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1:1 Christ (a-5) Or 'Christ Jesus,' according to some authorities.
4:1 by (c-17) That is 'I testify or charge thee before God, and by the appearing.' 'By' may be taken as 'according to,' that is, the judgment is according to the power and glory of his appearing and his kingdom. Some authorities read 'at.'
4:2 convict, (d-12) Or 'reprove.' See 1 Timothy 5:20 .
4:4 turned (e-14) Or 'will be turned aside,' or 'have turned themselves aside.' Compare 1 Timothy 1:6 ; 1 Timothy 5:15 . Here their being already turned aside leads them to turn away their ear from the truth.
4:5 sober (f-4) This implies, not watching actively, nor being awake, but that sober clearness of mind resulting from exemption from false influences -- not muddled with the influence of what intoxicates. So we think of one when we say, He has a sober judgment.
4:6 out, (g-7) This is as Philippians 2:17 .
4:8 Henceforth (h-1) 'Henceforth,' with the sense of 'This being finished, there remains consequently.'
4:11 ministry. (i-20) Diakonia . see Note, 1 Corinthians 4:1 .
4:14 did (k-4) Compare Genesis 50:15 ,Genesis 50:17 . Lit. 'showed me,' but we do not say 'show evil' in English, though we say 'show kindness,' referring to acts, because they show what is in the heart.
4:22 your (a-7) Lit. 'thy spirit,' singular, but 'you' is plural.
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Darby, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 4". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34