Attention!
2.5 million Ukrainian refugees have fled to Poland. Churches are helping but the financial burden is too much.
Consider helping today!

Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Isaiah 4

Verse 1

And. The Figure of speech Polysyndeton ( App-6 ) links this verse on to the preceding chapter.

in that day. Not emphatic, or at the beginning of the verse.

the Branch: i.e. Messiah. So the Chaldee paraphrase has it. Hebrew. zemach. Not the same word as in Isaiah 11:1 . See the Structure of "the Four Gospels" preceding the Structure of MATTHEW; and note the application of this expression to the Gospel of JOHN and the notes there. Used there to connect the four Titles of Messiah: MATTHEW: the King (Zechariah 9:9 with Jeremiah 23:5 , Jeremiah 23:6 ). MARK: the Servant (Isaiah 42:1 with Zechariah 3:8 ). LUKE: the MAN (Zechariah 6:12 ). JOHN: JEHOVAH (Isaiah 40:9 , Isaiah 40:10 , with Isaiah 4:2 ).

of the LORD = Jehovah's Branch: i.e. Messiah. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

be = become. beautiful and glorious = for honour and for glory.

the earth = the land.

escaped of Israel: i.e. those who will have escaped destruction in the great tribulation. These could not be the "Church", for they are of "Israel"; and the blessings are the temporal blessings promised in Isaiah 30:23 , &c. Ezekiel 34:29 . Joel 2:23-25 .Amos 9:11-15 , &c.

Verse 3

holy . See note on Exodus 3:5 .

among the living = written down or destined for life. Compare Psalms 69:28 ; Psalms 87:5 , Psalms 87:6 . Malachi 3:16 .

the lord* = Jehovah.

purged = cast out. Hebrew duah. Compare Isaiah 1:16 .

blood. Put by Figure of speech, Metonymy (of Effect), for blood-guiltiness.

spirit = blast, as in Isaiah 11:4 . Compare 2 Thessalonians 2:8 . Hebrew. ruach .

Verse 5

every dwelling place of mount Zion. Not merely over the Tabernacle as in the old Dispensation.

assemblies = convocation. Hebrew. mikra . Reference to Pentateuch. See note on Isaiah 1:13 .

upon = over.

a defence = a canopy. Hebrew. chuppah , the marriage canopy. Not translated "defence" elsewhere. Occurs only here, Psalms 19:5 , and Joel 2:16 . Compare Isaiah 62:4 .

Verse 6

tabernacle = pavilion.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 4". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/isaiah-4.html. 1909-1922.