Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 13:37

Now Absalom fled and went to Talmai the son of Ammihud, the king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Absalom;   Ammihud;   Fugitives;   Talmai;   Scofield Reference Index - Absalom;   Thompson Chain Reference - Geshur;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Children;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Amnon;   Geshur, Geshuri, Geshurites;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Absalom;   Ammihud;   Geshur;   Talmai;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ammihud;   Geshur;   Talmai;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ammihud;   Geshur;   Samuel, Books of;   Son of God;   Talmai;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ammihud;   Ashurites;   Bartholomew;   Geshur, Geshurites;   Samuel, Books of;   Talmai;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ammihud ;   Geshur ;   Talmai ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Absalom;   Amnon;   David;   Geshur;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Am'mihud;   Sol'omon;   Tal'ma-I;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ammihud;   Ashhur;   Ashurites;   Bridge;   Geshur;   Samuel, Books of;   Talmai;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Bartholomew;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Absalom;   Ammihud;   Asylum;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Absalom fled - As he had committed wilful murder, he could not avail himself of a city of refuge, and was therefore obliged to leave the land of Israel, and take refuge with Talmai, king of Geshur, his grandfather by his mother's side. See 2 Samuel 3:3.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-13.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

See the marginal reference.

Ammihur (see the margin) is found as a Punic name.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-13.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

DAVID LONGED FOR ABSALOM TO RETURN

"But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son day after day. So Absalom fled and went to Geshur, and was there three years. And the spirit of the king longed to go forth to Absalom; for he was comforted about Amnon, seeing he was dead."

Absalom was no doubt welcomed at the court of his maternal grandfather, a pagan king who no doubt heartily approved of all that Absalom had done. David, at first, grieved bitterly over Amnon's death, but in time this grief was diminished, and David's heart once more longed for the return of Absalom. As Matthew Henry expressed it, "Time wore off David's grief for Amnon, but it also wore off entirely too much of his detestation of Absalom's terrible sin.[29]

This final little paragraph is difficult, and scholars tell us there are imperfections in the text; "But the sense must be that David gradually became resigned to Amnon's death and anxious to see Absalom again."[30] Keil seriously questioned this understanding of the place, pointing out that the sense as alleged here is at variance with the fact (as stated in 2 Samuel 24) that when Absalom was finally allowed back in Jerusalem, David did not allow him to come into his presence for years.[31] We believe that a more perfect knowledge of what is written here would resolve that difficulty.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-13.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But Absalom fled,.... As before related, but here repeated for the sake of what follows:

and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur: his mother's father, see 2 Samuel 3:3, where he might hope for protection and safety:

and David mourned for his son every day; or "all the days"F17כל הימים "cunctis diebus", V. L. "omnibus diebus", Pagninus, Montanus. , i.e. of the three years Absalom was in Geshur, about the end of which he was comforted concerning Amnon, as the following verses show. Some think it was for Absalom he mourned, but rather for Amnon. The reason why he mourned for him, when he did not for his child by Bathsheba, who died, because that was an infant, this a grown man, and heir to his crown, and was slain by the sword of his brother, and so fulfilled a threatening to himself on account of his own sin, which, hereby no doubt, was brought fresh to his mind.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

But Absalom fled, and went to p Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And [David] mourned for his son every day.

(p) For Maachah his mother was the daughter of this Talmai, (2 Samuel 3:3).
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-13.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

2 Samuel 13:37-39. Absalom flees to Talmai.

Absalom fled, and went to Talmai — The law as to premeditated murder (Numbers 35:21) gave him no hope of remaining with impunity in his own country. The cities of refuge could afford him no sanctuary, and he was compelled to leave the kingdom, taking refuge at the court of Geshur, with his maternal grandfather, who would, doubtless, approve of his conduct.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-13.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day.

Talmai — His mother's father, that he might have present protection and sustenance from him; and that by his mediation he might obtain his father's pardon.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-13.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, 1 Samuel 27:8. David, in the years of his wanderings, made a savage raid upon Geshur, and evidently bore away Maacah, daughter of the king of Geshur. Of her was born Absalom, and in him was her wild Bedouin blood, and the blood of a father who had been the reckless chief of a handful of desperate men.; 2 Samuel 3:3; 2 Samuel 23:8-39 and whom only the divine love could tame. 2 Samuel 22:36. In Absalom David reaped from his own sowing.

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Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 2 Samuel 13:37". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-samuel-13.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 13:37 But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And [David] mourned for his son every day.

Ver. 37. And went to Talmai.] His grandfather by the mother’s side, to whom he was the welcomer, because he had slain Amnon, who had deflowered his niece Tamar.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-13.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Samuel 13:37. But Absalom fled, &c.— As he had committed a wilful murder, he could have no city of refuge in his own country; and therefore he fled out of the kingdom, to his mother's father. Thus did God, by withdrawing his restraining grace from Amnon, and leaving him a prey to his own passions, raise up evil to David out of his own house: a daughter ravished by her own brother; that brother murdered by another brother; that other in exile for it, and soon to perish by a fate yet more deplorable, had it not been, if possible, more deserved!

REFLECTIONS.—Bad news flies apace, and never loses in the relation.

1. David is alarmed with the death of all his sons; such were the first flying reports; and, ready to fear the worst in remembrance of his past doings, and the threatenings against his family, he rends his clothes, and falls prostrate on the earth in an agony of grief, while his servants, with their clothes rent, stand round him. Note; It becomes us to sympathize with the afflicted.

2. Jonadab, who suspected the truth from reflecting on former circumstances, suggests, that Amnon only is dead, in revenge for his rape of Tamar; and the event verified his conclusion, for the king's sons now appeared in sight from the watch-tower, and haste to his presence. There with tears they report the sad catastrophe; and, though it was some alleviation that they were not all slain, yet Amnon's death, awakened the king's bitter sorrow. Note; (1.) In all our calamities we have to thank God that they are no worse. (2.) The loss of a son, and a wicked son too, is a deep wound in a godly parent's heart.

3. Absalom fled immediately from justice, and sought an asylum with his grandfather Talmai, where three years he lived an exile. Note; One rash action often makes the whole life miserable.

4. As time wore off the grief for the dead Amnon, the love of the living Absalom revived. His sin was overlooked, and his return ardently longed for; though how to restore him, in opposition to honour and justice, David hardly knew. Note; (1.) It is a mercy that time blunts the edge of sorrow, else all our days would be embittered with mourning. (2.) The greatest provocations cannot extinguish parental affection.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-samuel-13.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Talmai, the son of Ammihud; his mother’s father, 2 Samuel 3:3; that he might have present protection and sustenance from him; and that by his mediation he might obtain his father’s pardon and favour.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

ABSALOM’S FLIGHT TO GESHUR, 2 Samuel 13:37-39.

37.Absalom fled — When the other sons of the king arose and fled, he took advantage of the confusion and escaped out of the land. 2 Samuel 13:29; 2 Samuel 13:34.

Went to Talmai — His maternal grandfather. 2 Samuel 3:3.

Geshur — A province belonging, at the time of Absalom’s flight, to Syria.

2 Samuel 15:8. It was on the northern border of Bashan, and adjoining the province of Argob. See Deuteronomy 3:14; Joshua 12:5. “It is a remarkable fact — and it shows how little change three thousand years have produced on this eastern land — that Bashan is still the refuge of all offenders. If a man can only reach it, no matter what may have been his crimes or his failings, he is safe; the officers of government dare not follow him, and the avenger of blood even turns away in despair. During a short tour in Bashan, I met more than a dozen refugees, who, like Absalom in Geshur; awaited in security some favourable turn of events.” — Porter.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-13.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 13:37. David mourned for his son every day — Either for the murder of Amnon, or for Absalom, who was lost as to any comfort he could have from him. “Thus did God, by withdrawing his restraining grace from Amnon, and leaving him a prey to his own passions, raise up evil to David out of his own house; a daughter ravished by her own brother; that brother murdered by another brother; and that other in exile on that account; and soon to perish by a fate yet more deplorable, had it not been more deserved! And now began another and more dreadful prophecy of Nathan to be fulfilled upon David, before his eyes: the sword was now first brought in upon his house, attended with this dreadful assurance of never departing from it.” — Delaney.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-13.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Tholomai, or Tholmai, (Haydock; chap. iii. 3.) his maternal grandfather. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-13.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Ammihud, or Ammihur.

David. Septuagint reads "David the king".

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day.

Absalom fled, and went to Talmai. The law as to premeditated murder (Numbers 35:21) gave him no hope of remaining with impunity in his own country; the cities of refuge could afford him no sanctuary: and he was compelled to leave the kingdom, taking refuge at the court of Geshur with his maternal grandfather, who would doubtless approve of his conduct.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-13.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(37) Went to Talmai.—His maternal grandfather. (See Note on 2 Samuel 3:2-5.) This verse may be considered parenthetical:—The king’s sons came . . . and wept sore. (“Only Absalom fled and went to . . . Geshur.”) In this case the omission of “David” in the latter clause of the verse is explained, as the nominative is easily supplied from 2 Samuel 13:36.

For his son every day.—Amnon is certainly the son here meant, for whom David continually mourned until his grief was gradually assuaged by the lapse of time.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day.
Absalom fled
As Absalom had committed wilful murder, he could not avail himself of a city of refuge; but went to Talmai, king of Geshur, his maternal grandfather.
Talmai
3:3; 1 Chronicles 3:2
Ammihud
or, Ammihur.
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 3:14 - Geshuri;  Joshua 12:5 - unto the;  Joshua 13:2 - Geshuri;  Joshua 13:13 - expelled;  1 Samuel 27:8 - the Geshurites;  2 Samuel 14:13 - in that the king;  2 Samuel 14:23 - Geshur;  2 Samuel 15:8 - Geshur

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:37". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-13.html.