Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 13:29

And they will come from east and west and from north and south, and will recline at the table in the kingdom of God.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Gentiles;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Judgment;   Salvation;   Scofield Reference Index - Parables;   Thompson Chain Reference - Future, the;   North;   Saved, the;   The Topic Concordance - Kingdom of God;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abraham's Bosom;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Hell;   Kingdom of God;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Banquet;   Luke, Gospel of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Luke, Gospel According to;   Matthew, Gospel According to;   Resurrection;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Bosom ;   Cosmopolitanism;   Discourse;   Dominion (2);   Eunuch ;   Gate (2);   Guest;   Ideal;   Lazarus;   Magi ;   Meals;   Missions;   Oneness;   Quotations (2);   Religion (2);   Salvation Save Saviour;   Social Life;   Trinity (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - North;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Navel;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Meals;   Sitting;   South;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - New Testament;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

They shall come - That is, the Gentiles, in every part of the world, shall receive the Gospel of the grace of God, when the Jews shall have rejected it.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/luke-13.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And they shall come,.... From all parts the world, from every nation under the heavens; meaning the Gentiles, and which will be a greater aggravation of the punishment of the Jews, and cause still more rage and madness: these shall

come from the east and from the west; from the rising of the sun, to the going down of the same, Isaiah 45:6

and from the north, and from the south; from the most distant parts of the world inhabited by men; see Isaiah 43:5. God has his chosen ones, and Christ has a people in all parts of the world; and therefore his Gospel must be preached to all nations, for the gathering of them in, which will be done in the latter day; and in the resurrection morn, as these will be raised in the several places where they will have been buried, they will come from thence, and make one body, and will be caught up to meet the Lord in the air, and will be for ever with him:

and shall sit down in the kingdom of God; in Christ's kingdom, in the new heavens, and new earth, as persons that sit down at a table, to partake of a feast; see Luke 22:30 and in the ultimate glory, where they shall have rest, peace, and joy, for evermore. The Ethiopic version renders it, "they shall rejoice in the kingdom of God"; they shall partake of the joys of heaven; everlasting joy shall be upon their heads, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away; and the Persic version, "and they shall take a repose, and sit and rest"; they shall rest from all their labour, and be in perfect ease and peace; See Gill on Matthew 8:11.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And they shall come from the g east, and [from] the west, and from the north, and [from] the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God.

(g) From all the corners of the world, and the places mentioned here are four of the main ones.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/luke-13.html. 1599-1645.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Shall sit down (ανακλιτησονταιanaklithēsontai). Future passive indicative third plural. Recline, of course, is the figure of this heavenly banquet. Jesus does not mean that these will be saved in different ways, but only that many will come from all the four quarters of the earth.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-13.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And they shall come from the east, and from the west, and from the north, and from the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God.

They shall sit down in the kingdom of God — Both the kingdom of grace and of glory.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/luke-13.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

And they shall come from the east and west1, and from the north and south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God.

  1. And they shall come from the east and west. See .

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-13.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

29 And they shall come from the east, and from the west, and from the north, and from the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God.

Ver. 29. And shall sit down] As at a sumptuous supper. When, therefore, we are invited to a full feast, think of heaven: as Fulgentius beholding at Rome the majesty of the emperor, the glory of the senate, the lustre of the nobility, cried out, How beautiful is Jerusalem the celestial, since Rome the terrestrial appeareth with such splendour. So Master Esty, when he sat and heard a sweet concert of music, seemed upon this occasion carried up for the time beforehand to the place of his rest, saying very passionately, What music may we think there is in heaven? (Dr Hall’s Art of Divine Meditation.)

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-13.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Luke 13:29. They shall come, &c.— This part of the answer was levelled directly against the Jewish prejudice, and is a plain declaration that the salvation of God shall be extended to people of all parts of the world; and that many who thought themselves alone entitled to God's favour, in virtue of their peculiar privileges, shall, for their misconduct, be finally excluded from his presence. See on Matthew 3:9; Matthew 8:11-12.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/luke-13.html. 1801-1803.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 13:29. ἥξουσιν, they shall come) Here there is not added many, [as there is in Luke 13:24 and Matthew 8:11. It is a rather stern reply to the question proposed, inasmuch as the question was one easily liable to abuse.—V. g.]— ἀπὸ ἀνατολῶν καὶ δυσμῶν καὶ βοῤῥᾶ καὶ νότου, from the East and West and North and South) It was almost in this order that the several peoples were converted to the faith. It is especially in the South that as yet the Gospel has to be preached.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-13.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Ver. 29 See Poole on "Luke 13:28"

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 13:29". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-13.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

придут Включая людей с четырех концов земли, Иисус дал понять, что даже язычники будут приглашены на небесный пир. Это противоречило принятому раввинскому мнению, но совершенно совпадало с ветхозаветными Писаниями (Пс. 106:3; Ис. 66:18, 19; Мал. 1:11). См. пояснения к 2:31; Мк. 13:27.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/luke-13.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Sit down in the kingdom of God; literally, recline in the kingdom of God, as at a joyous feast. The salvation of men does not depend upon either their outward position or the number or variety of their privileges, but upon the manner in which they improve them. Many who have had small advantages, and have moreover been despised and neglected, will be saved, because they have faithfully improved their opportunities; while others, who have had great advantages but neglected them, will be lost. Thus the contrast between men’s standing in this world and in the world to come will be, in many cases, inconceivable great.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/luke-13.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

29.They shall come—At the final consummation. For few as the Lord finds the number of the saved now to be, yet when the earthly history of the race closes, immense will be the number gathered from all points of the compass, constituting, perhaps, the vast majority of mankind. The points of the compass are given in their usual order; but it is something of a coincidence that they follow the course in which the Gospel seems in human history to proceed.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-13.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“And they will come from the east and west, and from the north and south, and will sit down (recline) within the Kingly Rule of God.”

And even worse for them to see would be those who would flood in from all parts of the world, as the prophets had prophesied, who would also as faithful servants take their places in the Kingly Rule of God. The idea would include returning ‘exiles’ who have subsequently believed (Isaiah 11:11-12; Isaiah 11:15-16; Isaiah 45:6; Isaiah 49:12 and often), but both Jesus and Luke probably saw it as including Gentiles as well (Isaiah 42:6; Isaiah 49:6). It would seem as though all the world was included, and yet they would be left out!

‘Recline.’ They will share in the Messianic banquet while their Master serves them (Luke 12:37).

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-13.html. 2013.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 13:29 points to an aggravation of the misery of the outcasts: men coming from every quarter of the globe to join the festive company and finding admission. The shut door and the too late arrival are now out of view, and for the private house of the parable is substituted the Kingdom of God which it represents. It is needless to ask whether Mt. or Lk. has given this saying in its true place. Perhaps neither has The important point is their joint testimony to the saying as a true utterance of Jesus.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-13.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/luke-13.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

they shall come. A reference to Isaiah 49:12.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. App-6.

sit down = recline (at table). Compare Luke 7:36; Luke 12:37.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-13.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And they shall come from the east, and from the west, and from the north, and from the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God.
Genesis 28:14; Isaiah 43:6; 49:6; 54:2,3; 66:18-20; Malachi 1:11; Mark 13:27; Acts 28:28; Ephesians 3:6-8; Colossians 1:6,23; Revelation 7:9,10
Reciprocal: Isaiah 35:7 - the parched;  Isaiah 41:9 - whom;  Isaiah 43:5 - I will;  Isaiah 49:12 - these shall;  Isaiah 49:22 - Behold;  Isaiah 60:8 - fly;  Jeremiah 38:7 - Ethiopian;  Matthew 8:11 - That;  Matthew 21:41 - and will let out;  Luke 3:8 - We;  Luke 14:15 - Blessed;  Luke 16:23 - seeth

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-13.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

29.And they shall come from the east He now draws a larger illustration from the fact, that the Jews, who reckoned themselves the only lawful heirs of God, were to be rejected, and that the Gentiles were to be substituted in their room, and obtain the life which was promised to Abraham and his posterity. He contrasts the Gentiles with them, in order to excite them to faith by a holy jealousy: as Paul writes, that

“it will be a distinguished honor of his ministry, if he excite any of his nation and blood to such an emulations,”
(
Romans 11:13.)

The Jews must have been stung by it: for they had an inordinate love of themselves, and proudly despised God and his gifts. But as we shall, ere long, meet with this sentence again in the Gospel by Matthew I now glance at it more slightly.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:29". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/luke-13.html. 1840-57.