Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 7:16

Your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever."'"
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Covenant;   David;   Government;   King;   Nathan;   Solomon;   Scofield Reference Index - Christ;   Covenant;   Davidic;   Israel;   The Topic Concordance - Endurance;   Government;   Jesus Christ;   Throne;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Human Nature of Christ, the;   Judah, the Tribe of;   Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Nathan;   Temple;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Covenant;   David;   King;   Messiah;   Nathan;   Promise;   Throne;   Zerubbabel;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Daniel, Theology of;   Israel;   Jesus Christ, Name and Titles of;   King, Christ as;   Leadership;   Mediator, Mediation;   Messiah;   Samuel, First and Second, Theology of;   Servant of the Lord;   Easton Bible Dictionary - David;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Kings, the Books of;   Midwives;   Prophet;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Covenant;   Grace;   Jerusalem;   King, Christ as;   Messiah;   Samuel, Books of;   Temple of Jerusalem;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Covenant;   Immanuel;   Jerusalem;   Nathan;   Samuel, Books of;   Throne;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Apocrypha;   Entry into Jerusalem;   Messiah;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Nathan ;   Throne;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Temple;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Israel kingdom of;   Messiah;   Smith Bible Dictionary - How the Prophetic Gift Was Received;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Accommodation;   Amon;   Faithful;   Hosea;   Mediation;   Nathan (1);   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ark of the Covenant;   David;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee,.... That is, both his family and his government should be perpetuated, or he should always have one of his family to sit upon his throne; the accomplishment of which, in the beginning of it, he saw with his eyes in his son Solomon, and with an eye of faith in his greater Son the Messiah, in whom only these words will have their complete fulfilment; and so Abarbinel says this vision or prophecy is explained by some of the days of the Messiah; and this house and kingdom, in 1 Chronicles 17:14; are called by the Lord "my" house, and "my" kingdom:

thy throne shall be established for ever; which is a repetition of the same in other words for the confirmation of it.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:16". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-7.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be g established for ever.

(g) This was begun in Solomon, as a figure, but accomplished in Christ.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:16". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-7.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

Before thee — Thine eyes in some sort beholding it: for he lived to see his wise son Solomon actually placed in the throne, with reputation and general applause, which was in itself a good presage of the continuance of the kingdom in his family: and being considered, together with the infallible certainty of God's promise to him and his, (of the accomplishment whereof, this was an earnest,) gave him good assurance thereof; especially considering that he had his eyes and thoughts upon the Messiah, Psalm 110:1, etc. whose day he saw by faith, as Abraham did, John 8:56, and whom he knew that God would raise out of the fruit of his loins to sit on his throne, and that for ever: and so the eternity of his kingdom is rightly said to be before him.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:16". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-7.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

The Davidic Covenant

The Davidic Covenant 2 Samuel 7:8-17.

This covenant, upon which the glorious kingdom of Christ "of the seed of David according to the flesh" is to be founded, secures:

(1) A Davidic "house"; i.e. posterity, family

(2) A "throne"; i.e. royal authority

(3) A kingdom; i.e. sphere of rule

(4) In perpetuity; "for ever"

(5) And this fourfold covenant has but one condition: disobedience in the Davidic family is to be visited with chastisement; but not to the abrogation of the covenant 2 Samuel 7:15; Psalms 89:20-37; Isaiah 24:5; Isaiah 54:3.

The chastisement fell; first in the division of the kingdom under Rehoboam, and, finally, in the captivities. 2 Kings 25:1-7. Since that time but one King of the Davidic family has been crowned at Jerusalem and He was crowned with thorns. But the Davidic Covenant confirmed to David by the oath of Jehovah, and renewed to Mary by the angel Gabriel, is immutable Psalms 89:30-37 and the Lord God will yet give to that thorn-crowned One "the throne of his father David."; Luke 1:31-33; Acts 2:29-32; Acts 15:14-17.

See, for the other seven covenants:

EDENIC, (See Scofield "Genesis 1:28") ADAMIC, See Scofield "Genesis 3:15" NOAHIC, See Scofield "Genesis 9:1" ABRAHAMIC, See Scofield "Genesis 15:18" MOSAIC, See Scofield "Exodus 19:25" PALESTINIAN, See Scofield "Deuteronomy 30:3" NEW, See Scofield "Hebrews 8:8"

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 2 Samuel 7:16". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-samuel-7.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 7:16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

Ver. 16. Thy throne shall be established for ever.] It shall, it shall - take my word for it: - in Christ, howsoever, who shall reign as God-man throughout all eternity.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:16". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-7.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Before thee; thine eyes in some sort beholding it; for he lived to see his wise and godly son Solomon actually placed in the throne, with great reputation and general applause, 1 Kings 1:39,40, which was in itself a good presage of the continuance of the kingdom in his family; and being considered, together with the infallible certainty of God’s promise to him and his for ever, of the accomplishment whereof this was an earnest, gave him good assurance thereof; especially considering that he had his eyes and thoughts upon the Messia, Psalms 90:1, &c., whose day he saw by faith, as Abraham did, John 8:56, and whom he knew that God would raise out of the fruit of his loins to sit on his throne, as is affirmed, Acts 2:30, and that for ever: and so the eternity of his kingdom is rightly said to be before him. The LXX. and Syriac read before me, which is a usual phrase, which makes no great variation in the Hebrew text.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:16". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-7.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

16.For ever’ for ever — of all the words of promise that fell on David’s ears these were the most charming. They find repeated utterance in his prayer, (2 Samuel 7:19; 2 Samuel 7:25; 2 Samuel 7:29,) often in the Psalms, (Psalms 18:50; Psalms 89:29,) and even echo in the angel’s words of salutation to the mother of our Lord. Luke 1:32-33. By them we see that this message of Nathan to David was largely a Messianic prophecy.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:16". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-7.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Faithful; or continue a long time. (Menochius) (3 Kings xi. 38.) --- Where is not the house of David? or how is this accomplished, except in the Church? --- Thy face. Septuagint, "before me," which is conformable to Psalm lxxxviii. 38. David saw Solomon on the throne, and beheld the Messias in spirit. (Calmet) --- Souls departed still see what regards them, (Sa) if they be happy. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:16". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-7.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

thee. Some codices, with Septuagint and Syriac, read "Me".

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:16". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-7.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

Thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee ... The chain of Messianic promises which for ages had been broken, or transmitted obscurely under the forms of Mosaic ritual, was now renewed by the addition of a new and most important link, in the great promise made to David of perpetual succession in his family. This promise was understood by him (as it was also by Solomon) as including the exercise of universal dominion (cf. Psalms 2:1-12; Psalms 62:1-12); and although the theocracy soon reached its culminating point of conquest under David, as well as of peace and splendour under Solomon-although it was destined, with all the accompaniment of Mosaic polity and ceremonial institutions, at a remote era to be overthrown-although, in short, 'the sceptre did depart from Judah'-yet the promise was, in a larger and sublimer sense, fulfilled in David's son, of another nature (Hebrews 1:8). This is the oath which God aware by his holiness to David-the covenant which He made with him respecting the perpetuity of his royal seed and kingdom (Psalms 89:3-4; Psalms 89:35-36) - the word upon which He caused him to hope (Psalms 119:49), and which is afterward so much dwelt upon through the Psalms, and by the succeeding prophets.

This promise, like that made to Abraham, has a twofold aspect-one points to David's natural posterity and temporal kingdom, the other to the Messiah and the kingdom of heaven. It respected the former only as types and pledges of the latter. Some, indeed, restrict this promise entirely to the Messiah, and deny that it was applicable to David's natural descendants at all. The passages which seem to apply any part of it to these, refer, in their opinion, to another premise made unto David, which was of a temporal nature, and altogether distinct from this. But we have no account of any such premise in all the history. The truth is, this promise, like many others in the Old Testament, has a twofold sense-it takes in the type as well as the antitype; so that these who saw it accomplished in what respected David's temporal house, had a proof that the Lord spoke by the prophet Nathan, and consequently a pledge that He would also in due time fulfill the spiritual part of it also.

That it included David's descendants, who by ordinary generation were to succeed him on the throne of Israel, is evident from David's application of it to his son Solomon, in whom the temporal part of it had a partial accomplishment (1 Chronicles 22:6-11; 1 Chronicles 28:5-8). The Lord himself also applies it to Solomon, when He appeared in vision (2 Chronicles 8:7-18). It contains a threatening against such of David's children as should commit iniquity, which was verified on his royal posterity who succeeded him on the throne, whom the Lord punished for their transgressions, as the sacred history abundantly shows. It was to fulfill the temporal part of this promise that the Lord continued the house of David so long on the throne of Judah, notwithstanding all their frequent and aggravated rebellions against Him (1 Kings 11:36; 2 Kings 8:19; 2 Chronicles 21:7); sea it was repeatedly appealed to by the Jewish Church when the judgments inflicted upon David's temporal house and kingdom seemed to make it void. This promise as it represented David's natural seed was conditional, so that the Lord at length deprived them of the kingdom; but He did not by that deprivation violate or nullify the covenant with His servant; for this was of it what he threatened at the commencement of it to do in the event of their committing iniquity. (1 Chronicles 27:9).

But how, then, was the promise made good, that David's seed should sit on his throne for ever? The spiritual and eternal part of the promise pointed to the Messiah, who was to come of the seed of David according to the flesh, and to be raised up from the dead to sit for ever on His heavenly throne. The promise as it respected the Messiah was absolute, and in Him had its full accomplishment (cf. the last words of David, 2 Samuel 23:5; Acts 2:25-47 with Isaiah 9:6-7; Isaiah 11:1-10; Isaiah 55:1-5; Jeremiah 23:5-6; Jeremiah 33:14-26; Ezekiel 34:23-24; Ezekiel 37:24-25; Daniel 2:44; Hosea 3:5; Luke 1:31-33; Luke 1:60-70 : see Hegstenberg's 'Christology,' 1:, pp. 123-145; 'Edinburgh Evangelical Magazine,' May, 1803; Hardwick's 'Christ and other Masters,' 1:, p. 145).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:16". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-7.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(16) Established.—Two different Hebrew words are so translated in this verse. The first is the same word as that used in 2 Samuel 7:12-13, while the second is translated sure in 1 Samuel 2:35; Isaiah 55:3, and would be better rendered here also made sure.

Before thee.—The LXX. has unnecessarily changed this to before me. The thought is, that David is now made the head of the line in which shall be fulfilled the primeval promise “The seed of the woman shall bruise the serpent’s head.” This was originally given simply to the human race (Genesis 3:15); then restricted to the nation descended from Abraham (Genesis 22:18, &c); then limited to the tribe of Judah (Genesis 49:10, comp. Ezekiel 21:27), and now its fulfilment is promised in the family of David.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:16". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-7.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
13; Genesis 49:10; 2 Kings 19:34; 1 Chronicles 17:13,14; Psalms 45:6; 72:5,17-19; Psalms 89:36,37; Isaiah 9:7; Daniel 2:44; 7:14; Matthew 16:18; Luke 1:32,33; John 12:34; Hebrews 1:8; Revelation 11:15
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 13:14 - the Lord;  1 Samuel 25:28 - the Lord;  2 Samuel 5:12 - David;  2 Samuel 7:15 - But my;  1 Kings 2:4 - fail;  1 Kings 8:24 - thou spakest;  1 Kings 9:5 - I will establish;  1 Kings 11:13 - Howbeit;  1 Kings 11:36 - David;  1 Kings 11:38 - build the;  1 Kings 12:16 - now see;  1 Chronicles 14:2 - the Lord;  2 Chronicles 6:5 - neither chose;  2 Chronicles 10:16 - David;  2 Chronicles 23:3 - as the Lord;  Psalm 89:28 - mercy;  Proverbs 12:7 - the house;  Proverbs 27:24 - doth;  Isaiah 7:2 - the house;  Isaiah 16:5 - in the;  Jeremiah 17:25 - sitting;  Matthew 1:1 - the son of David

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:16". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-7.html.