׁ בָאֵ֥שׁ בָאֵֽשׁ׃ בָאֵשׁ֙ באש באש־ באש׃ הַאִשׁ֙ הָאֵ֑שׁ הָאֵ֔שׁ הָאֵ֖שׁ הָאֵ֗שׁ הָאֵ֛שׁ הָאֵ֜שׁ הָאֵ֤שׁ הָאֵ֥שׁ הָאֵ֨שׁ הָאֵֽשׁ׃ הָאֵשׁ֙ האש האש׃ וְ֝אֵ֗שׁ וְ֭אֵשׁ וְאִשָּׁם֙ וְאֵ֕שׁ וְאֵ֖שׁ וְאֵ֣שׁ וְאֵ֥שׁ וְאֵשׁ־ וְהָאֵ֖שׁ וְהָאֵ֗שׁ וְהָאֵ֨שׁ וָאֵ֑שׁ וָאֵ֔שׁ וּבְאֵשׁ֙ וּבָאֵ֕שׁ ואש ואש־ ואשם ובאש והאש כְּאֵ֣שׁ כְּאֵ֥שׁ כָּאֵ֖שׁ כָּאֵשׁ֙ כָאֵ֔שׁ כָאֵ֜שׁ כָאֵשׁ֙ כאש לְאֵ֑שׁ לְאֵ֔שׁ לְאֵ֗שׁ לָאֵ֔שׁ לָאֵ֖שׁ לָאֵ֤שׁ לאש מֵאֵֽשׁ׃ מֵהָאֵ֣שׁ מאש׃ מהאש ’êš ’êš- ’eš·ḵem ’ešḵem ’iš·šōw ’iššōw bā’êš ḇā’êš bā·’êš ḇā·’êš baEsh bə’êš bə’êš- ḇə’êš- bə·’êš bə·’êš- ḇə·’êš- beEsh chaEsh Esh eshChem hā’êš ha’iš hā·’êš ha·’iš haEsh haIsh ishSho kā’êš ḵā’êš kā·’êš ḵā·’êš kaEsh kə’êš kə·’êš keEsh lā’êš lā·’êš laEsh lə’êš lə·’êš leEsh mê’êš mê·’êš mê·hā·’êš meEsh mêhā’êš mehaEsh ū·ḇā·’êš ū·ḇə·’êš ūḇā’êš ūḇə’êš uvaEsh uveEsh vaEsh veEsh vehaEsh veishSham wā’êš wā·’êš wə’êš wə’êš- wə’iššām wə·’êš wə·’êš- wə·’iš·šām wə·hā·’êš wəhā’êš
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