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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
1 Chronicles 11

 

 

Verse 1

Then all Israel. Compare 2 Samuel 5:2. Omitting all events in Hebron (2 Samuel 2:1-4). See App-56. In this chapter we have 1-3 David"s Coronation; 4-9, David"s Capital; 10-47, David"s Captains.


Verse 3

by Samuel. Hebrew by the hand of Samuel: "hand" being put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for what is done or written by it.


Verse 4

went to Jerusalem. This is the first event recorded in Chronicles. See note on 2 Samuel 5:6-10.

inhabitants. The descendants of the Nephilim. App-23and App-25.

inhabitants. The descendants of the Nephilim. App-23and App-25.


Verse 5

said., 2 Samuel 5:65


Verse 8

Millo = the filling up: i.e. of the valley north of Jebus and south of Moriah. Compare 2 Samuel 5:9.

repaired = rebuilt.


Verse 10

the mighty men. Hebrew. gibbor. App-14. Introduced here, at beginning of reign, instead of end of it (2 Samuel 23:8-39). Both positions full of instruction: Samuel, chronological; Chronicles, moral (according to the word of the LORD). See App-56.


Verse 11

Jashobeam. See note on "Tachmonite" (2 Samuel 23:8).

captains, or thirty.


Verse 12

Dodo. Septuagint reads "Dodai". Compare 1 Chronicles 27:4.

three. See note on 1 Chronicles 27:1.


Verse 13

He was with David. Eleazar. In 2 Samuel 23:11, 2 Samuel 23:12, Shammah also was with him. Note the plural verbs in next verse, "theyset. and [they] delivered it and [they] slew". This account is supplementary, not contradictory.

Pas-dammim. Probably Ephes-dammim, between Shocoh and Azekah (1 Samuel 17:1).

barley. In 2 Samuel 23:11, "lentiles". Therefore the field contained both: and the accounts are complementary, not contradictory.


Verse 14

they: i.e. David and Eleazar. See note on 1 Chronicles 11:13.

saved them by a great deliverance. Septuagint and Syriac read "wrought a great victory". Compare 2 Samuel 23:10, 2 Samuel 23:12.


Verse 15

thirty. See note on 1 Chronicles 27:1.

Rephaim. Hebrew. Rapha. One of the great among the Nephilim, like Anak; giving his name to this valley. Compare Joshua 15:8. 2 Samuel 5:18, 2 Samuel 5:22; 2 Samuel 23:13. Isaiah 17:5. See note on Numbers 13:22, Numbers 13:28. Deuteronomy 1:28, and App-23.


Verse 17

Oh that one, &c. Figure of speech Ecphonesis. App-6.


Verse 19

men. Hebrew. "enosh. App-14.

that have put their lives in jeopardy? Hebrew "with their lives". Compare Judges 12:3. 1 Samuel 19:5; 1 Samuel 28:21. Job 13:14.

lives = souls. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.


Verse 20

was = came to be (as in Genesis 1:2),

the three: i.e. who performed the foregoing act.

had. Some codices, with five early printed editions, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "he had".


Verse 22

a lion. See note on 1 Kings 13:24.


Verse 23

cubit = about 18 inches. See App-51.


Verse 25

guard = audience chamber.


Verse 26

valiant men. Hebrew. gibbor. App-14. The list contains several non- Israelites. Compare Psalms 18:43, Psalms 18:44.


Verse 27

Pelonite. Syriac reads "Paltite". Compare 2 Samuel 23:26.


Verse 31

children = sons.


Verse 38

Joel the brother of Nathan. Not to be confused with Igal the son of Nathan. The lists are supplementary and independent, Chronicles being of later date, and adding several names after Uriah (1 Chronicles 11:41).


Verse 47

the Mesobaite. Septuagint and Vulgate read "of (or from) Zobah".

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 11:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-chronicles-11.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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