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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 9

Introduction

Overview

1 Chronicles 9:1, The original of Israel and Judah’s genealogies; 1 Chronicles 9:2, The Israelites; 1 Chronicles 9:10, the priests; 1 Chronicles 9:14, and the Levites, with Nethinims, which dwelt in Jerusalem; 1 Chronicles 9:27, The charge of certain Levites; 1 Chronicles 9:35, The stock of Saul and Jonathan.

Verse 1

am 2804, etc. bc 1200, etc

all Israel: Ezra 2:59, Ezra 2:62, Ezra 2:63, Nehemiah 7:5, Nehemiah 7:64, Matthew 1:1-16, Luke 3:28-38

carried: 2 Chronicles 33:11, 2 Chronicles 36:9, 2 Chronicles 36:10, 2 Chronicles 36:18-20, Jeremiah 39:9, Jeremiah 52:14, Jeremiah 52:15, Daniel 1:2

Reciprocal: Ezra 8:1 - genealogy Nehemiah 11:3 - Israel Nehemiah 11:11 - the ruler Ezekiel 37:19 - Behold

Verse 2

am 3468, bc 536

the first: Ezra 2:70, Nehemiah 7:73, Nehemiah 11:3

the Nethinims: Joshua 9:21-27, Ezra 2:43, Ezra 2:58, Ezra 8:20, Nehemiah 7:60, Nehemiah 7:73, Nehemiah 11:3, Nehemiah 11:21

Reciprocal: Joshua 9:27 - made them 1 Chronicles 9:18 - Who hitherto waited Ezra 6:16 - the children Nehemiah 3:26 - Nethinims Nehemiah 7:46 - Nethinims

Verse 3

Jerusalem: Nehemiah 11:1, Nehemiah 11:4-9

of the children of Ephraim: 2 Chronicles 11:16, 2 Chronicles 30:11

Verse 4

Bani: Nehemiah 8:7, Nehemiah 10:13

Pharez: 1 Chronicles 2:5, 1 Chronicles 4:1, Genesis 46:12, Numbers 26:20, Nehemiah 11:4, Nehemiah 11:6, Perez

Reciprocal: Genesis 38:29 - his name 1 Chronicles 2:4 - Pharez 1 Chronicles 7:23 - because Luke 3:33 - Phares

Verse 5

Shilonites: Numbers 26:20, Shelanites, Nehemiah 11:5, Shiloni

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:3 - and 1 Chronicles 4:21 - Shelah

Verse 6

Zerah: 1 Chronicles 2:4, 1 Chronicles 2:6, Genesis 38:30, Zarah, Numbers 26:20

Reciprocal: Matthew 1:3 - Judas

Verse 7

Sallu: Nehemiah 8:4, Nehemiah 10:20, Nehemiah 11:7

Reciprocal: Nehemiah 11:9 - Judah

Verse 9

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 23:3 - as the Lord

Verse 10

Jehoiarib: Nehemiah 11:10-24, Nehemiah 12:19, Joiarib

Reciprocal: Genesis 10:29 - Ophir 1 Chronicles 24:7 - Jehoiarib 2 Chronicles 35:4 - the houses Ezra 2:36 - Jedaiah Nehemiah 12:6 - Joiarib

Verse 11

Azariah: 1 Chronicles 6:8-15, Nehemiah 10:2, Nehemiah 11:11, Seraiah

the ruler: 1 Chronicles 24:5, Numbers 4:15, Numbers 4:16, Numbers 4:28, Numbers 4:33, 2 Kings 23:4, 2 Kings 25:18, Nehemiah 11:11, Acts 5:24, Acts 5:26

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:4 - Hilkiah 1 Chronicles 6:12 - Shallum 2 Chronicles 31:13 - Azariah Ezra 7:1 - Seraiah

Verse 12

Meshillemith: Nehemiah 11:12, Nehemiah 11:13, Meshillemoth

Immer: 1 Chronicles 24:14, Ezra 2:37, Nehemiah 7:40

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:13 - Meshullam Ezra 2:38 - Pashur Ezra 10:22 - Pashur Nehemiah 7:41 - Pashur Jeremiah 21:1 - Pashur Jeremiah 38:1 - Pashur

Verse 13

very able men: Heb. mighty men of valour, 1 Chronicles 26:6, 1 Chronicles 26:30, 1 Chronicles 26:32, Nehemiah 11:14

Reciprocal: Genesis 10:29 - Ophir 2 Kings 11:4 - rulers 1 Chronicles 9:34 - chief fathers Nehemiah 11:12 - Adaiah

Verse 14

Shemaiah: Nehemiah 11:15

Hashabiah: Nehemiah 10:11, Nehemiah 12:24

of the sons: 1 Chronicles 6:19, 1 Chronicles 6:29, 1 Chronicles 6:63, Numbers 26:57

Reciprocal: Numbers 3:25 - the charge Numbers 3:32 - General 1 Chronicles 6:45 - Hashabiah Nehemiah 12:23 - the book Nehemiah 12:25 - Mattaniah

Verse 15

Mattaniah: Nehemiah 11:17, Nehemiah 11:22, Micha, 1 Chronicles 12:25

Zichri: 1 Chronicles 25:2, Nehemiah 10:12, Zaccur, 1 Chronicles 11:17, Zabdi, 1 Chronicles 12:35, Zaccur

Verse 16

Obadiah: Nehemiah 11:17, Abda, Shammua, 1 Chronicles 12:25, the sons of Jeduthun, 1 Chronicles 25:1, 1 Chronicles 25:3, 1 Chronicles 25:6, 2 Chronicles 35:15

Netophathites: 1 Chronicles 2:54, Nehemiah 7:26, Nehemiah 12:28-30

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:4 - Shemaiah 1 Chronicles 9:22 - in their Nehemiah 11:22 - were over

Verse 17

the porters: 1 Chronicles 23:5, 1 Chronicles 26:1-32, Nehemiah 11:19

Shallum: 1 Chronicles 9:19

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 9:31 - Shallum 2 Chronicles 8:14 - the porters 2 Chronicles 34:13 - porters 2 Chronicles 35:15 - the porters Ezra 7:7 - porters

Verse 18

Who hitherto waited: The original is wead hennah, which Houbigant and Dr. Geddes consider as a proper name, and render, "And Adanah was over the eastern gate, called the king's;" i.e., the gate by which the kings of Judah went to the temple. The list is here nearly the same with those found in Ezra and Nehemiah, and contains those who returned to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel, but the list in Nehemiah is more ample, probably because it contains those who came afterwards; the object of the sacred writer here being to give the names of those who came first - 1 Chronicles 9:2. These consisted of men belonging not only to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, but to many of the other tribes of Israel, who took advantage of the proclamation of Cyrus to return to Jerusalem. Properly speaking, the divisions mentioned here constituted the whole of the Israelitish people, who were divided into priests, Levites, common Israelites, and Nethinims.

the king's: 1 Kings 10:5, 2 Kings 11:19, Ezekiel 44:2, Ezekiel 44:3, Ezekiel 46:1, Ezekiel 46:2, Acts 3:11

they: 1 Chronicles 26:12-19

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 9:4 - ascent Nehemiah 11:3 - Now Jeremiah 35:4 - the keeper Ezekiel 40:6 - unto

Verse 19

Ebiasaph: 1 Chronicles 6:22, 1 Chronicles 6:23

Korah: Numbers 26:9-11, Psalms 42:1, Psalms 44:1, Psalms 49:1, *titles

gates: Heb. thresholds, Psalms 84:10, *marg.

over the host: 2 Kings 11:9, 2 Kings 11:15, 2 Chronicles 23:4-10

keepers of the entry: 1 Chronicles 26:7, 1 Chronicles 26:8, 1 Chronicles 26:13-19

Reciprocal: Numbers 18:5 - And ye 2 Kings 22:4 - the keepers 1 Chronicles 9:17 - Shallum 1 Chronicles 9:31 - Shallum Nehemiah 11:15 - Shemaiah Jeremiah 35:4 - the keeper Jeremiah 52:24 - door

Verse 20

Phinehas: Numbers 3:32, Numbers 4:16, Numbers 4:28, Numbers 4:33, Numbers 31:6

the Lord: Numbers 25:11-13, 1 Samuel 16:18, Acts 7:9, Acts 7:10

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 6:4 - Phinehas 1 Chronicles 6:50 - Phinehas 1 Chronicles 11:9 - for 1 Chronicles 12:27 - the leader 2 Chronicles 35:8 - rulers

Verse 21

Zechariah: 1 Chronicles 26:14

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 15:23 - General

Verse 22

in their: 1 Chronicles 9:16, 1 Chronicles 9:25, Nehemiah 11:25-30, Nehemiah 11:36, Nehemiah 12:28, Nehemiah 12:29, Nehemiah 12:44

David: 1 Chronicles 23:1-32, 1 Chronicles 25:1 - 1 Chronicles 26:32, 1 Chronicles 28:13, 1 Chronicles 28:21

Samuel: 1 Samuel 9:9

did ordain: Heb. founded

set office: or, trust, 1 Chronicles 9:26, 1 Chronicles 9:31

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 31:15 - set office 2 Chronicles 31:18 - set office

Verse 23

the oversight: 1 Chronicles 23:32, 2 Chronicles 23:19, Nehemiah 12:45, Ezekiel 44:10, Ezekiel 44:11, Ezekiel 44:14

Reciprocal: Numbers 18:5 - And ye Psalms 134:1 - which by night Ezekiel 40:45 - the keepers

Verse 24

four: 1 Chronicles 26:14-18

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 10:15 - all the kings 1 Chronicles 26:17 - Eastward 2 Chronicles 23:19 - porters Ezekiel 40:6 - unto

Verse 25

seven: 2 Kings 11:5, 2 Kings 11:7, 2 Chronicles 23:8

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 9:22 - in their 1 Chronicles 24:19 - the orderings Luke 1:23 - the days

Verse 26

set office: or, trust

chambers: or, storehouses, treasuries. 1 Chronicles 26:20-27, 2 Chronicles 31:5-12, Nehemiah 10:38, Nehemiah 10:39, Nehemiah 13:5

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 6:5 - built 1 Chronicles 9:22 - set office 1 Chronicles 9:31 - set office 1 Chronicles 28:11 - the treasuries Nehemiah 12:44 - chambers Jeremiah 35:2 - into one Ezekiel 40:7 - General Ezekiel 40:17 - there were Ezekiel 45:5 - for a possession John 8:20 - in the treasury

Verse 27

the charge: 1 Chronicles 23:32, Romans 12:7

the opening: 1 Samuel 3:15, Malachi 1:10

Reciprocal: Numbers 31:30 - keep the Jeremiah 35:4 - the keeper

Verse 28

the charge: 1 Chronicles 26:22-26, Numbers 23:25-27, Ezra 8:25-30, Nehemiah 12:44, Nehemiah 13:4, Nehemiah 13:5

bring them in and out: Heb. bring them in by tale, and carry them out

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 23:4 - twenty 1 Chronicles 23:28 - purifying

Verse 29

instruments: or, vessels

the oil: Exodus 27:20

the frankincense: Exodus 30:23-38

Reciprocal: Exodus 30:34 - frankincense Numbers 4:12 - General Numbers 4:32 - the instruments 1 Chronicles 23:28 - purifying 1 Chronicles 23:29 - the fine flour 1 Chronicles 28:13 - the vessels 2 Chronicles 8:15 - the treasures Ezra 6:9 - wheat

Verse 30

of the sons: Exodus 30:25, Exodus 30:33, Exodus 30:35-38, Exodus 37:29

Reciprocal: Exodus 30:34 - frankincense

Verse 31

Shallum: 1 Chronicles 9:17, 1 Chronicles 9:19

set office: or, trust, 1 Chronicles 9:22, 1 Chronicles 9:26

in the pans: or, on flat plates, or slices, Leviticus 2:5, Leviticus 2:7, Leviticus 6:21

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 23:29 - for the showbread

Verse 32

the sons: 1 Chronicles 6:33-48

showbread: Heb. bread of ordering

to: Exodus 25:30, Leviticus 24:5-8

Reciprocal: Leviticus 24:8 - General 1 Chronicles 23:29 - for the showbread

Verse 33

the singers: 1 Chronicles 6:31-33, 1 Chronicles 15:16-22, 1 Chronicles 16:4-6, 1 Chronicles 25:1-31, Ezra 7:24

were free: Nehemiah 11:17, Nehemiah 11:22, Nehemiah 11:23

they: etc. Heb. upon them

employed: A number of Levites were employed by rotation in singing the praises of Jehovah; and they seem to have continued the service day and night. See the references. Psalms 134:1, Psalms 134:2, Psalms 135:1-3

Reciprocal: Numbers 18:5 - And ye 1 Chronicles 6:32 - and then 1 Chronicles 23:5 - praised 1 Chronicles 23:30 - stand 2 Chronicles 29:25 - And he set Nehemiah 12:8 - the thanksgiving Nehemiah 12:12 - the chief

Verse 34

chief fathers: 1 Chronicles 9:13, Nehemiah 11:1-15

Jerusalem: We have already seen the situation and extent of this ancient city (see note on 1 Chronicles 8:28), but the Jerusalem of sacred history is no more. After having been successively destroyed by the Babylonians and Romans, and taken by the Saracens, Crusaders, and Turks, in the possession of the latter of whom it still continues, not a vestige remains of the capital of David and Solomon, not a monument of Jewish times is standing. The very course of the walls is changed, and the boundaries of the ancient city are become doubtful. The monks pretend to shew the sites of the sacred places; but they have not the slightest pretensions to even a probable identity with the real places. The Jerusalem that now is, however, called by the Arabs El Kouds, or "the holy city," is still a respectable, good-looking town, of an irregular shape: it is surrounded by high embattled walls, enclosing an area not exceeding two miles and a half, and occupying two small hills, having the valley of Jehoshaphat on the east, the valley of Siloam and Gehinnom on the south, and the valley of Rephaim on the west; and containing a population variously estimated at from 20,000 to 30,000 souls.

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 15:12 - Ye are the chief Ezra 8:1 - the chief Nehemiah 12:12 - the chief

Verse 35

am 2804, etc. bc 1200, etc

in Gibeon: 1 Chronicles 8:29-40

the father: 1 Chronicles 2:23, 1 Chronicles 2:24, 1 Chronicles 2:45, 1 Chronicles 2:50-52

whose: Some editions read achatho, "his sister;" but in the parallel place 1 Chronicles 8:29, it is ishto, "his wife," which is also the reading of the LXX, Vulgate, Arabic, and Syriac here, and is undoubtedly the true reading. This repetition of part of Bemjamin's genealogy seems to have been intended merely as an introduction to the ensuing history.

Verse 36

Kish: 1 Chronicles 9:39, 1 Chronicles 8:33

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 9:1 - Kish 1 Chronicles 8:29 - the father 1 Chronicles 8:30 - Abdon

Verse 37

Zechariah: Zacher is merely an abbreviation of Zechariah, by the omission of Jah or Yah, one of the names of God. 1 Chronicles 8:31, Zacher

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 8:30 - Abdon

Verse 38

Shimeam: Shimeam seems to be a mistake for Shimeah; the only difference being ם, mem final, and ה, hay; and the LXX in both places read בלבב, Samaa. 1 Chronicles 8:32, Shimeah

Verse 39

Ner: 1 Chronicles 8:33, 1 Samuel 14:50, 1 Samuel 14:51

and Saul: 1 Chronicles 10:2, 1 Samuel 13:22, 1 Samuel 14:1, 1 Samuel 14:49, Ishui, 1 Samuel 31:2

Eshbaal: 1 Chronicles 8:33

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 26:5 - Abner 2 Samuel 2:8 - Ishbosheth 1 Chronicles 9:36 - Kish 1 Chronicles 12:1 - Saul

Verse 40

Meribbaal: 1 Chronicles 8:34-36

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 4:4 - Mephibosheth 2 Samuel 9:6 - Mephibosheth 2 Samuel 9:12 - son

Verse 41

Ahaz: 1 Chronicles 8:35

Verse 42

begat Jarah: Jarah seems also to be a mistake for Jehoadah, as the LXX read uniformly בהב, Iada. 1 Chronicles 8:36, Jehoadah

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:6 - Zimri 1 Chronicles 6:60 - General

Verse 43

Rephaiah: Rapha is merely a contracted form of Rephaiah. 1 Chronicles 8:37, Rapha

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:39 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 9". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-chronicles-9.html.