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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7845 - שַׁחַת

Word Origin
from (07743)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) pit, destruction, grave

1a) pit (for catching lions)

1b) pit (of Hell)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 999 ‑ βόθυνος (both'‑oo‑nos);  2288 ‑ θάνατος (than'‑at‑os);  2513 ‑ καθαρός (kath‑ar‑os');  4509 ‑ ῥύπος (hroo'‑pos);  5356 ‑ φθορά (fthor‑ah');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (23) NAS (23) HCS (23)
Job 7
Psalms 9
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 3
Jonah 1
Job 7
Psalms 9
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 3
Jonah 1
Job 7
Psalms 9
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 3
Jonah 1
n-cfs 19
n-cfs 20
n-cfs 19

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1468) hs (סההה ShHh) AC: Sink CO: Pit AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth representing sharpness, the h is a picture of wall. Combined these mean "sharp walls". A pit dug into the ground for the purpose of trapping someone or something. To go down or sink down as going into the pit.

A) hs (סההה ShHh) AC: ? CO: Pit AB: ?

Nm ) hs (סההה ShHh) - Low: KJV (1): humble - Strongs: H7807 (שַׁח)

Nf2) ths (סהההת ShHhT) - Pit: A hole in the ground such as a grave. KJV (23): corruption, pit, destruction, ditch, grave - Strongs: H7845 (שַׁחַת)

Nf3) tfhs (סהההות ShHhWT) - Pit: KJV (1): pit - Strongs: H7816 (שְׁחוּת)

ff2) tihs (סהההית ShHhYT) - Pit: KJV (2): pit, destruction - Strongs: H7825 (שְׁחִית)

sm) nihs (סהההינ ShHhYN) - Pit: A hole in the skin from disease. KJV (13): boil, botch - Strongs: H7822 (שְׁחִין)

B) hhs (סההההה ShHhHh) AC: Sink CO: ? AB: ?: A bringing down low are a sinking feeling.

V) hhs (סההההה ShHhHh) - Sink: To bring down low. KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) bow, cast, bring, low, down, bend, couch, humble, stoop - Strongs: H7817 (שָׁחַח)

H) ehs (סהההה ShHhH) AC: Bow CO: ? AB: ?: A bowing to another in respect.

V) ehs (סהההה ShHhH) - Bow: To pay homage to another one by bowing low or getting on the knees with the face to the ground. KJV (172): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael) worship, bow, obeisance, reverence, fall stoop, crouch - Strongs: H7812 (שָׁחָה)

J) hfs (סהוהה ShWHh) AC: Sink CO: Pit AB: ?

V) hfs (סהוהה ShWHh) - Sink: KJV (3): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) bow, incline, humble - Strongs: H7743 (שׁוּחַ)

Nf1) ehfs (סהוההה ShWHhH) - Pit: KJV (5): pit, ditch - Strongs: H7745 (שׁוּחָה)

L) hsi (יסההה YShHh) AC: Sink CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) hsi (יסההה YShHh) - Sink: KJV (1): cast down - Strongs: H3445 (יֶשַׁח)

M) his (סהיהה ShYHh) AC: ? CO: Pit AB: ?

Nf1 ) ehis (סהיההה ShYHhH) - Pit: KJV (3): pit - Strongs: H7882 (שִׁיחָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שַׁ֫חַת noun feminine pit; — absolute ׳שׁ Psalm 7:16 +; שָׁ֑חַת Psalm 16:10 +; construct שַׁ֫תַת Isaiah 38:17; Psalm 35:7; suffix שַׁחְתָּם Ezekiel 19:4,8 (+ שַׁחְתֹּה Psalm 35:8b We); —

1 pit, for catching lion (in figurative) Ezekiel 19:4,8; figurative ׳פעל שׁ Psalm 7:16; with עשׂה Psalm 9:16; with חפר Psalm 35:7 (trasnp. ׳שׁ to v b); with ברת Psalm 94:13; Proverbs 26:27; + Psalm 35:8b ᵑ6 We (for שׁוֺאֶה); ׳טָבַל בּשׁ Job 9:31.

2 pit of Sh®°ôl, ׳ירר שׁ Job 33:24; ׳ראה (ה)שׁ Psalm 16:10 ("" שִׁאוֺל), Psalm 49:10; ׳לשׁ, with הוֺרִיד Ezekiel 28:8, and Psalm 55:24 (׳לִבְאֵר שׁ); קָרֵב Job 33:22; יָמוּת Isaiah 51:14; ׳עָבַר בֵשּׁ Job 33:28; ׳יָרַד אֶלשֿׁ Psalm 30:10; ׳מִשּׁ, with חשׁק Isaiah 38:17 (poem), with חשׂח Job 33:18 (מִנִּיֿ); with העלה Jonah 2:7; with הֵשִׁיב Job 33:30 (מִנִּיֿ); with נאל Psalm 103:4; personified Job 17:14 ("" רִמָּה). — ׳שׁ here either = שְׁאוֺל (hollow place, cavern), or < = pit in שְׁאוֺל (compare, from Ezek. on, בּוֺר

5; also אֲבַדּוֺן, p. 2, and עִמְקֵי שְׁאוֺל Proverbs 9:18. This distinction of two parts of שְׁאוֺל became important in Jewish and Christian theology).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שַׁחַת f. with suff. שַׁחְתָּם Ezekiel 19:4, Ezekiel 19:8 (from the root שׁוּהַ, like נַהַת, from the root נוּחַ), a pit

(a) in which snares are laid for wild beasts, and metaph. used of snares, Psalms 7:16, 9:16 35:7 94:13 Proverbs 26:27 Eze. loc. cit.

(b) a cistern, in which there is mud, Job 9:31.

(c) an underground prison, Isaiah 51:14.

(d) especially the sepulchre, Psalms 30:10; Job 17:14 [?]; 33:18, 30 Job 33:30. יָרַד שַׁחַת to go down into the grave, Job 33:24 Psalm 55:24 עָבַר בַּשַּׁחַת to perish in the grave, Job 33:28. רָאָה שַׁחַת see (i.e. to experience) the sepulchre, Psalms 16:10 [see below]; 49:10.-LXX. often render שַׁחַת by διαφθορά (as if it were from שָׁחַת διαφθείρω), but not with the signification of corruption but of destruction (see the instances in Kircher and Trommius) [see below]. The Greek word has been taken in the signification of corruption by Luke [i.e. by the Holy Ghost, who inspired him], Acts 2:27, 13:35, seqq.; but it would be difficult to prove that the Hebrew word שַׁחַת should be taken in the sense of corruption, from שָׁחַת, even in a single passage [?]. Some may cite Job 17:14, where in the other hemistich there is רִמָּה, and שַׁחַת is called pater, which may seem to be only suitable to a masculine noun; but the sacred writers are not accustomed to regard the etymology or sex of nouns in such cases, comp. אִישׁוֹן בַּת עַיִן Psalms 17:8.

[Note. It is clear from the authority of the New Test. that there is a שַׁחַת m. signifying corruption, from שָׁחַת; perhaps it is only found in the cited places, Psalms 16:10, and Job 17:14.]

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List of Word Forms
בְּשַׁ֣חַת בְּשַׁחְתָּ֣ם בְּשַׁחְתָּ֥ם בַּשַּׁ֣חַת בַּשָּׁ֑חַת בשחת בשחתם הַשָּֽׁחַת׃ השחת׃ חת לַשַּׁ֔חַת לַשַּׁ֖חַת לַשַּׁ֣חַת לשחת מִשַּׁ֛חַת מִשַּׁ֣חַת משחת שַּׁ֭חַת שַׁ֗חַת שַׁ֣חַת שָֽׁחַת׃ שָׁ֑חַת שָׁ֗חַת שָׁ֥חַת שחת baš·ša·ḥaṯ baš·šā·ḥaṯ bashShachat baššaḥaṯ baššāḥaṯ bə·ša·ḥaṯ bə·šaḥ·tām bəšaḥaṯ bəšaḥtām beShachat beshachTam chat haš·šā·ḥaṯ hashShachat haššāḥaṯ ḥaṯ laš·ša·ḥaṯ lashShachat laššaḥaṯ miš·ša·ḥaṯ mishShachat miššaḥaṯ ša·ḥaṯ šā·ḥaṯ šaḥaṯ šāḥaṯ Shachat
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