Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 14:13

But when you give a reception, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, the blind,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Hospitality;   Jesus, the Christ;   Poor;   The Topic Concordance - Blessings;   Charity;   Recompense/restitution;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Blessed, the;   Entertainments;   Hospitality;   Poor, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Feasts;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Food;   Hospitality;   Poor;   Work;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Dead Sea Scrolls;   Friend, Friendship;   Gospel;   Poor and Poverty, Theology of;   Wealth;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Hospitality;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Alms;   Poor;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Alms;   Banquets;   Meals;   Nehemiah;   Poor;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Family;   Luke, Gospel of;   Maimed;   Poor, Orphan, Widow;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Kingdom of God;   Matthew, Gospel According to;   Parable;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Almsgiving ;   Banquet;   Discourse;   Friendship;   Lame;   Maimed;   Meals;   Neighbour (2);   Property (2);   Quotations (2);   Sanctify, Sanctification;   Unity (2);   Wealth (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Poor;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Alms;   Poor;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Banquet;   Jesus Christ (Part 2 of 2);   Lame;   Maimed;   Meals;   Mercy;   Poor;   Poverty;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for October 7;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The poor - Those who are destitute of comfortable food.

The maimed - Those who are deprived of any member of their body, as an arm or a leg or who have not the use of them so that they can labor for their own support.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/luke-14.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

But when thou makest a feast, bid the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind.

Boles' comment on this is: "It is far better to give to relieve the distressed than to set a feast to those who do not need it."[21] A man is not in the true sense hospitable who entertains only those who can entertain him. "Such interested hospitality is not wrong, but it does not lay up treasure in heaven."[22]

With this word to the host, Jesus pinpointed the third of three distortions, or reverse ethics, which marked the conduct of his hearers. In Luke 14:5, it was love of property elevated over love of men; in Luke 14:7, it was pride and conceit elevated above humility; and here in these verses it was selfishness elevated above genuine hospitality.

[21] H. Leo Boles, Commentary on Luke (Nashville: Gospel Advocate Company, 1940), p. 285.

[22] J. R. Dummelow, op. cit., p. 757.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/luke-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But when thou makest a feast,.... An entertainment for others, a dinner, or a supper:

call the poor, the maimed, the lame, and the blind; that is, the poor maimed, the poor lame, and the poor blind; otherwise it is possible that rich men may be maimed, lame, and blind; whereas these are not intended, but such who are in indigent circumstances, that stand in need of a meal, and to whom it is welcome.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-14.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

call the poor — “Such God Himself calls” (Luke 14:21) [Bengel].

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/luke-14.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

When thou makest a feast (οταν δοχην ποιηιςhotan dochēn poiēis). οτανHotan and the present subjunctive in an indefinite temporal clause. ΔοχηDochē means reception as in Luke 5:29, late word, only in these two passages in the N.T. Note absence of article with these adjectives in the Greek (poor people, maimed folks, lame people, blind people).

Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-14.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Feast ( δοχήν )

Or reception. Used by Luke only. See on Luke 5:29.

Copyright Statement
The text of this work is public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-14.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

But when thou makest a feast, bid the poor, the maimed, the lame1, the blind:

  1. But when thou makest a feast, bid the poor, the maimed, the lame,
  2. the blind. Jesus' teaching is positive rather than negative, and should constrain us to live more for charity and less for sociability.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-14.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

13 But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind:

Ver. 13. Call the poor] Christ prefers charity before courtesy.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-14.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Luke 14:13. The maimed, ' Αναπηρους, the disabled; the word takes in both the lame and the blind; and may also include those whom the infirmities of age have rendered helpless. See a fine parallel passage in Pliny's Epistles, lib. 9: epist.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/luke-14.html. 1801-1803.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 14:13. κάλεῖ) invite, bid, call, simply; not φώνει,(145) as in Luke 14:12, φωνεῖν conveys the idea of something more loud (clear) and formal (solemn).— πτωχοὺς, the poor) It is such whom God Himself invites Luke 14:21.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-14.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 14:12"

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 14:13". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-14.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Call the poor; do good to the needy who cannot reward you.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/luke-14.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 14:13. Bid. Not the word used in Luke 14:12; the quiet invitation is meant. Sounding a trumpet before such a feast is forbidden in Matthew 6:1-2.

The poor, etc. This is to be taken as including all modes of providing for the wants of the classes referred to. There is little danger that it will be understood too literally. As the same classes are spoken of in the parable (Luke 14:21), it is a fair inference that in so doing we follow God’s own example.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-14.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 14:13. , the same word used by Lk. in reference to the feast in Levi’s house, which was a gathering of the sort here recommended by Jesus.— , here and always denoting rare virtue and felicity = the pleasure of doing a kindness not to be repaid, except at the resurrection of the just, or by the joy that every really beneficent action brings now.— : in specifying the righteous as the subjects of the resurrection the Speaker has no intention of indicating an opinion as to the unrighteous: whether they rise at all, or when.

 

 

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-14.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

feast, or reception. Occurs only here and in Luke 5:29.

call. Same word as bid, Luke 14:7.

the poor. Note the Figure of speech Asyndeton (App-6), not emphasizing the particular classes, but hastening us on to the climax in Luke 14:14. Note the opposite Figure in Luke 14:21.

maimed = crippled. Only here, and Luke 14:21.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind:

But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind. Compare this with the classes God himself invites to the great Gospel Feast, Luke 14:21.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-14.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(13) When thou makest a feast.‚ÄĒLiterally, as in Luke 5:29, a reception. In practice, it need hardly be said, the form of obedience to the precept must, of necessity, vary with the varying phases of social life, and with the lessons of experience. Relief given privately, thoughtfully, discriminatively, may be better both for the giver, as less ostentatious, and for the receivers, as tending to the formation of a higher character, than the open feast of the Eastern form of benevolence. The essence of the beatitude, as distinct from its form, remains for all who give freely to those who can give them no recompense in return, who have nothing to offer but their thanks and prayers.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind:
call
21; 11:41; Deuteronomy 14:29; 16:11,14; 26:12,13; 2 Samuel 6:19; 2 Chronicles 30:24; Nehemiah 8:10,12; Job 29:13,15,16; 31:16-20; Proverbs 3:9,10; 14:31; 31:6,7; Isaiah 58:7,10; Matthew 14:14-21; 15:32-39; 22:10; Acts 2:44,45; 4:34,35; 9:39; Romans 12:13-16; 1 Timothy 3:2; 5:10; Titus 1:8; Philemon 1:7; Hebrews 13:2
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 24:19 - may bless;  Psalm 41:1 - Blessed;  Ezekiel 18:16 - but hath;  Matthew 10:41 - a righteous man's;  Matthew 15:31 - the maimed;  Mark 9:43 - maimed;  Luke 10:35 - whatsoever;  Luke 12:17 - shall;  Romans 12:16 - condescend to men of low estate;  Romans 15:26 - the poor

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 14:13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-14.html.