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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Isaiah 23

 

 

Verse 1

burden = oracle.

Tyre. It had rejoiced in the misfortunes of Judah (Amos 1:9); so it is punished by the same king of Babylon (Isaiah 23:13). Ezekiel 26:2-21.

Ships of Tarshish. See note on Isaiah 2:16 and 1 Kings 10:22.

ships. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), for the people in them.

house. In this case "port".

Chittim. Originally used of Cyprus, but extended to the islands and coast-lands of the Mediterranean.

it: i.e. the fall of Tyre.


Verse 2

isle. Here, Tyre itself.

thou whom = which.

pass over = cross, in trading. In verses: Isaiah 23:2, Isaiah 23:3, Isaiah 23:6, Isaiah 23:10, Isaiah 23:12, imperative, implying flight.


Verse 3

seed: or, grain.

Sihor = the black river, the Nile (compare Jeremiah 2:18).

harvest. Egypt was the field, the Phoenician coast its granary.

river. Reference to Pentateuch. See note on Isaiah 7:18. "River" is here put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), for the country (Egypt) through which it passes.

she is a mart of nations: or, it became merchandise for the nations.

mart = gain resulting from merchandise, as in Isaiah 23:18 (Isaiah 45:14. Proverbs 3:14; Proverbs 31:18).


Verse 4

Zidon. Was a seaport. the mother city of Phoenicia, the granary of Egypt"s harvests. The Zidonians had built Tyre on a rocky island, and connected it with the mainland.

I travail not = I have not travailed. The verbs which follow in Isaiah 23:4 are in the past tense. The sea speaks to the mother Zidon: thou seekest Tyre thou findest only the sea.

children = sons.


Verse 5

As at the report concerning &c. : or, When the report comes to Egypt they are forthwith in terror at the report concerning Tyre.


Verse 7

antiquity = origin.

feet. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), for the vessels in which the Tyrians fled from Nebuchadnezzar.


Verse 8

crowning = crown-giver: i.e. conferring crowns on other Phoenician cities.


Verse 9

The Lord of hosts. See note on Isaiah 1:9.

stain = pollute.


Verse 11

the Lord. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

the merchant city = Tyre, or Phoenician coast. Hosea 12:7.

thereof: or, which are upon it.


Verse 12

oppressed = humbled.


Verse 13

this people was not = a people that were no people (i.e. Assyria). Tyre boasted antiquity (Isaiah 23:7), Assyria was their object-lesson and warning.

and: or, but.

He. God.


Verse 15

seventy years. See Jeremiah 25:9-11; Jeremiah 27:2-7. From the first year of Nebuchadnezzar (496 B.C.) to the conquest of Babylon by Cyrus (426 B.C.)

one. Hebrew. ehad, a compound unity, hence "one" of a dynasty, here, the Babylonian dynasty. Not yahid, a single one. See note on Deuteronomy 6:4.


Verse 16

Take an harp, &c. Figure of speech Apostrophe. Not a quotation.


Verse 17

world = the earth. Hebrew. ha- arez.

upon = which are upon.

earth = ground, or, soil. Hebrew. ha- adamah.


Verse 18

holiness = hallowed.

sufficiently = abundantly.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 23:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/isaiah-23.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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