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1:2 saints, (a-17) Saints by [divine] calling.
16:1 directed (g-10) It means ordering troops, so as to set them in array; and in general, thence, any order directing any plan to be followed.
16:3 letters (a-15) It may be read 'whomsoever ye shall approve by letters, I will send them to carry,' &c.
16:7 will (b-3) Not exactly 'purpose;' but 'it is not my desire or intention.'
16:12 much (c-9) It may mean 'often,' but the word is used for 'much' in v. 19. will (d-26) Or 'but it was not, at any rate, his will.'
16:14 do (e-5) Lit. 'all your things.'
16:15 know (f-7) Oida . It refers to their inward acquaintance with their qualities, not objective knowledge. themselves (g-23) 'Devoted themselves,' c. In sum this is the sense but the force of the apostle's phrase is not wholly given. The Greek word means 'appointed to,' as an officer to a regiment. The family of Stephanas had appointed themselves to the saints for service -- given themselves up to serve them, or rather given themselves up to them. 'The saints' is governed by the verb, not by 'service.' The idea resulting from what I have given in the text is more what the apostle means.
16:22 love (h-4) Phileo . see John 5:20 . Maranatha. (i-14) Meaning, 'Accursed -- the Lord cometh.'
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Darby, John. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 16". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 13 / Ordinary 18