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multitude. Greek. plethos = number (not ochlos = crowd). In the usage of the Papyri it denotes an assembly.
unto . Greek. epi. App-104 .
We found . As the result of our examination.
perverting = agitating. Not the same word as in Luke 23:14 . Compare Luke 9:41 .
Christ = Messiah. App-98 .
asked = questioned.
the King. Pilate using the Art., as
though implying hisbelief.
thou sayest. A Hebraism for a strong affirmation. Compare Luke 22:70 , &c.
to. Greek. pros. App-104 .
people = crowds. I find no fault, &c. Compare Matthew 27:4 .
in. Greek. en. App-104 .
Man. Greek. anthropos. App-123 .
were the more fierce = kept insisting. Greek. epischuo. Occurs only here in N.T.
stirreth up = instigates. Greek.
anaeeio. Stronger than "pervert "in Luke 23:2 . Occurs only here, and Mark 15:11 .
throughout. Greek. kata. App-104 .
from. Greek. apo. App-104 .
Galilee. See App-169 .
of Galilee = Galilee [mentioned].
whether = if. App-118 .
knew = got to know. Greek.
ginosko. App-132 .
belonged unto = was of. Greek. ek. App-104 .
jurisdiction = authority. App-172 .
sent. Greek. anapempo. App-174 , only here; verses: Luke 23:11 , Luke 23:15 ; Philemon 1:12 ; and (ace, to texts) Acts 25:21 .
at = in Greek en. App-104 .
that time = those days: i.e. of the Feast.
saw. Greek. eidon. App-133 .
Jesus . App-98 .
desirous = wishing. Greek thelo. App-102 .
of. Greek ek. App-104 .
because he had heard = on account of (Greek. dia. App-104 . ) his hearing.
of = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104 .
hoped = was hoping (all that long time).
miracle = sign. See App-176 .
done = accomplished.
by . Greek. hupo. App-104 .
questioned . Greek. erotao. App-134 .
words . Plural of logos. See note on Mark 9:32 .
stood = had stood.
vehemently. Greek. eutonos. Occurs only here, and Acts 18:28 .
with . Greek. sun. App-104 .
set Him at nought = treated Him with contempt. mocked. See Luke 22:63 .
gorgeous = resplendent. Compare Acts 10:30 . Revelation 15:6 .
were made = became.
together = with (Greek. meta. App-104 .) one another.
between = with reference to. Greek. pros. App-104 .
Verses 13-25. Compare Matthew 27:15-26 . Mark 15:6-13 .
unto. Greek. pros. App-104 .
perverteth = turneth away. Greek apostrepho. Not the same word as in Luke 23:2 .
behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
examined. Greek. anakrino. App-122 .
No, nor yet = nor even.
lo. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
is done = has been done. Compare Luke 23:41 .
unto Him : i.e. by Him.
I will , &c. Probably with his own hands (Compare Luke 23:22 .Matthew 27:26 . Mark 15:15 ) instead of crucifying Him; with the view of releasing Him.
chastise . Compare Isaiah 53:5 .
at . Greek. kata. App-104 .
the = a. Most texts omit this verse.
all at once = all together, or in a mass. Greek. pamplethei. Occurs only here.
Barabbas . Aramaic ( App-94 .) = son of a (distinguished) father. ORIGEN (A.D. 186-253) read "Jesus, Barabbas" in Matthew 27:17 , the choice lying between two of the same name.
for = on account of. Greek. dia. App-104 .Luke 23:3 .
sedition = insurrection.
made = which had taken place.
murder . Compare Acts 3:14 .
was = had been. into. Greek. eis. App-104 .
willing = wishing. Greek thelo. App-102 .
spake . . . to = addressed. Greek. prosphoneo. Compare Acts 21:40 ; Acts 22:2 .
cried = kept shouting. Greek. epiphoneo.
said = spake. evil. Greek kakos. App-128 .
were instant = were urgent. Greek. epikeimai, to press upon. Compare Luke 7:4 .Judges 16:16 . Acts 26:7 . Romans 12:12 . 2 Timothy 4:2 .
requiring. App-134 . = had power to bear down (Pilate's remonstrance).
gave sentence = pronounced sentence. Greek. epikrino. App-122 . Occurs only here.
it, &c. = their request should be carried out.
had desired. Same word as "require" in Luke 23:23 .
will = desire. Greek. thelema. Compare App-102 .
And as, &c. Compare Matthew 27:31-34 .Mark 15:20-23 .
laid hold upon. Compare Acts 16:19 ; Acts 17:19 ; Acts 18:17 ; Acts 21:30-33 .
out of. Greek. apo. App-104 .
the country = a field. the cross. See App-162 ,
And there, &c.: verses: Luke 23:27-32 , peculiar to Luke. company multitude.
bewailed and lamented = were beating their breasts and lamenting.
Daughters , &c. Not therefore the women from Galilee of verses: Luke 23:49 , Luke 23:55 . Greek. me. App-105 .
for = on, or over. Greek. epi. App-104 .
children. Greek. Plural of teknon. App-108 .
Blessed = Happy. See note on Matthew 5:3 , and Compare Luke 11:27 . Hosea 9:12-16 .
never bare = did not (Greek. ou. App-105 ) bear.
on. Greek. epi. App-104 .
hills . Greek. Plural of bounds. Occurs only here and in Luke 3:5 .
if they do . Assuming the case. App-118 .
do = are doing.
a green tree = the
living wood: i.e. the Lord.
shall be done = must happen.
the dry = the dry [wood]: i, e. the nation.
also two other = others also, two.
other = different ones. Greek. Plural of heteros. App-124 .
malefactors = evildoers. Greek. kakourgoi. Not lestai = brigands, as in Matthew 27:38 . See App-164 .
led with Him. The brigands were brought later.
to . Greek. epi. App-104 .
Calvary is the Greek for the Hebrew Golgotha = a skull. Now called "a hill". But see Conder's Jerusalem, p. 80.
crucified . See App-162 .
on = at. Greek. ek. App-104 .
and the other = and one.
left. Greek. aristeros. Only here, Mat 6:3 . 2 Corinthians 6:7 . Not the same word as in Matthew 27:38 .
Father . See App-98 .
forgive them. The last of eight recorded occasions of prayer in Luke. See note on Luke 3:21 , and compare Matthew 27:46 for the last "seven words" on the cross. Compare Isaiah 53:12 .
know . Greek. oida. App-1 .Luke 3:2 , Luke 3:11 .
not . Greek. ou. App-105 .
do = are doing. Compare Acts 3:17 . 1 Corinthians 2:8 .
beholding = looking on, or gazing at. Greek theoreo. App-133 . Not the same word as in Luke 23:29 .
derided = were mocking: i.e. turning up their noses at Him. Same word as in 16. is. Compare Psalms 2:4 ; Psalms 22:7 ; Psalms 35:16 .
others. Greek. allos. App-124 . Not the same word as in Luke 23:32 ; Luke 23:40 .
he = This fellow.
Christ = the Messiah. App-98 .
God. App-98 .
coming = coming up close.
offering, &c . See note on Matthew 27:33 ; Matthew 27:48 .
superscription . Not the same word as in Matthew and John. See App-163 .
over. Greek. epi. App-104 .
THIS IS, &c. See App-48 for this type; and App-163 for the words themselves.
railed = kept up a railing.
Christ. The Lewis Codex of the Syriac Gospels recently found at Mount Sinai reads "Saviour", not Messiah. save Thyself and us. This reads (in the same Codex), "save Thyself alive this day, and us also".
condemnation . App-177 .6.
receive = are receiving.
our deeds = what we did.
hath done = did.
Lord. Most Texts omit this, but not the Syriac which reads "my Lord". App-98 . A.
comest = shalt have come.
into = in (Greek. en), but some texts with Syriac read "into ": i.e. into possession of.
I say unto, thee, To day = "I say unto thee to day".
To day . Connect this with "I say", to emphasize the solemnity of the occasion; not with "shalt thou be". See the Hebraism in note on Deuteronomy 4:26 . As to the punctuation, see App-94 .; and as to the whole clause, see App-173 . with. Greek. meta. App-104 . Not the same word as in verses: Luke 23:11 , Luke 23:32 , Luke 23:35 .
paradise = the paradise: i.e. the one well known to Scripture. See note on Ecclesiastes 2:5 . Ecc 2:44 Verses 44-46. Compare Matthew 27:45-50 ; Mark 15:33-37 .
sixth hour : i.e. noon. See App-165 .
was = came to be.
over . Greek. epi. App-104 .
the earth = the land. Greek. ge. App-129 .
ninth hour: i.e. 3pm. See App-165 .
the veil. See Leviticus 4:6 . Matthew 27:51 .
the Temple- the Naos. See note on Matthew 23:16 .
commend = commit, or entrust. Compare Psalms 31:5 . Act 7:59 . 1 Peter 2:23 .
spirit. Greek. pneuma. App-101 . Compare Luke 8:55 .
gave up the ghost = expired, or breathed (His last).
Now , &c. Compare Matthew 27:51-56 . Mar 15:39-54 .
was done = took place.
people = crowds.
were done = took place.
smote, &c. = beating. returned. The women "stood". returned. Greek. hupostrepho = turned back. Occurs thirty-two times in Luke and Acts, and only three times elsewhere in N.T.
And = But. Marking the contrast between the people and the women.
His acquaintance = thosewho knew ( App-132 . ) Him,
followed = followed with.
Galilee . See App-169 .
stood = continued standing. The crowds turned back.
beholding = looking on. Greek. horao. App-133 .
man . Greek. aner. App-123 .
Joseph. One of two secret disciples who buried the Lord: Nicodemus being the other (see John 3:1 , John 3:4 , John 3:9 ; John 7:50 ; John 19:39 ). The Eleven had no part in it.
counsellor . A member of the Sanhedrin.
consented = voted with. Greek. sunkatatithemi. Occurs only here. counsel. Greek. Louie. App-102 .
of = from. Greek. apo. App-104 .
also himself = himself also.
the kingdom of God. See App-114 .
begged = asked. Greek. aiteo. Same word as "re-quire", Luke 23:23 , and "desire", Luke 23:25 . App-134 .
linen . Showing he was a rich man. Compare Matthew 27:5 Mark 14:51 ; Mark 15:46 .
sepulchre = tomb.
hewn in stone = hewn in a rock. Greek. laxeutos. Occurs only here. -
never . . . before . Greek. ouk oudepo oudeis.
the preparation. See App-156 .
the sabbath. The high sabbath. See App-156 .
came = were come with. Only here and Acts 16:17 .
from = out of. Greek ek. App-104 . followed after. Greek. sunakoloutheo. Only here and Mark 5:37 .
beheld . Greek. theaomai. App-133 .
prepared , &c. These had to be bought (Mark 16:1 ) between the two sabbaths. See App-156 .
rested . Greek. hesuchazo = to rest from labour. Occurs only here, and in Luke 14:4 .Acts 11:18 ; Acts 21:14 ; and 1 Thessalonians 4:11 .
the commandment . Leviticus 23:4-7 . See App-156 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 23". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25