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Bible Commentaries
Romans 11

Scofield's Reference NotesScofield's Notes

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Verse 1


That Israel has not been forever set aside is the theme of this chapter.

(1) The salvation of Paul proves that there is still a remnant (Romans 11:1)

(2) The doctrine of the remnant proves it (Romans 11:2-6).

(3) The present national unbelief was foreseen (Romans 11:7-10).

(4) Israel's unbelief is the Gentile opportunity (Romans 11:11-25).

(5) Israel is judicially broken off from the good olive tree, Christ (Romans 11:17-22).

(6) They are to be grafted in again (Romans 11:23; Romans 11:24).

(7) The promised Deliverer will come out of Zion and the nation will be saved (Romans 11:25-29). That the Christian now inherits the distinctive Jewish promises is not taught in Scripture. The Christian is of the heavenly seed of Abraham ; Genesis 15:5; Genesis 15:6; Galatians 3:29 and partakes of the spiritual blessings of the Abrahamic Covenant.

(See Scofield "Galatians 3:29- :") but Israel as a nation always has it own place, and is yet to have its greatest exaltation as the earthly people of God. See "Israel" Genesis 12:2; Romans 11:26 "Kingdom" ; Genesis 1:26-28; Zechariah 12:8.

For Another Point of View: See Topic 301242

Verse 5


Remnant, Summary: In the history of Israel, a "remnant" may be discerned, a spiritual Israel within the national Israel. In Elijah's time 7,000 had not bowed the knee to Baal 1 Kings 19:18. In Isaiah's time it was the "very small remnant" for whose sake God still forbore to destroy the nation Isaiah 1:9. During the captivities the remnant appears in Jews like Ezekiel, Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, Esther, and Mordecai. At the end of the 70 years of Babylonian captivity it was the remnant which returned under Ezra and Nehemiah. At the advent of our Lord, John the Baptist, Simeon, Anna, and "them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem" Luke 2:38 were the remnant. During the church-age the remnant is composed of believing Jews Romans 11:4; Romans 11:5. But the chief interest in the remnant is prophetic. During the great tribulation a remnant out of all Israel will turn to Jesus as Messiah, and will become His witnesses after the removal of the church Revelation 7:3-8. Some of these will undergo martyrdom Revelation 6:9-11 some will be spared to enter the millennial kingdom Zechariah 12:6-9. Many of the Psalms express, prophetically, the joys and sorrows of the tribulation remnant.

remnant Remnant. See, Isaiah 1:9.

grace Grace (in salvation). vs. 2 Corinthians 8:9; Romans 3:24 See note, (See Scofield "Romans 3:24- :") .

Verse 8


Jehovah. Isaiah 29:10.

Verse 12


kosmos = mankind. (See Scofield " :-")

Verse 14


(See Scofield " :-") .

Verse 15

world kosmos = mankind.

(See Scofield " :-") .

Verse 23


See, Jeremiah 3:21-25; Jeremiah 50:4; Jeremiah 50:5; 2 Corinthians 3:16.

Verse 25


The "fullness of the Gentiles" is the completion of the purpose of God in this age, viz. the outcalling from among the Gentiles of a people for Christ's name, "the church which is His body" Ephesians 1:22; Ephesians 1:23 Cf ; Acts 15:14; Ephesians 4:11-13; 1 Corinthians 12:12; 1 Corinthians 12:13. It must be distinguished from "the times of the Gentiles" Luke 21:24.

mystery See note,

(See Scofield "Luke 21:24- :") .

Verse 26


Summary: Israel, so named from the grandson of Abraham, was chosen for a fourfold mission:

(1) To witness to the unity of God in the midst of universal idolatry Deuteronomy 6:4; Isaiah 43:10; Isaiah 43:12

(2) to illustrate to the nations the blessedness of serving the true God Deuteronomy 33:26-29; 1 Chronicles 17:20; 1 Chronicles 17:21; Psalms 144:15.

(3) to receive, preserve, and transmit the Scripture Deuteronomy 4:5-8; Romans 3:1; Romans 3:2.

(4) to produce, as to His humanity, the Messiah Genesis 3:15; Genesis 12:3; Genesis 22:18; Genesis 28:10-14; Genesis 49:10; 2 Samuel 7:12-16; Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 9:6; Matthew 1:1; Romans 1:3. According to the prophets, Israel, regathered from all nations, restored to her own land and converted, is yet to have her greatest earthly exaltation and glory. See "Kingdom (O.T.)" ; Genesis 1:26; Zechariah 12:8.

(See Scofield "Zechariah 12:8- :") N.T. Luke 1:31-33; 1 Corinthians 15:24.

"Davidic Covenant" (See Scofield "1 Corinthians 15:24- :") .

For Another Point of View: See Topic 301242

Verse 27


Sin. (See Scofield " :-")

Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Romans 11". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/srn/romans-11.html. 1917.
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