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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 44

Introduction

1The church, in memory of former favours,
7complains of her present evils.
17Professing her integrity,
24she fervently prays for succour.

Verse 1

We have heard with our ears, O God, our fathers have told us, what work thou didst in their days, in the times of old.
A. M. 3294. B.C. 710. (Title.) for the sons
42:1; *title
have heard
22:31; 71:18; 78:3-6; 105:1,2; Exodus 12:24-27; 13:14,15; Isaiah 38:19; Joel 1:3
in the times
Numbers 21:14-16,27-30; Job 8:8,9; 15:17-19
Reciprocal: Exodus 10:2 - And that; Exodus 13:8 - General; Exodus 18:1 - heard; Numbers 14:42 - General; Numbers 23:23 - according; Numbers 26:11 - General; Numbers 32:22 - land; Deuteronomy 4:32 - ask now; Deuteronomy 32:7 - Remember; Joshua 4:6 - when your; Joshua 23:3 - And ye; Judges 6:13 - our fathers; 1 Samuel 12:8 - made them; 1 Chronicles 6:37 - Korah; 1 Chronicles 9:19 - Korah; 1 Chronicles 17:20 - according; 1 Chronicles 22:18 - before the Lord; 1 Chronicles 26:1 - Korhites; 2 Chronicles 20:19 - Korhites; Psalm 22:4 - General; Psalm 42:1 - the sons; Psalm 48:8 - As we; Psalm 90:16 - Let; Psalm 135:12 - gave their; Psalm 145:4 - generation; Isaiah 5:2 - fenced it; Isaiah 51:9 - as in; Jeremiah 21:2 - according; Habakkuk 3:12 - didst march

Verse 2

How thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and plantedst them; how thou didst afflict the people, and cast them out.
drive out
78:55; 80:8; 105:44; 135:10-12; 136:17-22; Exodus 15:17,19; 34:11; Deuteronomy 7:1; Joshua 10:42; 11:23; 21:43; Nehemiah 9:22-27
how thou didst afflict, etc
Or, rather, "how thou didst afflict the peoples (of Canaan,) and madest them (the Hebrews) to shoot forth;" for shalach is to send forth in any manner, and is applied to a vine spreading its roots, etc. Ps 89:9; Eze 17:6; Jer 17:8; and this sense is parallel with plantedst in the former line.
Exodus 23:28; Numbers 13:32; Joshua 10:11; 24:12; 1 Samuel 5:6,7
Reciprocal: Numbers 14:42 - General; Deuteronomy 4:38 - drive; Deuteronomy 31:3 - thy God; Joshua 3:10 - drive out from; Joshua 23:3 - And ye; Judges 6:9 - drave them; Judges 11:24 - whomsoever; 1 Samuel 30:23 - who hath; 2 Samuel 23:12 - the Lord; 1 Chronicles 17:9 - plant; 1 Chronicles 17:21 - by driving; 2 Chronicles 20:7 - drive out; Nehemiah 9:24 - thou subduedst; Psalm 10:16 - heathen; Psalm 48:8 - As we; Psalm 94:10 - chastiseth; Psalm 111:6 - that he; Psalm 136:21 - General; Psalm 145:4 - generation; Jeremiah 2:21 - Yet I; Jeremiah 11:17 - that; Jeremiah 32:23 - possessed; Jeremiah 46:15 - the Lord; Acts 7:45 - whom; Hebrews 11:33 - through

Verse 3

For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them.
For
Deuteronomy 4:37,38; 8:17,18; Joshua 24:12; Zechariah 4:6; 2 Corinthians 4:7
thy right
17:7; 20:6; 74:11; Exodus 15:16; Isaiah 63:12
light
42:5,11; 80:16
because
Numbers 14:8; Deuteronomy 7:7,8; 1 Samuel 12:22; Malachi 1:2,3; Romans 9:10-15
Reciprocal: Genesis 14:20 - which; Exodus 15:6 - right hand; Numbers 21:1 - then; Deuteronomy 2:36 - not; Deuteronomy 3:22 - for the Lord; Deuteronomy 7:1 - the Lord; Deuteronomy 31:3 - thy God; Joshua 3:10 - drive out from; Joshua 8:1 - I have; Joshua 10:10 - the Lord; Joshua 10:42 - because; Joshua 14:12 - if so be; Joshua 21:43 - General; Joshua 23:3 - for the; Judges 3:15 - lefthanded; Judges 6:9 - drave them; Judges 8:3 - God; 1 Samuel 25:26 - avenging thyself; 1 Chronicles 14:11 - God; 1 Chronicles 17:21 - by driving; Nehemiah 9:24 - thou subduedst; Job 40:14 - that; Psalm 4:6 - lift; Psalm 10:16 - heathen; Psalm 30:7 - by thy; Psalm 33:16 - no king; Psalm 78:54 - his right; Psalm 80:19 - cause; Psalm 89:15 - in the light; Psalm 105:44 - gave; Psalm 118:15 - the right; Psalm 135:10 - smote; Psalm 136:21 - General; Psalm 138:7 - and thy right; Psalm 144:1 - teacheth; Isaiah 63:5 - mine own; Jeremiah 32:23 - possessed; Hosea 1:7 - by bow; John 12:38 - the arm

Verse 4

Thou art my King, O God: command deliverances for Jacob.
my king
74:12; 89:18; 149:2; Isaiah 33:22
command
42:8; Mark 1:25,26,31,41; 9:25
Reciprocal: Genesis 45:7 - to preserve you a posterity; Numbers 21:1 - then; Deuteronomy 28:8 - command; Joshua 23:10 - Lord; 1 Samuel 11:13 - the Lord; 2 Samuel 7:10 - plant them; Psalm 5:2 - my King; Psalm 20:9 - let; Psalm 43:5 - health; Psalm 68:28 - commanded; Psalm 71:3 - thou hast; Psalm 83:13 - O my; Psalm 105:19 - his word; Psalm 144:1 - teacheth; Psalm 145:1 - my God; Song of Solomon 5:14 - hands; Hosea 13:10 - I will be thy king

Verse 5

Through thee will we push down our enemies: through thy name will we tread them under that rise up against us.
Through thee
18:39-42; 118:10-13; Isaiah 41:14-16; Philippians 4:13
push
Deuteronomy 33:17; 1 Kings 22:11; Daniel 8:4
tread
60:12; 91:13; 108:13; Zechariah 10:5; Romans 16:20; *marg:
Reciprocal: Joshua 23:10 - Lord; Judges 5:21 - O my soul; 2 Samuel 22:40 - them; Psalm 7:5 - tread; Psalm 60:10 - Wilt; Psalm 138:7 - and thy right; 2 Corinthians 1:9 - that

Verse 6

For I will not trust in my bow, neither shall my sword save me.
20:7; 33:16,17; Hosea 1:7
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:23 - the Lord; 1 Samuel 17:45 - Thou comest; 1 Samuel 17:47 - saveth not; 2 Kings 6:22 - thy sword; Job 40:14 - that; Psalm 18:29 - by thee

Verse 7

But thou hast saved us from our enemies, and hast put them to shame that hated us.
But
140:7; 144:10; Joshua 1:5; 10:8-10,42; 11:6; 23:9,10; Judges 2:18; 7:4-7; 1 Samuel 7:8-12; 14:6-10; 17:47; 2 Samuel 7:10
put them
40:14; 83:1-18; 132:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:24 - were made; Psalm 18:29 - by thee; Psalm 33:16 - no king

Verse 8

In God we boast all the day long, and praise thy name for ever. Selah.
In God
34:2; Isaiah 45:25; Jeremiah 9:24; Romans 2:17; 1 Corinthians 1:29-31
praise
115:1-18
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 16:35 - glory; Job 29:5 - the Almighty; Psalm 89:16 - name

Verse 9

But thou hast cast off, and put us to shame; and goest not forth with our armies.
43:2; 60:1,10; 74:1; 80:12,13; 88:14; 89:38-45; 108:11; Jeremiah 33:24-26; Lamentations 3:31; 3:32; Romans 11:1-6
Reciprocal: Judges 2:14 - could not; 1 Samuel 4:2 - Israel; Job 19:6 - God; Job 29:5 - the Almighty; Psalm 44:23 - cast; Lamentations 1:6 - her princes; Lamentations 5:22 - But thou hast utterly rejected us

Verse 10

Thou makest us to turn back from the enemy: and they which hate us spoil for themselves.
Thou
Leviticus 26:14,17,36,37; Deuteronomy 28:25; Joshua 7:8,12; 1 Samuel 4:17; 31:1-7
spoil
89:41; Isaiah 10:6,14; Jeremiah 15:13; 20:8
Reciprocal: Judges 2:14 - could not; 1 Samuel 4:2 - Israel; 1 Kings 8:33 - smitten down; 2 Chronicles 6:24 - put to the worse; Psalm 21:12 - Therefore; Joel 2:17 - and give

Verse 11

Thou hast given us like sheep appointed for meat; and hast scattered us among the heathen.
given
Jeremiah 12:3; Romans 8:36
like sheep appointed for meat
Heb. as sheep of meat.
14:4
scattered
60:1; Deuteronomy 4:27; 28:64; 2 Kings 17:6; Isaiah 11:11,12; Jeremiah 32:37; Ezekiel 34:12; Luke 21:24
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:33 - General; 2 Samuel 24:17 - these sheep; 1 Chronicles 21:17 - these sheep; Nehemiah 1:3 - in great; Psalm 44:22 - killed; Psalm 49:14 - Like; Psalm 59:11 - scatter; Psalm 106:27 - to scatter; Jeremiah 29:18 - will deliver; Ezekiel 5:10 - the whole; Ezekiel 11:16 - Thus saith; Acts 8:32 - as a; 1 Peter 1:1 - scattered

Verse 12

Thou sellest thy people for nought, and dost not increase thy wealth by their price.
sellest
Deuteronomy 32:30; Isaiah 50:1; 52:3,4; Jeremiah 15:13
for nought
Heb. without riches. increase.
Nehemiah 5:8-12; Revelation 18:13
Reciprocal: Judges 2:14 - sold them; Judges 5:19 - they took; Judges 10:7 - he sold; Isaiah 52:5 - people; Acts 8:32 - as a

Verse 13

Thou makest us a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and a derision to them that are round about us.
makest
79:4; 80:6; 89:51; Jeremiah 24:9; Ezekiel 36:19-23
scorn
123:3,4; Jeremiah 48:27
Reciprocal: Genesis 21:9 - mocking; Deuteronomy 28:37 - become; 1 Samuel 17:26 - reproach; Nehemiah 2:17 - a reproach; Nehemiah 2:19 - they; Nehemiah 4:1 - mocked; Psalm 39:8 - make; Psalm 69:11 - I became; Psalm 89:50 - General; Jeremiah 30:17 - they; Jeremiah 33:24 - thus; Jeremiah 51:51 - shame; Lamentations 3:14 - General; Lamentations 3:46 - have; Lamentations 5:1 - behold; Ezekiel 14:8 - a sign; Ezekiel 22:4 - have I; Ezekiel 36:3 - and ye; Micah 6:16 - therefore; Zechariah 8:13 - a curse

Verse 14

Thou makest us a byword among the heathen, a shaking of the head among the people.
by-word
Deuteronomy 28:37; 1 Kings 9:7; 2 Chronicles 7:20; Jeremiah 24:9
shaking
22:7; 2 Kings 19:21; Job 16:4; Isaiah 37:22; Lamentations 2:15-17
Reciprocal: Genesis 21:9 - mocking; Nehemiah 2:19 - they; Nehemiah 4:1 - mocked; Job 17:6 - a byword; Job 30:9 - am I; Psalm 13:2 - exalted; Psalm 69:11 - I became; Psalm 79:4 - become; Psalm 80:6 - our enemies; Jeremiah 18:16 - shall be; Jeremiah 33:24 - thus; Lamentations 3:46 - have; Ezekiel 14:8 - a sign; Ezekiel 22:4 - have I; Ezekiel 36:3 - and ye; Joel 2:17 - rule over them; Zechariah 8:13 - a curse

Verse 15

My confusion is continually before me, and the shame of my face hath covered me,
confusion
Joshua 7:7-9; Ezra 9:6; Jeremiah 3:25
covered
69:7; 71:13; 89:45; Jeremiah 51:51
Reciprocal: Lamentations 2:15 - wag; Daniel 9:7 - unto us

Verse 16

For the voice of him that reproacheth and blasphemeth; by reason of the enemy and avenger.
For the
74:18,22,23; 79:12; Isaiah 37:3,4,17,23,24
enemy
8:2
Reciprocal: Isaiah 52:5 - my name; Zechariah 8:13 - a curse

Verse 17

All this is come upon us; yet have we not forgotten thee, neither have we dealt falsely in thy covenant.
All this
Daniel 9:13
yet
20; 9:17; Deuteronomy 6:12; 8:14; Isaiah 17:10; Jeremiah 2:32
dealt
Jeremiah 31:32; Ezekiel 16:59; 20:37
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 16:15 - ye mindful; Job 16:17 - Not for; Psalm 17:3 - shalt; Psalm 78:37 - stedfast; Psalm 119:157 - yet do I; Isaiah 26:8 - in; 2 Corinthians 1:12 - our rejoicing

Verse 18

Our heart is not turned back, neither have our steps declined from thy way;
heart
78:57; 125:5; 1 Kings 15:5; Job 34:27; Jeremiah 11:10; Zephaniah 1:6; Luke 17:32
have
119:51,157; Job 23:11,12; 1 Corinthians 15:58; 1 Thessalonians 2:10
steps
or, goings.
Reciprocal: Psalm 37:31 - steps; Psalm 78:37 - stedfast; Proverbs 4:5 - neither; Isaiah 26:8 - in; Hebrews 10:39 - we are

Verse 19

Though thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death.
Though
38:8; 60:1-3; Jeremiah 14:17
in the
74:13,14; Isaiah 27:1; 34:13,14; 35:7; Ezekiel 29:3; Revelation 12:9; 13:2,11-13; Revelation 16:10
with the
23:4; Job 3:5; 10:21,22; Matthew 4:16
Reciprocal: Job 16:12 - broken me; Jeremiah 13:16 - the shadow; Lamentations 3:43 - covered; Luke 1:79 - and

Verse 20

If we have forgotten the name of our God, or stretched out our hands to a strange god;
If we
17; 7:3-5; Job 31:5-40
stretched
68:31; Exodus 9:29; 1 Kings 8:22; Job 11:13
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 27:15 - and putteth; Deuteronomy 32:18 - forgotten; Job 13:23 - many; Job 20:27 - heaven; Job 31:7 - If my; Psalm 9:17 - forget; Psalm 69:5 - and my sins; Psalm 88:9 - stretched; Psalm 119:168 - for all my; Psalm 143:6 - stretch forth; 2 Corinthians 6:14 - for; 1 John 3:20 - and

Verse 21

Shall not God search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart.
Shall
139:1-24; Job 31:4,14; 34:21,22; Jeremiah 17:10; 23:24
knoweth
Joshua 22:22,23; Ecclesiastes 12:14; Romans 2:16; 1 Corinthians 4:5; Hebrews 4:12,13; Revelation 2:23
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:15 - Nay; Deuteronomy 27:15 - and putteth; 1 Samuel 2:3 - a God; 2 Samuel 11:8 - go down; Job 10:6 - General; Job 12:22 - discovereth; Job 13:9 - search; Job 13:23 - many; Job 20:27 - heaven; Job 31:5 - walked; Job 31:7 - If my; Job 42:2 - no; Psalm 7:9 - for; Psalm 11:4 - his eyes; Psalm 33:15 - considereth; Psalm 69:5 - and my sins; Psalm 73:11 - is there; Psalm 94:9 - hear; Psalm 119:168 - for all my; Proverbs 15:11 - the hearts; Proverbs 24:12 - doth not he that; Jeremiah 12:3 - knowest; Matthew 6:4 - seeth; Matthew 9:4 - knowing; Luke 6:8 - But; Acts 1:24 - Lord; Acts 15:8 - which; Romans 8:27 - And he; 2 Corinthians 6:14 - for; 2 Corinthians 11:11 - God; 1 Thessalonians 2:4 - but God; 1 John 3:20 - and

Verse 22

Yea, for thy sake are we killed all the day long; we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.
Yea
Romans 8:36
killed
11; 79:2,3; 1 Samuel 22:17-19; 1 Kings 19:10; Matthew 5:10-12; John 15:21; John 16:2,3; 1 Corinthians 4:9; 15:30,31; Revelation 11:3-9; 17:6
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 22:22 - I have occasioned; Esther 7:4 - to be destroyed; Job 9:23 - he will; Psalm 69:7 - Because; Psalm 94:5 - break; Psalm 141:7 - bones; Jeremiah 12:3 - the day; Jeremiah 51:40 - General; Matthew 5:11 - for; Matthew 8:25 - and awoke; 2 Corinthians 4:11 - are alway

Verse 23

Awake, why sleepest thou, O Lord? arise, cast us not off for ever.
Awake
7:6; 12:5; 35:23; 59:4,5; 78:65; Isaiah 51:9; Mark 4:38
cast
9; 74:1; 88:14
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 18:27 - must be awaked; Esther 7:4 - to be destroyed; Job 8:6 - he would; Psalm 3:7 - Arise; Psalm 9:19 - Arise; Psalm 17:13 - Arise; Psalm 42:9 - Why hast; Psalm 74:3 - Lift; Psalm 74:11 - pluck it out; Psalm 80:2 - stir up; Psalm 83:1 - Keep; Jeremiah 14:9 - cannot; Daniel 9:19 - defer; Matthew 8:25 - and awoke; Luke 8:23 - he fell

Verse 24

Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and forgettest our affliction and our oppression?
Wherefore
10:1,11; 13:1; 43:1-4; Deuteronomy 32:20; Job 13:24
forgettest
74:19,23; Exodus 2:23,24; Isaiah 40:27,28; Revelation 6:9,10
Reciprocal: Psalm 27:9 - Hide; Psalm 42:9 - Why hast; Psalm 69:17 - hide; Psalm 88:14 - hidest; Psalm 142:6 - for I am; Isaiah 45:15 - a God; Lamentations 5:20 - dost; Amos 7:2 - for; Mark 4:38 - and they

Verse 25

For our soul is bowed down to the dust: our belly cleaveth unto the earth.
66:11,12; 119:25; Isaiah 51:23; Lamentations 4:5
Reciprocal: Psalm 31:9 - my soul; Isaiah 29:4 - thou shalt

Verse 26

Arise for our help, and redeem us for thy mercies' sake.
for our help
Heb. a help for us. redeem.
26:11; 130:7,8 Reciprocal: Psalm 7:6 - Arise; Psalm 9:19 - Arise; Psalm 17:13 - Arise; Psalm 68:1 - God arise; Psalm 74:3 - Lift; Psalm 82:8 - Arise; Psalm 102:13 - Thou

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 44". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-44.html.