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Bible Commentaries

Coke's Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Chronicles 31

Verse 1

2 Chronicles 31:1. In Ephraim also, and Manasseh Though these tribes made part of Hoshea's dominions, yet Hezekiah might direct this abolition of idolatry in them, either in virtue of a law which bound Israel as well as Judah, and required the extirpation of these things in the whole land of Caanan; or by the special impulse and direction of God's spirit, which puts men upon heroic actions, though not to be drawn into imitation; or, out of a firm persuasion that his neighbour Hoshea, who had permitted his subjects to repair to the passover, would approve of, and consent to, what he did in this respect. See Poole's Annotations.

Verse 2

2 Chronicles 31:2. To praise in the gates of the tents of the Lord See 1 Chronicles 9:19.

Verse 12

2 Chronicles 31:12. The dedicated things faithfully The dedicated things for a deposit. Houbigant; who observes, that Miniamin in the 15th verse should be read Benjamin.

Verse 16

2 Chronicles 31:16. Besides their genealogy of males With whom, moreover, were numbered their sons: and so in the 17th and 18th verses. The last clause of the 18th verse Houbigant renders thus: Because the sacred gifts were committed to their trust.

REFLECTIONS.—1st, The gracious impression that God had made on the people's hearts ended not with the ordinance from whence they came; but they continued to make their profiting appear,

1. In the destruction of every idolatrous relick, not only in Judah, but also in Ephraim and Manasseh; out of those cities, at least, from whence the people came up to Jerusalem: and when this good work was done, they returned in peace every man to his own house. Note; (1.) It is comfortable returning to our home when we carry along with us the blessing of God. (2.) They who truly cleave to God, have their hearts set against all sin, without one allowed reserve.

2. Hezekiah took care that the service which was begun should be regularly carried on. The priests, Levites, and singers, in their several courses, were appointed to minister before the Lord, and their maintenance was provided for. He himself set the example, by appropriating a part of his revenue for the stated offerings, morning and evening, on the new moons, sabbaths, and festivals; and he commanded his people to contribute to so good a work, for the encouragement of God's ministers in their labours. Note; (1.) They deserve to be encouraged who labour in the word and doctrine. (2.) God never intended that any drones should be fed in his hive. (3.) Whether we want or abound here, we know that if we are faithful we cannot at last lose our reward.

3. The people very readily obeyed the king's command; their firstlings, tithes, and offerings were brought; and what was more than the priests and Levites could use, was laid on heaps, from the beginning to the end of harvest. The quantity attracted the king's inquiry; and the high-priest informed him of God's blessing on the people, and that these just dues afforded them a plentiful maintenance, with enough for winter's store. For such mercies the king and princes blessed the Lord, and commended the people for their readiness and faithful contribution. Note; (1.) None were ever losers by a conscientious rendering to God of the things which are God's. (2.) Whatever good appears, God must be acknowledged as the blessed author of it. (3.) They who do well deserve commendation. (4.) The soul that hath profited by God's ministers, will never grudge them a maintenance.

2nd, We have,
1. The care which Hezekiah took of the tithes, and the equitable distribution of them. Keepers were appointed; chambers fitted up in the court of the temple, to lay up the stores; and while they who in course waited in the temple, with their son from three years old and upwards, were entirely provided for, that they might wait on the Lord without their attention being diverted, they who lived in the cities or villages were not neglected; but every one received a proportionate supply, according to the largeness of their families. Note; (1.) Wise economy is the way to secure abiding plenty. (2.) They who wait upon the Lord with diligence, may confidently trust him for a provision. (3.) Minister's families, as well as themselves, should be considered, and taken care of. (4.) The unequal distribution of church-revenues is a great evil. How unjust it is, that one should loll in affluence and indolence, while a laborious brother scarcely eats bread from the altar at which he serves!

Pudet haec opprobria nobis, Et dici potuisse, et non potuisse refelli.

2. Hezekiah's universally excellent character is remarked. All his people shared his pious regard: God had his heart; he was zealously affected in his blessed service, and went through with it without declension or weariness; and, as the effect of such perseverance, prosperity attended all his undertakings. Note; When our hearts are truly sincere in God's service, we shall see with comfort the fruit of our labours.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 31". Coke's Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tcc/2-chronicles-31.html. 1801-1803.