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Collection [λογιας] . Peculiar to the New Testament, and occurring only here and ver. 2. The classical word is sullogh, Vulg., collecta, which latter is also used of the assemblies in which the collections took place. From legw to collect. For such material ministries Paul uses a variety of words; as cariv bounty, ver. 3; koinwnia contribution, Romans 14:26; eujlogia. blessing, 2 Corinthians 9:5; leitoupgia ministration, 2 Corinthians 9:12; ejlehmosunai alms, Acts 24:17. The word eranov was used by the Greeks to denote a feast of contribution or picnic; a club for mutual relief, and a contribution, made as a club - subscription, or for the support of the poor.
The saints. At Jerusalem. Evidently the community of property (Acts 2:44) had been abandoned; and Augustine supposes that the poverty of the Jerusalem Christians was due to that practice. See note on Romans 14:26. The precise causes of the destitution in that church can be only conjectured.
Upon the first day of the week [κατα μιαν σαββατου] . Kata has a distributive force, every first day. For week, lit., Sabbath, see on Acts 20:7.
Lay by him in store [παρ εαυτω τιθετω θησαυριζων] . Lit., put by himself treasuring. Put by at home. 137 As God hath prospered [ο τι αν ευοδωται] . Lit., whatsoever he may prosper in. See on Romans 1:10; 3 John 1:2; and on Acts 11:29 for the verb eujporew in the similar sense of making a prosperous journey.
No gatherings, etc. Rev., collections. The amount would be greater through systematic weekly saving than through collections made once for all on his arrival.
When I am come [οταν ελθω τοτε] . Lit., then whenever I may have come. The indefinite whenever and the emphatic then indicate his unwillingness to rely upon a special contribution called forth by his arrival at any uncertain time. Christian beneficence is to be the outcome of a settled principle, not of an occasional impulse.
Approve by your letters. So A. V. and Rev. Others, however, connect by letters with will I send, making the letters to be Paul 's introduction to the church at Jerusalem. The latter is preferable. The givers are to choose the bearers of the collection; Paul, as the originator and apostolic steward of the collection, will send the money.
Meet for me to go [αξιον του καμε πορευεσθαι] . Lit., if it be worthy of my going, i e., if the gift be sufficiently large to warrant an apostolic journey to Jerusalem. This is better than if it be becoming.
Great and effectual door. Door metaphorically for opportunity : great as to its extent; effectual as to the result. The figure of an effectual door, as it stands, is of course clumsy, but the idea as a whole is clear : a great opportunity for effective work.
Achaia. In a restricted sense, the northwest of Peloponnesus; but often used by the poets for the whole of Greece. Under the Romans Greece was divided into two provinces, Macedonia and Achaia; the former including Macedonia proper, with Illyricum, Epirus, and Thessaly, and the latter all that lay south of these. In this latter acceptation the word is uniformly employed in the New Testament.
That which was lacking on your part [το υμετερο υστερημα] . Or the (i. e. my) lack of you. The Greek will bear either rendering. Compare Philippians 2:30; 2 Corinthians 8:14; 2 Corinthians 9:12. The latter is preferable. Edwards, somewhat naively says : "I do not see what could be lacking on the part of the Corinthians which Stephanas and his two friends could supply at Ephesus."
Asia. See on Acts 2:9.
Aquila and Prisca. See on Romans 16:3.
Maran - atha. Not to be joined with anathema as one phrase. Rev., properly, a period after anathema. Maranatha means the Lord cometh. 138 It was a reminder of the second coming. The reason for the use of the Aramaic phrase is unknown. It is found in "The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles," ch. 10, at the conclusion of the post - communion prayer. Compare Revelation 22:20.
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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 16". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25