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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Chronicles 31

Overview

2 Chronicles 31:1, The people is forward in destroying idolatry; 2 Chronicles 31:2, Hezekiah orders the courses of the priests and Levites, and provides for their work and maintenance; 2 Chronicles 31:5, The people’s forwardness in offerings and tithes; 2 Chronicles 31:11, Hezekiah appoints officers to dispose of the tithes; 2 Chronicles 31:20, The sincerity of Hezekiah.

Verse 1

Now when: 2 Chronicles 30:1-27

all Israel: 1 Kings 18:38-40, 2 Kings 23:2-20

present: Heb. found, Genesis 19:15, Esther 4:16

brake: 2 Chronicles 14:3, 2 Chronicles 23:17, 2 Chronicles 32:12, 2 Chronicles 34:3-7, Exodus 23:24, Deuteronomy 7:5, 2 Kings 18:4

images: Heb. statues, 2 Chronicles 30:14

in Ephraim: 2 Chronicles 30:1, 2 Chronicles 30:18, 2 Chronicles 34:6, 2 Chronicles 34:7, 2 Kings 17:2, 2 Kings 18:4, 2 Kings 23:15

until: etc. Heb. until to make an end

Reciprocal: Exodus 34:13 - ye shall Leviticus 26:30 - I will destroy Deuteronomy 12:3 - ye shall 1 Kings 8:66 - the eighth day 2 Kings 18:22 - whose high places 2 Kings 23:19 - the cities 2 Chronicles 17:6 - he took away 2 Chronicles 33:3 - which Hezekiah 2 Chronicles 34:9 - Manasseh Isaiah 17:7 - General Isaiah 30:22 - defile Isaiah 36:7 - is it not Hosea 8:6 - shall Hosea 10:8 - their altars Amos 3:14 - I will Micah 1:7 - all the graven

Verse 2

the courses: 2 Chronicles 5:11, 2 Chronicles 8:14, 2 Chronicles 23:8, 1 Chronicles 16:37, 1 Chronicles 16:40, 1 Chronicles 23:1 - 1 Chronicles 26:32, Ezra 6:18, Luke 1:5

to give thanks: 2 Chronicles 29:24-26, 1 Chronicles 16:4-6, 1 Chronicles 16:41, 1 Chronicles 23:30, 1 Chronicles 25:1-3, Nehemiah 11:17, Psalms 134:1-3, Psalms 135:1-3, Jeremiah 33:11

in the gates of the tents of the Lord: Beshaarey machanoth Yehowah, "within the gates of the camps of Jehovah;" which comprehended the whole of the buildings that surrounded the temple, in which the priests and Levites were stationed, and which resembled military encampments.

Reciprocal: Leviticus 19:5 - a sacrifice Numbers 3:25 - the charge Numbers 8:22 - after that Deuteronomy 18:7 - as all his brethren 1 Chronicles 6:32 - and then 1 Chronicles 23:6 - divided 2 Chronicles 31:17 - by their courses 2 Chronicles 35:2 - charges Nehemiah 7:1 - the porters Psalms 100:2 - come Luke 1:8 - in

Verse 3

the king's: 2 Chronicles 30:24, 1 Chronicles 26:26, Ezekiel 45:17, Ezekiel 46:4-7, Ezekiel 46:12-18

for the morning: Exodus 29:38-42, Numbers 28:3-8

the burnt: Numbers 28:9, Numbers 28:10

for the new moons: Numbers 28:11-31, Numbers 29:1-40, Deuteronomy 16:1-17, Psalms 81:1-4, Colossians 2:16, Colossians 2:17

the set feasts: Leviticus 23:2-44

Reciprocal: Numbers 28:6 - a continual Numbers 29:39 - in your set feasts 1 Chronicles 16:40 - To offer Nehemiah 10:35 - General

Verse 4

the portion: 2 Chronicles 31:16, Leviticus 27:30-33, Numbers 18:8-21, Numbers 18:26-28, Malachi 3:8-10

that they might: Nehemiah 13:10-13, 1 Corinthians 9:9-14, Galatians 6:6

the law: Malachi 2:7

Reciprocal: Numbers 18:19 - the heave Deuteronomy 12:19 - Take Deuteronomy 18:4 - firstfruit 2 Kings 12:3 - General 1 Chronicles 13:2 - the priests 2 Chronicles 31:13 - at the commandment 2 Chronicles 34:14 - the law Ezekiel 44:30 - all the firstfruits Malachi 3:10 - all Hebrews 7:5 - to take

Verse 5

as soon: 2 Chronicles 24:10, 2 Chronicles 24:11, Exodus 35:5, Exodus 35:20-29, Exodus 36:5, Exodus 36:6, 2 Corinthians 8:2-5

came abroad: Heb. brake forth, the first fruits, Exodus 22:29, Exodus 23:19, Exodus 34:22, Exodus 34:26, Numbers 18:12, Nehemiah 10:35-39, Nehemiah 12:44, Nehemiah 13:12, Nehemiah 13:31, Proverbs 3:9, 1 Corinthians 15:20, James 1:18, Revelation 14:4

honey: or, dates, The word devash generally denotes the honey produced by bees; but as we have already observed (on Genesis 43:11), the Jewish doctors are of opinion that it here signifies dates, of the fruit of the palm tree; which the Arabians call daboos, and the honey produced from them, dibs. "This liquor," says Dr. Shaw, "which has a more luscious sweetness than honey, is of the consistence of a thin syrup, but quickly grows tart and ropy, acquiring an intoxicating quality, and giving by distillation an agreeable spirit, or araky, according to the general name of these people for all hot liquors, extracted by the alembic." Though Jehovah forbad any devash, or honey, to offered to him upon the altar, yet it appears it might be presented as first-fruits, or in the way of tithes, which were designed for the sustenance of the priests.

Reciprocal: Genesis 14:20 - tithes Leviticus 2:12 - the oblation Leviticus 27:30 - General Numbers 18:21 - the tenth Deuteronomy 26:2 - That thou shalt 1 Chronicles 9:26 - chambers Nehemiah 12:47 - gave Mark 12:44 - cast in of Luke 11:42 - and not

Verse 6

the children: 2 Chronicles 11:16, 2 Chronicles 11:17

the tithe: Leviticus 27:30, Deuteronomy 14:28

by heaps: Heb. heaps and heaps.

Reciprocal: Genesis 14:20 - tithes Exodus 36:5 - General Numbers 18:21 - the tenth Nehemiah 10:37 - and the tithes Nehemiah 12:47 - gave Song of Solomon 5:1 - eat

Verse 7

Leviticus 23:16-24

Verse 8

blessed: Genesis 14:20, Judges 5:9, 1 Kings 8:14, 1 Kings 8:15, 1 Chronicles 29:10-20, Ezra 7:27, 2 Corinthians 8:16, Ephesians 1:3, Philippians 4:10, Philippians 4:19, 1 Thessalonians 3:9, 1 Peter 1:3

and his people: 2 Chronicles 6:3, Genesis 14:19, 2 Samuel 6:18, 1 Kings 8:55

Verse 9

Reciprocal: Joshua 3:8 - command

Verse 10

Azariah: 2 Chronicles 26:17, 1 Kings 2:35, 1 Chronicles 6:8, 1 Chronicles 6:14, Ezekiel 44:15

Since: Proverbs 3:9, Haggai 2:18, Malachi 3:10, 1 Timothy 4:8

we have had: 2 Kings 4:43, 2 Kings 4:44, Matthew 15:37, Philippians 4:18

the Lord: Genesis 26:12, Genesis 30:27-30, Genesis 39:5, Genesis 39:23, Leviticus 25:21, Leviticus 26:4, Leviticus 26:5, Deuteronomy 28:8, Proverbs 10:22, 2 Corinthians 9:8-11

Reciprocal: Exodus 36:7 - and too much Joshua 3:8 - command 1 Chronicles 29:16 - all this store 2 Chronicles 31:13 - Azariah Jeremiah 2:31 - Have I been Ezekiel 44:30 - all the firstfruits 1 Corinthians 16:2 - as God 2 Corinthians 9:11 - enriched

Verse 11

chambers: or, store-houses, Nehemiah 10:38, Nehemiah 10:39, Nehemiah 13:5, Nehemiah 13:12, Nehemiah 13:13

Reciprocal: Numbers 3:25 - the charge 1 Kings 6:5 - built 1 Chronicles 23:28 - for the service 1 Chronicles 26:20 - dedicated things 2 Chronicles 31:13 - at the commandment Nehemiah 10:37 - to the chambers Nehemiah 12:44 - some Jeremiah 35:2 - into one Ezekiel 40:7 - General Ezekiel 40:17 - there were Ezekiel 40:29 - the little Malachi 3:10 - the storehouse

Verse 12

the dedicated: 2 Kings 12:15

over which: 1 Chronicles 26:20-26

Reciprocal: Genesis 14:20 - tithes Leviticus 27:30 - General Numbers 18:21 - the tenth Joshua 6:19 - all the silver 2 Kings 12:4 - the money 2 Chronicles 31:19 - the men 2 Chronicles 34:12 - faithfully Nehemiah 10:37 - to the chambers Nehemiah 10:38 - the treasure house Nehemiah 10:39 - For the children Nehemiah 13:13 - I made

Verse 13

under: Heb. at

at the commandment: 2 Chronicles 31:4, 2 Chronicles 31:11, 2 Chronicles 30:12

Azariah: 2 Chronicles 31:10, 1 Chronicles 9:11, 1 Chronicles 24:5, Nehemiah 11:11

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 31:15 - next him

Verse 14

the porter: 1 Chronicles 26:12, 1 Chronicles 26:14, 1 Chronicles 26:17

the freewill: Leviticus 22:18, Leviticus 23:38, Numbers 29:39, Deuteronomy 12:6, Deuteronomy 12:17, Deuteronomy 16:10, Ezra 1:4, Ezra 3:5, Ezra 7:16, Psalms 119:108

to distribute: Nehemiah 13:13

the most: Leviticus 2:10, Leviticus 6:16, Leviticus 6:17, Leviticus 7:1-6, Leviticus 10:12, Leviticus 10:13, Leviticus 27:28

Verse 15

next him: Heb. at his hand, 2 Chronicles 31:13, *marg.

Miniamin: Instead of Miniamin, Benjamin is the reading of three manuscripts, and of the Syriac, Arabic, LXX, and Vulgate.

the cities: Joshua 21:9-19, 1 Chronicles 6:54-60

set office: or, trust, 1 Chronicles 9:22, *marg.

as well: 1 Chronicles 25:8

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 6:57 - they gave 2 Chronicles 31:18 - set office 2 Chronicles 31:19 - the fields

Verse 16

his daily: Leviticus 21:22, Leviticus 21:23

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 31:4 - the portion

Verse 17

genealogy: Numbers 3:15, Numbers 3:20, Numbers 4:38, Numbers 4:42, Numbers 4:46, Numbers 17:2, Numbers 17:3, Ezra 2:59

twenty: Numbers 4:3, Numbers 8:24, 1 Chronicles 23:24, 1 Chronicles 23:27

by their courses: 2 Chronicles 31:2, 1 Chronicles 24:20-31, 1 Chronicles 25:1 - 1 Chronicles 26:32

Verse 18

set office: or, trust, 2 Chronicles 31:15, 1 Chronicles 9:22, *marg.

they sanctified: Isaiah 5:16, Romans 15:16

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 30:15 - and sanctified

Verse 19

the fields: 2 Chronicles 31:15, Leviticus 25:34, Numbers 35:2-5, 1 Chronicles 6:54, 1 Chronicles 6:60

the men: 2 Chronicles 31:12-15, 2 Chronicles 28:15

Reciprocal: Luke 1:8 - in

Verse 20

wrought: 1 Kings 15:5, 2 Kings 20:3, 2 Kings 22:2, John 1:47, Acts 24:16, 1 Thessalonians 2:10, 3 John 1:5

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 23:9 - General Deuteronomy 28:7 - flee before 1 Kings 2:3 - prosper 1 Kings 11:4 - his heart 1 Kings 15:3 - and his heart 2 Kings 18:3 - right in the sight 1 Chronicles 29:2 - with all 2 Chronicles 14:2 - good and right 2 Chronicles 24:16 - because 2 Chronicles 32:32 - goodness 2 Chronicles 35:26 - goodness Nehemiah 13:14 - house Job 1:1 - perfect Psalms 26:11 - I will Psalms 51:6 - Behold Psalms 101:2 - behave Psalms 119:1 - undefiled Psalms 119:80 - sound Ecclesiastes 2:21 - whose Ecclesiastes 2:26 - wisdom Ecclesiastes 9:10 - thy hand Isaiah 16:5 - judging Isaiah 32:1 - king Isaiah 33:5 - he hath Isaiah 38:3 - I have Malachi 3:4 - as Matthew 6:33 - seek Matthew 25:16 - went Matthew 25:21 - Well Mark 14:8 - hath done Luke 11:39 - but Colossians 3:17 - whatsoever

Verse 21

in the law: Psalms 1:2, Psalms 1:3

he did it: Deuteronomy 6:5, Deuteronomy 10:12, 1 Kings 2:4, 1 Chronicles 22:19, Ecclesiastes 9:10, Jeremiah 29:13

prospered: 2 Chronicles 14:7, 2 Chronicles 20:26, 2 Chronicles 26:5, Joshua 1:7, Joshua 1:8, 1 Chronicles 22:13, Psalms 1:3, Matthew 6:33, Matthew 7:24-27

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 4:29 - with all Deuteronomy 23:9 - General Deuteronomy 28:7 - flee before 1 Kings 2:3 - prosper 1 Kings 11:4 - his heart 1 Kings 15:3 - and his heart 2 Kings 18:3 - right in the sight 2 Kings 18:7 - he prospered 2 Kings 20:3 - in truth 1 Chronicles 29:2 - with all 2 Chronicles 32:32 - goodness 2 Chronicles 34:31 - with all Nehemiah 13:14 - house Job 1:1 - perfect Psalms 26:11 - I will Psalms 51:6 - Behold Psalms 63:8 - followeth Psalms 101:2 - behave Psalms 119:1 - undefiled Psalms 119:2 - seek Psalms 119:80 - sound Ecclesiastes 2:21 - whose Ecclesiastes 2:26 - wisdom Isaiah 29:13 - their fear Isaiah 32:1 - king Isaiah 33:5 - he hath Isaiah 38:3 - I have Lamentations 3:25 - unto Malachi 3:4 - as Matthew 25:16 - went Matthew 25:21 - Well Mark 14:8 - hath done Luke 11:39 - but Colossians 3:17 - whatsoever Colossians 3:23 - whatsoever

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 31". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/2-chronicles-31.html.