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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Romans 9



Other Authors
Verse 1

in. Greek. en. App-104.

Christ. App-98.

bearing . . . witness. See Romans 2:15.

the Holy Ghost. App-101.

Verse 2

heaviness = sorrow.

continual. Greek. adialeiptos. Only here and 2 Timothy 1:3.

sorrow = pangs. Greek. odune. Only here and 1 Timothy 6:10.

Verse 3

could = used to. Figure of speech Anamnesis. App-6.

wish. App-134.

accursed. See Acts 23:14.

Christ = the Christ. See Romans 9:1. The words in Romans 9:3 "For I" to "Christ" are in a parenthesis. Figure of speech Epitrechon. App-6.

according to. Greek. kata. App-104. The sorrow was on behalf of his brethren.

Verse 4

to whom, &c. = whose are.

adoption. See Romans 8:15.

glory. See p. 1511.

covenants. See Matthew 26:28.

giving, &c. Greek. nomothesia. Only here.

service. App-190.

Verse 5

as, &c. Read "is the Christ as to the flesh".

as concerning. Same as according to, Romans 9:3.

all. Compare John 17:2. 1 Corinthians 15:27, 1 Corinthians 15:28. Colossians 1:16-19; Colossians 2:9.

God. App-98.

blessed. See Romans 1:25.

for ever. App-151. a. This is an example of the Figure of speech Anamnesis. App-6. Note the seven privileges of Paul"s people in Romans 9:4. App-10. To account for various readings, the Revised Version sometimes appeals in the margin to ancient authorities, meaning Greek MSS., &c, but here, and here only, modern interpreters are allowed to introduce, by varying punctuation, devices for destroying this emphatic testimony to the Deity of the Lord. See App-94.

Verse 6

word. Greek. logos. App-121.

God. App-98.

taken, &c Literally fallen out = failed. Compare 1 Corinthians 13:8.

Verse 7

Neither. Greek. oude.

children. Greek. teknon. App-108.

Verse 8

counted. Greek. logizomai. See Romans 2:26.

for. Greek. eis. App-104.

Verse 9

son. Greek. huios. App-108. See Genesis 18:14.

Verse 10

by. Greek. ek. App-104.

Verse 11

neither. Greek. mede.

evil. Greek. kakos. App-128.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

purpose. Greek. prothesis. See Acts 11:23.

stand = abide. Greek. meno. Only here translated "stand". Compare 1 Peter 1:23, 1 Peter 1:25.

Verse 12

unto = to.

elder = greater.

serve. Greek. douleuo. App-190.

younger = less. See Genesis 25:23.

Verse 13

have. Omit.

loved. Greek. agapao. App-135. See Deuteronomy 21:15.

Verse 14

What, &c. See Romans 3:5.

unrighteousness. Greek. adikia. App-128.

with. Greek. para. App-104.

God forbid. See Luke 20:16.

Verse 15

have mercy = pity.

will. Omit.

have compassion on = compassionate. Greek. oikteiro. Only here. Compare Romans 12:1. See Exodus 33:19.

Verse 16

willeth. Greek. thelo. App-102. Isaac willed, Esau ran.

Verse 17

purpose. Literally thing.

raised . . . up. App-178. The same word is used in the Septuagint of 2 Samuel 12:11.

shew. See Romans 2:15.

power. App-172.

declared. See Luke 9:60 (preach). App-121.

throughout. App-104.

earth. App-129. Quoted from Exodus 9:16.

Verse 18

hardeneth. See Acts 19:9. Compare Exodus 4:21.

Verse 19

find fault. Greek. memphomai. Only here, Mark 7:2. Hebrews 8:8.

will. App-102.

Verse 20

repliest against. Greek. antapokrinomai. Only here and Luke 14:6. Compare App-104and App-122:3.

Shall. Question preceded by me, as Romans 9:14.

thing formed. Greek. plasma. Only here.

formed. Greek. plasso. Only here and 1 Timothy 2:13. Quoted from Isaiah 45:9.

Verse 21

power. App-172.

over = of.

clay. See John 9:6.

lump. Greek. phurama. Only here, Romans 11:16. 1 Corinthians 5:6, 1 Corinthians 5:7. Galatians 1:5, Galatians 1:9.

unto. App-104. Compare Isaiah 45:9; Isaiah 64:8. Jeremiah 18:1-6.

dishonour = not shame, but lack of honour.

Verse 22

if. App-118.

power. Greek. to dunaton.

with. App-104.

the. Omit.

fitted = pieced up together, as a broken vessel. App-125.

to. App-104.

destruction = perdition, as in John 17:12. From this is it not clear that in the resurrection the unjust come forth from the grave in the self-same bodies in which they entered it (John 5:28, John 5:29)?

Verse 23

riches. See Romans 2:4.

afore prepared. Greek. proetoimazo. Only here and Ephesians 2:10.

Verse 24

Even, &c. = "Us whom He called . . . but of the Gentiles also? "

Verse 25

also, &c. = in Hosea also.

people. See Acts 2:47. Quoted from Hosea 2:23. Compare 1 Peter 2:10.

Verse 26

come to pass = be.

children. App-108. Quoted from Hosea 1:9, Hosea 1:10.

Verse 27

concerning = over. App-104.

Though. App-118.

a = the.

remnant. Greek. kataleimma. Only here.

Verse 28

finish = close. Greek. sunteleo. See Acts 21:27.

work = account. Greek. logos. App-121.

cut . . . short. Greek. suntemno. Only here and next clause.

righteousness. App-191.

the Lord. App-98.

upon. App-104. Quoted almost verbatim from the Septuagint of Isaiah 10:22, Isaiah 10:23. App-107.

Verse 29

Except = If (App-118. a) not (App-105.)

Sabaoth = Hosts. Only here and James 5:4. First occurance: 1 Samuel 1:11. Quoted from Isaiah 1:9. App-107.

left. Greek. enkataleipo. See Acts 2:27.

Verse 30

have attained to = obtained. Greek. katalambano. See John 12:35.

faith. App-150. That is, on faith-principle, as in Romans 1:17.

Verse 31

the = a.

hath = omit.

attained. Greek. phthano. Not the same word as in 30. See Luke 11:20.

Verse 32

of the law. The texts omit.

stumbled. Greek. proskopto. Here, Romans 14:21. 1 Peter 2:8, and five times in the Gospels.

stumblingstone. Greek. proskomma. Here, Romans 9:33; Romans 14:13, Romans 14:20; 1 Peter 2:8.

Verse 33

Behold. App-133.

Sion. App-68.

offence. See 1 Corinthians 1:23.

whosoever. The texts read "he who".

believeth. App-150.

ashamed = put to shame. See Romans 5:6. Quoted from Isaiah 28:16.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Romans 9:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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