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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Romans 16

 

 

Introduction
1Paul wills the brethren to greet many;
17and advises them to take heed of those which cause dissension and offences;
21and after sundry salutations ends with praise and thanks to God.

Verse 1
I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:
command
2 Corinthians 3:1
our
Matthew 12:50; Mark 10:30; 1 Timothy 5:2; James 2:15; 1 Peter 1:22,23
a servant
Luke 8:3; 1 Timothy 5:9,10
Cenchrea
Acts 18:18

Verse 2
That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also.
ye receive
15:7; Matthew 10:40-42; 25:40; Philippians 2:29; Colossians 4:10; Philemon 1:12,17; 2 John 1:10; 3 John 1:5-10
as
Ephesians 5:3; Philippians 1:27; 1 Timothy 2:10; Titus 2:3
for
3,4,6,9,23; Acts 9:36,39,41; Philippians 4:14-19; 2 Timothy 1:18

Verse 3
Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus:
Greet
Had the notes of time in this epistle fixed the writing of it to any date prior to St. Paul's first residence at Corinth, the salutation of Aquila and Priscilla would have contradicted the history, because it would have been prior to his acquaintance with these persons. If they had fixed it during that residence at Corinth, during his journey to Jerusalem, or during his progress through Asia Minor, an equal contradiction would have been incurred because, during all that time, they were either with St. Paul, or abiding at Ephesus. Lastly, had they fixed this epistle to be either contemporary with the first epistle to the Corinthians, or prior to it, a similar contradiction would have ensued, for they were then with St. Paul. As it is, all things are consistent.--See Dr. Paley.
Priscilla
Acts 18:2-17,26; 1 Corinthians 16:19; 2 Timothy 4:19
my
9; 1 Corinthians 16:16

Verse 4
Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles.
have
5:7; John 15:13; Philippians 2:30; 1 John 3:16
laid
Joshua 10:24; 2 Samuel 22:41; Micah 2:3
also
Acts 15:41; 16:5; 1 Corinthians 7:17; 16:1; 1 Thessalonians 2:14; Revelation 1:4

Verse 5
Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Salute my wellbeloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ.
the church
Matthew 18:20; 1 Corinthians 16:19; Colossians 4:15; Philemon 1:2
my
8,12; 3 John 1:1
who
11:16; 1 Corinthians 16:15; James 1:18; Revelation 14:4
Achaia
15:26; Acts 18:12,27; 2 Corinthians 1:1; 9:2

Verse 6
Greet Mary, who bestowed much labour on us.
who
12; Matthew 27:55; 1 Timothy 5:10

Verse 7
Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.
kinsmen
11,21
fellow prisoners
2 Corinthians 11:23; Colossians 4:10; Philemon 1:23; Revelation 1:9
who
Galatians 2:2,6
were
8:1; Isaiah 45:17,25; John 6:56; 14:20; 15:2; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:17,21; Galatians 1:22; 5:6; 6:15; Ephesians 2:10; 1 John 4:13; 5:20

Verse 8
Greet Amplias my beloved in the Lord.
my
5; Philippians 4:1; 1 John 3:14

Verse 9
Salute Urbane, our helper in Christ, and Stachys my beloved.
our
2,3,21

Verse 10
Salute Apelles approved in Christ. Salute them which are of Aristobulus' household.
approved
14:18; Deuteronomy 8:2; 1 Corinthians 11:19; 2 Corinthians 2:9; 8:22; Philippians 2:22; 1 Timothy 3:10; 1 Peter 1:7
of
2 Timothy 4:19
household
or, friends.

Verse 12
Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labour in the Lord. Salute the beloved Persis, which laboured much in the Lord.
labour
Matthew 9:38; 1 Corinthians 15:10,58; 16:16; Colossians 1:29; 4:12; 1 Thessalonians 1:3; 5:12,13; 1 Timothy 4:10; 5:17,18; Hebrews 6:10,11

Verse 13
Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.
Rufus
Mark 15:21
chosen
Matthew 20:16; John 15:16; Ephesians 1:4; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 2 John 1:1
his
Matthew 12:49,50; Mark 3:35; John 19:27; 1 Timothy 5:2

Verse 14
Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brethren which are with them.
and
8:29; Colossians 1:2; Hebrews 3:1; 1 Peter 1:22,23

Verse 15
Salute Philologus, and Julia, Nereus, and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints which are with them.
and all
2; 1:7; Isaiah 60:21; Ephesians 1:1; 1 Peter 1:2

Verse 16
Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you.
with
Acts 20:37; 1 Corinthians 16:20; 2 Corinthians 13:12; 1 Thessalonians 5:26; 1 Peter 5:14
The

Verse 17
Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.
mark
Philippians 3:17; 2 Thessalonians 3:14,15
cause
Acts 15:1-5,24; 1 Corinthians 1:10-13; 3:3; 11:18; Galatians 1:7-9; 2:4; Philippians 3:2,3; Colossians 2:8; 2 Peter 2:1,2; 1 John 2:19; 2 John 1:7-10; Jude 1:19
offences
Matthew 18:7; Luke 17:1
and
Matthew 18:17; 1 Corinthians 5:9-11; 2 Thessalonians 3:6,14; 1 Timothy 6:3-5; 2 Timothy 3:5; Titus 3:10; 2 John 1:10,11

Verse 18
For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.
serve
Matthew 6:24; John 12:26; Galatians 1:10; Philippians 2:21; Colossians 3:24; James 1:1; Jude 1:1; Revelation 1:1
but
1 Samuel 2:12-17,29; Isaiah 56:10-12; Ezekiel 13:19; Hosea 4:8-11; Micah 3:5; Malachi 1:10; Matthew 24:48-51; Philippians 3:19; 1 Timothy 6:5; 2 Peter 2:10-15; Jude 1:12
by
2 Chronicles 18:5,12-17; Isaiah 30:10,11; Jeremiah 8:10,11; 23:17; 28:1-9,15-17; Ezekiel 13:16; Micah 3:5; Matthew 7:15; 24:11,24; 2 Corinthians 2:17; 4:2; 11:13-15; Colossians 2:4; 2 Thessalonians 2:10; 1 Timothy 6:5; 2 Timothy 2:16-18; 3:2-6; Titus 1:10-12; 2 Peter 2:3,18-20; 1 John 4:1-3; Jude 1:16
the simple
19; Psalms 19:7; 119:130; Proverbs 8:5; 14:15; 22:3; 2 Corinthians 11:3

Verse 19
For your obedience is come abroad unto all men. I am glad therefore on your behalf: but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple concerning evil.
obedience
1:8; 1 Thessalonians 1:8,9
I am
Ephesians 1:15-17; Colossians 1:3-9; 1 Thessalonians 1:2,3; 3:6-10
yet
1 Kings 3:9-12; Psalms 101:2; Isaiah 11:2,3; Matthew 10:16; 1 Corinthians 14:20; Ephesians 1:17,18; Ephesians 5:17; Philippians 1:9; Colossians 1:9; 3:16; 2 Timothy 3:15-17; James 3:13-18
simple
or, harmless.
Luke 10:3; Philippians 2:15

Verse 20
And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.
the God
15:33
shall
Genesis 3:15; Isaiah 25:8-12; Romans 8:37; Hebrews 2:14,15; 1 John 3:8; Revelation 12:10; Revelation 20:1-3
bruise
or, tread.
Job 40:12; Isaiah 63:3; Zechariah 10:5; Malachi 4:3; Luke 10:19
The grace
24; 1 Corinthians 16:2-4; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Galatians 6:18; Philippians 4:23; 1 Thessalonians 5:28; 2 Thessalonians 3:18; 2 Timothy 4:22; Philemon 1:25; Revelation 22:21

Verse 21
Timotheus my workfellow, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute you.
Timotheus
Acts 16:1-3; 17:14; 18:5; 19:22; 20:4; 2 Corinthians 1:1,19; Colossians 1:1; Philippians 1:1; Philippians 2:19-23; 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 3:2,6; 2 Thessalonians 1:1; 1 Timothy 1:2; 6:11,20; 2 Timothy 1:2; Hebrews 13:23
Lucius
Acts 13:1
Jason
Acts 17:5
Sosipater
Acts 20:4
Sopater
my kinsmen.
7,11

Verse 22
I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord.
who
Galatians 6:11
salute
8; Colossians 3:17

Verse 23
Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother.
Gaius
1 Corinthians 1:14; 3 John 1:1-6
Erastus
Acts 19:22; 2 Timothy 4:20
the chamberlain
Or, as the Vulgate renders, arcarius civitatis, "the treasurer (or steward, [oikonomos (oiÎkono/mov)]) of the city;" he to whom the receipt and expenditure of the public money were entrusted.

Verse 24
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.
20; 1 Thessalonians 5:28

Verse 25
Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began,
to him
14:4; Acts 20:32; Ephesians 3:20,21; 1 Thessalonians 3:13; 2 Thessalonians 2:16,17; 3:3; Hebrews 7:25; 1 Peter 5:10; Jude 1:24,25
my gospel
2:16; 2 Corinthians 4:3; Galatians 2:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:14; 2 Timothy 2:8
and the
Acts 9:20; 1 Corinthians 1:23; 2:2; 2 Corinthians 4:5
to the
1 Corinthians 2:7; Ephesians 1:9; Colossians 1:26,27
which
Psalms 78:2; Daniel 2:22; Amos 3:7; Matthew 13:17,35; Luke 10:23,24; Ephesians 3:3-5,9,11; 1 Peter 1:10-12,20

Verse 26
But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith:
now
Ephesians 1:9; Colossians 1:26; 2 Timothy 1:10; Titus 1:2,3
and by
1:2; 3:21; 15:4; Acts 8:32-35; 10:43; 26:22,23; Galatians 3:8; Ephesians 2:20; Revelation 19:10
according
Matthew 28:19,20; Mark 16:15; Luke 24:44-47; Acts 13:46,47; 26:17,18
everlasting
1:20; Genesis 21:33; Deuteronomy 33:27; Isaiah 9:6; 40:28; Micah 5:2; 1 Timothy 1:17; Hebrews 9:14; 13:8; 1 John 5:20; Revelation 1:8-11,17
for the
1:5; 15:18; Acts 6:7

Verse 27
To God only wise, be glory through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen.
God
11:36; Galatians 1:4,5; Ephesians 3:20,21; Philippians 4:20; 1 Timothy 1:17; 6:16; 2 Timothy 4:18; Hebrews 13:15,21; 1 Peter 2:5; 5:10,11; 2 Peter 3:18; Revelation 1:5,6; 4:9-11; 5:9-14; Revelation 7:10-12; 19:1-6
only
11:33,34; Psalms 147:5; Ephesians 1:7,8; 3:10; Colossians 2:2,3; Jude 1:25

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Romans 16:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-16.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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