Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 15:18

Now all his servants passed on beside him, all the Cherethites, all the Pelethites and all the Gittites, six hundred men who had come with him from Gath, passed on before the king.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Cherethites;   David;   Gath;   Israel;   King;   Pelethites;   Thompson Chain Reference - Gath;   Pelethites;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Cherethites or Cherethim;   Gath;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Absalom;   Cherethites;   Gath;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Government;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Army;   David;   Pelethites;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Army;   Cherethims;   David;   Gath;   Gittites;   Ittai;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Army;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Army;   Cherethites and Pelethites;   Gath;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel ;   Cherethims, Cherethites ;   Gittites ;   Pelethites ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Absalom;   Army;   Cherethites;   David;   Jerusalem;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Army;   Cher'ethites;   Da'vid;   Git'tites;   It'ta-I;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Cherethim;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Benaiah;   Gittites;   Guard;   Ittai;   King;   Pelethites;   Philistines;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Cherethites;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Passed on - Rather, “crossed” the Brook Kidron, as in 2 Samuel 15:22-23.

Gittites - During David‘s residence in the country of the Philistines he attached such a band to himself; and after the settlement of his kingdom, and the subjugation of the Philistines, the band received recruits from Gath, perhaps with the king of Gath‘s consent. They were now under the command of Ittai the Gittite, a foreigner 2 Samuel 15:19, and “his brethren” 2 Samuel 15:20. The number 600 probably indicates that this band or regiment of Gittites had its origin in David‘s band of 600 1 Samuel 23:13; 1 Samuel 27:2. They were at first, it is likely, all Israelites, then Gittites mixed with Israelites, and at last all Gittites.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-15.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And all his servants passed on beside him,.... Or at his hand or side; his household servants walking perhaps some on one side of him, and some on the other, see 2 Samuel 16:6,

and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites; which were his bodyguards, see 2 Samuel 8:18,

and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath; which either came with him from Gath, when he conquered that city, and took it out of the hands of the Philistines, 2 Samuel 8:1; compared with 1 Chronicles 18:1; and who might become proselytes, and be incorporated into the commonwealth of Israel, and into David's army, a troop of men, of which Ittai, after mentioned, was captain, 2 Samuel 15:22; or else these were Israelites, so called, because with David they sojourned in Gath a while, when he fled from Saul; and so JosephusF12Ut supra, (Antiqu. l. 7. c. 9.) sect. 2. says, they were companions of him in his first flight, when Saul was living; and this number is just the number of the men that were with him at Gath, 1 Samuel 27:2; and it may be David kept a troop of men always of the same number, to whom he gave this name in memory of them, having been a set of trusty and faithful men to him: these, with the Cherethites and Pelethites:

passed on before the king: in this form and manner David and his men marched in their flight.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-15.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the k Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath, passed on before the king.

(k) These were as the king's guard, or as some write, his counsellors.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-15.html. 1599-1645.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

And all his servants, i.e., his state officers and attendants, went along by his side, and the whole body-guard (the Crethi and Plethi : see at 2 Samuel 8:18); and all the Gathites, namely the six hundred men who had come in his train from Gath, went along in front of the king. David directed the fugitives to all into rank, the servants going by his side, and the body-guard and the six hundred old companions in arms, who probably also formed a kind of body-guard, marching in front. The verb עבר (passed on) cannot be understood as signifying to file past on account of its connection with על־ידו (beside him, or by his side). The expression Gittim is strange, as we cannot possibly think of actual Gathites or Philistines from Gath. The apposition (the six hundred men, etc.) shows clearly enough that the six hundred old companions in arms are intended, the men who gathered round David on his flight from Saul and emigrated with him to Gath (1 Samuel 27:2-3), who afterwards lived with him in Ziklag (1 Samuel 27:8; 1 Samuel 29:2; 1 Samuel 30:1, 1 Samuel 30:9), and eventually followed him to Hebron and Jerusalem (2 Samuel 2:3; 2 Samuel 5:6). In all probability they formed a separate company of well-tried veterans or a kind of body-guard in Jerusalem, and were commonly known as Gathites .

(Note: The Septuagint also has πάντες οἱ Γεθαῖοι, and has generally rendered the Masoretic text correctly. But כּל־עבדיו has been translated incorrectly, or at all events in a manner likely to mislead, viz., πάντες οἱ παῖδες αὐτοῦ . But in the Septuagint text, as it has come down to us, another paraphrase has been interpolated into the literal translation, which Thenius would adopt as an emendation of the Hebrew text, notwithstanding the fact that the critical corruptness of the Alexandrian text must be obvious to every one.)

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The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
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Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/2-samuel-15.html. 1854-1889.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath, passed on before the king.

Gittites — Or rather strangers, as Ittai their head is called, verse19, and they are called his brethren, verse20. Probably they were Philistines by birth, born in the city or territory of Gath, as the following words imply, who by David's counsel, and example, were won to embrace the true religion, and had given good proof of their military skill, and valour, and fidelity to the king.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-15.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 15:18 And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath, passed on before the king.

Ver. 18. Six hundred men which came after him from Gath.] That had stuck to him in all his afflictions; then when he was at Gath, and now also that Absalom was up in arms against him. As any of these six hundred died, others of like fidelity were succenturiated, and set in their room; and these were to David as that Sacra cohors was to the Thebans, who esteemed them the prime of all their strength in battle, (a) God likewise setteth a high price on such as keep close to him in evil times. See Zephaniah 3:18, Luke 22:28-29.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-15.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Of the Cherethites and the Pelethites See Poole on "2 Samuel 8:18". The Gittites were either, first, Israelites by birth, called Gittites because they went with him to Gath, and abode with him in that country. Or rather, secondly, Strangers, as Ittai their head is called, 2 Samuel 15:19, and they are called his brethren, 2 Samuel 15:20; and probably they were Philistines by birth born in the city or territory of Gath, as the following words imply, who by David’s counsel, and example, and the success of his arms, were won to embrace and profess the true religion, and had given good proof of their military skill, and valour, and fidelity to the king.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-15.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

18.Cherethites — See note on 2 Samuel 8:18.

The Gittites, six hundred men — That old, tried, and faithful band whom he had gathered around him principally when he enjoyed the protection of the king of Gath, (1 Samuel 27:2,) and from that land of their refuge ever after bore the name of Gittites. We need not suppose that these Gittites were all Philistines from Gath, and all foreigners who had become proselytes to the Jewish religion. But it is very likely that most of these six hundred were of foreign birth. As one after another of the old warriors died, the king, perhaps to perpetuate old associations, filled up their places with men from Gath. See note on 2 Samuel 8:18.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-15.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Phelethi, the king's foreign guards, of Philistine extraction, chap. viii. 18. --- Gethites, who had been probably induced to enter his service by Ethai, ver. 19. (Calmet) --- Men. This number David kept up, in honour of those valiant companions who had defended him at Odollam, &c. (Salien) --- It is observable, that David is attended only by his own family, and by strangers; representing Jesus Christ, who rejects the Synagogue and its sacrifices, while he makes choice of the Gentiles. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-15.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Gittites. From Gath, the city of Goliath, now David"s choicest followers.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-15.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath, passed on before the king.

All the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, [ ha-K

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-15.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(18) Cherethites . . . Pelethites.—See Note on 2 Samuel 8:18.

Gittites.—This word in its form would naturally mean men of Gath, and it has therefore been understood by some commentators of a body of Philistines in David’s service. But the term is distinctly explained here as meaning the “six hundred men which came after him from Gath,” and called “Gittites” for that reason, a body of men with whom the previous history of David has made us very familiar. They had gathered to him during his outlawry (1 Samuel 22:1-2), had been with him at Keilah (1 Samuel 23:13), in the wilderness of Paran (1 Samuel 25:13), and at Gath (1 Samuel 27:3), “came after him from Gath” to Ziklag, and shared with him in his life and exploits there (1 Samuel 27:8; 1 Samuel 29:2; 1 Samuel 30:1-9), and went up with him to Hebron (2 Samuel 23), and thence to Jerusalem (2 Samuel 5:6). They are generally supposed to have afterwards constituted the body of “heroes” or “mighty men,” to whom frequent reference is made (2 Samuel 10:7; 2 Samuel 16:6; 2 Samuel 20:7; 1 Kings 1:8). The Vatican LXX. here, as often, adds considerably to the text.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-15.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath, passed on before the king.
Cherethites
8:18; 20:7,23; 1 Samuel 30:14; 1 Kings 1:38; 1 Chronicles 18:17
Gittites
19-22; 6:10; 18:2; 1 Samuel 27:3
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 17:8 - mighty men;  Ezekiel 25:16 - Cherethims

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:18". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-15.html.