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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Romans 2

 

 

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Verse 1

Therefore. That is, on account of the decrees of God, Romans 1:32.

inexcusable. Same word as Romans 1:20.

man. Greek. anthropos. App-123.

whosoever, &c. Literally every one judging.

judgest. Greek. krino. App-122.

wherein = in (Greek. en. App-104.) which

another = the other. Greek. heteros. App-124.

condemnest. Greek. katakrino. App-122. The three occurances of krino and one of katakrino give the Figure of speech Paregmenon (App-6).

doest = practisest. Same word as "commit", Romans 1:32.


Verse 2

are sure = know. Greek. oida. App-132.

judgment. Greek. krima. App-177.

God. App-98.

truth. See Romans 1:18.

commit. Same as "do", Romans 2:1.


Verse 3

thinkest = reckonest. Greek. logizomai. First of nineteen occurances in Romans of this important word; here, Romans 2:26; Romans 3:28; Romans 4:3, Romans 4:4, Romans 4:5, Romans 4:6, Romans 4:8, Romans 4:9, Romans 4:10, Romans 4:11, Romans 4:22, Romans 4:23, Romans 4:24; Romans 6:11; Romans 8:18, Romans 8:36; Romans 9:8; Romans 14:14. First occurance. Mark 11:31 (reasoned).


Verse 4

riches. Compare Romans 9:23; Romans 11:33. Ephesians 1:7, Ephesians 1:18; Ephesians 2:7; Ephesians 3:8, Ephesians 3:16. Philippians 1:4, Philippians 1:19. Colossians 1:27; Colossians 2:2.

goodness. Greek. chrestotes. App-184. (a).

forbearance. Greek. anoche. Only here and Romans 3:25.

not knowing. Greek. agnoeo. See Romans 1:13.

goodness. Greek. chrestos. App-184. Neut. adjective used as noun.

repentance. Greek. metanoia. App-111.


Verse 5

after. Greek. kata. App-104.

hardness. Greek. sklerotes. Only here.

impenitent. Greek. ametanoetos. Only here. Compare App-111.

treasurest up. Greek. thesaurizo. Here, Matthew 6:19, Matthew 6:20. Luke 12:21. 1 Corinthians 16:2. 2 Corinthians 12:14. James 5:3. 2 Peter 3:7.

unto = to.

the day of wrath. Compare Revelation 6:17; Revelation 19:15. Isaiah 61:2; Isaiah 63:4.

revelation. Greek. apokalupsis. App-106.

righteous judgment. Greek. dikaiokrisia. Only here. Compare App-191and App-177.


Verse 6

render = recompense, as in Romans 12:17.

every man = each one. The two following verses: giving details, form the Figure of speech Merismos. App-6.


Verse 7

by = according to, as in Romans 2:2.

patient continuance = patience.

in well doing. Literally of a good work.

glory. See Romans 1:23.

immortality = incorruption. Greek. aphthartis. Here, 1 Corinthians 15:42, 1 Corinthians 15:50, 1 Corinthians 15:53, 1 Corinthians 15:54. Ephesians 6:24. 2 Timothy 1:10. Titus 2:7.

eternal. App-151.

life. Greek. zoe App-170.


Verse 8

contentious = of (Greek. ek. App-104.) contention. Greek. eritheia. Here, 2 Corinthians 12:20. Galatians 1:5, Galatians 1:20. Philippians 1:1, Philippians 1:16; Philippians 2:3. James 3:14, James 3:16.

do not obey. Greek. apeitheo. See Acts 14:2.

obey. Greek. peitho. App-150.

unrighteousness. Greek. adikia. App-128.


Verse 9

Tribulation. Greek. thlipsis. See Acts 7:10.

anguish. Greek. stenochoria. Here, Romans 8:35. 2 Corinthians 6:4; 2 Corinthians 12:10.

soul. Greek. psuche. App-110.

doeth = worketh. Greek. katergazomai. See Romans 1:27.

evil = the evil. Greek. kakos. App-128.

Jew . . . Gentile. Compare Romans 1:16.

also. Omit.

Gentile = Greek.


Verse 10

worketh. Greek. ergazomai, as Romans 4:1.


Verse 11

respect of persons = partiality. Greek. proaopolepsia. Only here, Ephesians 6:9. Colossians 3:25. James 2:1.


Verse 12

have. Omit. The standpoint is the judgment time.

sinned. Greek. hamartano. App-128.

without law. Greek. anomos. Only here.

also perish = perish also. The Mosaic Law will not be cited against non- Jews.

the. Omit.

by. App-104. Romans 2:1.


Verse 13

hearers. Greek. akroates. Only here and James 1:22, James 1:23, James 1:25. Compare Acts 25:23.

the. The texts omit.

just. See Romans 1:17.

before. Greek. para. App-104.

justified. Greek. dikaioo. App-191.


Verse 14

the. Omit.

by nature. See Romans 1:26.

contained in = of.

having, &c. = not having law.


Verse 15

shew = shew forth. Greek. endeiknumi.

written. Greek. graptos. Only here.

conscience. See Acts 23:1.

also. Omit.

bearing witness = bearing witness therewith. Greek. summartureo. Here, Romans 8:16; Romans 9:1. Revelation 22:18.

thoughts = reckonings. Greek. logismos. Only here and 2 Corinthians 10:5.

excusing. Greek. apologeomai. See Acts 19:33.


Verse 16

shall = will.

secrets. Greek. kruptos.

Jesus Christ. App-98.


Verse 17

Behold. Greek. ide. The texts read "But if".

restest in = restest upon. Greek. epanapauomai. Only here and Luke 10:6.

the. The texts omit.

makest, &c. = gloriest, as Romans 5:3, and 1 Corinthians 1:29, 1 Corinthians 1:31. Greek. kauchaomai. Only in Paul"s Epistles (thirty-six times) and in James 1:9; James 4:16.


Verse 18

knowest. Greek. ginosko. App-132.

will. Greek. thelema. App-102.

approvest. Greek. dokimazo. See Romans 1:28.

more excellent. Greek. diaphero. See Acts 27:27.

being instructed. Greek. katecheo. See Acts 18:25.

out of. Greek. ek. App-104.


Verse 19

art confident. Greek. peitho. App-150.

light. Greek. phos. App-130.


Verse 20

instructor = preceptor. Greek. paideutes. Only here and Hebrews 12:9.

teacher. App-98. Romans 2:4.

babes. Greek. nepios. App-108.

form = external form. Greek. morphosis. Only here and 2 Timothy 3:5.

knowledge. Greek. gnosis. App-132.


Verse 21

therefore. Ironical use of Greek. oun.

another. As Romans 2:1, but without article.

preachest. Greek. kerusso. App-121.

a man, &c. Literally not to steal.


Verse 22

a man, &c. Literally not to commit.

abhorrest. Greek. bdelussomai. Only. here and Revelation 21:8.

commit sacrilege = rob temples. Greek. hierosuleo. Only here. Compare Acts 19:37.


Verse 23

through. Greek. dia. App-104. Romans 2:1.

breaking, &c. = the transgression (Greek. parabasia. Compare App-128.:3) of the law.

dishonourest. Greek. atimazo. See Romans 1:24.


Verse 24

blasphemed. Compare Acts 13:45.

among. Greek. en. App-104.

it is written. Compare Ezekiel 36:20, Ezekiel 23:23

keep = practice, as in Romans 2:1.

breaker. Greek. parabates. App-128.

is made = has become.


Verse 26

righteousness = righteous requirements. Greek. dikaioma. App-191.

shall = will.

not. App-105.

counted. Same as "think", Romans 2:3. i.e. in the day of Romans 2:5.


Verse 27

not. Supplied from Romans 2:26.

by. App-104.

the letter = that which is written. Greek. gramma, i.e. ta dikaiomata of Romans 2:26.

dost transgress = art a transgressor. Greek. parabates, as Romans 2:25.


Verse 28

outwardly . . . which is outward = in (Greek. en) outward (Greek. phaneros. App-106.) guise.

neither. Greek. oude.


Verse 29

inwardly = in (Greek. en) secret.

the. Omit.

spirit. App-101.

of. Greek. ek. App-104.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Romans 2:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/romans-2.html. 1909-1922.

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