Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 3:35

Then all the people came to persuade David to eat bread while it was still day; but David vowed, saying, "May God do so to me, and more also, if I taste bread or anything else before the sun goes down."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abner;   Fasting;   Mourning;   Oath;   Tact;   Thompson Chain Reference - Fasting;   Self-Indulgence-Self-Denial;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Burial;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Feasts;   Mourning;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Joab;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Bread, Bread of Presence;   Funeral;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Entertain;   Fast;   Funeral;   Mourn;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Fasting;   King;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abner;   Ancestor-Worship;   Mourning Customs;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Dwelling;   Meat meats;   Mourning;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Decease, in the Old Testament and Apocyphra;   Fast;   Oath;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Abner;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ancestor Worship;   Banquets;   Bread;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

To eat meat … - Fasting was a sign of the deepest mourning 2 Samuel 1:12. The fast lasted until the sun was set.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:35". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-3.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And when all the people came to cause David to eat meat while it was yet day,.... The custom was to bury in the daytime, and after the funeral was over to provide and send in food to the relations of the deceased, and come and eat with them; as was also the usage with the Greeks and RomansF23Vid. Kirchman. de Funer. Roman, l. 4. c. 5. & 6. ; See Gill on Jeremiah 16:5 and See Gill on Jeremiah 16:7; and kings themselves used to attend those feasts; for the Jews sayF24Misn. ut supra. (Sanhedrin, c. 2. sect. 3.) David de Pomis ut supra. (Lexic. fol. 119. 4.) ,"when they cause him (the king) to eat, all the people sit upon the ground, and he sits upon the bed;'but in this case David refused to eat with them:

David sware, saying, so do God to me, and more also; may the greatest evils, and such as I care not to mention, befall me; and even more and worse than I can think of and express:

if I taste bread, or ought else, till the sun be down; perhaps the funeral was in the morning, as funerals with the Jews generally now are; for otherwise if it was now towards evening, his abstinence from food till that time would not have seemed so much, nor required much notice, and still less an oath.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:35". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-3.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And when all the people came to cause David to eat o meat while it was yet day, David sware, saying, So do God to me, and more also, if I taste bread, or ought else, till the sun be down.

(o) According to their custom, which was to feast at burials.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:35". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-3.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 3:35 And when all the people came to cause David to eat meat while it was yet day, David sware, saying, So do God to me, and more also, if I taste bread, or ought else, till the sun be down.

Ver. 35. To cause David to eat meat.] They had feasts at funerals, and cups of consolation. [Jeremiah 16:7 Ezekiel 24:17]

If I taste bread.] He not only mourned, but fasted; to testify his unfeigned grief. This was a point of prudence.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:35". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-3.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Samuel 3:35. All the people came to cause David to eat When any one died among the Jews, it was customary with the friends of the family to resort to the house immediately after the funeral, and bring the best provisions they had along with them, to support and refresh their friends in afflictions to the utmost of their power, The presumption was, that the people in affliction forgot, or, it may be, neglected their proper refreshment, at a time when they most needed it; and therefore it was the business of friendship, and one of its kindest offices, to supply that care. Agreeably to this usage, all the people waited upon the king, to cause him to take meat, as the text express it, whilst it was yet day; but David absolutely refused to touch a morsel; and confirmed the refusal by an oath, that he would taste nothing till the sun went down. He was resolved to clear his innocence by all the tests of real sorrow; and, to satisfy the people that this was a just occasion of grief, he put them in mind of his dignity to whom he paid it: 2 Samuel 3:38.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:35". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-samuel-3.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

To eat meat; to refresh and cheer up his depressed spirits, as they used to do at funerals. See Jeremiah 16:5 Ezekiel 24:17.

Till the sun be down, i.e. till evening; for then fasting days ended of course.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:35". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-3.html. 1685.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 3:35. All the people came to cause David to eat — This was agreeable to the usage of the Jews; for when any one died among them, “it was customary with the friends of the family to resort to the house immediately after the funeral, and bring the best provisions they had along with them to support and refresh their friends in affliction, to the utmost of their power. And surely a more humane and benevolent usage never obtained in any country. The presumption was, that people in affliction forgot, or, it may be, neglected, their proper refreshment at a time when they most needed it; and therefore it was the business of friendship, and one of its kindest offices, to supply that care.” David sware, saying, God do so to me, &c. — He absolutely refused to touch a morsel, and confirmed the refusal by an oath, that he would taste nothing till the sun went down. “He was resolved to clear his innocence by all the tests of real sorrow, and to satisfy the people that this was a just occasion of grief, he put them in mind of his dignity to whom he paid it.” See 2 Samuel 3:38, Delaney.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:35". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-3.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

David. Hebrew, "to cause David to eat meat" (Haydock) at the feast, which usually accompanied funerals, Genesis l, 3. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:35". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-3.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

meat. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species) for food in general.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:35". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-3.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(35) To eat meat.—The fasting of David in his grief had already attracted attention, so that the people came to urge him to take food; but he utterly refused “till the sun be down,” the usual time of ending a fast. David’s conduct had a good effect upon the people, and, indeed, they were generally disposed to look favourably upon whatever the king did.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:35". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And when all the people came to cause David to eat meat while it was yet day, David sware, saying, So do God to me, and more also, if I taste bread, or ought else, till the sun be down.
cause
12:17; Jeremiah 16:7; Ezekiel 24:17,22
So do
9; Ruth 1:17
till the
1:12; Judges 20:26
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 3:17 - God;  1 Samuel 20:13 - The Lord do;  1 Kings 2:23 - God;  2 Kings 6:31 - God do so;  1 Chronicles 10:12 - fasted

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:35". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-3.html.