Title. For the sons of Korah. The second of eleven so ascribed. See note on Title, Psalm 42, App-63. Maschil = Instruction. The third of thirteen Psalms so named. See note on Psalm 32, Title, and App-65. See note on Psalm 42, Title.
We have heard. Refers to the exodus. No time in reigns of David or Solomon to suit this Psalm. Temple-worship carried on. People in the land. Israel gone astray. Judah had turned away, but had returned (Psalms 44:17-18). The Psalm suits Hezekiah only. Sennacherib and Rab-shakeh referred to in Psalms 44:16. See the cylinder of Sennacherib (App-67.)
God. Hebrew Elohim. App-4.
told us = rehearsed. Compare Exodus 12:26; Exodus 13:14; Joshua 4:6-7.
heathen = nations: i.e. the Canaanites.
them: thy People Israel.
people = peoples: i.e. the Canaanites.
cast them out = spread them about (as a vine, Isa 5); "them" referring to Israel in both clauses.
But = For; giving the reason. See Structure above. Hebrew. ki, "for".
a favour. Compare Deuteronomy 4:37; Deuteronomy 7:7-8.
Thou = Thou Thyself.
art my King = art He my King.
deliverances. Plural of majesty = a great deliverance.
enemies = adversaries.
Thy name. See note on Psalms 20:1.
trust = confide. Hebrew. batah. App-69.
bow . . . sword. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), for military science. Compare 2 Kings 19:32.
But = For, as in Psalms 44:3.
hast saved = didst save. Referring to verses: Psalms 44:1-4.
hast put = didst put. Referring to verses: Psalms 44:1-4.
boast = have boasted.
Selah. Connecting the wondrous past with the distressing present, introducing the reason which called forth the Psalm itself, and marking the important break determining the Structure. See App-66.
But = But now. Hebrew. "aph (not ki, as in Psalms 44:3 and Psalms 44:7). Very emphatic, marking great contrast, as in Psalms 68:16 ("Yea"). Some codices, with Aramaean, read "Howbeit".
cast off (as with contempt). Compare Psalms 43:2. Some codices, with Syriac, read "cast us off".
spoil for themselves = have plundered at their will; first occurrence Judges 2:14. See Sennacherib"s boast on his cylinder. App-67. Some codices, with Aram, and Syriac, read "plundered us", &c.
sheep appointed for meat. Hebrew sheep of devouring. Genitive of Relation (App-17). Compare Romans 8:36.
scattered us. Israel had already been removed. Sennacherib says he had taken away 200,150 (App-67).
a reproach. Compare Rab-shakeh"s harangue (2 Kings 18:27-35) with verses: Psalms 44:13, Psalms 44:14. See App-67.
avenger = him that taketh vengeance. Compare Psalms 8:2. Here = Sennacherib.
steps = goings. Plural in many codices, with one early printed edition, Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate; but some codices, with nine early printed editions, read singular.
place of dragons = place of jackals. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for a desert place.
name. See note on Psalms 20:1.
GOD. Hebrew El. Quoted in App-4.
Yea = Surely. Quoted in Romans 8:36.
LORD *. Primitive text read "Jehovah". Altered by the Sopherim to "Adonai". See App-32. Some codices, with two early printed editions, read "Jehovah".
our soul is = we ourselves are. Hebrew. nephesh.
Arise. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia.
redeem = deliver. Hebrew. padah, See notes on Exodus 6:6; Exodus 13:13.
mercies" = mercy"s, or lovingkindness.
To the chief Musician. See App-64. Written by Hezekiah for his special circumstances; but on account of verses: Psalms 44:1-8 was handed over for general use at the Feast of the Passover. See note below.
upon = relating to, or concerning.
Shoshannim = Lilies. Put by Figure of speech Metalepsis for "Spring", and "Spring" put for the great spring festival, the Passover. See App-65.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 44". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
Second Sunday after Epiphany