Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 18:9

to fulfill the word which He spoke, "Of those whom You have given Me I lost not one."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jesus, the Christ;   Prisoners;   Prophecy;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Gethsemane;   Judas;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Shepherd;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Gethsemane;   John, the Gospel of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Arrest ;   Consolation;   Endurance;   Foresight;   Fulfilment;   Gethsemane ;   John, Gospel of (Ii. Contents);   Manuscripts;   Mount of Olives ;   Salvation;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Officer;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The saying - John 17:12. As he had kept them for more than three years, so he still sought their welfare, even when his death was near.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on John 18:9". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/john-18.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

That the saying might be fulfilled which he spake,.... John 17:12;

of them which thou gavest me have I lost none; which though it has a peculiar respect to the apostles, is true of all the elect of God; who are given to Christ, and shall none of them be lost, neither their souls nor bodies; for Christ's charge of them reaches to both: both were given to him, both are redeemed by him, and both shall be saved in him with an everlasting salvation: he saves their souls from an eternal death, and will raise their bodies from a corporeal one; wherefore that his care of his disciples, with respect to their bodies as well as souls, with respect to their temporal lives as well as eternal happiness, might be seen; he made this agreement with the Jews that came to take him, or rather laid this injunction on them, to dismiss them; and which it is very remarkable they did; they laid hands on none of them, even though Peter drew his sword and struck off the ear of one of them: and which is a very considerable instance of the power which Christ had over the spirits of these men, to restrain them; and so a proof of his proper deity, as well as of the care of Christ for the preservation of his apostles, whilst he was here on earth; for to that time only the words cited have a respect; in which Christ speaks of his keeping them whilst he was with them, and uses this as an argument with his Father to keep them, now he was removing from them: wherefore their losing their lives afterwards for his sake, as they all did excepting the Apostle John, is no contradiction to this expression of his; and besides, they were preserved by the power of God so long, until they had done the work which was appointed them to do, and for which they were given him, and chosen by him to be his apostles, and for which they were better furnished after his resurrection and ascension; for had they been, apprehended by the Jews at this time, in all probability, according to an human view of things, such was their weakness, they would have fallen most foully and shamefully, as the instance of Peter, the strongest of them, shows; and therefore to prevent such a temptation and to preserve them, our Lord took this method to deliver them out of the hands of the Jews; the saving clause, "but the son of perdition", is here left out, because Judas, who is designed by that character, was now openly declared to be what he was; he was no longer among the disciples; he was separated from them, and had betrayed his master, and was not of the number of those Christ insisted upon might be let go.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 18:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-18.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

That the saying might be fulfilled which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none — The reference is to such sayings as John 6:39; John 17:12; showing how conscious the Evangelist was, that in reporting his Lord‘s former sayings, he was giving them not in substance merely, but in form also. Observe, also, how the preservation of the disciples on this occasion is viewed as part that deeper preservation undoubtedly intended in the saying quoted.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 18:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/john-18.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

That might be fulfilled (ινα πληρωτηιhina plērōthēi). The regular formula (John 17:12) for Scripture, here applied to the prophecy of Jesus (John 17:12) as in John 18:32. John treats the saying of Jesus as on a par with the O.T.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 18:9". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-18.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.

John 17:12.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on John 18:9". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/john-18.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

that the word might be fulfilled which he spake, Of those whom thou hast given me I lost not one1.

  1. That the word might be fulfilled which he spake, Of those whom thou hast given me I lost not one. See John 17:12.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on John 18:9". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-18.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

John 17:12.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on John 18:9". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/john-18.html. 1878.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Не погубил никого. Кажется это предложение добавлено не к месту. Ведь это больше относится к душе, чем к телу. Ибо Христос не сохранил жизнь апостолов до конца, но среди разных опасностей, и даже самой смерти, сделал так, что их спасение оставалось незыблемым. Отвечаю: Евангелист говорит не просто о телесной жизни, но скорее имеет в виду, что Христос, сохранив им на время жизнь, способствовал тем самым их вечному спасению. Подумаем о том, сколь велика была их немощь. Что бы они сделали, если бы их жизнь подверглась такой угрозе? Итак, поскольку Христос не хотел, чтобы они искушались сверх данных от Него сил, Он исхищает их из вечной погибели. Отсюда надлежит вывести общее учение. Хотя Христос испытывает нашу веру многими искушениями, Он никогда не позволит нам в них впасть, не давая одновременно силу к их преодолению. Действительно, мы видим, как Христос то тут то там прощает нашу немощь, как Своей помощью Он низвергает все старания сатаны и нечестивых. Он понимает, что мы не способны к битве и еще не созрели. Кроме того, Он никогда не ведет Своих людей на бой, предварительно их не подготовив. Так что, даже погибая, они не могут погибнуть, ибо и жизнь, и смерть для них – приобретение.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 18:9". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-18.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

9 That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.

Ver. 9. That the saying might be fulfilled, &c.] Christ spake it of their souls, it is here applied to their bodies. God hath a fatherly care of both, and will not lay more upon the outward man than the inward shall be enabled to undergo. Hence that of the prophet, "Behold, I have tried thee, but not as silver," Isaiah 48:10. Why so? because God’s weak children having far more dross in them than good ore, would never be able to abide a strict trial.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 18:9". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-18.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

9.] See ch. John 17:12. An unquestionable proof, if any were wanted, that the words of ch. 17 are no mere description of the mind of our Lord at the time, nor free arrangement of His words, but his very words themselves. This is recognized even by De Wette.

On the application of the saying, we may remark that the words unquestionably had a much deeper meaning than any belonging to this occasion; but that the remarks so often made in this commentary on the fulfilment of prophecies must be borne in mind;—that to ‘fulfil’ a prophecy is not to exhaust its capability of being again and again fulfilled:—that the words of the Lord have many stages of unfolding;—and that the temporal deliverance of the Apostles now, doubtless was but a part in the great spiritual safe-keeping which the Lord asserted by anticipation in these words.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on John 18:9". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/john-18.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

John 18:9. πληρωθῇ, might be fulfilled) Jesus therefore was a Prophet: so in John 18:32.— οὐκ ἀπώλεσα, I have not lost) not even in this their greatest occasion of danger.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John 18:9". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-18.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

But were those words of our Saviour, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none, to be understood as to a temporary losing, or of an eternal destruction? Some of the ancients were of opinion, that they were to be understood of a losing with reference to a spiritual and eternal state; but that they were applicable also to a losing as to this life. I think that they are applicable to both, and that in this text they are primarily to be understood of a losing as to a temporal death and destruction. It was Christ’s purpose, that eleven of his twelve apostles should outlive him, receive the promise of the Father in the pouring out of the Spirit, and be his instruments to carry the gospel over a great part of the world: this they could not have done had they been put to death at this time; he therefore resolved not to lose them in this sense, but to uphold and preserve their lives, for these ends to which he had designed them; and therefore he said to these officers, You have the person whom ye seek for; for these my disciples, you have nothing against them, let them go away: and by his power upon their hearts he effected it, so that they had a liberty to forsake him, and to flee and to shift for themselves.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 18:9". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-18.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

Я не погубил никого Иисус говорил о том, что Он защитил учеников от ареста, поэтому Он не потеряет никого из них, исполняя, таким образом, данное ранее обещание (6:39, 40, 44; 10:28; 17:12). Он знал, что их арест и, возможно, заточение в тюрьму или казнь были больше того, что они могли вынести, и это могло подорвать их веру. Поэтому Иисус позаботился о том, чтобы этого не случилось. Все верующие слабы и ранимы, если их не защищает Господь. Но, как показано в этом эпизоде, Он никогда не допустит искушения сверх того, что они могут понести (1Кор. 10:13). Посредством милостивой и постоянной защиты Спасителя, а не благодаря своим собственным силам верующие всегда находятся в безопасности (ср. Рим. 8:35-39).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on John 18:9". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/john-18.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Lost none; chap John 17:12.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on John 18:9". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/john-18.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

9.The saying—See John 18:12. Rationalistic commentators have pronounced this a very mistaken pretence of a fulfilment of Christ’s words. Christ spoke, say they, of preservation from final perdition, but this was preservation from bodily harm. It is a poor reply to these objectors to say, “but the bodily was typical of the spiritual.” The true reply is this: Christ was bound on his part to keep his disciples, both in body and in soul, for their future ministry. They were to be immortal until their work was done. He had preserved them not only from apostacy but from temporal death, for the future mission before them. Judas, on the other hand, perished in body and soul, and so was completely “the son of perdition.” And so now Jesus provides for their present safety, in literal fulfilment of his claim, that he had kept all and lost none—save one.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on John 18:9". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-18.html. 1874-1909.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 18:9. That the word might be fulfilled, which he spake, Those which thou hast given me, I lost not one of them. The words thus referred to are those of chap. John 17:12. There they primarily apply to spiritual and eternal safety; here to what is, in the first instance at least, temporal deliverance.

It is impossible to imagine that the Evangelist did not understand this: but the powers of the world and of evil are so identified in his eyes that oppression by, or deliverance from, the one is oppression by, or deliverance from, the other. The temporal is the shadow of the eternal, and the principles working out upon man’s stage here stretch into the long hereafter. In addition to this, however, it is to be noticed that the temporal deliverance thus afforded was really a means to secure the spiritual safety of the disciples. Seized by the Roman guard, they would in all probability have denied their Master even more faithlessly than Peter was so soon to do.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on John 18:9". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-18.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

That = In order

that. Greek. hina.

saying. Greek. logos. See Mark 9:32.

fulfilled. See John 17:12.

Of = Out of. Greek. ek. App-101.

none = not one (Greek. ouk oudeis), a double negative.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 18:9". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-18.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.

That the saying might be fulfilled which he spake, Of them which thou gavest ('hast given') me have I lost none. The reference is to such sayings as John 6:39; John 17:12; showing how conscious the Evangelist was, that in reporting his Lord's former sayings, he was giving them not in substance merely, but in form also. (See the note at John 17:1-26, Remark 1 at the close of that section.) Observe, also, how the preservation of the disciples on this occasion is viewed as part of that deeper preservation undoubtedly intended in the saying quoted.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 18:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-18.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(9) That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake.—Comp. John 17:12. The quotation is in many ways suggestive. (1) It is not verbally accurate, i.e., St. John, quoting the words of Christ, which he has himself recorded a few verses before, is at no pains to reproduce it word for word, but is satisfied in giving the substance of it. This throws light on the general literary habits and feelings of this age and race, and it is in full harmony with the usual practice of quotation in the New Testament. (2) St. John quotes with an application to temporal persecution that which had been spoken of spiritual persecution. This illustrates the kind of way in which words are said to be “fulfilled” in more than one sense. Striking words fix themselves in the mind, and an event occurs which illustrates their meaning, and it is said therefore to fulfil them, though of each fulfilment it can be only part. (Comp. especially Notes on John 2:17; John 12:38 et seq.) (3) The quotation shows that in the thought of St. John himself, the prayer recorded in John 17 is no résumé of the words of our Lord, but an actual record of His prayer: he quotes the “saying” as fulfilled, just as he would have quoted a passage from the Old Testament Scriptures.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on John 18:9". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-18.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.
Of
17:12
Reciprocal: Numbers 31:49 - lacketh;  1 Samuel 22:23 - but with me;  2 Samuel 17:22 - there lacked;  Jeremiah 23:4 - neither;  Zechariah 13:7 - I will turn;  Matthew 1:22 - that;  Matthew 26:56 - Then;  Luke 22:51 - Suffer;  John 6:39 - I should;  John 10:28 - they;  John 17:6 - the men;  Acts 8:32 - opened

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 18:9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-18.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

9.I have lost none. This passage appears to be inappropriately quoted, as it relates to their souls rather than to their bodies; for Christ did not keep the apostles safe to the last, but this he accomplished, that, amidst incessant dangers, and even in the midst of death, still their eternal salvation was secured. I reply, the Evangelist does not speak merely of their bodily life, but rather means that Christ, sparing them for a time, made provision for their eternal salvation. Let us consider how great their weakness was; what do we think they would have done, if they had been brought to the test? While, therefore, Christ did not choose that they should be tried beyond the strength which he had given to them, he rescued them from eternal destruction. And hence we may draw a general doctrine, that, though he try our faith by many temptations, still he will never allow us to come into extreme danger without supplying us also with strength to overcome. And, indeed, we see how he continually bears with our weakness, when he puts himself forward to repel so many attacks of Satan and wicked men, because he sees that we are not yet able or prepared for them. In short, he never brings his people into the field of battle till they have been fully trained, so that even in perishing they do not perish, because there is gain provided for them both in death and in life.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 18:9". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-18.html. 1840-57.