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Are these things so = If ( App-118 . a) these things are so.
Men. App-123 . Compare Acts 1:11 .
God. App-98 .
glory. See p. 1511. This is the genitive of character. App-17 . Compare Psalms 29:3 , and note the seven other similar expressions, "the God of comfort" (Romans 15:5 . 2 Corinthians 1:3 ), "hope" (Romans 15:13 ), "love" (2 Corinthians 13:11 ), "patience" (Romans 15:5 ), "peace" (Romans 15:33 , &c), " all grace" (1 Peter 5:10 ), and "truth" (Deuteronomy 32:4 , &c).
appeared unto = was seen by. Greek. optomai. App-106 .
dwelt = settled. Greek. katoikeo. See note on Acts 2:6 .
Charran = Haran (Genesis 11:31 ).
unto. Greek. pros. App-104 .
country = land. Greek. ge. App-129 .
from = out of. Greek. ek, as above.
kindred. Greek. sungeneia. Only here, Acts 7:14 , and Luke 1:61 .
come = hither. Greek. deuro.
land. Greek. ge, as above.
when = after that. Greek. meta. App-104 . It was Abraham, not Terah, who had been called (Genesis 12:1 ), and therefore Terah could get no farther than Haran. There was a long sojourn in Haran of twenty-five years. See App-50 . pp Act 51:52 .
removed him. Greek. metoikizo = to cause to change one's abode. Only here and Acts 7:43 . In the Septuagint in 1 Chronicles 5:6 . Amos 5:27 , &c. wherein = into (Greek. eis . App-104 .) which, i.e. into which ye came and now dwell there.
none = not (Greek. ou. App-105 ) any.
no, not, &c. = not even (Greek. oude) . Figure of speech Epitasis. App-6 .
to set his foot on = a place (Greek. bema . See note on John 19:13 ) for a foot.
promised. Reference to Genesis 13:15 .
possession. Greek. kataschesis. Only here and Acts 7:45 .
no = not any, as above.
child. Greek. teknon. App-108 .
spake. Greek. laleo. App-121 . Quoted from Genesis 15:13 , Genesis 15:14 .
sojourn = be a stranger. Greek. paroikos. Here, Acts 7:29 . Ephesians 2:19 . 1 Peter 2:11 . The verb paroikeo, only in Luke 24:18 . Hebrews 11:9 .
strange = foreign. Greek. allotrios. App-124 .
bring them into bondage = enslave them. Greek. douloo. App-190 .
entreat them evil = wrong them. Greek. kakoo . Compare App-128 . Here, Acts 7:19 ; Acts 12:1 ; Acts 14:2 ; Acts 18:10 . 1 Peter 3:13 .
four hundred years. See note on Exodus 12:40 .
nation. Greek. ethnos. See note on Acts 4:25 , Acts 4:27 .
to whom, &c. = whom they shall serve. Greek. douleuo. App-190 .
judge. Greek. krino. App-122 .
that = these things.
serve = worship. Greek. latreuo. App-137 . Compare Exodus 3:12 .
covenant. Greek. diatheke. See note on Matthew 26:28 .
patriarchs. See note on Acts 2:29 .
moved with envy = being jealous. Greek. zeloo. Compare the noun zelos, Acts 5:17 .
delivered. Greek. exaireo. Here, Acts 7:34 ; Acts 12:11 ; Acts 23:27 ; Acts 26:17 . Matthew 5:29 ; Matthew 18:9 . Galatians 1:1 , Galatians 1:4 .
afflictions = tribulations. Greek. thlipsis. Compare Psalms 105:17-19 .
favour = grace. Greek. charis. App-184 .
in the sight of = before. Greek. enantion.
the land of. Omit.
sustenance. Greek. chortasma. Only here. Compare the verb chortazo = to fill. First occurance Matthew 5:6 .
corn. Greek. sita , an irregular plural of sitos, the word used elsewhere in N.T. and Septuagint. The texts read sitia, from sition, a word much used by medical writers.
sent out. Greek. exapostello. App-174 .
first = the first time.
at = in. Greek. en. App-104 .
made known. Greek. anagnorizomai. Only here. Compare App-132 .
kindred = race. Greek. genos.
was made known = became (Greek. ginomai) manifest (Greek. phaneros. App-106 .) See Genesis 45:16 .
unto = to.
sent. Greek. apostello. App-174 .
called . . . to him. Greek. metakaleomai. Here, Acts 10:32 ; Acts 20:17 ; Acts 24:25 . meta in composition expresses the idea of change.
threescore, &c. This included Jacob's kindred. See note on Genesis 46:26 .
souls. Greek. psuche . App-110 .
died = came to his end. Greek. teleutao.
carried over = removed. Greek. metatithemi. Only here; Galatians 1:1 , Galatians 1:6 . Hebrews 7:12 ; Hebrews 11:5 , Hebrews 11:6 . Jude 1:4 .
Sychem = Shechem (Genesis 50:5 ). See App-187 .
sepulchre. Greek. mnema. See note on Acts 2:29 .
bought. Greek. oneomai. Only here.
of = from. Greek. para .
sons. Greek. huios. App-108 .
when = as soon as.
promise. Greek. epangelia. See note on Acts 1:4 .
people. Greek. laos. See note on Acts 2:47 .
another. Greek. heteros. App-124 .
king. See App-188 .
arose. Greek. anistemi. App-178 .
knew. Greek. oida. App-132 .
The same = This one.
dealt subtilly with. Greek. katasophizomai. Only here. In Septuagint "deal wisely", Exodus 1:10 .
cast out = caused to he exposed (Greek. ekthetos. Only here).
young children = babes. Greek. brephos. App-108 .
to the end. Greek. eis.
live = be born alive, or preserved alive. Greek. zoogoneo. Only here and Luke 17:33 . See also 1 Timothy 6:13 . In Septuagint in Exodus 1:17 , Exodus 1:18 , Exodus 1:22 , &c.
Moses. See note on Acts 8:22 .
exceeding fair = fair to God. Figure of speech Idioma. App-6 .
fair. Greek. asteios. Only here and Hebrews 11:23 . The word used in Exodus 2:2 , Septuagint
nourished up. Greek. anatrepho. Only here, Acts 7:21 with Acts 22:3 . A word common in medical writers.
cast out. Greek. ektithemi, verb of ekthetos, in Acts 7:19 . Only here, Acts 11:4 ; Acts 18:26 ; Acts 28:23 .
took . . . up. Greek. anaireo. Generally translated "kill", i.e. take away (by death). See Acts 7:28 ; Acts 2:23 ; Acts 5:33 , Acts 5:36 , &c.
her own son = a son for herself.
learned = educated. Greek. paideuo.
in all, &c. This included the mysteries of the Egyptian religion, as all education was in the hands of the priests.
words. Greek. logos. App-121 .
deeds = works. Figure of speech Syntheton. App-6 .
he was, &c. Literally a period (Greek. chronos) of forty years (Greek. tessarakontaetes. Only here and Acts 13:18 ) was fulfilled. Greek. pleroo. App-125 .
into = upon. Greek. epi. App-104 .
visit. Greek. episkeptomai. App-133 .
children = sons. Greek. huios as in Acts 7:16 .
seeing. Greek. eidon. App-133 .
suffer wrong = being wronged. Greek. adikeo. Compare App-128 .
defended. Greek. amunomai. Only here.
avenged = took vengeance (Greek. ekdikesis. Here, Luke 18:7 , Luke 18:8 ; Luke 21:22 .Romans 12:19 . 2 Corinthians 7:11 . 2 Thessalonians 1:8 . Hebrews 10:30 . 1 Peter 2:14 ) for.
him that was oppressed = the oppressed one. Greek. kataponeomai. Only here and 2 Peter 2:7 .
and smote = having smitten.
would have. Omit.
deliver them = give them salvation.
next = following. Greek. epeimi. Only here, Acts 16:11 ; Acts 20:15 ; Acts 21:18 ; Acts 23:11 . See note on Matthew 6:11 .
shewed himself. Greek. optomai, as in Acts 7:2 .
strove = fought. Greek. machomai. Only here, Joh 6:52 . 2 Timothy 2:24 .James 4:2 .
would have set them = was driving them together. Greek. sunelauno. Only here. But the texts read "was reconciling them", Greek. sunallasso.
at one = into (Greek. eis. App-104 .) peace.
Sirs = Men. Greek. aner. App-123 . The plural andres is translated "Sirs" six times, all in Acts, here, Acts 14:15 ; Acts 19:25 ; Acts 27:10 , Acts 27:21 , Acts 27:25 .
do ye wrong one to another = wrong ye one another. Greek. adikeo, as in Acts 7:24 .
thrust him away. Greek. apotheomai. Only here. Acts 7:39 ; Acts 13:46 . Romans 11:1 , Rom 11:2 ; 1 Timothy 1:19 .
judge. Greek. dikastes. Only here, Acts 7:35 .Luke 12:14 . Compare App-177 .
Wilt thou = Thou dost not ( App-105 ) wish ( App-102 ); me is used with questions, where a negative answer is expected.
kill. Greek. anaireo, as in Acts 7:21 .
diddest = killedst.
saying. Greek. logos, as in Acts 7:22 .
stranger. Greek. paroikos. Same as "sojourn" in Acts 7:6 .
Madian = Midian. See Exodus 2:15 ; Exodus 3:1 .
expired = fulfilled. Greek. pleroo, as in Acts 7:23 .
of the Lord. The texts omit.
of fire in a bush = of a burning bush. Figure of speech Antimereia. App-6 .
sight. Greek. horama. Occurs twelve times, all in Acts, except in Matthew 17:9 . Always trans, "vision", except here. Not the same word as in Acts 2:17 .
behold = inspect, or consider. Greek. katanoeo. App-133 .
the Lord. App-98 .
unto him. The texts omit. The quotations are from Exo 3:32
God. The texts omit the third and fourth occurance of the word in this verse.
trembled = became trembling (Greek. entromos. Only here, Acts 16:29 . Hebrews 12:21 ).
thy shoes, &c. = the sandal of thy feet.
where = in (Greek. en) which, but the texts read epi .
ground. Greek. ge. App-129 .
I have seen, I have seen. A Hebraism. Figure of speech Polyptoton. App-6 . Literally Seeing, I saw.
affliction = wrong. Greek. kakosis . Only here. Compare Kakoo, verses: Acts 7:6 , Acts 7:19 .
groaning. Greek. stenagmos. Only here and Romans 8:26 .
deliverer = redeemer. Greek. lutroes. Only here. Compare lutron, ransom (Matthew 20:28 . Mark 10:45 ); lutroo, redeem (1 Timothy 2:14; 1 Timothy 2:141 Timothy 2:14 . 1 Peter 1:18 ); lutrosis, redemption (Luke 1:68 ; Luke 2:38 . Hebrews 9:12 ).
by = in. Greek. en , but the texts read sun.
He = This one.
shewed . Literally done. See Deuteronomy 31:2 ; Deuteronomy 34:7 .
wonders. Greek. teras . App-176 .
signs. Greek. semeion. App-176 .
that = the.
A Prophet. Quoted from Deuteronomy 18:15 . Compare Acts 3:22 .
your. The texts omit.
raise up. Greek. anistemi. App-178 .
like unto = as.
Him shall ye hear. The texts omit, but not the Syriac.
church. App-186 .
lively = living. Figure of speech Idioma. App-6 .
oracles = utterances. Greek. logion. Only here; Romans 3:2 . Heb 5:12 . 1 Peter 4:11 .
would. App-102 .
obey = be obedient (Greek. hupekoos. Only here; 2 Corinthians 2:9 . Philippians 1:2 , Philippians 1:8 ).
from them = away.
gods. App-98 .
to go before. Greek. proporeuomai. Only here and Luke 1:76 .
wot = know. App-132 .
is become of = has come (to).
made a calf Greek. moschopoieo, a compound word, meaning "were calf-making" Only here.
idol. Greek. eidolon. The first of eleven occurances. Only word so rendered.
rejoiced = were rejoicing. Greek. euphraino. Same word as in Acts 2:26 .
worship. Same word as "serve" in Acts 7:7 .
host = army. Greek. stratia. Only here and Luke 2:13 .
heaven = the heaven. See note on Matthew 6:9 , Matthew 6:10 .
as = even as.
is = has been.
the = a.
ye . Omit.
have ye offered = did ye offer. This question is introduced by me, as in Acts 7:28 .
slain beasts. Greek. sphagion. Only here. Compare sphage, Acts 8:32 .
Yea, ye = Ye even.
tabernacle. Greek. skene, tent.
Remphan. See notes on Amos 5:25-27 , from which this quotation is taken. It follows the Septuagint very closely. App-107 .
figures. Greek. tupos. See note on John 20:25 (print). Romans 5:14 .
worship. Greek. proskuneo. App-137 .
carry . . . away. Greek. metoikizo, as in Acts 7:4 .
beyond. Greek. epekeina. Only here.
Babylon. Amos says "Damascus". See note there. The stages of captivity were: Syrian, to Damascus; Assyrian, beyond Damascus to Mesopotamia; Babylonian, to Babylon and beyond, and now they were to be carried to the uttermost parts of the earth.
witness = testimony. Greek. marturion, as in Acts 4:33 . See Exodus 25:16 ; Exodus 26:33 ; Exodus 30:6 Revelation 15:5 .
had appointed = arranged.
according to. Greek. kata. App-104 .
fashion Greek. tupos , as in Acts 7:43 .
seen. Greek. horao . App-133 . Compare Exodus 26:30 ; Exodus 27:8 . Hebrews 8:5 .
also. This should he read after "brought in".
came after = received in succession. Greek. diadechomai. Only here. Revised Version "in their turn".
Jesus = Joshua. Compare Hebrews 4:8 . The Hebrew means "Jehovah the Saviour". See note on Joshua 1:1 .
Gentiles. Greek. ethnos, same as nation, Acts 7:7 .
drave out = thrust out. Greek. exotheo. Only here and Acts 27:39 . Compare Acts 7:27 .
before = from. Greek. apo. App-104 .
unto = until. Greek. heos .
David. Like Joseph, David was rejected, and tested by affliction before God gave him deliverance.
before = in the eyes of. Greek. enopion.
desired = asked. Greek. aiteo. App-134 . See 2 Samuel 7:2 , 2 Samuel 7:3 .
tabernacle. Greek. skenoma. Only here and 2 Peter 1:13 , 2 Peter 1:14 . Not the same as in Acts 7:44 . Revised Version reads "habitation". Compare Psalms 132:5 .
Solomon. Stephen does not enlarge upon the history of either David or Solomon, probably because he saw the gathering storm on the faces of his audience.
Howbeit, &c. Read, "But not the Most High in hand-made temples dwelleth". The "not"stands first by Figure of speech Anastrophe. App-6 .
the Most High. Greek. hupsistos. This, as a title of Deity, occurs nine times. See Luke 1:32 .
Temples. The texts omit.
made with hands. Greek. cheiropoietos. Here, Acts 17:34 .Mark 14:58 . Ephesians 2:11 .Hebrews 9:11 , Hebrews 9:24 .
earth. Greek. ge, as in Acts 7:3 .
My footstool = the footstool of my feet, as in Acts 2:35 . Compare Matthew 5:35 , and see note on Matthew 22:44 .
what = what kind of.
rest. Greek. katapausis. Only here; Hebrews 3:11 , Hebrews 3:18 ; Hebrews 4:1 , Hebrews 4:3 , Hebrews 4:3 , Hebrews 4:5 , Hebrews 4:10 , Hebrews 4:11 .
not. Greek. ouchi. App-105 . Freely quoted from Isaiah 66:1 , Isaiah 66:2 .
stiffrieoked. Greek. sklerotrachelos. Only here in NT., but in Sept, in Exodus 33:3 , Exodus 33:5 ; Exo 33:34 , Exodus 33:9 . Deuteronomy 9:6 , Deuteronomy 9:13 . Compare Deuteronomy 31:27 . 2 Chronicles 30:8 . Proverbs 29:1 . This is an instance of Figure of speech Ecphonesis. App-6 .
uncircumcised. Greek. aperitmetos. Only here.
resist = fall against. Greek. antipipto. Only here.
the Holy Ghost. App-101 . This verse is quoted in support of the idea that men can successfully withstand the Spirit, instead of stumbling at His words. Compare Matthew 21:44 .
have, &c. = did . . . persecute.
have slain = slew.
shewed before. Greek. prokatangello. See Acts 3:18 .
coming. Greek. eleusis. Only here. the Just One. Greek. dikaios. App-191 . Compare Acts 3:14 ; Act 22:14 . 1 John 2:1 .
have been = became.
betrayers. Greek. prodot e s . Here, Luk 6:16 . 2 Timothy 3:4 .
by = unto. Greek. eis. App-104 .
disposition. Greek. diatage. Only here and Romans 13:2 . The Syriac reads, "by the precept". Compare Acts 7:38 and Galatians 1:3 , Galatians 1:19 .
have, &c. = guarded it not.
cut. Greek. diapriomai, as in Acts 5:33 .
gnashed, &c. = were gnashing their teeth on him. Greek. brucho Only here. An onomatopoeic word, like brugmos. Matthew 8:12 , &c. Both are medical words.
being. Greek. huparcho. See note on Luke 9:48 .
the Holy Ghost No article. App-101 .
looked up stedfastly. Greek. atenizo. App-133 . He was probably in one of the Temple courts, open to the sky.
Jesus. App-98 .
right hand Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6 .
Behold Greek. idou, App-133 .:2. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
see = behold. Greek. theoreo. App-133 .
the heavens. Plural See note on Matthew 6:9 , Matthew 6:10 .
opened. Greek. anoigo, but the texts read " dianoigo ", thrown open.
Son of Man. App-98 . The eighty-fifth occurance. Only here in Acts, and the only place where He is so named by man. In John 12:34 , the Lord's own words are repeated in a question.
loud = great, i.e. the shout of the crowd in indignation.
stopped = held tight. Greek. sunecho. See Luke 4:38 .
ran = rushed.
with one accord. Greek. homothumadon. See note on Acts 1:14 .
out of = without. Greek. exo. Compare Leviticus 24:14 . The charge was blasphemy, as in the case of his Master. Compare Hebrews 13:13 .
stoned him = kept easting stones at him. Greek. lithoboleo. Compare Mark 12:4 .
witnesses. See note on Acts 1:8 . In accordance with the law they had to cast the first stone (Deuteronomy 17:7 ).
young man. Greek. neanias . Only here, Acts 20:9 ; Acts 23:17 , Acts 23:18 , Acts 23:22 . He was probably about thirty-three years of age. Neanias was the next period to neaniskos ( App-108 . x), but the limits are very uncertain.
Saul. Greek. Saulos. Compare Acts 22:20 .
calling upon. There is no Ellipsis of the word God. See Revised Version. Stephen called upon and invoked the Lord.
spirit. App-101 .
kneeled down. Literally "placed the knees", an expression used in Luke ( Act 22:41 ) and Acts (here, Acts 9:40 ; Acts 20:36 ; Acts 21:5 ), and once in Mark (Acts 15:19 ). In the Epistles we read "bow the knee". Ephesians 3:14 .
sin. Greek. hamartia. App-128
to their charge = to them
fell asleep. Greek. koimaomai. App-171 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Acts 7". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29