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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Leviticus 2

 

 

Introduction
1The meat offering of flour with oil and incense,
4either baked in the oven,
5or on a plate,
7or in a frying-pan.
12The first fruits not to be burnt on the altar.
13Salt to be used with every offering.
14The offering of first fruits in the ear.

Verse 1
And when any will offer a meat offering unto the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense thereon:
meat offering
Minchah, from the Arabic manacha, to give, especially as a reciprocal gift, a gift, oblation, or eucharistical or gratitude offering, for the bounties of providence displayed in the fruits of the earth. It is termed a meat offering by our translators, because the term meat in their time was the general name for food.
6:14-18,20-23; 9:17; Numbers 15:4-21; Isaiah 66:20; John 6:35
fine flour
Exodus 29:2; Numbers 7:13,19; Joel 1:9; 2:14
pour oil
4-8,15,16; 7:10-12; 1 John 2:20,27; Jude 1:20
frankincense
Malachi 1:11; Luke 1:9,10; Revelation 8:3

Verse 2
And he shall bring it to Aaron's sons the priests: and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall burn the memorial of it upon the altar, to be an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD:
the memorial
9; 5:12; 6:15; 24:7; Exodus 30:16; Numbers 5:18; Nehemiah 13:14,22; Isaiah 66:3; Acts 10:4

Verse 3
And the remnant of the meat offering shall be Aaron's and his sons': it is a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.
the remnant
6:16,17,26; 7:9; 10:12,13; 21:22; Numbers 18:9; 1 Samuel 2:28
most holy
6:17; 10:12; 21:22; Exodus 29:37; Numbers 18:9

Verse 4
And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.
meat offering
1 Chronicles 23:28,29; Psalms 22:14; Ezekiel 46:20; Matthew 26:38; John 12:27
the oven
Tannur, probably such an oven as that described by D'Arvieux, as used by the Arabs. He states that they make a fire in a great stone pitcher, and when heated, mix meal and water, which they apply with the hollow of their hands to the outside, and this soft paste spreading itself upon it, is baked in an instant, and the bread comes of as thin as our wafers.
1:11; 6:17; 7:12; 10:12; Exodus 12:8; 1 Corinthians 5:7,8; Hebrews 7:26; 1 Peter 2:1,22
wafers
Exodus 16:31; 29:2; Isaiah 42:1; 44:3-5; 61:1; John 3:34

Verse 5
And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in a pan, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mingled with oil.
in a pan
or, on a flat plate, or slice. Machavath, a flat iron plate, such as the Arabs still use to bake their cakes on, and which is called a griddle in some of our counties.

Verse 6
Thou shalt part it in pieces, and pour oil thereon: it is a meat offering.
1:6; Psalms 22:1-21; Mark 14:1-15; John 18:1-19

Verse 7
And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in the fryingpan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.
the frying-pan
Marchesheth, a shallow earthen vessel, like a frying pan, which the Arabs call a tajen.
of fine
1,2

Verse 9
And the priest shall take from the meat offering a memorial thereof, and shall burn it upon the altar: it is an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
a memorial
2; 6:15
an offering
2; Exodus 29:18; Psalms 22:13,14; Isaiah 53:10; Zechariah 13:7,9; Romans 12:1; 15:16; Ephesians 5:2; Philippians 2:17; 4:18

Verse 10

Leviticus href="/desk/?q=le+2:3&sr=1">Leviticus 2:3


Verse 11
No meat offering, which ye shall bring unto the LORD, shall be made with leaven: for ye shall burn no leaven, nor any honey, in any offering of the LORD made by fire.
no leaven
6:17; Exodus 12:19,20; Matthew 16:6,11,12; Mark 8:15; Luke 12:1; 1 Corinthians 5:6-8; Galatians 5:9
honey
Proverbs 24:13; 25:16,27; Luke 21:34; Acts 14:22; 1 Peter 4:2

Verse 12
As for the oblation of the firstfruits, ye shall offer them unto the LORD: but they shall not be burnt on the altar for a sweet savour.
the oblation
Genesis 23:10,11,17; Exodus 22:29; 23:10,11,19; Numbers 15:20; Deuteronomy 26:10; 2 Chronicles 31:5; 1 Corinthians 15:20; Revelation 14:4
be burnt
Heb. ascend.

Verse 13
And every oblation of thy meat offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy meat offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.
with salt
Ezra 7:22; Ezekiel 43:24; Matthew 5:13; Mark 9:49,50; Colossians 4:6
the salt
Numbers 18:19; 2 Chronicles 13:5
with all thine
Ezekiel 43:24

Verse 14
And if thou offer a meat offering of thy firstfruits unto the LORD, thou shalt offer for the meat offering of thy firstfruits green ears of corn dried by the fire, even corn beaten out of full ears.
a meat offering
These first fruits seem to have been the voluntary oblation brought by individuals, of the finest ears of corn out of the field, before the harvest was ripe.
22:29; 23:10,14-17,20; Genesis 4:3; Numbers 28:2; Deuteronomy 26:2; Proverbs 3:9,10; Isaiah 53:2-10; Malachi 1:11; 1 Corinthians 15:20; Revelation 14:4
corn beaten
2 Kings 4:42

Verse 15

Leviticus href="/desk/?q=le+2:1&sr=1">Leviticus 2:1


Verse 16
And the priest shall burn the memorial of it, part of the beaten corn thereof, and part of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof: it is an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
1,2,4-7,9,12; Psalms 141:2; Isaiah 11:2-4; 61:1; Romans 8:26,27; Hebrews 5:7

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Leviticus 2:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/leviticus-2.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, September 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
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