Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 14:14

and you will be blessed, since they do not have the means to repay you; for you will be repaid at the resurrection of the righteous."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Hospitality;   Jesus, the Christ;   Poor;   Resurrection;   Scofield Reference Index - Judgments;   Thompson Chain Reference - God's;   Liberality;   Promises, Divine;   Recompense;   Reward-Punishment;   The Topic Concordance - Blessings;   Charity;   Recompense/restitution;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Blessed, the;   Hospitality;   Poor, the;   Resurrection, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Feasts;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Hospitality;   Work;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Dead Sea Scrolls;   Friend, Friendship;   Gospel;   Intermediate State;   Wealth;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Hospitality;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Saul;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Family;   Luke, Gospel of;   Poor, Orphan, Widow;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Kingdom of God;   Matthew, Gospel According to;   Resurrection;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Beatitude;   Body (2);   Discourse;   Eschatology (2);   Israel, Israelite;   Just;   Meals;   Neighbour (2);   Property (2);   Redemption (2);   Retribution (2);   Righteous, Righteousness;   Sanctify, Sanctification;   Sermon on the Mount;   Unity (2);   Wealth (2);  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Jesus Christ (Part 2 of 2);   Maimed;   Meals;   Mercy;   Resurrection;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Eschatology;   Resurrection;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for October 7;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

For they cannot recompense thee - Because you have done it for God's sake only, and they cannot make you a recompense, therefore God will consider himself your debtor, and will recompense you in the resurrection of the righteous. There are many very excellent sayings among the rabbins on the excellence of charity. They produce both Job and Abraham as examples of a very merciful disposition. "Job, say they, had an open door on each of the four quarters of his house, that the poor, from whatever direction they might come, might find the door of hospitality open to receive them. But Abraham was more charitable than Job, for he traveled over the whole land in order to find out the poor, that he might conduct them to his house."

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/luke-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Shalt be blessed - Blessed in the “act” of doing good, which furnishes more “happiness” than riches can give, and blessed or rewarded “by God” in the day of judgment.

They cannot recompense thee - They cannot invite you again, and thus pay you; and by inviting “them” you show that you have a “disposition” to do good.

The resurrection of the just - When the just or holy shall be raised from the dead. Then “God” shall reward those who have done good to the poor and needy from love to the Lord Jesus Christ, Matthew 10:42; Matthew 25:34-36.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/luke-14.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And thou shalt be blessed; because they have not wherewith to recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed in the resurrection of the just.

This verse clearly shows that Jesus had in mind the instruction of his audience in how to lay up treasures in heaven.

The resurrection of the just ... Despite the fact that Harrison believed this verse supports the idea of a double resurrection, one of the righteous and one of the wicked, separated by an interval of time,"[23] there is no agreement with that here. The men of Nineveh and the Queen of the South, separated by centuries of time, will nevertheless arise in judgment with the contemporary generation of Jesus (Matthew 12:41,42). Geldenhuys affirmed that this verse does not deny either a resurrection of the wicked or the fact of its being simultaneous with the resurrection in view here. Likewise, Matthew Henry stated:

The exclusive mention in this place of rewards to the righteous, does not in the least imply that the wicked shall not receive their reward, which is so clearly stated elsewhere.[24]

[23] Everett F. Harrison, Wycliffe Commentary (Chicago: Moody Press, 1962), p. 241.

[24] Matthew Henry and Thomas Scott, Commentary on the Holy Bible (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1960), Vol. 5, Luke, p. 276.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/luke-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And thou shalt be blessed,.... By God, with an increase of worldly substance, or with spiritual blessings, and with eternal glory and happiness; and by these poor objects, who will pray to God for a blessing upon such a kind benefactor:

for they cannot recompense thee; by inviting again to a like entertainment, as rich guests can do, and when they have done that there is nothing else to be expected; but such that entertain the poor can have no return from them, and yet a retaliation will be made:

for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just; when the just shall rise again, which will be the first resurrection; and happy is he that has part in it: for the righteous, or dead in Christ will rise first; and notice will be taken of the good works of the saints, particularly of their acts of beneficence to the poor members of Christ; and which they have done in faith, from a principle of love to Christ, and with a view to the glory of God, and the good of their fellow creatures and Christians.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-14.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

blessed — acting from disinterested, god-like compassion for the wretched.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/luke-14.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

To recompense thee (ανταποδουναι σοιantapodounai soi). Second aorist active infinitive of this old and common double compound verb, to give back in return. The reward will come at the resurrection if not before and thou shalt be happy.

Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-14.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.

One of them that sat at table hearing these things — And being touched therewith, said, Happy is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God - Alluding to what had just been spoken. It means, he that shall have a part in the resurrection of the just.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/luke-14.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

and thou shalt be blessed; because they have not [wherewith] to recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed in the resurrection of the just1.

  1. For thou shalt be recompensed in the resurrection of the just. Some think that this verse teaches that there shall be two resurrections, but the contrast is not between two "times", but rather between two "parties" or divisions of one resurrection. If one has part in the resurrection of the just, he may expect recompense for his most trivial act. But if he be resurrected among the unjust, he need expect no reward, even for the most meritorious deeds of his whole life.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-14.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

THE GENERAL RESURRECTION

‘Thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.’

Luke 14:14

Most people expect to receive the reward of good service done to God, so soon as they leave this world and enter heaven. But our Lord says, ‘Thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.’ The hope set before us is the hope of receiving the reward of dutiful service at the resurrection, and not before. The condition after death is one of expectancy and not one of fruition.

I. The great change.—The resurrection body is:—

(a) Sown in corruption; raised in incorruption.

(b) Sown in dishonour; raised in glory.

(c) Sown in weakness; raised in strength.

(d) Sown a natural body; raised a spiritual body.

It is idle to conjecture. Suffice it that we know that the risen body will be as unlike the natural body that was sown in corruption as the beautiful butterfly is unlike the mean grub, and that, nevertheless, identity will not be lost.

II. Difference of degrees.—Each in eternal life receives more or less glory and honour and rule, according as he has deserved it. Some will be glorified as saints, others saved only with fear, as brands plucked out of the fire. God is just, and rewardeth every man justly.

III. What is it that infuses into our corruptible bodies the germ of the new resurrection life and glorification?—The miracles of healing wrought by our Lord were figures of restoration from sin, but they were more than that, they were foretastes of the great healing of human nature of all its infirmities that He would effect as the great Physician of bodies as well as souls. It is noteworthy that many of these cures were wrought by His touch. And He instituted the Holy Eucharist as the means whereby we might sacramentally, yet really, touch His risen body.

Rev. S. Baring-Gould.

Illustration

‘The expression, “Thou shalt be recompensed,” is worthy of notice. It confirms the doctrine of a reward according to works, though not on account of works, in the judgment day. The similarity between the Lord’s language in this place, and that used in the description of the judgment day in Matthew 25, ought to be observed. It seems to contradict the opinion which some hold, that in Matthew our Lord is speaking only of the judgment of the heathen who never heard the Gospel. Some arguments by which this view is maintained would apply to the passage before us. Yet here it is plain that our Lord is speaking of His own hearers and disciples. It appears, more probable, that both here and in Matthew our Lord speaks of the general judgment, and that the importance of works as an evidence of faith is the truth which He desires to impress on our minds.’

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Bibliographical Information
Nisbet, James. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". Church Pulpit Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/luke-14.html. 1876.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

14 And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.

Ver. 14. At the resurrection of the just] Called theirs, because they only shall have joy of that day. It were well for the wicked if they might never rise to judgment, or trot directly to hell, and not be brought before the Lamb to be sentenced.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-14.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Luke 14:14. At the resurrection of the just. These words afford a strong and awakening intimation, that none who neglect works of charity, if they have ability to do them, shall have their final lot among the righteous; which is evident from the many hundred scriptures, indispensably requiring mercy as well as justice.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/luke-14.html. 1801-1803.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

14.] ἀναστ. τ. δικ., the first resurrection, here distinctly asserted by our Lord; otherwise τ. δικ. would be vapid and unmeaning. See 1 Corinthians 15:22 f.: 1 Thessalonians 4:16; Revelation 20:4-5.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/luke-14.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 14:14. γὰρ, for) There is nothing left without retribution.— σοὶ, to thee) as being a friend of the Saviour.— ἀναστάσει, the resurrection) Before the resurrection there is not a full retribution, but rather, whilst life lasts, an opportunity for further sowing against the final harvest of recompense; and after death, there is a state of rest [not of full recompense]. See Revelation 14:13.— τῶν δικάιων, of the just) Acts 24:15 [Matthew 25:46; John 5:29.]

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-14.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 14:12"

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 14:14". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-14.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

воздастся тебе в воскресение Т.е. сокровищем на небесах (ср. 18:22).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/luke-14.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

The resurrection of the just; when God shall reward those who for his sake have done good, without the hope of any earthly recompense. Genuine benevolence will lead those who have it to do good for goodness’ sake, rather than for any expected reward; and the less the recompense which it receives in this world, the greater may be its gracious reward in the world to come.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/luke-14.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

14.Be blessed; for they cannot recompense—So that in fact the helpless poor are better recompensers than thy rich friends, since they have God to repay their entertainment for them.

At the resurrection of the just—So that the act of benevolence is an act of faith. It is the evidence of high and noble trust in God in a soul that looks beyond the sordid present. Many Jews disbelieved that the wicked also will rise at the resurrection of the just; and others denied that they would rise at all. Our Lord does not, by using the phrase, endorse either view. He simply maintains that there will be a resurrection of the just, and that then will be the time of the full fruition of their reward. The Jew who spoke in the last verse in fact believed that he would be raised at the coming of the Messiah. Jesus used his phraseology, but in a truer sense.

The Parable of the Marriage Feast, 15-24.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-14.html. 1874-1909.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 14:14. And then shalt be blessed, because they have not wherewith to recompense thee. This implies that the benevolence has been done without hope of return, excluding the recompense from ‘the praise of men.’ The proof that the blessing will come is added: for thou shalt be recompensed, etc. Earthly recompense amounts to nothing; it gives no blessing. All outlay with the hope of return is a mere squandering upon self. But providing for the poor, etc., is lending to the Lord; He will repay it, and His promise is the security for the blessedness referred to. Our Lord, of course, does not here encourage charity for the purpose of obtaining a future reward. The reward comes, but it is still of grace.

In the resurrection of the just. This refers to the first resurrection, and implies a second one (comp. 1 Corinthians 15:22; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; Revelation 20:4-5). Our Lord says nothing of an intervening millennium, but the guest who spoke next evidently alludes to it.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-14.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

And thou shalt be blessed. This is the climax.

blessed = happy, Figure of speech Beatitudo, not Benedictio.

cannot = have not [wherewith to]. App-105.

at = in. Greek. en. App-104.

resurrection. App-178.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.

And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shall be recompensed at the resurrection of the just - as acting from disinterested, God-like compassion for the wretched.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-14.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(14) At the resurrection of the just.—The passage has the interest of being the first occurrence of the word “resurrection” in our Lord’s teaching. On this point our Lord, while rebuking the pride and hypocrisy of the Pharisees, accepted the fundamental doctrine of their system, and so furnished a precedent for St. Paul’s conduct in Acts 23:6.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.
for thou
Proverbs 19:17; Matthew 6:4; 10:41,42; 25:34-40; Philippians 4:18,19
the resurrection
20:35,36; Daniel 12:2,3; John 5:29; Acts 24:15
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 23:20 - that the;  Deuteronomy 24:19 - may bless;  Psalm 41:1 - Blessed;  Proverbs 3:9 - GeneralEcclesiastes 11:1 - for;  Luke 12:17 - shall;  Luke 16:9 - Make;  John 11:24 - I know;  Ephesians 6:8 - whatsoever;  Philippians 3:11 - attain;  Philippians 3:20 - our;  Colossians 3:24 - ye shall;  Hebrews 6:2 - resurrection;  Hebrews 10:35 - great;  Hebrews 11:26 - for he had;  Hebrews 11:35 - that they

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-14.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

14.And thou shalt be blessed. Christ pronounces those to be blessed who exercise liberality without any expectation of earthly reward; for they manifestly look to God. Those who constantly keep in view their own advantage, or who are driven by the gale of popularity, have no right to expect a reward from God.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Luke 14:14". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/luke-14.html. 1840-57.