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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
2 Timothy 4

 

 

Verses 1-8

Glorification: Preach the Word- Paul next reflects upon Timothy's divine calling from the perspective of his hope of glorification in Heaven. Paul now bases he charge to fulfill his ministry upon the fact that Timothy will be judged one day at the throne of God for how well he fulfilled his ministry ( 2 Timothy 4:1-5). Paul again uses himself as an example of a servant who has been faithful and can look forward to receiving a crown of righteousness ( 2 Timothy 4:6-8). Timothy is to respond to this exhortation and example by preaching the Word of God, in season and out of season ( 2 Timothy 4:1).

1. Paul Charges Timothy in Light of Eternal Judgment — 2 Timothy 4:1-5

2. Paul's Example of Hope in Glorification — 2 Timothy 4:6-8

2 Timothy 4:1-5 — Paul Charges Timothy in Light of Eternal Judgment - In 2 Timothy 4:1-5 Paul charges Timothy to deliver God's Word to men in life of eternal judgment.

2 Timothy 4:1 I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;

2 Timothy 4:2 — "I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ" - Comments- Paul had been given the divine calling to preach the Gospel to the Gentiles. He was appointed by Jesus Christ as an apostle to the Gentiles. In 2 Timothy 4:2 Paul delegates his authority to Timothy with a charge that carries divine implications.

2 Timothy 4:2 — "who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom" - Comments- In 2 Timothy 4:1 Paul refers to the Second Coming of Christ Jesus when He will set up His earthly kingdom and reign from Jerusalem. There He will judge men and establish righteousness upon the earth.

2 Timothy 4:2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

2 Timothy 4:2 — "Preach the word" - Comments- It is by speaking the Word of God that supreme authority is exercised. The greatest authority in the universe is God's Word. Paul understood Timothy's need to speak with divine authority as an evangelist.

"be instant in season, out of season" - Comments- We find an interesting insight into Paul's charge to Timothy to preach the Word in 2 Timothy 4:2 when comparing a similar charge from Jesus to His disciples when sending them out by twos. In Matthew 10:5-42 Jesus instructs His disciples to preach the Gospel of the Kingdom "as they go". I can see them trying to come up with a sermon or the words to say before they went out into the villages and highways to preach to the people. They would have felt the need to prepare a message before leaving. But, as God's servants must learn, the Holy Spirit will always be faithful to inspire us and to anoint us in due season. This is why He had to also tell them in this discourse not to worry about what to say, for God would give them the very words to say.

Matthew 10:19, "But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak."

The parallel passage in Mark's Gospel, which places more emphasis upon the proclamation of the Gospel, says it better.

Mark 13:11, "But when they shall lead you, and deliver you up, take no thought beforehand what ye shall speak, neither do ye premeditate: but whatsoever shall be given you in that hour, that speak ye: for it is not ye that speak, but the Holy Ghost."

Mark had certainly seen Peter the apostle preaching under the anointing of the Holy Ghost, and Peter had seen the Lord Jesus Christ preaching under the anointing, being instant, in season and out of season. Thus, Paul's phrase "be instant in season, out of season" means to be always ready to speak under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit because He will be there every time to anoint him. Paul was simply telling this young preach from years of personal experience that God would be faithful to speak through him on all occasions and with all types of messages. Young Timothy must learn to let the Holy Spirit lead him on what needed to be said for each occasion, whether it was with reprove, rebuke, or exhortation with all longsuffering and doctrine. For we see Jesus Christ in the Gospel speaking different ways to different people. Some He instructed and encouraged because of their good hearts. Others He rebuked because of the hardness of their hearts. While others He corrected because of their simple ignorance.

"reprove, rebuke, exhort" - Comments - Note some modern English translations of this phrase:

The ASV translates the word "reprove" as "bring to the proof"

NIV, "correct, rebuke and encourage"

RSV, "convince, rebuke, and exhort"

YLT, "convict, rebuke, exhort"

We can see that the preaching of the Word initially convicts men's hearts of the need to repent of their sins. For those who reject the Gospel, the need to rebuke follows the proclamation. But, for those who accept the Gospel, the need to exhort and encourage them in the faith should follow.

"with all longsuffering and doctrine" - Comments - Finally Paul says, "with all longsuffering and doctrine". That Isaiah , reprove, rebuke and exhort by sitting down with God's Word and patiently showing them the right way. This phrase simply says that a person must walk in love with those to whom one is ministering. Paul has explained to Timothy earlier in this epistle how to use the Word of God with longsuffering ( 2 Timothy 2:24-26).

2 Timothy 2:24-26, "And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient, In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth; And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will."

2 Timothy 4:2Comments - 2 Timothy 4:2 describes the work of an evangelist, which Timothy is called to in 2 Timothy 4:5. It is this explosive passion and energy in the proclamation of the Gospel that characterizes an evangelist.

2 Timothy 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;

2 Timothy 4:3 — "but after their own lusts" - Comments - They will form doctrines to live by which correspond to their fleshly lusts. Homosexuals will reason their wickedness from Scriptures. Covetous peoples will reason their lusts for earthly gain, etc.

2 Timothy 4:3 — "shall they heap to themselves teachers" - Comments - Paul chooses the term "teachers" in his charge to Timothy. Within the context of the Pastoral Epistles, the fables mentioned in the next verse ( 2 Timothy 4:4) very likely refer to Jewish fables, as mentioned in Titus 1:14. For example, the epistles of 1Timothy and Titus are full of references that indicate Jewish traditions as well as Greek philosophies were threatening to take root within the teachings of this church. We find evidences of Jewish heresies in phrases such as "endless genealogies" ( 1 Timothy 1:4), "desiring to be teacher of the law" ( 1 Timothy 1:7), "there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision" ( Titus 1:10), "Jewish fables, and commandments of men" ( Titus 1:14) and "foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law" ( Titus 3:9). There are references to Greek philosophy and Gnosticism in phrases such as "forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats" ( 1 Timothy 4:3) and "avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called" ( 1 Timothy 6:20). Paul the apostle was determined to combat these enemies of the Cross and decided to keep Timothy at Ephesus to set it in order, both in doctrine and in practice.

In the Gospels Jesus was often call by this title, which is actually the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew/Aramaic term "rabbi". Since Paul is warning Timothy about these Jewish teachings, it was a term, or office, that he clearly understood would fit the Jewish community. We see it used again in Hebrews 5:12 and James 3:1 within the context of Jewish recipients to these two General Epistles..

Hebrews 5:12, "For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat."

James 3:1, "My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation."

2 Timothy 4:3Comments - Every generation of mankind has rejected the truth of God's Word for a lie. Isaiah reveals this depravity in the nation of Israel ( Isaiah 30:9-10). Paul explained this characteristic in the Gentiles ( Romans 1:25).

Isaiah 30:9-10, "That this is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will not hear the law of the Lord: Which say to the seers, See not; and to the prophets, Prophesy not unto us right things, speak unto us smooth things, prophesy deceits:"

Romans 1:25, "Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen."

2 Timothy 4:4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

2 Timothy 4:3-4Comments - The Office of an Evangelist- Timothy's preaching must be dynamic and confrontational, since he is trying to rescue poor souls from sin, and ultimately from eternal damnation. Again, 2 Timothy 4:2-4 reflects the office and ministry of the evangelist.

2 Timothy 4:5 But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.

2 Timothy 4:5 — "But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions" - Comments - Because Timothy has been charged in 2 Timothy 4:1-4 to be confrontational in turning the hearts of men from damnation, there will be those who will resist and oppose him. One example is Alexander the coppersmith and his cohort, who had been an enemy of the Gospel in the city of Ephesus ( Acts 19:33, 1 Timothy 1:20, 2 Timothy 4:14). Jesus said, "Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves." ( Matthew 10:16) Therefore, in 2 Timothy 4:5 Paul warns Timothy to be watchful can careful in all matters. Others may attempt to cause him to fall morally, or to kill him through violence or food poisoning, or by simply inflicting hardships upon him in various ways.

Acts 19:33, "And they drew Alexander out of the multitude, the Jews putting him forward. And Alexander beckoned with the hand, and would have made his defence unto the people."

1 Timothy 1:20, "Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme."

2 Timothy 4:14, "Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works"

2 Timothy 4:5 — "do the work of an evangelist" - Comments - 2 Timothy 4:5 reveals the office and ministry that Timothy was called into. This gift as an evangelist was probably confirmed when Paul and other church elders laid hands upon him and prophesied over him, as stated in 1 Timothy 4:14 and 2 Timothy 1:6.

1 Timothy 4:14, "Neglect not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery."

2 Timothy 1:6, "Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putting on of my hands."

2 Timothy 4:5Word Study on "make full proof" - Strong says the Greek word "make full proof" ( πληροφορέω) (G 4135) means, "to completely assure (or convince), entirely accomplish." This Greek word is used five times in the New Testament. Note the other four New Testament uses that support the meaning "completely assure":

Luke 1:1, "Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us,"

Romans 4:21, "And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform."

Romans 14:5, "One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind."

2 Timothy 4:17, "Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion.

However, it can also mean, "to entirely accomplish."

ASV, "But be thou sober in all things, suffer hardship, do the work of an evangelist, fulfil thy ministry."

NIV, "But you, keep your head in all situations, endure hardship, do the work of an evangelist, discharge all the duties of your ministry."

Rotherham, "But, thou, be sober in all things, suffer hardship, do, the work, of an evangelist, thy ministry, completely fulfill;"

2 Timothy 4:5Comments- In 2 Timothy 4:5 Paul exhorts Timothy to finish the purpose and plan in his life that God has given to him. He is exhorted to finish his course as Paul has finished his. Paul then gives himself as an example of this in verses 6-8 as words of encouragement. This is because Paul the apostle did not tell others to achieve goals that he himself had not achieved. That Isaiah , he never boasted in other men"s labors ( 2 Corinthians 10:15).

2 Corinthians 10:15, "Not boasting of things without our measure, that Isaiah , of other men"s labours; but having hope, when your faith is increased, that we shall be enlarged by you according to our rule abundantly,"

This verse in 2 Timothy 4:5 gives us the four conditions to receiving eternal rewards. These four conditions develop in our lives in a progressive order. If we follow them, they will lead us into our calling. If we finish our calling, we will receive a full reward ( 2 John 1:8).

2 John 1:8, "Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that we receive a full reward."

(1) "But watch thou in all things" - We must first begin to live godly and sober lives. When we get serious with God, He gets serious with us.

(2) "endure afflictions" - Second, we must endure the afflictions that come with living a Godly lifestyle. God will prove us to see if we are serious about our calling, if we can be counted faithful ( 1 Timothy 1:12). This testing period is necessary because it produces Godly character. Note:

Romans 5:3-4, "And not only so: we also exult in our sufferings, knowing as we do, that suffering produces fortitude; fortitude, ripeness of character; and ripeness of character, hope;" (Weymouth)

Romans 5:3-4, "Not only Song of Solomon , but we also rejoice in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; perseverance, character, and character, hope." (NIV)

(3) "do the work of an evangelist" - Third, as we continue living this Godly lifestyle, God will move us into our particular calling and work.

1 Timothy 1:12, "And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry;"

We must serve within the calling that the Lord has given to each of us.

(4) "make full proof of thy ministry" - Fourth, we must finish the work that God has called each of us to do within that calling. Just as Paul is about to give himself as an example to Timothy of one who has finished his course, so must God require of us to fulfill this calling. For example, in 1969 the Lord told Arthur Blessitt to carry the cross that was on his wall into every nation on earth by the year 2000. He completed this calling in 1998 by carrying the cross into Iraq and North Korea. 32]

32] Arthur Blessitt, interviewed by Matthew Crouch, Behind the Scenes, on Trinity Broadcasting Network (Santa Ana, California, 2008), television program.

Summary- If we meet these four conditions, as Paul the apostle did in 2 Timothy 4:6-8, we, too, will receive a crown of righteousness. God has created each of us to look different. No one person looks alike. Even identical twins have differences. I know because I am an identical twin. I believe that one reason God created every one of us as unique individuals is because this is a type and figure of the fact that God gives each of us a unique calling and word to do in the Kingdom of God.

If we see in 2 John 1:8 that we can receive a full reward, it means that there is a partial reward also.

2 John 1:8, "Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that we receive a full reward."

We see in 1 Corinthians 3:11-15 that a believer can go to heaven and receive no rewards.

1 Corinthians 3:15, "If any man"s work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire."

It appears that God will reward each believer based upon the degree that he has fulfilled the ministry and work that God has ordained for him to do before the foundation of the world. If a believer fulfills his divine calling, he will receive a full reward. If he never enters into this ministry before he dies, he will be saved, but he has no reward. If he finds his place in Christ and partially fulfills this ministry, he will receive a partial reward.

2 Timothy 4:6-8 — Paul's Example of Hope in Glorification: Paul Declares the Fulfillment of His Office and Ministry - In 2 Timothy 4:6-8 Paul declares the fulfillment of his office and ministry as an apostle to the Gentiles, and as a teacher and preacher of the Gospel of Jesus Christ ( 1 Timothy 2:7, 2 Timothy 1:11). Paul is giving himself as an example of a minister of the Gospel who has fulfilled his ministry as a word of encouragement to undergird his charge in the previous verses to Timothy to fulfill his ministry ( 2 Timothy 4:1-5). In 2 Timothy 4:7 Paul summarizes his perseverance, and in 2 Timothy 4:8 he summarizes his impending glorification.

1 Timothy 2:7, "Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, and lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity."

2 Timothy 1:11, "Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles."

Hebrew Parallelism in 2Timothy- When reading 2 Timothy 4:6-8 one notices how it rings with a poetic sound. This is because this passage is structured as Hebrew parallelism. He uses a distitch in 2 Timothy 4:6, tristitch in 2 Timothy 4:7, and a tetrastitch in 2 Timothy 4:8.

For I am now ready to be offered,

and the time of my departure is at hand.

I have fought a good fight,

I have finished my course,

I have kept the faith.

Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness,

which the Lord, the righteous Judges , shall give me at that day:

and not to me only,

but unto all them also that love his appearing.

Why would Paul shift from an epistolary form to Hebrew poetry? Perhaps he did so because poetry is the language of the heart. Paul had been to heaven in visions, and the thought of going there soon sends a wave of joy through him that expressed itself in a song here in 2 Timothy 4:6-8.

2 Timothy 4:6 For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand.

2 Timothy 4:6"and the time of my departure is at hand" - Comments- God gives very faithful, saints, though few, the time of their departure. In the Scriptures several men of God knew their day of departure besides Paul:

Moses:

Numbers 27:12-14, "And the LORD said unto Moses, Get thee up into this mount Abarim, and see the land which I have given unto the children of Israel. And when thou hast seen it, thou also shalt be gathered unto thy people, as Aaron thy brother was gathered. For ye rebelled against my commandment in the desert of Zin, in the strife of the congregation, to sanctify me at the water before their eyes: that is the water of Meribah in Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin."

Numbers 31:2, "Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people."

Aaron:

Numbers 33:38, "And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of the LORD, and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the first day of the fifth month."

Hezekiah:

Isaiah 38:5, "Go, and say to Hezekiah, Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will add unto thy days fifteen years."

Peter:

2 Peter 1:14, "Knowing that shortly I must put off this my tabernacle, even as our Lord Jesus Christ hath shewed me."

2 Timothy 4:7 I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith:

2 Timothy 4:7 — "I have fought a good fight" - Comments - The statement "I have fought a good fight" is not arrogance or self-boasting, but this is Paul realizing that he has allowed the Lord to teach him to be an overcomer in this life. A man of God knows when God gives him a victory in an area of his Christian life. There is no doubt in the walk of faith.

How did Paul fight? He had to overcome himself in order to lead others down the path of Christ.

1 John 4:4, "Ye are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world."

What was Paul trying to achieve in this fight? He was labouring and struggling to bring each believer to their fullness in Christ Jesus so that they could walk in the place that God called them to walk and receive eternal life. Note where Paul uses this same Greek word ( αγώ ν) (G 73) in Colossians 1:27 to Colossians 2:2 when discussing his efforts to bring every believer into their fullness:

Colossians 1:27 to Colossians 2:2, "To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory: Whom we preach, warning every Prayer of Manasseh , and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus: Whereunto I also labour, striving according to his working, which worketh in me mightily. For I would that ye knew what great conflict I have for you, and for them at Laodicea, and for as many as have not seen my face in the flesh; That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, and unto all riches of the full assurance of understanding, to the acknowledgement of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ;

Note how Paul makes another reference to his efforts to present every believer perfect in Christ.

2 Corinthians 11:2, "For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ."

He fought spiritual warfare in this struggle for God's people to be delivered from the dominion of darkness and walk as children of light.

Ephesians 6:12-18 - In spiritual warfare against demonic spirits.

2 Corinthians 10:4-6, "(For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;) Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ; And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled."

Scripture References- Note:

1 Timothy 6:12, "Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses."

2 Timothy 4:7 — "I have finished my course" - The phrase "I have finished my course" is synonymous with the phrase that Paul has just used in 2 Timothy 4:5, exhorting Timothy to "make full proof of thy ministry," which means to fulfill his ministry. Benny Hinn said, "You cannot finish your ministry until you are finished with your life." 33] Unless you die to your desires, you cannot fulfill God"s desires and plan for your life.

33] Benny Hinn, This is Your Day (Irving, Texas), on Trinity Broadcasting Network (Santa Ana, California, 26 January 2001), television program.

A course is like in a race. Many people start out in a road race, especially a marathon, but not all finish. Paul uses this analogy in 1 Corinthians 9:24-27. God has given us all a course, or a task to complete in our lives. Our names are written in the Lamb"s Book of Life. Talents have been distributed as God wills to each of us. One day we will have to give an account of our lives.

1 Corinthians 9:24-27, "Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain. And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible. I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; so fight I, not as one that beateth the air: But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway."

God has a plan for every human being that will serve Him, one that is greater than we can ever imagine for ourselves. Paul states this fact in 2 Timothy 1:9.

2 Timothy 1:9, "Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,"

The Lord once spoke to Benny Hinn and said, "Do not ruin your destiny!" 34] God has ordained a plan, or destiny, for each of us. Many people never fulfill their ministry. Note:

34] Benny Hinn, This is Your Day (Irving, Texas), on Trinity Broadcasting Network (Santa Ana, California), television program.

Colossians 4:17, "And say to Archippus, Take heed to the ministry which thou hast received in the Lord, that thou fulfil it."

Paul finished his course. We see his commission in the book of Acts and in his epistles. Note that He was to stand before kings, preach to the Gentiles and to the children of Israel. Note:

Acts 9:15, "But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel:"

Romans 11:13, "For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:"

1 Timothy 2:7, "Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, and lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity."

2 Timothy 1:11, "Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles."

He believed that in order to finish his course, he had to preach the Gospel to the Gentile world in fulfillment of the prophecy of Ananias ( Acts 9:15). He was able to proclaim the Gospel in all the major cities of the Roman world where the other apostles had not reached. He knew that by starting a church in these major cities the message of Jesus Christ would spread to the surrounding cities under their influence. Paul even stood before the king of the Gentiles, the Roman Emperor. In this, he could say that he had finished his course.

In completing this accomplishment of preaching to the Roman Emperor and court, Paul believed that he would further the Gospel of Jesus Christ with maximum impact ( Philippians 1:12-14). This accomplishment would affect the imperial court itself, the most powerful group of people in the world.

Philippians 1:12-14, "But I would ye should understand, brethren, that the things which happened unto me have fallen out rather unto the furtherance of the gospel; So that my bonds in Christ are manifest in all the palace, and in all other places; And many of the brethren in the Lord, waxing confident by my bonds, are much more bold to speak the word without fear."

However, reaching Rome was not without great cost, for it eventually cost him his life. In Acts 20:24, we see that Paul was returning from his third missionary journey. On his way back to Jerusalem, he was told in every church that bonds and afflictions were waiting for him if he went to Jerusalem.

Acts 20:22-24, "And now, behold, I go bound in the spirit unto Jerusalem, not knowing the things that shall befall me there: Save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city, saying that bonds and afflictions abide me. But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God."

Paul now has to make a choice. He knows that if he goes to Jerusalem, he will be bound and imprisoned. He knows that it meant possible death. Therefore he says here that he does not count his life dear. He also knew that he must preach the Gospel in Rome ( Acts 19:21). It was God"s will for Paul to go to Rome, yet the Holy Spirit was warning Paul of its consequences, which was certain death. Here, Paul makes a choice, to finish the work that God"s has called him to, resulting in death, or to save his own life, yet never reach Rome. In Paul"s visit to Rome, he increased the influence of his ministry, but it cost him his life.

Acts 19:21, "After these things were ended, Paul purposed in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, After I have been there, I must also see Rome."

Acts 23:11, "And the night following the Lord stood by him, and said, Be of good cheer, Paul: for as thou hast testified of me in Jerusalem, so must thou bear witness also at Rome."

The Lord allowed Paul to make the choice. Paul chose God"s will above his own will. Paul had to make a choice many times in his life. When he was taken captive a Caesarea shortly after leaving the Ephesians , he made a choice to face death for an opportunity to preach the Gospel before Caesar ( Acts 25:11-12).

Acts 25:11-12, "For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die: but if there be none of these things whereof these accuse me, no man may deliver me unto them. I appeal unto Caesar. Then Festus, when he had conferred with the council, answered, Hast thou appealed unto Caesar? unto Caesar shalt thou go."

This was the culmination of his ministry. He had finished his course.

Other illustrations:

John the Baptist finished his course:

Acts 13:25, "And as John fulfilled his course, he said, Whom think ye that I am? I am not he. But, behold, there cometh one after me, whose shoes of his feet I am not worthy to loose."

Demas did not finish his course:

2 Timothy 4:10, "For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia."

Scripture References- Note:

John 17:4, "I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do."

Acts 20:24, "But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God."

2 Timothy 4:7Comments- Rick Shelton teaches that Paul's three statements in 2 Timothy 4:7 refer to three different aspects of Paul's life and ministry. He says that the first phrase "I have fought a good fight" is a reference to Paul's personal struggle to stay pure, righteous and clean on a daily basis before God in the midst of a wicked world while living in a sin-corrupted body. Paul's comments in Romans 7:14-25 serve as a description of this personal daily struggle. The second statement "I have finished my course" refers to the fact that Paul finished the calling and work that God gave him to do on this earth. The third statement "I have kept the faith" is a reference to the fact that Paul had persevered in the midst of trials and difficulties. He did not give up his faith in God nor his commitment to serve Him. These three statements serve as Paul's three-fold message to young Timothy in this second epistle. 35]

35] Rick Shelton, "Sermon," Joyce Meyer Ministries Minister's Conference, St. Louis, Missouri.

2 Timothy 4:8 Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judges , shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.

2 Timothy 4:8 — "Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness" - Word Study on "henceforth" - Strong says the Greek word "henceforth" ( λοιπον) (G 3063) means, "something remaining." Paul"s ministry being finished, he will now accept the consequences for what he has done and receive the rewards for what he has done in the name of the Lord. The Enhanced Strong says this Greek word is used 14times in the New Testament, being translated in the KJV as, "finally 5, now 2, then 1, besides 1, moreover + 1161 + 37391, it remains + 20761, furthermore 1, henceforth 1, from henceforth 1."

Comments- This phrase implies that our eternal rewards in heaven are based on how much we complete the course that God has called us to. This means that we will not receive rewards for doing what we wanted to do in this life. We must follow the path that God has called us to and attempt to finish this course, as Paul the apostle did in his life.

We see in 2 Timothy 4:5 of this same chapter how Paul exhorts Timothy to finished his course also, which is the work of an evangelist.

2 Timothy 4:5, "But be thou sober in all things, suffer hardship, do the work of an evangelist, fulfil thy ministry." (ASV)

2 Timothy 4:8 — "which the Lord, the righteous judge" - Comments- Paul gives the Lord Jesus Christ recognition of the office that He will fulfill on the Day of Judgment, when He will judge all men with righteous judgment.

2 Timothy 4:8"shall give me at that day" - Comments- These rewards are a result of Paul"s accomplishments in verse 7. Note:

Matthew 6:20, "But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal:"

2 Timothy 4:8 — "and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing" - Comments- This statement says that a crown of righteousness is reserved for those who are anticipating and longing for His appearing. This phrase does not say that a crown of righteousness is reserved for every believer, or else the phrase would have read, "but unto all them that believe." Each believer must meet a condition in order to receive a crown. They must be living their lives as those who love their master.

It can be best illustrated by the parable of the ten virgins in Matthew 25:1-13. A Christian must live his life in preparation for His coming.


Verses 9-22

Conclusion - We find the conclusion to 2Timothy in the final passage of this Epistle. In 2 Timothy 4:9-22 Paul gives Timothy some final instructions on making preparations to come to him as quickly as possible. These instructions are mixed with the final greetings that are typical of the Pauline epistles.

2 Timothy 4:9 Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me:

2 Timothy 4:9Comments- Paul's desire to see Timothy in 2 Timothy 1:4 moved him later to request that he make all effort to come see him in the closing passage of this epistle.

2 Timothy 4:9, "Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me:"

2 Timothy 4:10 For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.

2 Timothy 4:10 — "Crescens to Galatia" - Comments- Eusebius (A.D 260 to 340) tells us that Crescens was sent to Gaul. 36] However, 2 Timothy 4:10 says that he was sent to Galatia. Webster tells us that the word "Gaul" was the Anglicized form of "Gallia"; he says the term "Galatian" refers to "Galatia or its inhabitants-- A native or inhabitant of Galatia, in Asia Minor; a descendant of the Gauls who settled in Asia Minor."

36] Eusebius writes, "As to the rest of his followers, Paul testifies that Crescens was sent to Gaul;" (Ecclesiastical History 349)

Thus, we can see that the terms "Gaul" and "Galatia" referred to the same group of people in ancient history, so that there need be no contradiction in Eusebius" statement with the Holy Scriptures.

The Apostolic Constitutions, a collection of ecclesiastical law that is believed to have been compiled during the latter half of the fourth century, gives us a list of the earliest bishops. This ancient document states that there was a man by the name of "Crescens" who became the bishop of the churches in Galatia. There is little doubt that this is referring to the same individual. 37]

37] The Apostolic Constitution says, "Now concerning those bishops which have been ordained in our lifetime, we let you know that they are these…Of the churches of Galatia, Crescens." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles 7446)

2 Timothy 4:10Comments- In 2 Timothy 4:5, Paul exhorts young Timothy to finish his course. Then Paul uses himself as an example in verses 6-8 of one who has fulfilled his divine calling. Here in verse 10, Paul gives Timothy another example. This time, Timothy sees a person who has failed in his calling, in stark contrast to the life of Paul.

2 Timothy 4:11 Only Luke is with me. Take Mark , and bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry.

2 Timothy 4:11Comments - Paul's statement in 2 Timothy 4:11 regarding John Mark "for he is profitable to me for the ministry" seems to allude to the fact that this young man was profitable as an assistant during Paul's early years of ministry ( Acts 12:25; Acts 13:5), but he proved unprofitable by abandoning Paul and Barnabas during their first missionary journey ( Acts 12:25; Acts 13:5; Acts 13:13). In his old age, Paul seems to redeem his support and love towards John Mark.

2 Timothy 4:12 And Tychicus have I sent to Ephesus.

2 Timothy 4:12Comments- If the assumption by many scholars is true, that the time of writing of the three Pastoral Epistles is close together, then we can refer to Titus 3:12 and suggest that Paul sent Artemas to Crete and Tychicus to Ephesus. Paul would not have pulled Timothy away for any length of time without placing a faithful person in his place. The references to Tychicus in the New Testament reveal that he was a very faithful and trusted servant to Paul, having delivered two of the Prison Epistles to Ephesus and Colossi.

Titus 3:12, "When I shall send Artemas unto thee, or Tychicus, be diligent to come unto me to Nicopolis: for I have determined there to winter."

2 Timothy 4:13 The cloke that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books, but especially the parchments.

2 Timothy 4:13 — "but especially the parchments" - Comments- Robert Gundry has suggested that Paul's request to Timothy to bring the parchments may not be limited to Old Testament writings. These documents may have included his certificate of Roman citizenship for his trial, records of Jesus' life and teachings, etc. 38]

38] Robert H. Gundry, A Survey of the New Testament, revised edition (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House), 310.

2 Timothy 4:13Comments- William Tyndale spent the last winter of his life in a cold, damp prison because of his crime of translating the Holy Scriptures into English. During this imprisonment of 1535-36, he wrote a letter to a superior requesting much the same items that Paul is requesting in this verse. Paul was also writing a letter just before the last winter of his life, perhaps A.D 63-64, asking for warmer clothing and his books. Note this letter from the hand of William Tyndale, discovered in the middle of the 1800's, which also reveals to us the environment in which Paul wrote his last epistle, and perhaps all of his prison epistles.

"I believe, right worshipful, that you are not unaware of what may have been determined concerning me. Wherefore, I beg your lordship, and that by the Lord Jesus, that if I am to remain here through the winter, you will request the commissary to have the kindness to send me, from the goods of mine which he has, a warmer cap, for I suffer greatly from cold in the head, and am afflicted by a perpetual catarrh, which is much increased in this cell; a warmer coat also, for this which I have is very thin; a piece of cloth, too, to patch my leggings. My overcoat is worn out; my shirts also are worn out. He has a woolen shirt, if he will be good enough to send it. I have also with him leggings of thicker cloth to put on above; he has also warmer night-caps. And I ask to be allowed to have a lamp in the evening; it is indeed wearisome sitting alone in the dark. But most of all I beg and beseech your clemency to be urgent with the commissary, that he will kindly permit me to have the Hebrew Bible, Hebrew grammar and Hebrew dictionary, that I may pass the time in that study. In return may you obtain what you most desire, so only that it be for the salvation of your soul. But if any other decision has been taken concerning me, to be carried out before winter, I will be patient, abiding the will of God, to the glory of the grace of my Lord Jesus Christ; whose Spirit (I pray) may ever direct your heart. Amen" 39]

39] F. F. Bruce, The Books and the Parchments (Old Tappan, New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1963), 9-10.

We see clearly in both statements by these two men of God a passion for the Holy Scriptures despite the sufferings of the physical body within these cold prisons. For William Tyndale, it was a desire to complete the full translation of the Old Testament, which he has partially completed. For Paul, it was a passion to know Christ and to present Him from the Holy Scriptures.

This story verifies what I have experienced over the years of doing my own personal Bible studies. There is seldom, if ever, a convenient and comfortable time to study God's Word. The flesh wars against us and our minds want to find something else to think about. It may be too cold or too hot. We may be too busy with work or family needs. We too, as Paul and William Tyndale, will have to pay a price each time we study the Word. It will always cost us something in this world to hear from God.

2 Timothy 4:14-15Comments- Paul's Warning to Timothy of Alexander the Coppersmith - In 2 Timothy 4:14-15 Paul gives Timothy a personal and vivid illustration of those who oppose the truth as he has stated would happened in a number of previous verses in this epistle:

2 Timothy 2:25, "In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;"

2 Timothy 3:8, "Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith."

2 Timothy 4:3, "For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;"

We do have a Jew named Alexander mentioned in Acts 19:33, who was apparently a leader of the Jewish community in Ephesus. He is mentioned in Acts because he was chosen by the Jews in Ephesus to speak to the crowd and appease their anger, but to no avail. Paul mentions a man by this name in his two epistles to Timothy. He is called Alexander the coppersmith and described as a harsh opponent to Paul's work in Ephesus. Such a description seen in Acts 19:33 of a well-spoken Jewish leader in Ephesus fits the description of a possible opponent of Paul's evangelist work in this city. It is very possible for this to be the same person.

Acts 19:33, "And they drew Alexander out of the multitude, the Jews putting him forward. And Alexander beckoned with the hand, and would have made his defence unto the people."

1 Timothy 1:20, "Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme."

2 Timothy 4:16 At my first answer no man stood with me, but all men forsook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge.

2 Timothy 4:16Comments - 2 Timothy 4:16 is a reference to Paul's second imprisonment and trials prior to his death. We see in this verse how fiery and frightening it must have been for his friends, even to the point of threatening their lives by associating with Christians.

2 Timothy 4:17 Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion.

2 Timothy 4:17 — "Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me" - Comments- We can interpret 2 Timothy 4:17 to mean that during Paul's darkest hours of fiery trials and condemnation from false lies, and when all friends had forsaken him out of fear of being themselves condemned, the Lord Jesus Christ visited him and strengthened him with words of comfort.

2 Timothy 4:17 — "that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear" - Comments- In 2 Timothy 4:17 Paul refers to his divine commission of taking the Gospel to the Gentiles, which the Lord spoke through Ananias at the time of his conversion in Acts 9:10-19. He felt compelled to reach all nations.

Acts 9:15-16, "But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel: For I will shew him how great things he must suffer for my name"s sake."

The Lord later spoke to Paul to depart and go to the Gentile nations.

Acts 22:21, "And he said unto me, Depart: for I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles."

2 Timothy 4:17 — "and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion" - Comments- The statement in 2 Timothy 2:17 that "I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion," mostly likely is a reference to Paul's first release under Nero. Josephus records the statement of Agrippa's servant running to tell him of the death of the Roman Emperor Tiberius, saying, "The lion is dead." (Antiquities 18610) Thus, we have a testimony that the Roman Emperors were called a lion.

2 Timothy 4:18 And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

2 Timothy 4:16-18Comments- Paul's Steadfastness and the Lord's Deliverance - Although 2Timothy is generally understood to have been written shortly before Paul's death at the hands of Nero during his second Roman imprisonment, Albert Barnes and others believe that 2 Timothy 4:16-18 is a reference to Paul's deliverance from his first imprisonment. He understands this passage to say that during his first trial before a Roman court all of his friends forsook him, but the Lord stood with him and brought deliverance for him. The phrase "that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear" would then refer to the fact that Paul was permitted to be free once more to travel and preach the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Thus, the phrase, "and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion" would be a reference to being delivered from Nero during his first imprisonment.

The early Church historian Eusebius (A.D 260 to 340) supports this view, telling us that 2 Timothy 4:16-18 is a reference to Paul"s deliverance from his first Roman imprisonment and a statement of his pending death during his second imprisonment. He says that when Paul refers to being delivered from the mouth of the lion, he was referring to his deliverance from death at the hands of Nero during his first imprisonment. He tells us that 2 Timothy 4:17 is an indication that Paul was delivered from his first judgment in Nero"s court in order to finish his ministry. However, Eusebius believes that 2 Timothy 4:6 is an indication that Paul foresaw his pending death at his second encounter with Nero; for he said, "For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand." 40] Jerome (NPN 2-3) (A.D 342to 420) supports this view in his comments on this passage of Scripture. 41]

40] Eusebius writes, "Thus after he had made his defense it is said that the apostle was sent again upon the ministry of preaching, and that upon coming to the same city a second time he suffered martyrdom. In this imprisonment he wrote his second epistle to Timothy, in which he mentions his first defense and his impending death. But hear his testimony on these matters: ‘At my first answer,' he says, ‘no man stood with me, but all men forsook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge. Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion.' He plainly indicates in these words that on the former occasion, in order that the preaching might be fulfilled by him, he was rescued from the mouth of the lion, referring, in this expression, to Nero, as is probable on account of the latter"s cruelty. He did not therefore afterward add the similar statement, ‘He will rescue me from the mouth of the lion'; for he saw in the spirit that his end would not be long delayed. Wherefore he adds to the words, ‘And he delivered me from the mouth of the lion,' this sentence: ‘The Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom,' indicating his speedy martyrdom; which he also foretells still more clearly in the same epistle, when he writes, ‘For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand.'" (Ecclesiastical History 2222-5)

41] Jerome writes, "It ought to be said that at the first defence, the power of Nero having not yet been confirmed, nor his wickedness broken forth to such a degree as the histories relate concerning him, Paul was dismissed by Nero, that the gospel of Christ might be preached also in the West. As he himself writes in the second epistle to Timothy, at the time when he was about to be put to death dictating his epistle as he did while in chains; ‘At my first defence no one took my part, but all forsook me: may it not be laid to their account. But the Lord stood by me and strengthened me; that through me the message might be fully proclaimed and that all the Gentiles might hear, and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion' -- clearly indicating Nero as lion on account of his cruelty. And directly following he says ‘The Lord delivered me from the month of the lion' and again shortly, ‘The Lord delivered me from every evil work and saved me unto his heavenly kingdom,' for indeed he felt within himself that his martyrdom was near at hand, for in the same epistle he announced ‘for I am already being offered and the time of my departure is at hand.' He then, in the fourteenth year of Nero on the same day with Peter, was beheaded at Rome for Christ"s sake and was buried in the Ostian way, the twenty-seventh year after our Lord"s passion." (Illustrious Men 5)

2 Timothy 4:14-18Comments- Paul Refers to His Persecutions, Abandonment, and the Lord's Faithfulness - If we look for an occasion of Paul being delivered back to Roman prison the second time, the passage in 2 Timothy 4:14-18 serves as a good place to speculate. We have Paul first referring to one of his arch-enemies in the area of Ephesus, a Jew by the name of Alexander the coppersmith ( 2 Timothy 4:14-15), who made great efforts to resist Paul's ministry. He is probably the same person mentioned in Acts 19:33, and was apparently a leader of the Jewish community in Ephesus. He is mentioned in Acts because he was chosen by the Jews in Ephesus to speak to the crowd and appease their anger, but to no avail. Paul mentions a man by this name in his two epistles to Timothy. He is called Alexander the coppersmith and described as a harsh opponent to Paul's work in Ephesus. Such a description seen in Acts 19:33 of a well-spoken Jewish leader in Ephesus fits the description of a possible opponent of Paul's evangelist work in this city.

Following this warning to Timothy about his adversary, Paul immediately refers to his trial and defense, as if Alexander had something to do with his arrest. He recalls the painful experience of having everyone forsake him, but finds strength in the way the Lord stood by him and delivered him from the mouth of lions. It is possible that Paul is recalling the events around his second arrest, which may have taken place in Ephesus as a result of the efforts of Alexander the coppersmith. This passage may be referring to the occasion for Paul's arrest.

2 Timothy 4:19 Salute Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus.

2 Timothy 4:19 — "Salute Prisca and Aquila" - Comments- Paul first met Aquila and Priscilla in Corinth on his second missionary journey when he established a church there. They had been banished from Rome by Claudius.

Acts 18:1-2, "After these things Paul departed from Athens, and came to Corinth; And found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla; (because that Claudius had commanded all Jews to depart from Rome:) and came unto them."

He took them with him on his way back to Antioch and left them in the city of Ephesus.

Acts 18:18-19, "And Paul after this tarried there yet a good while, and then took his leave of the brethren, and sailed thence into Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in Cenchrea: for he had a vow. And he came to Ephesus, and left them there: but he himself entered into the synagogue, and reasoned with the Jews."

We find that this couple is still in Ephesus when Paul returns on his third missionary journey and writes his first epistle to the Corinthians from there. They had started a church in their home while in Ephesus.

1 Corinthians 16:19, "The churches of Asia salute you. Aquila and Priscilla salute you much in the Lord, with the church that is in their house."

In Romans 16:3, which is dated a short time later, we find them back in the city of Rome. It is possible that Paul sent them to Rome before he left Ephesus in order to help establish the church there.

Romans 16:3-4, "Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles."

Near the end of Paul's life, while writing to Timothy from the city of Rome just before his death, we find this couple back in Ephesus.

2 Timothy 4:19, "Salute Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus."

This story would certainly fit the Paul's description of their sacrifices of laying down their lives in the following verse (). They had returned to Rome, which was placing them in risk of their lives. They had served in Ephesus for some years until Paul returned on his next visit. Thus, the churches of the Gentiles had something to thank them for.

2 Timothy 4:19"and the household of Onesiphorus" - Comments- Note another reference to Onesiphorus in 2 Timothy 1:16, "The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain:"

2 Timothy 4:20 Erastus abode at Corinth: but Trophimus have I left at Miletum sick.

2 Timothy 4:21 Do thy diligence to come before winter. Eubulus greeteth thee, and Pudens, and Linus, and Claudia, and all the brethren.

2 Timothy 4:21 — "and Linus" - Comments- Eusebius (A.D 260 to 340) makes several references to Linus, whom he says was the first bishop of Rome after the death of Paul and Peter. 42] The Apostolic Constitutions, a collection of ecclesiastical law that is believed to have been compiled during the latter half of the fourth century, states that Linus was the first bishop of the church at Rome. 43]

42] Eusebius writes, "After the martyrdom of Paul and of Peter, Linus was the first to obtain the episcopate of the church at Rome. Paul mentions him, when writing to Timothy from Rome, in the salutation at the end of the epistle." (Ecclesiastical History 321)…"but Linus, whom he mentions in the Second Epistle to Timothy as his companion at Rome, was Peter"s successor in the episcopate of the church there, as has already been shown." (Ecclesiastical History 349)…"After Vespasian had reigned ten years Titus , his Song of Solomon , succeeded him. In the second year of his reign, Linus, who had been bishop of the church of Rome for twelve years, delivered his office to Anencletus. But Titus was succeeded by his brother Domitian after he had reigned two years and the same number of months." (Ecclesiastical History 3131)…"The blessed apostles having founded and established the church, entrusted the office of the episcopate to Linus. Paul speaks of this Linus in his Epistles to Timothy." (Ecclesiastical History 561)

43] The Apostolic Constitutions says, "Now concerning those bishops which have been ordained in our lifetime, we let you know that they are these…Of the church of Rome, Linus the son of Claudia was the first, ordained by Paul; and Clemens, after Linus" death, the second, ordained by me Peter." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles 7446)

2 Timothy 4:22 The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you. Amen.

2 Timothy 4:22 — "The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit" - Comments - In 2 Timothy 4:22 Paul basically commends them into the hands of the Lord Jesus Christ, in much the same way that he did in the book of Acts. We find this statement at the end of all of Paul's epistles.

Acts 14:23, "And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed."

Acts 20:32, "And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified."

In a similar way that the early apostles were instructed by Jesus to let their peace come upon the home of their host ( Matthew 10:13), so did Paul the apostle open every one of his thirteen New Testament epistles with a blessing of God's peace and grace upon his readers. Matthew 10:13 shows that you can bless a house by speaking God"s peace upon it.

Matthew 10:13, "And if the house be worthy, let your peace come upon it: but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you."

This practice of speaking blessings upon God's children may have its roots in the priestly blessing of Numbers 6:22-27, where God instructed Moses to have the priests speak a blessing upon the children of Israel. Now Paul closes his second epistle to Timothy by restating the blessing that he opened his epistle with in 2 Timothy 1:2.

2 Timothy 4:22 — "Amen" - Comments- In the Textus Receptus the word "Amen" is attached to the end of all thirteen of Paul's epistles, as well as to the Gospels of Matthew and Mark , and to the General Epistles of Hebrews , 1, 2 Peter , 1, 2 John , and to the book of Revelation. However, because "Amen" is not supported in more ancient manuscripts many scholars believe that this word is a later liturgical addition. For example, these Pauline benedictions could have been used by the early churches with the added "Amen."

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 4:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/2-timothy-4.html. 2013.

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