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(1) Christ shows against the superstitious, who dwell on every trifling matter, that the law of the very sabbath was not given to be kept without exception: much less that the salvation of man should consist in the outward keeping of it.
(a) Epiphanius notes well in his treatise, where he refutes Ebion, that the time when the disciples plucked the ears of the corn was in the feast of unleavened bread. Now, in those feasts which were kept over a period of many days, as the feast of tabernacles and passover, their first day and the last were very solemn; see (Leviticus 23:1-44). Luke then fitly calls the last day the second sabbath, though Theophylact understands it to be any of the sabbaths that followed the first.
(2) Charity is the rule of all ceremonies.
(b) Whoever does not help his neighbour when he can, he kills him.
(3) In using earnest and long prayer in choosing twelve of his own company to the office of the apostleship, Christ shows how religiously we ought to behave ourselves in the choice of ecclesiastical persons.
(c) From all the sea coast, which is called Syrophoenecia.
(4) Christ teaches against all philosophers, and especially the Epicureans, that the greatest happiness of man is laid up in no place here on earth, but in heaven, and that persecution for righteousness' sake is the right way to achieve it.
(d) Cast you out of their synagogues, as John expounds in (John 16:2), which is the severest punishment the Church has, if the elders judge rightfully, and by the word of God.
(e) Leap for exceeding joy, as cattle do who are spurred on by food.
(f) That is, you reap now of your riches all the convenience and blessing you are ever likely to have, and therefore you have no other reward to look for; (Matthew 6:2).
(5) Christian charity, which is very different from worldly charity, not only does not revenge injuries, but is even extended to our most grievous enemies, and that for our Father's sake who is in heaven: in well doing it is not at all seeking its own.
(g) What is there in this your work that is to be accounted of? For if you look to have reward by loving, seek those rewards which are indeed rewards: love your enemies, and so will you show to the world that you look for those rewards which come from God.
(h) When you will lend, do it only to benefit and please with it, and not with the hope of receiving the principal again.
(6) Brotherly judgments must not proceed from curiosity nor rudeness nor malice, but they must be just, moderate and loving.
(i) He does not speak here of civil judgments, and therefore by the word "forgive" is meant that good nature which the Christians use in patiently suffering and pardoning wrongs.
(k) These are borrowed types of sayings, taken from those who used to measure dry things, as corn and such things, who do it in a rather forceful manner, and thrust it down and shake it together, and press it and put it into a pile.
(7) Unskillful reprehenders hurt both themselves and others: for as the teacher is, so is the student.
(8) Hypocrites who are very severe reprehenders of others are very quick to spitefully spot other men's faults, but very blind to see their own.
(9) Skill in reprehending others does not make a good man, but rather he that proves his uprightness both in word and deed.
(10) Affliction at length discerns true godliness from false and feigned godliness.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 6". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/