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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Matthew 10

Introduction

1:11 away (a-14) In those days conquerors transported conquered nations to distant seats, and replaced them by others, that national feeling might not subsist, but dependence be complete. 'Carrying away' is feeble for this, but I know no other word.

Verse 1

10:1 power (d-12) Or 'authority.' exousia not dunamis . More than authority, but not simply dunamis ; it is more than dunamis , as it includes the right to exercise this. Hence 'power' is nearer to it in English. dunamis is the ability to do a thing. Cf. Luke 4:36 .

Verse 4

10:4 Cananaean, (e-3) Very probably the Hebrew word for the Greek term Zelotes , 'Zealot.' see Luke 6:15 .

Verse 5

10:5 [the] (f-16) [the] (f-19) Absence of the article in the original gives the force of 'any.'

Verse 12

10:12 into (a-5) Lit. 'the.' it hardly alludes to the house in ver. 11, for ver. 13 seems to preclude this. It is going into the house, in contrast with the street.

Verse 17

10:17 sanhedrims, (b-12) Local Jewish tribunals.

Verse 21

10:21 death; (c-24) Or 'bring about their death.' See Note at Mark 13:12 .

Verse 24

10:24 the (d-1) the (d-9) There is no article in the original, but 'disciple' and 'bondman' come after the verb and are characteristic.

Verse 25

10:25 called (e-23) The word suggests the giving of a surname or nickname.

Verse 27

10:27 houses. (f-22) i.e. upon the terraced roofs.

Verse 28

10:28 of (g-5) Here, and in the parallel passage, Luke 12:4 , we have apo , 'from.' It is not so used elsewhere that I know of in the New Testament. Here it may have the force of 'shrinking from through fear.' hell. (h-30) Gehenna .

Verse 29

10:29 farthing? (i-8) Lit. assarion . the value of an assarion is not exactly known. it was very small.

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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on Matthew 10". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/dsn/matthew-10.html. 1857-67.