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Bible Commentaries

Morgan's Exposition on the Whole Bible

2 Timothy 4

Verses 1-22

As the result of these charges, the apostle shows what Timothy's attitude must be toward those over whom he has oversight. There are four things which he must do. "Preach the Word," "reprove," "rebuke," "exhort." The qualities of the Word which are of value in building personal character are to be used in carrying out relative responsibility.

Then follow what are, in all probability, the last written words of Paul preserved to us. His position was that he was already "being offered." This was a reference to his consciousness that his life was drawing to a close. He referred to that coming experience as a "departure."

Looking back over the years of service, he had no lament, but triumphant thankfulness. Three phrases indicate his consciousness of that service, "I have fought," "I have finished," "I have kept." Looking to the future, he declared that a crown was laid up for him. He then referred to his associates. Demas had left him, having loved the present age. Crescens was away in Galatia, Titus in Dalmatia, both probably carrying out some mission. Luke was still by his side. Mark was absent, but Timothy was charged to bring him with him when he came. Tychicus was also absent in Ephesus. It is in some senses a sad picture, yet it glows with light. The final section is purely personal. Paul commissioned Timothy to bring a cloak, some books, and certain parchments.

It is impossible to read the close of this letter without seeing how remarkably the apostle had been brought into active fellowship with his Lord. His last words were of the nature of a prayer of desire, expressive of all he felt that Timothy would need in the midst of the difficulties and dangers of his position in Ephesus, "The Lord be with thy spirit." If this desire were fulfilled, the faithfulness of Timothy would be assured.

The closing sentence, "Grace be with you," is such as would be expected from Paul. The one theme of all his preaching and teaching had been grace. The way of grace is the way of the Lord's fellowship; it is by grace that the Master abides with the spirit of His servant.

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Bibliographical Information
Morgan, G. Campbell. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 4". "Morgan's Exposition on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/gcm/2-timothy-4.html. 1857-84.