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Now, &c. Compare Matthew 26:17-19 . Mark 14:12-16 .
drew = was drawing.
passover . Aramaic, pascha. App-94 .
sought = were seeking. Contemporaneously with the Feast.
kill Him = get rid of, or make away with Him. Greek. anaireo = take up and carry off.
for, &c. Therefore their aim was to take Him secretly, and evade a public trial.
Satan . See note on Matthew 4:10 .
into. Greek. eis. App-104 .
Judas . . . the twelve . See App-141 .
of . Greek. ek. App-104 .
went his way . . . and = having gone away.
captains = officers of the Levitical Temple guards. Compare Jeremiah 20:1 .Acts 4:1 .
betray Him = deliver Him up.
glad = rejoiced. Because that promised to solve their difficulty.
covenanted = agreed.
he promised . For his part. See notes on Proverbs 16:1 , Proverbs 16:9 , Proverbs 16:33 .
opportunity. Implying the difficulty.
in the absence of = without. Greek. ater. Occurs only here, and Luke 22:35 .
the multitude = a crowd.
came = came near; for the prepara tion had not yet been made. See App-156 .
the day . The 15th of Nisan. This was only the 10th.
passover . Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 , for the Lamb. Aramaic. See note on Luke 22:1 .
eat = eat [it]: not the Lamb, but the Feast = the Chagigah.
wilt . Greek. thelo. App-102 .
Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
man. Greek anthropos. App-123 . An unusual sight. They have met many men carrying wine-skins, and women carrying pitchers, but not a man carrying a "pitcher".
goodman = the master of the house. App-98 .
The Master = The Teacher. App-98 . Luke 22:2 .
with . Greek meta. App-104 .
he = that one.
a large , &c. Probably the same room of Acts 1:18 with Acts 2:1 .
furnished = strewed with divans and cushions.
as = even as.
And when, &c. Compare Matthew 26:20 . Mark 14:17 .
was come = had come to pass: i.e. had arrived.
sat down (Greek. anapipto) = reclined.
apostles . This is supplementary. Matthew and Mark have "the twelve" only.
with. Greek. sun. App-104 . Not the same word as in verses: Luke 22:22 , Luke 22:59; Luke 22:59 ; but the same as in Luke 22:56 .
unto . Greek. pros. App-104 .
With desire I have desired = I have earnestly desired. Figure of speech Polyptoton ( App-6 ). See note on Gcn. Luk 26:28 .
this passover . Not the eating of the Lamb, but the Chagigah or feast which preceded it = this [as) a Pass-over.
not = by no means. Greek. ou me. App-105 .
thereof = of (Greek. ek. App-104 .) it.
it be fulfilled = it may be fulfilled. Which it would have soon been, had the nation repented.
in . Greek. en. App-104 .
the kingdom of God . See App-114 .
cup. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of the Subject), App-6 , for the wine in it.
of = from. Greek. apo. App-104 .
the fruit = the produce: i.e. the wine (gennema, not karpos = fruit).
shall come = may have come.
And He , &c. Compare Matthew 26:26-29 . Mark 14:22-26 . 1 Corinthians 11:23-25 .
bread. A thin flat hard biscuit, which was broken, and not cut.
gave thanks . Greek. eucharisteo.
This is My body . See App-159 .
is given = is being given.
for = on your behalf. Greek. huper. App-104 .
in = for. Greek. eis. App-104 .
in remembrance , &c. = for My memorial.
also the cup = the cup also. after. Greek. meta. App-104 . new. Greek kaine. See Matthew 9:16 , Matthew 9:17 .
testament = covenant. Greek. diatheke. See notes on Hebrews 9:14-23 . Blood has nothing to do with a "will" or "testament", but it has with a covenant. for. Greek. eis. App-104 .
betrayeth Me = is delivering Me up. The first warning.
on . Greek. epi. App-104 . 1.
the Son of man. See App-98 .
as = according as. Greek kata. App-104 .
was determined = has been determined. See Acts 2:23 ; Acts 3:18 ; Acts 4:27 , Acts 4:28 . Greek. dia. App-104 .Luke 22:1 .
among. Greek. pros. App-104 .
should do = was about to do.
there was = there happened.
also a strife = a strife also.
a strife = a love of dispute. Greek philoneikia. Occurs only here.
among . Greek. en. App-104 .
greatest = greater.
Gentiles = nations.
exercise lordship = lord it. Greek. kurieuo.
exercise authority . Greek. exousiaco. Compare App-172 .
benefactors . See note on Matthew 20:26 .
not . Greek. ou. App-106 .
is chief = the leader. serve. See note on "minister" (Matthew 20:26 ). Compare Philippians 1:2 , Philippians 1:7 .
sitteth = reclineth,
among = in the midst of.
temptations = trials.
appoint = assign.
as = even as. Father. App-98 .
at. Gr epi. App-104 .
the Lord. See App-98 . B.C.
Simon, Simon. The sixth example of this Figure of speech Epizeuxis ( App-6 ). See note on the first (Genesis 22:11 ).
Satan . See note on Matthew 4:10 .
hath desired = hath demanded. Greek. exciteo. Occurs only here in N.T. It means to obtain by asking. you. Plural.
sift. Greek. siniazo = to sift (as wheat), to get rid of the corn. Occurs only here. The Lord "winnows "to get rid of the chaff. Compare Matthew 3:12 . Pet. Luke 5:8 , Luke 5:9 .
prayed. Greek. deomai. App-134 . Not the same word as in verses: Luke 22:40 , Luke 22:4 , Luke 22:44 , Luk 40:46 .
for = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104 .
thee . Simon. thy faith. Not Simon himself.
not. Greek. me. App-105 .
when thou , &c. - thou, when thou hast once turned again.
strengthen = establish. Compare 1 Peter 5:10 .
Lord. App-98 . A.
to = into. Greek. eis, as "into" prison. App-104 .
Peter. The Lord addressed him as such, only here, and Matthew 16:18 , to remind him of his weakness. See App-147 . He mentions him in Mark 16:7 .
the cock = a cock. See App-160 .
crow. See App-173 , and note on Matthew 26:34 . this day-to-day. Greek. semeron.
knowest . Greek. oida. App-132 .
When I sent, &c. See on Luke 9:2 , Luke 9:3 .
and . Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton ( App-6 ).
scrip. See note on Matthew 10:10 .
is written = standeth written. See Isaiah 53:12 ,
among = with. Greek. meta. App-104 .
concerning . Greek. peri. App-104 .
But now , &c. Showing that precepts given when the kingdom was being proclaimed, no longer held good when it had been rejected.
no sword = not [money]. Greek. me. App-105 .
one = a sword.
as He was wont = according to (Greek. kata. App-104 .) [His] custom.
disciples. The eleven.
the place. Gethsemane =oil-press.
Pray. Greek. proseuchomai. App-134 . Not the same word as in Luke 22:32 .
he = He Himself.
was withdrawn = was parted. Greek apospao. Only here; Matthew 26:51 .Acts 20:30 ; Acts 21:1 .
from . Greek. apo. App-104 .
if, &c. See App-118 .
Thou be willing . -it be Thine intention. Compare App-102 .
will = desire. Greek. thelema. Compare App-102 . Verses Luk 43:44 are omitted or marked as doubtful by most texts, but the Syriac includes them. See App-94 . note.
appeared. App-106 . an
angel. As after the Temptation (Matthew 4:11 ).
heaven . Singular, without the Art. See Matthew 6:9 , Matthew 6:10 .
strengthening. Greek. enischuo. Occurs only here, and Acts 9:19 .
being = becoming. Implying in creasing intensity,
an agony . Greek. agenia. Occurs only here. more earnestly. Only here.
was = became.
to = upon. Greek. epi. App-104 .
ground = earth. Greek. ge. App-129 .
to. Greek. pros. App-104 .
for = from. Greek. apo. App-104 . Verses 47-53. Compare Matthew 26:47-56 . Mark 14:43-52 .
yet spake = was yet speaking.
multitude = crowd.
went = was going. Jesus. See App-98 .
betrayest thou = deliverest thou up.
about = around. Greek. peri. App-104 . saw. Greek. eidon. App-133 .
would follow = was about to happen.
with. Greek en. App-104 .
the servant . The well-known servant Malchus (John 18:10 ).
healed him. Added by Luke. See on Luke 6:17 .
chief priests . The heads of the twenty-four courses.
temple. Greek. hieron. See note on Matthew 23:16 .
to = against. Greek. epi. App-104 .
against. Same as "to", above.
a thief = a brigand, or robber. See note on Luk 27:38 , and App-164 .
no = not. App-105 .
your hour, &c. = your hour [and the hour of] the authority ( App-172 ) of darkness. See 2 Chronicles 1:13; 2 Chronicles 1:13 ; and compare Hebrews 2:14 .
took = seized. Verses Luke 22:54-60 . Compare Luk 26:57-75 .Mark 14:53-72 .
followed = was following.
kindled = lighted. Greek. hapto. Only in Luke 8:16 ; Luke 11:33 ; Luke 15:8 .
hall = court.
a certain maid See App-160 .
beheld = saw, as in Luke 22:49
by = at. Greek. pros. App-104 .
fire = light App-130 .
earnestly looked . App-133 .
This man was also = This one also was
another = different one. Greek. heteros. App-124 .
thou art also = thou also art.
another = a certain other (Greek. altos. App-124 .) See App-160 .
Of = Upon. Greek. epi. App-104 .
immediately = on the spot. Greek. parachrema. See Luke 1:64 .
yet spake = was yet speaking. App-160
and looked . He was bound; and to speak aloud was out of the question, looked upon Greek. emblepo. App-133 .
word . Greek. logos. See note on Mark 9:32 .
out = outside.
the men. Greek. p1. of aner. App-123 . Not thesame word as in Luke 22:10 .
mocked = were mocking. Greek. empaizo. Compare Luke 18:32 .
and smote = smiting.
blindfolded = covered. Greek. perikalupto. Only here; Mark 14:65 .Hebrews 9:4 .
the face. Still covered.
asked = kept asking. App-134 .
other = different. App-124 .
spake = said.
against = to. Greek. eis. App-104 .
was = became.
the elders = the assembly of the elders, as in Acts 22:5 .
and, &c. Read "both chief priests and scribes". There are no Articles.
council. Greek. sunhedrion.
Art thou = lf thou art, &c. The condition assumed. See App-118 .
the Christ = the Messiah. App-98 .
If I tell you. Implying "which I do not". App-118 .
believe. App-150 .
I also ask you = I ask [you] also.
Hereafter = From (Greek. apo. App-104 .) henceforth, as in Luke 1:48 ; Luke 5:10 . John 1:51 .
sit = be seated.
on = at. Greek ek. App-104 .
power . Greek. dunamis. App-172 .
God . App-98 .
the Son of God. App-98 .
ye say, &c. A Hebraism, denoting a strong affirmation.
What need , &c. = Why have we still need of testimony?
have heard = heard.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 22". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34