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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Romans 2

Verse 1

Therefore . That is, on account of the decrees of God, Romans 1:32 .

inexcusable . Same word as Romans 1:20 .

man . Greek. anthropos. App-123 .

whosoever , &c. Literally every one judging.

judgest . Greek. krino. App-122 .

wherein = in (Greek. en . App-104 .) which

another = the other. Greek. heteros . App-124 .

condemnest . Greek. katakrino . App-122 . The three occurances of krino and one of katakrino give the Figure of speech Paregmenon ( App-6 ).

doest = practisest. Same word as "commit", Romans 1:32 .

Verse 2

are sure = know. Greek. oida. App-132 .

judgment . Greek. krima . App-177 .

God . App-98 .

truth . See Romans 1:18 .

commit . Same as "do", Romans 2:1 .

Verse 3

thinkest = reckonest. Greek. logizomai. First of nineteen occurances in Romans of this important word; here, Romans 2:26 ; Romans 3:28 ; Romans 4:3 , Romans 4:4 , Romans 4:5 , Romans 4:6 , Romans 4:8 , Romans 4:9 , Romans 4:10 , Romans 4:11 , Romans 4:22 , Romans 4:23 , Romans 4:24 ; Romans 6:11 ; Romans 8:18 , Romans 8:36 ; Romans 9:8 ; Romans 14:14 . First occurance. Mark 11:31 (reasoned).

Verse 4

riches. Compare Romans 9:23 ; Romans 11:33 .Ephesians 1:7 , Ephesians 1:18 ; Ephesians 2:7 ; Ephesians 3:8 , Ephesians 3:16 . Philippians 1:4 , Philippians 1:19 . Colossians 1:27 ; Colossians 2:2 .

goodness . Greek. chrestotes. App-184 . ( a ).

forbearance . Greek. anoche. Only here and Romans 3:25 .

not knowing. Greek. agnoeo. See Romans 1:13 .

goodness . Greek. chrestos. App-184 . Neut. adjective used as noun.

repentance . Greek. metanoia. App-111 .

Verse 5

after. Greek. kata. App-104 .

hardness . Greek. sklerotes. Only here.

impenitent . Greek. ametanoetos. Only here. Compare App-111 .

treasurest up . Greek. thesaurizo. Here, Matthew 6:19 , Matthew 6:20 . Luk 12:21 . 1 Corinthians 16:2 . 2 Corinthians 12:14 . Jam 5:3 . 2 Peter 3:7 .

unto = to.

the day of wrath . Compare Revelation 6:17 ; Revelation 19:15 .Isaiah 61:2 ; Isaiah 63:4 .

revelation . Greek. apokalupsis. App-106 .

righteous judgment . Greek. dikaiokrisia. Only here. Compare App-191 and App-177 .

Verse 6

render = recompense, as in Romans 12:17 .

every man = each one. The two following verses: giving details, form the Figure of speech Merismos. App-6 .

Verse 7

by = according to, as in Romans 2:2 .

patient continuance = patience.

in well doing . Literally of a good work.

glory . See Romans 1:23 .

immortality = incorruption. Greek. aphthartis. Here, 1 Corinthians 15:42 , 1 Corinthians 15:50 , 1 Corinthians 15:53 , 1 Corinthians 15:54 . Eph 6:24 . 2 Timothy 1:10 . Titus 2:7 .

eternal . App-151 .

life . Greek. zoe App-170 .

Verse 8

contentious = of (Greek. ek. App-104 .) contention. Greek. eritheia. Here, 2 Corinthians 12:20 . Galatians 1:5 , Galatians 1:20 . Philippians 1:1 , Philippians 1:16 ; Philippians 2:3 .James 3:14 , James 3:16 .

do not obey . Greek. apeitheo . See Acts 14:2 .

obey . Greek. peitho . App-150 .

unrighteousness . Greek. adikia. App-128 .

Verse 9

Tribulation . Greek. thlipsis. See Acts 7:10 .

anguish . Greek. stenochoria. Here, Rom 8:35 . 2 Corinthians 6:4 ; 2 Corinthians 12:10 .

soul . Greek. psuche. App-110 .

doeth = worketh. Greek. katergazomai. See Romans 1:27 .

evil = the evil. Greek. kakos. App-128 .

Jew . . . Gentile . Compare Romans 1:16 .

also . Omit.

Gentile = Greek.

Verse 10

worketh . Greek. ergazomai, as Romans 4:1 .

Verse 11

respect of persons = partiality. Greek. proaopolepsia. Only here, Ephesians 6:9 . Colossians 3:25 .James 2:1 .

Verse 12

have . Omit. The standpoint is the judgment time.

sinned . Greek. hamartano. App-128 .

without law . Greek. anomos . Only here.

also perish = perish also. The Mosaic Law will not be cited against non- Jews.

the . Omit.

by . App-104 .Romans 2:1 .

Verse 13

hearers . Greek. akroates. Only here and James 1:22 , James 1:23 , James 1:25 . Compare Acts 25:23 .

the . The texts omit.

just . See Romans 1:17 .

before . Greek. para . App-104 .

justified . Greek. dikaioo. App-191 .

Verse 14

the . Omit.

by nature . See Romans 1:26 .

contained in = of.

having, &c . = not having law.

Verse 15

shew = shew forth. Greek. endeiknumi.

written . Greek. graptos. Only here.

conscience . See Acts 23:1 .

also . Omit.

bearing witness = bearing witness therewith. Greek. summartureo . Here, Romans 8:16 ; Romans 9:1 .Revelation 22:18 .

thoughts = reckonings. Greek. logismos. Only here and 2 Corinthians 10:5 .

excusing . Greek. apologeomai. See Acts 19:33 .

Verse 16

shall = will.

secrets . Greek. kruptos.

Jesus Christ . App-98 .

Verse 17

Behold . Greek. ide . The texts read "But if".

restest in = restest upon. Greek. epanapauomai. Only here and Luke 10:6 .

the . The texts omit.

makest, &c . = gloriest, as Romans 5:3 , and 1 Corinthians 1:29 , 1 Corinthians 1:31 . Greek. kauchaomai. Only in Paul's Epistles (thirty-six times) and in James 1:9 ; James 4:16 .

Verse 18

knowest . Greek. ginosko. App-132 .

will . Greek. thelema. App-102 .

approvest . Greek. dokimazo. See Romans 1:28 .

more excellent . Greek. diaphero. See Acts 27:27 .

being instructed . Greek. katecheo. See Acts 18:25 .

out of . Greek. ek. App-104 .

Verse 19

art confident . Greek. peitho. App-150 .

light . Greek. phos . App-130 .

Verse 20

instructor = preceptor. Greek. paideutes. Only here and Hebrews 12:9 .

teacher . App-98 . Romans 2:4 .

babes . Greek. nepios. App-108 .

form = external form. Greek. morphosis. Only here and 2 Timothy 3:5 .

knowledge . Greek. gnosis . App-132 .

Verse 21

therefore . Ironical use of Greek. oun .

another . As Romans 2:1 , but without article.

preachest . Greek. kerusso . App-121 .

a man, &c . Literally not to steal.

Verse 22

a man, &c . Literally not to commit.

abhorrest . Greek. bdelussomai. Only. here and Revelation 21:8 .

commit sacrilege = rob temples. Greek. hierosuleo . Only here. Compare Acts 19:37 .

Verse 23

through . Greek. dia . App-104 .Romans 2:1 .

breaking, &c. = the transgression (Greek. parabasia. Compare App-128 .:3) of the law.

dishonourest . Greek. atimazo. See Romans 1:24 .

Verse 24

blasphemed. Compare Acts 13:45 .

among . Greek. en . App-104 .

it is written . Compare Ezekiel 36:20 , Ezekiel 23:23

keep = practice, as in Romans 2:1 .

breaker . Greek. parabates. App-128 .

is made = has become.

Verse 26

righteousness = righteous requirements. Greek. dikaioma. App-191 .

shall = will.

not . App-105 .

counted . Same as "think", Romans 2:3 . i.e. in the day of Romans 2:5 .

Verse 27

not . Supplied from Romans 2:26 .

by . App-104 .

the letter = that which is written. Greek. gramma, i.e. ta dikaiomata of Romans 2:26 .

dost transgress = art a transgressor. Greek. parabates , as Romans 2:25 .

Verse 28

outwardly . . . which is outward = in (Greek. en) outward (Greek. phaneros. App-106 .) guise.

neither . Greek. oude.

Verse 29

inwardly = in (Greek. en) secret.

the . Omit.

spirit . App-101 .

of . Greek. ek . App-104 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Romans 2". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/romans-2.html. 1909-1922.