Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Luke 22

Verse 1

Now, &c. Compare Matthew 26:17-19. Mark 14:12-16.

drew = was drawing.

passover. Aramaic, pascha. App-94.

Verse 2

sought = were seeking. Contemporaneously with the Feast.

kill Him = get rid of, or make away with Him. Greek. anaireo = take up and carry off.

for, &c. Therefore their aim was to take Him secretly, and evade a public trial.

Verse 3

Satan. See note on Matthew 4:10.

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

Judas . . . the twelve. See App-141.

of. Greek. ek. App-104.

Verse 4

went his way . . . and = having gone away.

captains = officers of the Levitical Temple guards. Compare Jeremiah 20:1. Acts 4:1.

betray Him = deliver Him up.

Verse 5

glad = rejoiced. Because that promised to solve their difficulty.

covenanted = agreed.

Verse 6

he promised. For his part. See notes on Proverbs 16:1, Proverbs 16:9, Proverbs 16:33.

opportunity. Implying the difficulty.

in the absence of = without. Greek. ater. Occurs only here, and Luke 22:35.

the multitude = a crowd.

Verse 7

came = came near; for the prepara tion had not yet been made. See App-156.

the day. The 15th of Nisan. This was only the 10th.

passover. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for the Lamb. Aramaic. See note on Luke 22:1.

Verse 8

eat = eat [it]: not the Lamb, but the Feast = the Chagigah.

Verse 9

wilt. Greek. thelo. App-102.

Verse 10

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

man. Greek anthropos. App-123. An unusual sight. They have met many men carrying wine-skins, and women carrying pitchers, but not a man carrying a "pitcher".

Verse 11

goodman = the master of the house. App-98.

The Master = The Teacher. App-98. Luke 22:2.

with. Greek meta. App-104.

Verse 12

he = that one.

a large, &c. Probably the same room of Acts 1:18 with Acts 2:1.

furnished = strewed with divans and cushions.

Verse 13

as = even as.

Verse 14

And when, &c. Compare Matthew 26:20. Mark 14:17.

was come = had come to pass: i.e. had arrived.

sat down (Greek. anapipto) = reclined.

apostles. This is supplementary. Matthew and Mark have "the twelve" only.

with. Greek. sun. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 22:22, Luke 22:11; Luk_22:-15; Luk_22:21; Luk_22:28; Luk_22:33; Luk_22:49; Luk_22:52; Luk_22:53; Luk_22:59; but the same as in Luke 22:56.

Verse 15

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

With desire I have desired = I have earnestly desired. Figure of speech Polyptoton (App-6). See note on Gcn. Luke 26:28.

this passover. Not the eating of the Lamb, but the Chagigah or feast which preceded it = this [as) a Pass-over.

Verse 16

not = by no means. Greek. ou me. App-105.

thereof = of (Greek. ek. App-104.) it.

it be fulfilled = it may be fulfilled. Which it would have soon been, had the nation repented.

in. Greek. en. App-104.

the kingdom of God. See App-114.

Verse 17

cup. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of the Subject), App-6, for the wine in it.

Verse 18

of = from. Greek. apo. App-104.

the fruit = the produce: i.e. the wine (gennema, not karpos = fruit).

shall come = may have come.

Verse 19

And He, &c. Compare Matthew 26:26-29. Mark 14:22-26. 1 Corinthians 11:23-25.

bread. A thin flat hard biscuit, which was broken, and not cut.

gave thanks. Greek. eucharisteo.

This is My body. See App-159.

is given = is being given.

for = on your behalf. Greek. huper. App-104.

in = for. Greek. eis. App-104.

in remembrance, &c. = for My memorial.

Verse 20

also the cup = the cup also. after. Greek. meta. App-104. new. Greek kaine. See Matthew 9:16, Matthew 9:17.

testament = covenant. Greek. diatheke. See notes on Hebrews 9:14-23. Blood has nothing to do with a "will" or "testament", but it has with a covenant. for. Greek. eis. App-104.

Verse 21

betrayeth Me = is delivering Me up. The first warning.

on. Greek. epi. App-104. 1.

Verse 22

the Son of man. See App-98.

as = according as. Greek kata. App-104.

was determined = has been determined. See Acts 2:23; Acts 3:18; Acts 4:27, Acts 4:28. Greek. dia. App-104. Luke 22:1.

Verse 23

among. Greek. pros. App-104.

should do = was about to do.

Verse 24

there was = there happened.

also a strife = a strife also.

a strife = a love of dispute. Greek philoneikia. Occurs only here.

among. Greek. en. App-104.

greatest = greater.

Verse 25

Gentiles = nations.

exercise lordship = lord it. Greek. kurieuo.

exercise authority. Greek. exousiaco. Compare App-172.

benefactors. See note on Matthew 20:26.

Verse 26

not. Greek. ou. App-106.

is chief = the leader. serve. See note on "minister" (Matthew 20:26). Compare Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:7.

Verse 27

sitteth = reclineth,

among = in the midst of.

Verse 28

temptations = trials.

Verse 29

appoint = assign.

as = even as. Father. App-98.

Verse 30

at. Gr epi. App-104.

Verse 31

the Lord. See App-98. B.C.

Simon, Simon. The sixth example of this Figure of speech Epizeuxis (App-6). See note on the first (Genesis 22:11).

Satan. See note on Matthew 4:10.

hath desired = hath demanded. Greek. exciteo. Occurs only here in N.T. It means to obtain by asking. you. Plural.

sift. Greek. siniazo = to sift (as wheat), to get rid of the corn. Occurs only here. The Lord "winnows "to get rid of the chaff. Compare Matthew 3:12. Pet. Luke 5:8, Luke 5:9.

Verse 32

prayed. Greek. deomai. App-134. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 22:40, Luke 22:4, Luke 22:44, Luke 40:46.

for = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

thee. Simon. thy faith. Not Simon himself.

not. Greek. me. App-105.

when thou, &c. - thou, when thou hast once turned again.

strengthen = establish. Compare 1 Peter 5:10.

Verse 33

Lord. App-98. A.

to = into. Greek. eis, as "into" prison. App-104.

Verse 34

Peter. The Lord addressed him as such, only here, and Matthew 16:18, to remind him of his weakness. See App-147. He mentions him in Mark 16:7.

the cock = a cock. See App-160.

crow. See App-173, and note on Matthew 26:34. this day-to-day. Greek. semeron.

knowest. Greek. oida. App-132.

Verse 35

When I sent, &c. See on Luke 9:2, Luke 9:3.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6).

scrip. See note on Matthew 10:10.

Verse 37

is written = standeth written. See Isaiah 53:12,

among = with. Greek. meta. App-104.

concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

Verse 38

But now, &c. Showing that precepts given when the kingdom was being proclaimed, no longer held good when it had been rejected.

no sword = not [money]. Greek. me. App-105.

one = a sword.

Verse 39

as He was wont = according to (Greek. kata. App-104.) [His] custom.

disciples.The eleven.

Verse 40

the place.Gethsemane=oil-press.

Pray. Greek. proseuchomai. App-134. Not the same word as in Luke 22:32.

Verse 41

he = He Himself.

was withdrawn= was parted. Greek apospao. Only here; Matthew 26:51. Acts 20:30; Acts 21:1.

from. Greek. apo. App-104.

Verse 42

if, &c. See App-118.

Thou be willing. -it be Thine intention. Compare App-102.

will = desire. Greek. thelema. Compare App-102. Verses Luke 43:44 are omitted or marked as doubtful by most texts, but the Syriac includes them. See App-94. note.

Verse 43

appeared. App-106. an

angel. As after the Temptation (Matthew 4:11).

heaven. Singular, without the Art. See Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

strengthening. Greek. enischuo. Occurs only here, and Acts 9:19.

Verse 44

being = becoming. Implying in creasing intensity,

an agony. Greek. agenia. Occurs only here. more earnestly. Only here.

was = became.

to = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

ground = earth. Greek. ge. App-129.

Verse 45

to. Greek. pros. App-104.

for = from. Greek. apo. App-104. Verses 47-53. Compare Matthew 26:47-56. Mark 14:43-52.

Verse 47

yet spake = was yet speaking.

multitude = crowd.

went = was going. Jesus. See App-98.

Verse 48

betrayest thou = deliverest thou up.

Verse 49

about = around. Greek. peri. App-104. saw. Greek. eidon. App-133.

would follow = was about to happen.

with. Greek en. App-104.

Verse 50

the servant. The well-known servant Malchus (John 18:10).

Verse 51

healed him. Added by Luke. See on Luke 6:17.

Verse 52

chief priests. The heads of the twenty-four courses.

temple. Greek. hieron. See note on Matthew 23:16.

to = against. Greek. epi. App-104.

against. Same as "to", above.

a thief = a brigand, or robber. See note on Luke 27:38, and App-164.

Verse 53

no = not. App-105.

your hour, &c. = your hour [and the hour of] the authority (App-172) of darkness. See Ephesians 6:12. Colossians 1:13; and compare Hebrews 2:14.

Verse 54

took = seized. Verses Luke 22:54-60. Compare Luke 26:57-75. Mark 14:53-72.

followed = was following.

Verse 55

kindled = lighted. Greek. hapto. Only in Luke 8:16; Luke 11:33; Luke 15:8.

hall = court.

Verse 56

a certain maid See App-160.

beheld = saw, as in Luke 22:49

by = at. Greek. pros. App-104.

fire = light App-130.

earnestly looked. App-133.

This man was also = This one also was

Verse 58

another = different one. Greek. heteros. App-124.

thou art also = thou also art.

Verse 59

another = a certain other (Greek. altos. App-124.) See App-160.

Of = Upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

Verse 60

immediately = on the spot. Greek. parachrema. See Luke 1:64.

yet spake = was yet speaking. App-160

Verse 61

and looked. He was bound; and to speak aloud was out of the question, looked upon Greek. emblepo. App-133.

word. Greek. logos. See note on Mark 9:32.

Verse 62

out = outside.

Verse 63

the men. Greek. p1. of aner. App-123. Not thesame word as in Luke 22:10.

mocked = were mocking. Greek. empaizo. Compare Luke 18:32.

and smote = smiting.

Verse 64

blindfolded = covered. Greek. perikalupto. Only here; Mark 14:65. Hebrews 9:4.

the face. Still covered.

asked = kept asking. App-134.

Verse 65

other = different. App-124.

spake = said.

against = to. Greek. eis. App-104.

Verse 66

was = became.

the elders = the assembly of the elders, as in Acts 22:5.

and, &c. Read "both chief priests and scribes". There are no Articles.

council. Greek. sunhedrion.

Verse 67

Art thou = lf thou art, &c. The condition assumed. See App-118.

the Christ = the Messiah. App-98.

If I tell you. Implying "which I do not". App-118.

believe. App-150.

Verse 68

I also ask you = I ask [you] also.

Verse 69

Hereafter = From (Greek. apo. App-104.) henceforth, as in Luke 1:48; Luke 5:10. John 1:51.

sit = be seated.

on = at. Greek ek. App-104.

power. Greek. dunamis. App-172.

God. App-98.

Verse 70

the Son of God. App-98.

ye say, &c. A Hebraism, denoting a strong affirmation.

Verse 71

What need, &c. = Why have we still need of testimony?

have heard = heard.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 22". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.