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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Romans 9

Verse 1

in . Greek. en . App-104 .

Christ . App-98 .

bearing . . . witness . See Romans 2:15 .

the Holy Ghost . App-101 .

Verse 2

heaviness = sorrow.

continual . Greek. adialeiptos. Only here and 2 Timothy 1:3 .

sorrow = pangs. Greek. odune. Only here and 1 Timothy 6:10 .

Verse 3

could = used to. Figure of speech Anamnesis. App-6 .

wish . App-134 .

accursed . See Acts 23:14 .

Christ = the Christ. See Romans 9:1 . The words in Romans 9:3 "For I" to "Christ" are in a parenthesis. Figure of speech Epitrechon. App-6 .

according to . Greek. kata. App-104 . The sorrow was on behalf of his brethren.

Verse 4

to whom, &c . = whose are.

adoption . See Romans 8:15 .

glory . See p. 1511.

covenants . See Matthew 26:28 .

giving, &c . Greek. nomothesia . Only here.

service . App-190 .

Verse 5

as, &c . Read "is the Christ as to the flesh".

as concerning . Same as according to, Romans 9:3 .

all . Compare John 17:2 . 1Co 15:27 , 1 Corinthians 15:28 . Colossians 1:16-51.1.19 ; Colossians 2:9 .

God . App-98 .

blessed . See Romans 1:25 .

for ever . App-151 . a. This is an example of the Figure of speech Anamnesis. App-6 . Note the seven privileges of Paul's people in Romans 9:4 . App-10 . To account for various readings, the Revised Version sometimes appeals in the margin to ancient authorities, meaning Greek MSS., &c, but here, and here only, modern interpreters are allowed to introduce, by varying punctuation, devices for destroying this emphatic testimony to the Deity of the Lord. See App-94 .

Verse 6

word. Greek. logos. App-121 .

God . App-98 .

taken, &c Literally fallen out = failed. Compare 1 Corinthians 13:8 .

Verse 7

Neither . Greek. oude.

children . Greek. teknon. App-108 .

Verse 8

counted . Greek. logizomai. See Romans 2:26 .

for . Greek. eis . App-104 .

Verse 9

son. Greek. huios. App-108 . See Genesis 18:14 .

Verse 10

by . Greek. ek . App-104 .

Verse 11

neither . Greek. mede .

evil . Greek. kakos. App-128 .

that = in order that. Greek. hina .

purpose . Greek. prothesis. See Acts 11:23 .

stand = abide. Greek. meno. Only here translated "stand". Compare 1 Peter 1:23 , 1 Peter 1:25 .

Verse 12

unto = to.

elder = greater.

serve . Greek. douleuo . App-190 .

younger = less. See Genesis 25:23 .

Verse 13

have . Omit.

loved . Greek. agapao. App-135 . See Deuteronomy 21:15 .

Verse 14

What, &c . See Romans 3:5 .

unrighteousness . Greek. adikia. App-128 .

with . Greek. para . App-104 .

God forbid . See Luke 20:16 .

Verse 15

have mercy = pity.

will . Omit.

have compassion on = compassionate. Greek. oikteiro. Only here. Compare Romans 12:1 . See Exodus 33:19 .

Verse 16

willeth . Greek. thelo . App-102 . Isaac willed, Esau ran.

Verse 17

purpose . Literally thing.

raised . . . up . App-178 . The same word is used in the Septuagint of 2 Samuel 12:11 .

shew . See Romans 2:15 .

power . App-172 .

declared . See Luke 9:60 (preach). App-121 .

throughout . App-104 .

earth . App-129 . Quoted from Exodus 9:16 .

Verse 18

hardeneth . See Acts 19:9 . Compare Exodus 4:21 .

Verse 19

find fault . Greek. memphomai. Only here, Mark 7:2 .Hebrews 8:8 .

will . App-102 .

Verse 20

repliest against . Greek. antapokrinomai. Only here and Luke 14:6 . Compare App-104 and App-122 :3.

Shall . Question preceded by me , as Romans 9:14 .

thing formed. Greek. plasma. Only here.

formed . Greek. plasso. Only here and 1 Timothy 2:13 . Quoted from Isaiah 45:9 .

Verse 21

power. App-172 .

over = of.

clay . See John 9:6 .

lump . Greek. phurama. Only here, Rom 11:16 . 1 Corinthians 5:6 , 1 Corinthians 5:7 . Galatians 1:5 , Galatians 1:9 .

unto . App-104 . Compare Isaiah 45:9 ; Isaiah 64:8 . Jeremiah 18:1-24.18.6 .

dishonour = not shame, but lack of honour.

Verse 22

if . App-118 .

power . Greek. to dunaton.

with . App-104 .

the . Omit.

fitted = pieced up together, as a broken vessel. App-125 .

to . App-104 .

destruction = perdition, as in John 17:12 . From this is it not clear that in the resurrection the unjust come forth from the grave in the self-same bodies in which they entered it (John 5:28 , John 5:29 )?

Verse 23

riches . See Romans 2:4 .

afore prepared. Greek. proetoimazo . Only here and Ephesians 2:10 .

Verse 24

Even, &c. = "Us whom He called . . . but of the Gentiles also? "

Verse 25

also, &c . = in Hosea also.

people . See Acts 2:47 . Quoted from Hosea 2:23 . Compare 1 Peter 2:10 .

Verse 26

come to pass = be.

children . App-108 . Quoted from Hosea 1:9 , Hosea 1:10 .

Verse 27

concerning = over. App-104 .

Though . App-118 .

a = the.

remnant . Greek. kataleimma. Only here.

Verse 28

finish = close. Greek. sunteleo. See Acts 21:27 .

work = account. Greek. logos. App-121 .

cut . . . short . Greek. suntemno. Only here and next clause.

righteousness . App-191 .

the Lord . App-98 .

upon . App-104 . Quoted almost verbatim from the Septuagint of Isaiah 10:22 , Isaiah 10:23 . App-107 .

Verse 29

Except = If ( App-118 . a) not ( App-105 .)

Sabaoth = Hosts. Only here and James 5:4 . First occurance: 1 Samuel 1:11 . Quoted from Isaiah 1:9 . App-107 .

left . Greek. enkataleipo. See Acts 2:27 .

Verse 30

have attained to = obtained. Greek. katalambano. See John 12:35 .

faith . App-150 . That is, on faith-principle, as in Romans 1:17 .

Verse 31

the = a.

hath = omit.

attained . Greek. phthano. Not the same word as in 30. See Luke 11:20 .

Verse 32

of the law . The texts omit.

stumbled . Greek. proskopto. Here, Romans 14:21 . 1 Peter 2:8 , and five times in the Gospels.

stumblingstone . Greek. proskomma. Here, Romans 9:33 ; Romans 14:13 , Romans 14:20 ; 1 Peter 2:8 .

Verse 33

Behold . App-133 .

Sion . App-68 .

offence . See 1 Corinthians 1:23 .

whosoever . The texts read "he who".

believeth . App-150 .

ashamed = put to shame. See Romans 5:6 . Quoted from Isaiah 28:16 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Romans 9". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/romans-9.html. 1909-1922.