Now, &c. Compare Matthew 26:17-19. Mark 14:12-16.
drew = was drawing.
passover. Aramaic, pascha. App-94.
sought = were seeking. Contemporaneously with the Feast.
kill Him = get rid of, or make away with Him. Greek. anaireo = take up and carry off.
for, &c. Therefore their aim was to take Him secretly, and evade a public trial.
Satan. See note on Matthew 4:10.
into. Greek. eis. App-104.
Judas . . . the twelve. See App-141.
of. Greek. ek. App-104.
went his way . . . and = having gone away.
captains = officers of the Levitical Temple guards. Compare Jeremiah 20:1. Acts 4:1.
betray Him = deliver Him up.
glad = rejoiced. Because that promised to solve their difficulty.
covenanted = agreed.
he promised. For his part. See notes on Proverbs 16:1, Proverbs 16:9, Proverbs 16:33.
opportunity. Implying the difficulty.
in the absence of = without. Greek. ater. Occurs only here, and Luke 22:35.
the multitude = a crowd.
came = came near; for the prepara tion had not yet been made. See App-156.
the day. The 15th of Nisan. This was only the 10th.
passover. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for the Lamb. Aramaic. See note on Luke 22:1.
eat = eat [it]: not the Lamb, but the Feast = the Chagigah.
wilt. Greek. thelo. App-102.
Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.
man. Greek anthropos. App-123. An unusual sight. They have met many men carrying wine-skins, and women carrying pitchers, but not a man carrying a "pitcher".
goodman = the master of the house. App-98.
The Master = The Teacher. App-98. Luke 22:2.
with. Greek meta. App-104.
he = that one.
a large, &c. Probably the same room of Acts 1:18 with Acts 2:1.
furnished = strewed with divans and cushions.
as = even as.
And when, &c. Compare Matthew 26:20. Mark 14:17.
was come = had come to pass: i.e. had arrived.
sat down (Greek. anapipto) = reclined.
apostles. This is supplementary. Matthew and Mark have "the twelve" only.
with. Greek. sun. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 22:22, Luke 22:11; Luk_22:-15; Luk_22:21; Luk_22:28; Luk_22:33; Luk_22:49; Luk_22:52; Luk_22:53; Luk_22:59; but the same as in Luke 22:56.
unto. Greek. pros. App-104.
With desire I have desired = I have earnestly desired. Figure of speech Polyptoton (App-6). See note on Gcn. Luke 26:28.
this passover. Not the eating of the Lamb, but the Chagigah or feast which preceded it = this [as) a Pass-over.
not = by no means. Greek. ou me. App-105.
thereof = of (Greek. ek. App-104.) it.
it be fulfilled = it may be fulfilled. Which it would have soon been, had the nation repented.
in. Greek. en. App-104.
the kingdom of God. See App-114.
cup. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of the Subject), App-6, for the wine in it.
of = from. Greek. apo. App-104.
the fruit = the produce: i.e. the wine (gennema, not karpos = fruit).
shall come = may have come.
And He, &c. Compare Matthew 26:26-29. Mark 14:22-26. 1 Corinthians 11:23-25.
bread. A thin flat hard biscuit, which was broken, and not cut.
gave thanks. Greek. eucharisteo.
This is My body. See App-159.
is given = is being given.
for = on your behalf. Greek. huper. App-104.
in = for. Greek. eis. App-104.
in remembrance, &c. = for My memorial.
also the cup = the cup also. after. Greek. meta. App-104. new. Greek kaine. See Matthew 9:16, Matthew 9:17.
testament = covenant. Greek. diatheke. See notes on Hebrews 9:14-23. Blood has nothing to do with a "will" or "testament", but it has with a covenant. for. Greek. eis. App-104.
betrayeth Me = is delivering Me up. The first warning.
on. Greek. epi. App-104. 1.
the Son of man. See App-98.
as = according as. Greek kata. App-104.
was determined = has been determined. See Acts 2:23; Acts 3:18; Acts 4:27, Acts 4:28. Greek. dia. App-104. Luke 22:1.
among. Greek. pros. App-104.
should do = was about to do.
there was = there happened.
also a strife = a strife also.
a strife = a love of dispute. Greek philoneikia. Occurs only here.
among. Greek. en. App-104.
greatest = greater.
Gentiles = nations.
exercise lordship = lord it. Greek. kurieuo.
exercise authority. Greek. exousiaco. Compare App-172.
benefactors. See note on Matthew 20:26.
not. Greek. ou. App-106.
is chief = the leader. serve. See note on "minister" (Matthew 20:26). Compare Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:7.
sitteth = reclineth,
among = in the midst of.
temptations = trials.
appoint = assign.
as = even as. Father. App-98.
at. Gr epi. App-104.
the Lord. See App-98. B.C.
Simon, Simon. The sixth example of this Figure of speech Epizeuxis (App-6). See note on the first (Genesis 22:11).
Satan. See note on Matthew 4:10.
hath desired = hath demanded. Greek. exciteo. Occurs only here in N.T. It means to obtain by asking. you. Plural.
sift. Greek. siniazo = to sift (as wheat), to get rid of the corn. Occurs only here. The Lord "winnows "to get rid of the chaff. Compare Matthew 3:12. Pet. Luke 5:8, Luke 5:9.
prayed. Greek. deomai. App-134. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 22:40, Luke 22:4, Luke 22:44, Luke 40:46.
for = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.
thee. Simon. thy faith. Not Simon himself.
not. Greek. me. App-105.
when thou, &c. - thou, when thou hast once turned again.
strengthen = establish. Compare 1 Peter 5:10.
Lord. App-98. A.
to = into. Greek. eis, as "into" prison. App-104.
Peter. The Lord addressed him as such, only here, and Matthew 16:18, to remind him of his weakness. See App-147. He mentions him in Mark 16:7.
the cock = a cock. See App-160.
crow. See App-173, and note on Matthew 26:34. this day-to-day. Greek. semeron.
knowest. Greek. oida. App-132.
When I sent, &c. See on Luke 9:2, Luke 9:3.
and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6).
scrip. See note on Matthew 10:10.
is written = standeth written. See Isaiah 53:12,
among = with. Greek. meta. App-104.
concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.
But now, &c. Showing that precepts given when the kingdom was being proclaimed, no longer held good when it had been rejected.
no sword = not [money]. Greek. me. App-105.
one = a sword.
as He was wont = according to (Greek. kata. App-104.) [His] custom.
Pray. Greek. proseuchomai. App-134. Not the same word as in Luke 22:32.
he = He Himself.
was withdrawn= was parted. Greek apospao. Only here; Matthew 26:51. Acts 20:30; Acts 21:1.
from. Greek. apo. App-104.
if, &c. See App-118.
Thou be willing. -it be Thine intention. Compare App-102.
will = desire. Greek. thelema. Compare App-102. Verses Luke 43:44 are omitted or marked as doubtful by most texts, but the Syriac includes them. See App-94. note.
appeared. App-106. an
angel. As after the Temptation (Matthew 4:11).
heaven. Singular, without the Art. See Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.
strengthening. Greek. enischuo. Occurs only here, and Acts 9:19.
being = becoming. Implying in creasing intensity,
an agony. Greek. agenia. Occurs only here. more earnestly. Only here.
was = became.
to = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.
ground = earth. Greek. ge. App-129.
to. Greek. pros. App-104.
for = from. Greek. apo. App-104. Verses 47-53. Compare Matthew 26:47-56. Mark 14:43-52.
yet spake = was yet speaking.
multitude = crowd.
went = was going. Jesus. See App-98.
betrayest thou = deliverest thou up.
about = around. Greek. peri. App-104. saw. Greek. eidon. App-133.
would follow = was about to happen.
with. Greek en. App-104.
the servant. The well-known servant Malchus (John 18:10).
healed him. Added by Luke. See on Luke 6:17.
chief priests. The heads of the twenty-four courses.
temple. Greek. hieron. See note on Matthew 23:16.
to = against. Greek. epi. App-104.
against. Same as "to", above.
a thief = a brigand, or robber. See note on Luke 27:38, and App-164.
no = not. App-105.
your hour, &c. = your hour [and the hour of] the authority (App-172) of darkness. See Ephesians 6:12. Colossians 1:13; and compare Hebrews 2:14.
took = seized. Verses Luke 22:54-60. Compare Luke 26:57-75. Mark 14:53-72.
followed = was following.
kindled = lighted. Greek. hapto. Only in Luke 8:16; Luke 11:33; Luke 15:8.
hall = court.
a certain maid See App-160.
beheld = saw, as in Luke 22:49
by = at. Greek. pros. App-104.
fire = light App-130.
earnestly looked. App-133.
This man was also = This one also was
another = different one. Greek. heteros. App-124.
thou art also = thou also art.
another = a certain other (Greek. altos. App-124.) See App-160.
Of = Upon. Greek. epi. App-104.
immediately = on the spot. Greek. parachrema. See Luke 1:64.
yet spake = was yet speaking. App-160
and looked. He was bound; and to speak aloud was out of the question, looked upon Greek. emblepo. App-133.
word. Greek. logos. See note on Mark 9:32.
out = outside.
the men. Greek. p1. of aner. App-123. Not thesame word as in Luke 22:10.
mocked = were mocking. Greek. empaizo. Compare Luke 18:32.
and smote = smiting.
blindfolded = covered. Greek. perikalupto. Only here; Mark 14:65. Hebrews 9:4.
the face. Still covered.
asked = kept asking. App-134.
other = different. App-124.
spake = said.
against = to. Greek. eis. App-104.
was = became.
the elders = the assembly of the elders, as in Acts 22:5.
and, &c. Read "both chief priests and scribes". There are no Articles.
council. Greek. sunhedrion.
Art thou = lf thou art, &c. The condition assumed. See App-118.
the Christ = the Messiah. App-98.
If I tell you. Implying "which I do not". App-118.
I also ask you = I ask [you] also.
Hereafter = From (Greek. apo. App-104.) henceforth, as in Luke 1:48; Luke 5:10. John 1:51.
sit = be seated.
on = at. Greek ek. App-104.
power. Greek. dunamis. App-172.
the Son of God. App-98.
ye say, &c. A Hebraism, denoting a strong affirmation.
What need, &c. = Why have we still need of testimony?
have heard = heard.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 22". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Third Week after Epiphany