corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.20.06.02
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Study the Bible

J.P. Green Literal Translation
Exodus 22:2

If the thief is found breaking in, and is stricken and dies, no blood shall be shed for him.

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Barne's Notes;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Calvin's Commentary;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Keil & Delitzsch;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Grant's Commentary;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   Benson's Commentary;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Wesley's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Animals;   Bullock;   Restitution;   Theft and Thieves;   The Topic Concordance - Recompense/restitution;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Homicide;   Punishments;   Theft;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Bed;   Restitution;   Theft;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Punishment;   Steal;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Kill, Killing;   Law;   Punishment;   Wealth;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Theft;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Murder;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Bloodguilt;   Crimes and Punishments;   Hammurabi;   Law, Ten Commandments, Torah;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Canon of the Old Testament;   Covenant, Book of the;   Ethics;   Hexateuch;   Law;   Leviticus;   Priests and Levites;   Sheep;   Sin;   Slave, Slavery;   Ten Commandments;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Thief ;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Law of Moses;   Manslayer,;   Murder;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Thief;  

Encyclopedias:

- Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Peculiarities of the Law of Moses;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Bloodguiltiness;   Covenant, the Book of the;   Crime;   Homicide;   Punishments;   Slave;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Burglary;   Crime;   Hammurabi;   Homicide;   Slaves and Slavery;   Sun;   Theft and Stolen Goods;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
If a thief is found breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there shall be no blood shed for him.

American Standard Version
If the thief be found breaking in, and be smitten so that he dieth, there shall be no bloodguiltiness for him.

Darby's Translation
If the thief be encountered breaking in, and be smitten so that he die, there shall be no blood-guiltiness for him.

Bible in Basic English
If a thief is taken in the act of forcing his way into a house, and his death is caused by a blow, the owner of the house is not responsible for his blood.

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
If a theefe be found breaking vp, and be smitten that he dye: there shall no blood be shed for hym.

Contemporary English Version
But if you cannot afford to replace the animals, you must be sold as a slave to pay for what you have stolen. If you steal an ox, donkey, or sheep, and are caught with it still alive, you must pay the owner double. If you happen to kill a burglar who breaks into your home after dark, you are not guilty. But if you kill someone who breaks in during the day, you are guilty of murder.

The Geneva Bible (1587)
If a thiefe bee founde breaking vp, and be smitten that he dye, no blood shall be shed for him.

Easy-to-Read Version

English Standard Version
"If a thief is found breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there shall be no bloodguilt for him,

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
If a thief is found breaking into a house and is wounded so that he dies, there is no penalty for bloodshed.

Brenton Translaton of the Septuagint (LXX)
And if the thief be found in the breach made by himself and be smitten and die, there shall not be blood shed for him.

English Revised Version
If the thief be found breaking in, and be smitten that he die, there shall be no bloodguiltiness for him.

The Complete Jewish Bible
"If a thief caught in the act of breaking in is beaten to death, it is not murder;

Good News Translation
He must pay for what he stole. If he owns nothing, he shall be sold as a slave to pay for what he has stolen. If the stolen animal, whether a cow, a donkey, or a sheep, is found alive in his possession, he shall pay two for one. <

Holman Christian Standard
If a thief is caught in the act of breaking in, and he is beaten to death, no one is guilty of bloodshed.

Hebrew Names Version
If the thief is found breaking in, and is struck so that he dies, there shall be no guilt of bloodshed for him.

New American Standard Version
"If the thief is caught while breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there will be no bloodguiltiness on his account.

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
Yf a thefe be taken breakinge in, & vpon that be smytten that he dye, then shall not he that smote him, be giltie of his bloude.

New Living Translation
"If a thief is caught in the act of breaking into a house and is killed in the process, the person who killed the thief is not guilty.

New Life Version
If the robber is caught while breaking in, and is hit so that he dies, the owner of the house is not guilty for his blood.

New International Version
“If a thief is caught breaking in at night and is struck a fatal blow, the defender is not guilty of bloodshed;

New King James
If the thief is found breaking in, and he is struck so that he dies, there shall be no guilt for his bloodshed.

JPS Old Testament
If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be bloodguiltiness for him--he shall make restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.

King James Version (1611)
If a thiefe bee found breaking vp, and be smitten that he die, there shal no blood be shed for him.

New Century Version

New Revised Standard
If a thief is found breaking in, and is beaten to death, no bloodguilt is incurred;

King James Version
If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.

The Emphasised Bible
If, in the place of breaking in, the thief be found and he is smitten so that he dieth, there is due for him no shedding of blood:

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a thief be found breaking open a house or undermining it, and be wounded so as to die: he that slew him shall not be guilty of blood.

Revised Standard Version
If the stolen beast is found alive in his possession, whether it is an ox or an ass or a sheep, he shall pay double.

Updated Bible Version 1.9
If the thief is found breaking in, and is smitten so that he dies, there shall be no bloodguiltiness for him.

The Webster Bible
If a thief shall be found breaking through, and be smitten that he die, [there shall] no blood [be shed] for him.

World English Bible
If the thief is found breaking in, and is struck so that he dies, there shall be no guilt of bloodshed for him.

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
And if a nyyt theef brekynge an hows, ether vndurmynynge, is foundun, and is deed bi a wounde takun, the smytere schal not be gilti of blood;

Young's Literal Translation
`If in the breaking through, the thief is found, and he hath been smitten, and hath died, there is no blood for him;

The Message
If the thief is caught while breaking in and is hit hard and dies, there is no bloodguilt.

Lexham English Bible
" ‘If a thief is found in the act of breaking in and he is struck and he dies, there is not bloodguilt for him.

Contextual Overview

1When a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it, or sells it, he shall pay five oxen for the ox, and four sheep for the sheep. 2If the thief is found breaking in, and is stricken and dies, no blood shall be shed for him.3If the sun has risen on him, blood is due for him; repaying he shall repay. If he has nothing, then he should be sold for his theft. 4If the stolen thing finding is found in his hand alive, from ox to ass to flock animal, he shall pay double. 5When a man consumes a field or a vineyard, and he lets his beast loose and it consumes another's field, he shall repay the best of his field and the best of his vineyard. 6When fire breaks out and finds thorns, and shocked grain, or standing grain, or the field is burned up, repaying the one kindling the fire shall repay.

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.
breaking
Job 24:14; 30:5; Hosea 7:1; Joel 2:9; Matthew 6:19,20; 24:43; 1 Thessalonians 5:2
no blood
Numbers 35:27

Cross-References

Genesis 17:19
And God said, Your wife Sarah truly shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac. And I have established My covenant with him for a perpetual covenant with his seed after him.

Genesis 21:12
And God said to Abraham, Let it not be evil in your eyes because of the boy, and on account of your slave-girl. All that Sarah says to you, listen to her voice, for in Isaac your Seed shall be called.

Genesis 22:9
And they came to the place which God had said to him. And Abraham built there the altar, and arranged the wood. And he bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on the wood.

Genesis 22:10
And Abraham put out his hand and took the knife to slay his son.

Genesis 22:12
And He said, Do not lay your hand on the boy, nor do anything to him. For now I know that you are a God-fearer, and you have not withheld your son, your only one, from Me.

Genesis 22:16
And He said, I have sworn by Myself, declares Jehovah, that on account of this thing you have done, and have not withheld your son, your only son,

Judges 11:31
then it shall be that anything which comes out from the doors of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the sons of Ammon, it shall belong to Jehovah; and I will offer it instead of a burnt offering.

Judges 11:39
And it happened at the end of two months, she returned to her father. And he did to her his vow which he had vowed. And she never knew a man. And it is a fixed custom in Israel,

2 Kings 3:27
And he took his son, the firstborn who would reign in his place and caused him to go up for a burnt offering on the wall. And there was great wrath against Israel. And they left him and returned to the land.

2 Chronicles 3:1
And Solomon began to build the house of Jehovah at Jerusalem, in Mount Moriah, where He appeared to his father David, in the place that David had prepared, in the grain floor of Ornan the Jebusite.

Gill's Notes on the Bible

If a thief be found breaking up,.... An house, in order to steal money, jewels, household goods, &c. or breaking through any fence, hedge, or wall of any enclosure, where oxen, or sheep, or any other creatures are, in order to take them away: the Targum of Jonathan is,"if in the hole of a wall (or window of it) a thief be found;'that is, in the night, as appears from the following verse, "if the sun", &c. to which this is opposed, as Aben Ezra observes; some render it, with a digging instrument; and it is a Jewish canon, that"if anyone enter with a digging instrument: he is condemned on account of his end;'his design, which is apparent by the instrument found upon him; for, as Maimonides observes,"it is well known, that if anyone enters with a digging instrument, that he intends, if the master of the house opposes him to deliver his goods out of his power, that he will kill him, and therefore it is lawful to kill him; but it does not signify whether he enters with a digging instrument, either by the way of the court, or roof;"

and be smitten that he die be knocked down with a club, by the master of the house, or any of his servants, or be run through with a sword, or be struck with any other weapon, to hinder him from entrance and carrying off any of the goods of the house, and the blow be mortal: there shall no blood be shed for him: as for a man that is murdered; for to kill a man when breaking into a house, and, by all appearance, with an intention to commit murder, if resisted, in defence of a man's self, his life and property, was not to be reckoned murder, and so not punishable with death: or, "no blood" shall be "unto him"; shall be imputed to him, the man that kills the thief shall not be chargeable with his blood, or suffer for shedding it; because his own life was risked, and it being at such a time, could call none to his assistance, nor easily discern the person, nor could know well where and whom he struck.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

If a thief, in breaking into a dwelling in the night, was slain, the person who slew him did not incur the guilt of blood; but if the same occurred in daylight, the slayer was guilty in accordance with Exodus 21:12. The distinction may have been based on the fact that in the light of day there was a fair chance of identifying and apprehending the thief.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

If a thief be found - If a thief was found breaking into a house in the night season, he might be killed; but not if the sun had risen, for then he might be known and taken, and the restitution made which is mentioned in the succeeding verse. So by the law of England it is a burglary to break and enter a house by night; and "anciently the day was accounted to begin only from sunrising, and to end immediately upon sunset: but it is now generally agreed that if there be daylight enough begun or left, either by the light of the sun or twilight, whereby the countenance of a person may reasonably be discerned, it is no burglary; but that this does not extend to moonlight, for then many midnight burglaries would go unpunished. And besides, the malignity of the offense does not so properly arise, as Mr. Justice Blackstone observes, from its being done in the dark, as at the dead of night when all the creation except beasts of prey are at rest; when sleep has disarmed the owner, and rendered his castle defenceless." - East's Pleas of the Crown, vol. ii., p. 509.


Copyright Statement:
J.P. Green Literal Translation

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, June 2nd, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology