Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 9

Introduction

1The original of Israel and Judah's genealogies.
2The Israelites;
10the priests;
14and the Levites, with Nethinims, which dwelt in Jerusalem.
27The charge of certain Levites.
35The stock of Saul and Jonathan.

Verse 1

So all Israel were reckoned by genealogies; and, behold, they were written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah, who were carried away to Babylon for their transgression.
A. M. 2804, etc. B.C. 1200, etc. all Israel
Ezra 2:59,62,63; Nehemiah 7:5,64; Matthew 1:1-16; Luke 3:28-38
carried
2 Chronicles 33:11; 36:9,10,18-20; Jeremiah 39:9; 52:14,15; Daniel 1:2
Reciprocal: Ezra 8:1 - genealogy;  Nehemiah 11:3 - Israel;  Nehemiah 11:11 - the ruler;  Ezekiel 37:19 - Behold

Verse 2

Now the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions in their cities were, the Israelites, the priests, Levites, and the Nethinims.
A. M. 3468. B.C. 536. the first
Ezra 2:70; Nehemiah 7:73; 11:3
the Nethinims
Joshua 9:21-27; Ezra 2:43,58; 8:20; Nehemiah 7:60,73; 11:3,21
Reciprocal: Joshua 9:27 - made them;  1 Chronicles 9:18 - Who hitherto waited;  Ezra 6:16 - the children;  Nehemiah 3:26 - Nethinims;  Nehemiah 7:46 - Nethinims

Verse 3

And in Jerusalem dwelt of the children of Judah, and of the children of Benjamin, and of the children of Ephraim, and Manasseh;
Jerusalem
Nehemiah 11:1,4-9
of the children of Ephraim
2 Chronicles 11:16; 30:11

Verse 4

Uthai the son of Ammihud, the son of Omri, the son of Imri, the son of Bani, of the children of Pharez the son of Judah.
Bani
Nehemiah 8:7; 10:13
Pharez
2:5; 4:1; Genesis 46:12; Numbers 26:20; Nehemiah 11:4,6
Perez
Reciprocal: Genesis 38:29 - his name;  1 Chronicles 2:4 - Pharez;  1 Chronicles 7:23 - because;  Luke 3:33 - Phares

Verse 5

And of the Shilonites; Asaiah the firstborn, and his sons.
Shilonites
Numbers 26:20
Shelanites
Nehemiah 11:5
Shiloni
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:3 - and;  1 Chronicles 4:21 - Shelah

Verse 6

And of the sons of Zerah; Jeuel, and their brethren, six hundred and ninety.
Zerah
2:4,6; Genesis 38:30
Zarah
Numbers 26:20
Reciprocal: Matthew 1:3 - Judas

Verse 7

And of the sons of Benjamin; Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Hodaviah, the son of Hasenuah,
Sallu
Nehemiah 8:4; 10:20; 11:7
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 11:9 - Judah

Verse 10

And of the priests; Jedaiah, and Jehoiarib, and Jachin,
Jehoiarib
Nehemiah 11:10-24; 12:19
Joiarib
Reciprocal: Genesis 10:29 - Ophir;  1 Chronicles 24:7 - Jehoiarib;  2 Chronicles 35:4 - the houses;  Ezra 2:36 - Jedaiah;  Nehemiah 12:6 - Joiarib

Verse 11

And Azariah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, the ruler of the house of God;
Azariah
6:8-15; Nehemiah 10:2; 11:11
Seraiah
the ruler.
24:5; Numbers 4:15,16,28,33; 2 Kings 23:4; 25:18; Nehemiah 11:11; Acts 5:24,26
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:4 - Hilkiah;  1 Chronicles 6:12 - Shallum;  2 Chronicles 31:13 - Azariah;  Ezra 7:1 - Seraiah

Verse 12

And Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pashur, the son of Malchijah, and Maasiai the son of Adiel, the son of Jahzerah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Meshillemith, the son of Immer;
Meshillemith
Nehemiah 11:12,13
Meshillemoth
Immer.
24:14; Ezra 2:37; Nehemiah 7:40
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:13 - Meshullam;  Ezra 2:38 - Pashur;  Ezra 10:22 - Pashur;  Nehemiah 7:41 - Pashur;  Jeremiah 21:1 - Pashur;  Jeremiah 38:1 - Pashur

Verse 13

And their brethren, heads of the house of their fathers, a thousand and seven hundred and threescore; very able men for the work of the service of the house of God.
very able men
Heb. mighty men of valour.
26:6,30,32; Nehemiah 11:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 10:29 - Ophir;  2 Kings 11:4 - rulers;  1 Chronicles 9:34 - chief fathers;  Nehemiah 11:12 - Adaiah

Verse 14

And of the Levites; Shemaiah the son of Hasshub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, of the sons of Merari;
Shemaiah
Nehemiah 11:15
Hashabiah
Nehemiah 10:11; 12:24
of the sons
6:19,29,63; Numbers 26:57
Reciprocal: Numbers 3:25 - the charge;  Numbers 3:32 - General1 Chronicles 6:45 - Hashabiah;  Nehemiah 12:23 - the book;  Nehemiah 12:25 - Mattaniah

Verse 15

And Bakbakkar, Heresh, and Galal, and Mattaniah the son of Micah, the son of Zichri, the son of Asaph;
Mattaniah
Nehemiah 11:17,22
Micha
12:25
Zichri
25:2; Nehemiah 10:12
Zaccur
11:17
Zabdi
12:35
Zaccur

Verse 16

And Obadiah the son of Shemaiah, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun, and Berechiah the son of Asa, the son of Elkanah, that dwelt in the villages of the Netophathites.
Obadiah
Nehemiah 11:17
Abda
Shammua.
12:25
the sons of Jeduthun
25:1,3,6; 2 Chronicles 35:15
Netophathites
2:54; Nehemiah 7:26; 12:28-30
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:4 - Shemaiah;  1 Chronicles 9:22 - in their;  Nehemiah 11:22 - were over

Verse 17

And the porters were, Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and Ahiman, and their brethren: Shallum was the chief;
the porters
23:5; 26:1-32; Nehemiah 11:19
Shallum
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 9:31 - Shallum;  2 Chronicles 8:14 - the porters;  2 Chronicles 34:13 - porters;  2 Chronicles 35:15 - the porters;  Ezra 7:7 - porters

Verse 18

Who hitherto waited in the king's gate eastward: they were porters in the companies of the children of Levi.
Who hitherto waited
The original is weäd hennah, which Houbigant and Dr. Geddes consider as a proper name, and render, "And Adanah was over the eastern gate, called the king's;" i.e., the gate by which the kings of Judah went to the temple. The list is here nearly the same with those found in Ezra and Nehemiah, and contains those who returned to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel: but the list in Nehemiah is more ample, probably because it contains those who came afterwards; the object of the sacred writer here being to give the names of those who came first, (ver. 2.) These consisted of men belonging not only to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, but to many of the other tribes of Israel, who took advantage of the proclamation of Cyrus to return to Jerusalem. Properly speaking, the divisions mentioned here constituted the whole of the Israelitish people, who were divided into priests, Levites, common Israelites, and Nethinims.
the king's
1 Kings 10:5; 2 Kings 11:19; Ezekiel 44:2,3; 46:1,2; Acts 3:11
they
26:12-19
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 9:4 - ascent;  Nehemiah 11:3 - Now;  Jeremiah 35:4 - the keeper;  Ezekiel 40:6 - unto

Verse 19

And Shallum the son of Kore, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, and his brethren, of the house of his father, the Korahites, were over the work of the service, keepers of the gates of the tabernacle: and their fathers, being over the host of the LORD, were keepers of the entry.
Ebiasaph
6:22,23
Korah
Numbers 26:9-11; Psalms 42:1; 44:1; 49:1; *titles
gates
Heb. thresholds.
Psalms 84:10; *marg:
over the host
2 Kings 11:9,15; 2 Chronicles 23:4-10
keepers of the entry
26:7,8,13-19
Reciprocal: Numbers 18:5 - And ye;  2 Kings 22:4 - the keepers;  1 Chronicles 9:17 - Shallum;  1 Chronicles 9:31 - Shallum;  Nehemiah 11:15 - Shemaiah;  Jeremiah 35:4 - the keeper;  Jeremiah 52:24 - door

Verse 20

And Phinehas the son of Eleazar was the ruler over them in time past, and the LORD was with him.
Phinehas
Numbers 3:32; 4:16,28,33; 31:6
the Lord
Numbers 25:11-13; 1 Samuel 16:18; Acts 7:9,10
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 6:4 - Phinehas;  1 Chronicles 6:50 - Phinehas;  1 Chronicles 11:9 - for;  1 Chronicles 12:27 - the leader;  2 Chronicles 35:8 - rulers

Verse 21

And Zechariah the son of Meshelemiah was porter of the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Zechariah
26:14
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 15:23 - General

Verse 22

All these which were chosen to be porters in the gates were two hundred and twelve. These were reckoned by their genealogy in their villages, whom David and Samuel the seer did ordain in their set office.
in their
16,25; Nehemiah 11:25-30,36; 12:28,29,44
David
23:1-32; 25:1-26; 28:13,21
Samuel
1 Samuel 9:9
did ordain
Heb. founded. set office. or, trust.
26,31
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 31:15 - set office;  2 Chronicles 31:18 - set office

Verse 23

So they and their children had the oversight of the gates of the house of the LORD, namely, the house of the tabernacle, by wards.
the oversight
23:32; 2 Chronicles 23:19; Nehemiah 12:45; Ezekiel 44:10,11,14
Reciprocal: Numbers 18:5 - And ye;  Psalm 134:1 - which by night;  Ezekiel 40:45 - the keepers

Verse 24

In four quarters were the porters, toward the east, west, north, and south.
four
26:14-18
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 10:15 - all the kings;  1 Chronicles 26:17 - Eastward;  2 Chronicles 23:19 - porters;  Ezekiel 40:6 - unto

Verse 25

And their brethren, which were in their villages, were to come after seven days from time to time with them.
seven
2 Kings 11:5,7; 2 Chronicles 23:8
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 9:22 - in their;  1 Chronicles 24:19 - the orderings;  Luke 1:23 - the days

Verse 26

For these Levites, the four chief porters, were in their set office, and were over the chambers and treasuries of the house of God.
set office
or, trust. chambers. or, storehouses. treasuries.
26:20-27; 2 Chronicles 31:5-12; Nehemiah 10:38,39; 13:5
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 6:5 - built;  1 Chronicles 9:22 - set office;  1 Chronicles 9:31 - set office;  1 Chronicles 28:11 - the treasuries;  Nehemiah 12:44 - chambers;  Jeremiah 35:2 - into one;  Ezekiel 40:7 - GeneralEzekiel 40:17 - there were;  Ezekiel 45:5 - for a possession;  John 8:20 - in the treasury

Verse 27

And they lodged round about the house of God, because the charge was upon them, and the opening thereof every morning pertained to them.
the charge
23:32; Romans 12:7
the opening
1 Samuel 3:15; Malachi 1:10
Reciprocal: Numbers 31:30 - keep the;  Jeremiah 35:4 - the keeper

Verse 28

And certain of them had the charge of the ministering vessels, that they should bring them in and out by tale.
the charge
26:22-26; Numbers 23:25-27; Ezra 8:25-30; Nehemiah 12:44; 13:4,5
bring them in and out
Heb. bring them in by tale, and carry them out.
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 23:4 - twenty;  1 Chronicles 23:28 - purifying

Verse 29

Some of them also were appointed to oversee the vessels, and all the instruments of the sanctuary, and the fine flour, and the wine, and the oil, and the frankincense, and the spices.
instruments
or, vessels. the oil.
Exodus 27:20
the frankincense
Exodus 30:23-38
Reciprocal: Exodus 30:34 - frankincense;  Numbers 4:12 - GeneralNumbers 4:32 - the instruments;  1 Chronicles 23:28 - purifying;  1 Chronicles 23:29 - the fine flour;  1 Chronicles 28:13 - the vessels;  2 Chronicles 8:15 - the treasures;  Ezra 6:9 - wheat

Verse 30

And some of the sons of the priests made the ointment of the spices.
of the sons
Exodus 30:25,33,35-38; 37:29
Reciprocal: Exodus 30:34 - frankincense

Verse 31

And Mattithiah, one of the Levites, who was the firstborn of Shallum the Korahite, had the set office over the things that were made in the pans.
Shallum
17,19
set office
or, trust.
22,26
in the pans
or, on flat plates, or slices.
Leviticus 2:5,7; 6:21
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 23:29 - for the showbread

Verse 32

And other of their brethren, of the sons of the Kohathites, were over the shewbread, to prepare it every sabbath.
the sons
6:33-48
shewbread
Heb. bread of ordering. to.
Exodus 25:30; Leviticus 24:5-8
Reciprocal: Leviticus 24:8 - General1 Chronicles 23:29 - for the showbread

Verse 33

And these are the singers, chief of the fathers of the Levites, who remaining in the chambers were free: for they were employed in that work day and night.
the singers
6:31-33; 15:16-22; 16:4-6; 25:1-31; Ezra 7:24
were free
Nehemiah 11:17,22,23
they, etc
Heb. upon them. employed. A number of Levites were employed by rotation in singing the praises of Jehovah; and they seem to have continued the service day and night: see the References.
Psalms 134:1,2; 135:1-3
Reciprocal: Numbers 18:5 - And ye;  1 Chronicles 6:32 - and then;  1 Chronicles 23:5 - praised;  1 Chronicles 23:30 - stand;  2 Chronicles 29:25 - And he set;  Nehemiah 12:8 - the thanksgiving;  Nehemiah 12:12 - the chief

Verse 34

These chief fathers of the Levites were chief throughout their generations; these dwelt at Jerusalem.
chief fathers
13; Nehemiah 11:1-15
Jerusalem
We have already seen the situation and extent of this ancient city, (Note on 8:28;) but the Jerusalem of sacred history is no more. After having been successively destroyed by the Babylonians and Romans, and taken by the Saracens, Crusaders, and Turks, in the possession of the latter of whom it still continues, not a vestige remains of the capital of David and Solomon, not a monument of Jewish times is standing. The very course of the walls is changed, and the boundaries of the ancient city are become doubtful. The monks pretend to shew the sites of the sacred places; but they have not the slightest pretensions to even a probable identity with the real places. The Jerusalem that now is, however, called by the Arabs El Kouds, or "the holy city," is still a respectable, good-looking town, of an irregular shape: it is surrounded by high embattled walls, enclosing an area not exceeding two miles and a half, and occupying two small hills, having the valley of Jehoshaphat on the east, the valley of Siloam and Gehinnom on the south, and the valley of Rephaim on the west; and containing a population variously estimated at from 20,000 to 30,000 souls.
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 15:12 - Ye are the chief;  Ezra 8:1 - the chief;  Nehemiah 12:12 - the chief

Verse 35

And in Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon, Jehiel, whose wife's name was Maachah:
A. M. 2804, etc. B.C. 1200, etc. in Gibeon
8:29-40
the father
2:23,24,45,50-52
whose
Some editions read achatho, "his sister;" but in the parallel place ch. 8:29, it is ishto, "his wife," which is also the reading of the LXX., Vulgate, Arabic, and Syriac here, and is undoubtedly the true reading. This repetition of part of Bemjamin's genealogy seems to have been intended merely as an introduction to the ensuing history.

Verse 36

And his firstborn son Abdon, then Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Ner, and Nadab,
Kish
39; 8:33
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 9:1 - Kish;  1 Chronicles 8:29 - the father;  1 Chronicles 8:30 - Abdon

Verse 37

And Gedor, and Ahio, and Zechariah, and Mikloth.
Zechariah
Zacher is merely an abbreviation of Zechariah, by the omission of Jah or Yah, one of the names of God.
8:31
Zacher
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 8:30 - Abdon

Verse 38

And Mikloth begat Shimeam. And they also dwelt with their brethren at Jerusalem, over against their brethren.
Shimeam
Shimeam seems to be a mistake for Shimeah; the only difference being [Mêm] mem final, and [Hê] hay; and the LXX. in both places read [Samaa] Samaä.
8:32
Shimeah

Verse 39

And Ner begat Kish; and Kish begat Saul; and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.
Ner
8:33; 1 Samuel 14:50,51
and Saul
10:2; 1 Samuel 13:22; 14:1,49
Ishui
1 Samuel 31:2
Eshbaal
8:33
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 26:5 - Abner;  2 Samuel 2:8 - Ishbosheth;  1 Chronicles 9:36 - Kish;  1 Chronicles 12:1 - Saul

Verse 40

And the son of Jonathan was Meribbaal: and Meribbaal begat Micah.
Merib-baal
8:34-36
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 4:4 - Mephibosheth;  2 Samuel 9:6 - Mephibosheth;  2 Samuel 9:12 - son

Verse 41

And the sons of Micah were, Pithon, and Melech, and Tahrea, and Ahaz.
Ahaz
8:35

Verse 42

And Ahaz begat Jarah; and Jarah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza;
begat Jarah
Jarah seems also to be a mistake for Jehoadah, as the LXX. read uniformly [~Iada~] Iada.
8:36
Jehoadah
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:6 - Zimri;  1 Chronicles 6:60 - General

Verse 43

And Moza begat Binea; and Rephaiah his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son.
Rephaiah
Rapha is merely a contracted form of Rephaiah.
8:37
Rapha
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:39 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-chronicles-9.html.