Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Joshua 10:24

When they brought these kings out to Joshua, Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said to the chiefs of the men of war who had gone with him, "Come near, put your feet on the necks of these kings." So they came near and put their feet on their necks.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Adoni-Zedek;   Amorites;   Captive;   Cave;   Debir;   Hebron;   Jerusalem;   Makkedah;   Piram;   Prisoners;   War;   Thompson Chain Reference - Liberty-Bondage;   Subjection;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Amorites, the;   Feet, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Adonizedek;   Captives;   Makkedah;   Neck;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Prayer;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Adoni-Zedec;   Captain;   Captive;   Gibeon;   Hoham;   Neck;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Edom;   Foot;   Joshua;   Makkedah;   Neck;   Sandal;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Adoni-Zedek;   Amorites;   Chief;   Foot;   Gestures;   Hoham;   Japhia;   Joshua, the Book of;   Neck;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Adoni-Bezek;   Adoni-Zedek;   Foot;   Israel;   Joshua;   Neck;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Feet;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Adonizedec ;   Eglon ;   Gibeon ;   Hoham ;   Lachish ;   Makkedah ;   Sun;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Adonizedek;   Captain;   Journeyings of israel from egypt to canaan;   Lachish;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Adonize'dek;   Captain;   Makke'dah;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Conquest of Canaan;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Adoni-Zedek;   Captain;   Foot;   Guide;   Heel;   Hoham;   Japhia (1);   Joshua, Book of;   Neck;   Ruler;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Adonizedek;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Adoration, Forms of;   Cruelty;   Hoham;   Jebusites;   Midrashim, Smaller;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Put your feet upon the necks of these kings - This act was done symbolically, as a token, not only of the present complete victory, but of their approaching triumph over all their adversaries, which is the interpretation given of it by Joshua in the succeeding verse.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/joshua-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Put your feet upon the necks of these kings - A symbol of complete subjugation (compare the marginal references and 1 Corinthians 15:25).

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/joshua-10.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And it came to pass, when they brought out these kings unto Joshua,.... And set them before him, and he had passed sentence on them:

that he called for all the men of Israel; that is, for the chief men, the principal officers of the army:

and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him; the chiliarchs and centurions, the captains of thousands and hundreds, of the several regiments in the army who went out to battle with him, and under him:

come near, put your feet on the necks of these kings; not in a contemptuous and insulting manner, not through vanity and haughtiness, but for the mortification of the kings; and as a token of their extreme subjection, and as a proper punishment for their crimes of idolatry, tyranny, and cruelty; and by way of terror to others of the kings of Canaan that should fight against them, and as a pledge and confirmation of the subjection of the rest, as well as to fulfil the promises and predictions of God, Deuteronomy 33:29; and which was done not of himself, but by the order, and according to the will of God:

and they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them; as Joshua ordered them, and in obedience to him their general.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/joshua-10.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the h necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them.

(h) Signifying what would become of the rest of God's enemies, seeing that kings themselves were not spared.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/joshua-10.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

put your feet upon the necks of these kings — not as a barbarous insult, but a symbolical action, expressive of a complete victory (Deuteronomy 33:29; Psalm 110:5; Malachi 4:3).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/joshua-10.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them.

Put your feet on the necks — This he did not from pride and contempt; but as a punishment of their impious rebellion against their Sovereign Lord; in pursuance of that curse of servitude due to all this people, and as a token to assure his captains, that God would subdue the proudest of them under their feet.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/joshua-10.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Joshua 10:24 And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them.

Ver. 24. Put your feet upon the necks of these kings.] Not as proudly insulting over them, as that pope did over the emperor at Venice; but to show that he had quite subdued them, as Christ also hath all our spiritual enemies, [Romans 8:37] and will tread Satan himself under our feet shortly. [Romans 16:20] What, then, though that old serpent shoot his sting into our heel, and make us halt, as that martyr said? yet let us go on, though halting, to heaven, whence the devil is cast down. [Revelation 12:9]

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/joshua-10.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Put your feet upon the necks of these kings: this he did not from pride and contempt of their dignity in itself; but, partly, as a punishment of their impious rebellion against their sovereign Lord; partly, in pursuance of that curse of servility due to all this people, Genesis 9:25; partly, as a token to assure his captains that God would subdue the proudest of them all under their feet; and partly, to oblige and teach his people severely to execute the judgment of God upon them, and not to spare any of them, either out of a foolish pity, or out of respect to their dignity, as Saul afterwards spared Agag to his own ruin.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/joshua-10.html. 1685.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

And so it was that when they brought out these kings to Joshua, Joshua called for all the men of Israel and said to the chiefs of the men of war who went with him, “Come near. Put your feet on the necks of these kings.” And they came near, and put their feet on their necks.’

What Joshua now did was in order to give strength and encouragement to his commanders, and to their battalions. He wanted them all to feel involved. It would sustain the battalions in future battles to remember how their chiefs had been able to demonstrate their authority over these kings.

The putting of the feet on the neck was a symbolic action demonstrating overlordship. It is well witnessed on Assyrian and Egyptian representations. Compare 1 Kings 5:3; Psalms 110:1; Isaiah 51:23.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/joshua-10.html. 2013.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Joshua 10:24. Put your feet on the necks, &c. — This he commanded, not in insolence and pride, but in token that these kings and their countries were brought into an absolute subjection to the Israelites, that God had fulfilled his promise in part, (Deuteronomy 33:29,) and to assure his captains that he would completely fulfil it, and subdue the proudest of their enemies under their feet.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/joshua-10.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Feet, as Moses had foretold, Deuteronomy xxxiii. 29. The conduct of Josue would appear cruel, if we did not reflect that he was only the executioner of the divine justice, which was pleased thus to punish these proud and impious princes, that others might not imitate their example.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/joshua-10.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

men. plural of ish App-14.

these kings. Some codices, with three early printed editions, read "these five kings".

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/joshua-10.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them.

Put your feet upon the necks of these kings. This barbarous act of insolence was, according to the usage of ancient war, the favourite way of a conqueror displaying his complete victory over a fallen chief of the enemy (Deut. ; 2 Samuel 22:41; Psalms 110:5; Malachi 4:3 ). Representations of the Assyrian monarch placing his foot on the neck of a prostrate captive are exhibited on a bas-relief found at Khorsabad (Botta, plate 82:: see Layard's 'Nineveh and its Remains,' 2:, p. 376).

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/joshua-10.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(24) The captains.—The original word occurs here for the first time (see Judges 11:6; Judges 11:11), and seems to mean the actual leaders, not merely the official heads, of the people, who had borne the brunt of the battle. These men having laboured, deserved to see the fruits of their labour; and the action of Joshua was well calculated to inspirit them, and to fire them with courage to lead their followers to the charge in battles that were yet to come.

Put your feet upon the necks of these kings.—Comp. 2 Samuel 22:41, “Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies;” and Genesis 49:8.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/joshua-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them.
put your feet
Deuteronomy 33:29; Judges 8:20; Psalms 2:8-12; 18:40; 91:13; 107:40; 110:1,5; Psalms 149:8,9; Isaiah 26:5,6; 60:11,12; Malachi 4:3; Romans 16:20; Revelation 2:26,27
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:8 - the neck;  Deuteronomy 7:2 - deliver;  Deuteronomy 7:24 - he shall;  2 Samuel 22:41 - necks;  1 Kings 5:3 - put;  Job 12:19 - GeneralPsalm 47:3 - our feet;  Psalm 74:3 - Lift;  Isaiah 51:23 - Bow;  Habakkuk 3:13 - thou woundedst;  Acts 2:35 - thy foes;  Romans 5:4 - and experience;  Romans 16:4 - laid

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 10:24". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-10.html.