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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Romans 11

Verse 1

Hath = Did.

God . App-98 .

cast awa y = thrust aside. See Acts 7:27 .

people . See Romans 10:21 .

God forbid . See Romans 3:4 .

also = indeed.

Verse 2

not . App-105 .

foreknew . App-132 .

Wot = Know. App-132 .

of Elias = in (Greek. en) Elijah: i.e. in the section which gives Elijah's history. Compare Mark 12:26 . Luke 20:37 .

maketh intercession. See Romans 8:27 .

against . App-104 .

Verse 3

Lord . App-98 .

have . Omit.

digged down = overthrew. See Acts 15:16 .

left . Greek. hupoleipo. Only here.

Verse 4

answer of God = Divine response. Greek. chrematismoa. Only here. Compare Acts 11:26 .

unto = to.

men . App-123 . Quoted from 1 Kings 19:10-18 .

Verse 5

at . App-104 .

time . See Romans 3:26 .

remnant . Greek. leimma. Only here. Compare Romans 9:27 .

according to . App-104 .

election . See Romans 9:11 .

grace . See Romans 1:5 . App-184 .

Verse 6

if. App-118 .

no more = no longer. The texts omit last clause of the verse.

Verse 7

hath. Omit.

obtained . Greek. epitunchano. Only here, Hebrews 6:15 ; Hebrews 11:33 .James 4:2 .

rest . See Romans 1:13 . App-124 .

blinded = hardened. Greek. poroo . Here, 2 Corinthians 8:14 , and three times in the Gospels. Compare Romans 11:25 .

Verse 8

hath given = gave.

spirit . App-101 .

slumber = stupor. Greek. katanuxis. Only here. Quoted from Isaiah 29:10 .

see . App-133 .

Verse 9

table . Put by Figure of speech Metaphor for material prosperity.

a = for (Greek. eis) a.

stumblingblock . See Romans 9:32 .

recompence . Greek. antapodoma. Only here and Luke 14:12 .

Verse 10

be darkened . See Romans 1:21 .

bow down . Greek. sunkampto. Only here.

back . Greek. notos. Only here. Quoted from Psalms 69:23 . Compare Deuteronomy 28:43 .

Verse 11

Have, &c . = Did they not (Greek. me) stumble (Greek. ptaio . Only here, James 2:10 ; James 3:2 . 2 Peter 1:10 )?

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

should = might.

through = by (Dat.)

fall . App-128 .

provoke, &c . See Romans 10:19 .

Verse 12

world . App-129 .

diminishing . Greek. hettema. Only here and 1 Corinthians 6:7 . Compare 2 Corinthians 12:13 .

fulness . Greek. pleroma. Compare App-125 .

Verse 13

apostle . App-189 .

magnify = glorify. Seep. 1511.

office = ministry. App-190 .

Verse 14

provoke, &c. See Romans 11:11 .

some . App-124 .

Verse 15

casting away . See Acts 27:22 (loss), and compare Exodus 32:11 .

reconciling . See Romans 5:11 .

receiving . Greek. proslepsis. Only here.

but = if not (Greek. ei me) .

life . App-170 .

from the dead . Greek. ek nekron. App-139 .

Verse 16

firstfruit . See Romans 8:23 .

lump . See Romans 9:21 .

is also = also is .

so, &c . = the branches also are.

Verse 17

be, &c . = were broken off. Greek. ekklazo. Only here and verses: Romans 11:19 , Romans 11:20 .

wild olive tree. The oleaster which bears no fruit. Greek. agrielaios. Only here and Romans 11:24 .

graffed in . Greek. enkentrizo. Only here and verses: Romans 11:19 , Romans 11:23 , Romans 11:24 .

among . App-104 .

partakest = art partaker (Greek. sunkoinonos. Only here, 1 Corinthians 9:23 .Philippians 1:1 , Philippians 1:7 . Revelation 1:9 ).

fatness . Greek. piotes. Only here.

Verse 18

Boast . Greek. katakauchaomai. Only here, James 2:13 ; James 3:14 .

Verse 19

The . Omit.

Verse 20

unbelief . See Romans 11:30 with Romans 3:3 .

faith App-150 .

highminded = arrogant. Greek. hupselophroneo . Only here and 1 Timothy 6:17 .

Verse 21

natural = according to ( App-104 .) nature.

lest . The texts read "that".

also spare not = neither (Greek. oude) spare.

Verse 22

Behold . App-133 .

goodness . See Romans 2:4 .

severity = cutting off. Greek. apotomia. Only here.

toward = on, as above.

if . App-118 .

continue . See Romans 6:1 .

Verse 23

abide = continue, as above.

Verse 24

if . App-118 .

out of . App-104 .

olive tree, &c . Read "wild olive tree which is so by ( App-104 .) nature".

contrary to . App-104 .

good olive tree. Greek. kallielaioa. Only here. It is only in the kingdom of grace that such a process, thus contrary to nature, can be successful.

Verse 25

I would, &c. See Romans 1:13 .

mystery = secret. App-193 .

lest = in order that . . . not. Greek. hina me.

in your own conceits . Literally with ( App-104 ) yourselves. Compare Proverbs 3:7 .

blindness = hardness. Greek. porosis . See Mark 3:5 .

in part. Greek. apo merous.

fulness . Greek. pleroma. That is, the fulness of times when the full number of Acts 15:17 is completed. Compare Luke 21:24 .Isaiah 59:20 .

Verse 26

Sion . App-68 .

ungodliness . App-128 .

from . App-104 .

Verse 27

My covenant = the covenant (See Romans 9:4 ) with ( App-104 .) Me.

take away . Greek. aphaireo . Compare Hebrews 10:4 .Revelation 22:19 .

sins . App-128 . This is a combined quotation from Isaiah 59:20 , Isaiah 59:21 and Rom 27:9 . App-107 .

Verse 28

As concerning . App-104 .

for . . . sakes = on account of ( App-104 .Romans 11:2; Romans 11:2 ).

as touching = as concerning, as above.

beloved . App-135 .

Verse 29

gifts . App-184 .

without repentance = not to be repented of. App-111 .

Verse 30

in times past = at one time ( pote ).

have not believed = disobeyed. See Romans 2:8 .

obtained mercy . Literally were pitied.

through . No preposition.

unbelief = disobedience. Greek. apeitheia, Also Romans 11:32 .Ephesians 2:2 ; Ephesians 5:6 . Colossians 3:6 . Hebrews 4:6 , Hebrews 4:11 .

Verse 32

hath concluded = shut up. Greek. sunkleio, Elsewhere, Luke 5:6 . Galatians 1:3 , Galatians 1:22 , Galatians 1:23 .

in . Greek. eis .

have mercy upon = pity.

Verse 33

riches. See Romans 2:4 . This verse is an example of the Figure of speech Thaumasmos . App-6 .

knowledge . App-132 .

unsearchable = inscrutable. Greek. anexereunetos. Only here.

judgments . App-177 .

past finding out = untraceable. Greek. anexichniastos. Only here and Ephesians 3:8 .

Verse 34

hath known = knew. App-132 .

hath been = became.

counsellor = fellow-counsellor. Greek. sumboulos. Only here.

Verse 35

hath first given = gave first. Greek. prodidomi. Only here.

recompensed . . . again = repaid. Greek. antapodidomi. Here, Romans 12:19 . Luk 14:14 . 1 Thessalonians 3:9 . 2 Thessalonians 1:6 . Hebrews 10:30 . Compare Romans 11:9 .

Verse 36

through. App-104 .

to . App-104 .

glory . See Romans 1:23 .

for ever. App-151 . a. This verse is the Figure of speech Polyptoton ( App-6 ), the pronoun "Him" being introduced by three different prepositions, ek , dia , and eis .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Romans 11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/romans-11.html. 1909-1922.