Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 22:15

Outside are the dogs and the sorcerers and the immoral persons and the murderers and the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices lying.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Adultery;   Dog (Sodomite?);   Falsehood;   Heaven;   Homicide;   Idolatry;   Readings, Select;   Whoremonger;   Thompson Chain Reference - Admission, Exclusion;   Association-Separation;   Dogs;   Exclusion;   Future, the;   Heaven;   Heavenly;   Home;   Liars;   Living Water;   Names;   Separation;   Titles and Names;   Truth-Falsehood;   Water;   Water of Life;   Wells;   The Topic Concordance - Idolatry;   Kingdom of God;   Lying/lies;   Paganism;   Violence;   Whoredom;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Chastity;   Dog, the;   Heaven;   Idolatry;   Lying;   Murder;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Dogs;   Murder;   Sorcerer;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Day of the lord;   Idol, idolatry;   Magic;   Marriage;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Abortion;   Animals;   Condemnation;   Create, Creation;   Eternal Punishment;   Holy, Holiness;   Immorality, Sexual;   Lie, Lying;   Magic;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Lying;   Obedience;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Heaven;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Dog;   Lie;   Sorcerer;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Divination;   Dog;   Hananiah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Dog;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Revelation, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Adultery ;   Commandment;   Dog ;   Honest;   Lake of Fire;   Lying ;   Sorcery;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Divination;   Revelation, the;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - City;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Dog;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Dog;   Lie;   Revelation of John:;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Dog;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for October 29;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Without are dogs - All those who are uncircumcised in heart. The Jews call all the uncircumcised dogs. "Who is a dog? Ans. He who is not circumcised." Pirkey Elieser, chap. 29.

And sorcerers - See the note on Revelation 21:8.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-22.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

For without are dogs - The wicked, the depraved, the vile: for of such characters the dogs, an unclean animal among the Jews, was regarded as a symbol, Deuteronomy 23:18. On the meaning of the expression, see the notes on Philippians 3:2. The word “without” means that they would not be admitted into the heavenly city, the New Jerusalem, Revelation 21:8, Revelation 21:27.

And sorcerers, … - All these characters are specified in Revelation 21:8, as excluded from heaven. See the notes on that verse. The only change is, that those who “love and make a lie” are added to the list; that is, who delight in lies, or what is false.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-22.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For without are dogs,.... That is, without the holy city are such persons who are comparable to dogs for their filthiness, impudence, and voraciousness, as are persecutors, heretics, and apostates, Matthew 7:6. Some think Sodomites are intended, as in Deuteronomy 23:18. So Abarbinel and others interpret the law; and who abound in the Roman jurisdiction, called therefore Sodom, Revelation 11:8 and indeed all wicked men, who will be cast out into outer darkness, may be signified hereby. The Jews sayF11Raya Mchimna in Zohar in Numb. fol. 95. 2. ,

"when a man dies, if he be worthy (or righteous) he descends in the likeness of a lion to receive "his" soul, but if not, in the likeness of "a dog", concerning which David says, Psalm 22:20.'

And sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters; characters of the antichristian party, who will have no place in this city, or glorious kingdom of Christ; See Gill on Revelation 21:8.

And whosoever loveth and maketh a lie; who loves both to invent and tell lies, and loves to hear them told by others; meaning more especially the doctrinal lies of antichrist, which are spoken in hypocrisy by him, and his followers are given up to believe.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-22.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

But — so Coptic. But A, B, Hippolytus, Andreas, and Cyprian omit.

dogsGreek, “the dogs”; the impure, filthy (Revelation 22:11; compare Philippians 3:2).

maketh — including also “whosoever practiceth a lie” [W. Kelly].

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-22.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Without (εχωexō). Outside the holy city, with which compare Revelation 21:8, Revelation 21:27. Dustierdieck supplies an imperative: “Out, ye dogs.”

The dogs (οι κυνεςhoi kunes). Not literal dogs, but the morally impure (Deuteronomy 23:18; 2 Kings 8:13; Psalm 22:17, Psalm 22:21; Matthew 7:6; Mark 7:27; Philippians 3:3). Dogs in the Oriental cities are the scavengers and excite unspeakable contempt.

The sorcerers (οι παρμακοιhoi pharmakoi). As in Revelation 21:8, where are listed “the fornicators and the murderers and the idolaters,” all “outside” the holy city here as there “in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, the second death.” Both are pictures (symbolic language) of hell, the eternal absence from fellowship with God. Another time Jesus spoke of “the outer darkness” (εις το σκοτος το εχωτερονeis to skotos to exōteron Matthew 8:12; Matthew 22:13; Matthew 25:30), outside of lighted house, as the abode of the damned. Another symbol is the worm that dies not (Mark 9:48).

Every one that loveth and maketh a lie (πας πιλων και ποιων πσευδοςpās philōn kai poiōn pseudos). An interpretation of πασιν τοις πσευδεσινpāsin tois pseudesin (all liars) of Revelation 21:8 and of ποιων πσευδοςpoiōn pseudos (doing a lie) of Revelation 21:27. Satan is the father of lying (John 8:44) and Satan‘s home is a congenial place for those who love and practise lying (2 Thessalonians 2:12). See 1 John 1:6 for not doing the truth and see also Romans 1:25; Ephesians 4:25.

Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-22.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Dogs ( οἱ κύνες )

The A.V. omits the article “the dogs.” Compare Philippians 3:2. This was the term of reproach with which the Judaizers stigmatized the Gentiles as impure. In the Mosaic law the word is used to denounce the moral profligacies of heathen worship (Deuteronomy 23:18). Compare Matthew 15:26. Here the word is used of those whose moral impurity excludes them from the New Jerusalem. “As a term of reproach, the word on the lips of a Jew, signified chiefly impurity; of a Greek, impudence. The herds of dogs which prowl about Eastern cities, without a home and without an owner, feeding on the refuse and filth of the streets, quarreling among themselves, and attacking the passer-by, explain both applications of the image” (Lightfoot, on Philippians 3:2).

Sorcerers

See on Revelation 9:21, and compare Revelation 21:8.

Whoremongers ( πόρνοι )

Rev., better, fornicators.

Maketh ( ποιῶν )

Or doeth. Compare doeth the truth, John 3:21; 1 John 1:6. See on John 3:21.

Copyright Statement
The text of this work is public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-22.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

Without are dogs — The sentence in the original is abrupt, as expressing abhorrence. The gates are ever open; but not for dogs; fierce and rapacious men.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-22.html. 1765.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Dogs; reprobates. (See Matthew 7:6.)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/revelation-22.html. 1878.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

Ver. 15. For without are dogs] In outer darkness. The Irish air will sooner brook a toad or snake to live therein, than heaven will brook a sinner. It was not permitted to a dog to enter into the Acropolis or tower at Athens, δια του ακολαστου και δυσωδους for his heat in venery and ill savour, saith Plutarch. Goats, likewise, saith Varro, come not there (unless for necessary sacrifice once a year) lest they should hurt the olive. No filthy dogs or nasty goats get into heaven’s tower, &c. The panther smells well among beasts (whom thereby she draweth about her), not so among men. God and the saints loathe what the wicked love and delight in, as the panther doth in man’s excrements.

And whosoever loveth] Though he maketh it not. Some will not coin a false tale, that yet will spread it; these are equally guilty, and excluded God’s kingdom, Psalms 52:3.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-22.html. 1865-1868.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Without, that is, without the gates of the city of the New Jerusalem, are all filthy and unclean sinners, all cruel and bloody persecutors, all raging and furious enemies to me and my people, all idolaters and all liars; these shall be shut out of heaven, as dogs are shut out of the house; and shut into hell, to be imprisoned with devils and damned spirits, and that everlastingly, to lie for ever in that mysterious fire, whose strange property it is always to torture, but never to kill, or always to kill but never to consume: they would die, but they cannot die; they seek for death, but cannot find it; they desire it, but it flies from them.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/revelation-22.html. 1700-1703.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 22:15. (247) φιλῶν ψεῦδος) A good mind loves the truth, a bad one loves falsehood. That saying of Aristotle may in a certain sense be accommodated to this passage: τοῦτʼ ἔστιν κατʼ ἀλήθειαν εὐφϋία, τὸ δύνασθαι καλῶς ἑλέσθαι τʼ ἀληθὲς καὶ φυγεῖν τὸ ψεῦδος· ὅπερ οἱ πεφυκότες εὖ, δύνανται ποιεῖν εὖ· οἱ γὰρ φιλοῦντες καὶ ΄ισοῦντες τὸ προσφέρο΄ενον εὖ, κρίνουσι τὸ βέλτιστον: lib. viii. Topic. cap. 14. Let this be transferred to spiritual things. It is the part of a good disposition to love the truth, and to hate falsehood: of a bad disposition, to hate the truth, and to love falsehood. Such indeed we all are by nature; but one receives the truth, an other continues to imitate the deaf adder: Psalms 58:4-5. Hence the hearing of many is averse from the harmony of the truth, especially from that of the Apocalypse. The things which are set forth are plain from the words themselves and from the parallelism, but σωφροσύνη must be applied.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-22.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Revelation 22:13"

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-22.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

псы Слово, характеризовавшее во времена Нового Завета презренные существа; обычно употреблялось применительно к безнравственным людям. Вероломные правители (Ис. 56:10) и гомосексуальные блудники (Втор. 23:18) – вот те, кого так называли.

чародеи См. пояснение к 9:21.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-22.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Dogs-and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie; a description of various classes of sinners, including all who do not love, believe, and obey the truth. Dogs represent here the rapacious and unclean. Compare Philippians 3:2. Much of the future misery of the wicked will spring from the character and conduct of their associates. In this world the wicked are mutual tempters; in the world to come they will be mutual tormentors.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-22.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Without are the dogs, and the sorcerers, and the fornicators, and the murderers, and the idolaters, and every one that loveth and maketh a lie.

Dogs ... "This can denote a thoroughly immoral person, and that may be its meaning here."[65] Male prostitutes in the old pagan temples were commonly called "dogs." The attitude toward dogs in the ancient culture was quite different from that in America today. Dogs were generally wild, vicious, dirty, cowardly, and disgusting. They were the scavengers of ancient cities.

Sorcerers ... The black arts were common in John's day, and they have again become so in our own. Satan still operates in the same old ways; he has not invented a new sin in thousands of years.

Fornicators ... See full comment on this in my Commentary on Hebrews, p. 325.

Murderers ... The Christian view of this is more strict than that of the natural man. In the sermon on the mount, Jesus made the antecedent attitudes of contempt and hatred to be murder "in principle."

Idolaters ... The ancient idolatry was enshrined in the temples of paganism; but the modern idolatry is more subtle, and is identified with self-love and the selfish disregard of others. The old temples with their idol gods are no more, except in some backward nations; but people still worship power, fame, wealth, gold, science, themselves, or humanity anything except the one true and Almighty God.

Every one that loveth and maketh a lie ... Most commentators stress the broad implications of this, noting that it does not say, "anyone who ever told a lie." True as this is, we may not suppose that God takes a light view of any falsehood, however inoffensive it may appear to people.

Without ... This is actually the big word in the whole verse. It does not mean that just outside of God's city such characters as these are lurking and trying to enter. "Their doom is not mere exclusion from the city but is the lake of fire (Revelation 21:8)."[66] "Outside, or without, therefore involves a reference to the lake of fire."[67]

[65] William Barclay, op. cit., p. 227.

[66] George Eldon Ladd, op. cit., p. 293.

[67] Martin Rist, op. cit., p. 547.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-22.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘Outside are the dogs, and the occult-seekers, and the sexually misbehavers, and the murderers, and the idolaters and every one who makes and loves a lie.’

Compare Revelation 21:8; Revelation 21:27. Throughout the book these things have been illustrated and condemned. Dogs in those days were mainly disreputable and disease ridden creatures as they scavenged around cities, and cities always sought to exclude them. Here we are told that men reveal themselves to be ‘dogs’ when they engage in the occult, in sexual misbehaviour, in murder, in putting loyalties before God and in lies and deceit, especially in believing the great Liar, and they too are then excluded. The warning is clear. Make sure you are in.

This cannot seriously be taken to demand that those mentioned are waiting there, standing outside. They are outside because there was no welcome for them. The point is that they are ‘outside’ because they have been excluded. They are the opposite of being in. They are, in fact, at this time in the lake of fire (Revelation 20:15).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/revelation-22.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The opposite of the blessings described in Revelation 22:14 is exclusion from the New Jerusalem, namely, eternity in the lake of fire ( Revelation 20:15; Revelation 21:8). Jesus described the people who will not enter the city by the works that mark their lives of unbelief. "Dogs" is a metaphor for the morally impure (cf. Deuteronomy 23:18; 2 Kings 8:13; Psalm 22:16; Psalm 22:20; Isaiah 56:10; Matthew 7:6; Matthew 15:26; Mark 7:27; Philippians 3:2-3). In John"s day many dogs were wild, aggressive scavengers. [Note: Robertson, 6:485; Johnson, p602.] Their fate should warn believers not to fall into apostasy and its associated vices. [Note: Wall, p266.] The other types of individuals named here appear in other lists of wicked unbelievers (cf. Revelation 21:8).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-22.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 22:15. Without are the dogs, and the sorcerers, and the fornicators, and the murderers, and the idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie. These words appear to be added, net so much for the sake of telling us what shall be the fate of the sinful classes mentioned, as for the sake of enhancing by contrast that description of the blessedness of the righteous which had been given in the previous verse. The latter are within the city, separated for ever from the classes now described, the very mention of which awakens pain and horror in the mind. The word ‘dogs’ is a general appellative applicable to all these classes, and is to be explained by remembering the light in which such animals were regarded by the Jews (Psalms 22:16; Psalms 22:20; comp. Matthew 7:6; Philippians 3:2). This general appellation is then subdivided (comp. chap. Revelation 21:8).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-22.html. 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Without are dogs; meaning unbelievers, and whosever loveth and maketh a lie, i.e. all the wicked, who have not walked in the ways of truth. (Witham)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-22.html. 1859.

Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

Those who will not be allowed into the city are described as dogs because, in that day, dogs were wild scavengers who roamed in deadly packs. Also, Cofman says male prostitutes that worked in pagan temples were called dogs, so the word could describe a thoroughly immoral person. The test of this list has been dealt with under comments on Revelation 21:8

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Hampton, Gary. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghc/revelation-22.html. 2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Figure of speech Synecdoche of Species (App-6) in this verse.

For. The texts omit.

dogs. The word "dog" appears in Phoenician remains, as applied to a class of servants attached to a temple of Ashtoreth in Cyprus.

loveth. App-135.

lie. Compare Revelation 21:27.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-22.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

For. So Coptic; but 'Aleph (') A B, Hippolytus, Andreas, Cyprian, omit.

Dogs - `the dogs:' the impure, filthy (Revelation 22:11 : cf. Philippians 3:2).

Maketh - including 'whosoever practiceth a lie' (W. Kelly).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-22.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(15) For without are dogs and sorcerers . . .—Better, Outside are the dogs, and the sorcerers, and the fornicators, and the murderers, and the idolators, and every one loving and doing falsehood. The language is again an echo of earlier words. (See Revelation 21:8.) The allusion to the dogs outside the city is hardly appreciated by Westerns. In the East, however, “troops of hungry and semi-wild dogs used to wander about the fields and streets of the cities, devouring dead bodies and other offal (1 Kings 14:11; 1 Kings 16:4; 1 Kings 21:19; 1 Kings 22:38; 2 Kings 9:10; 2 Kings 9:36; Jeremiah 15:3; Psalms 59:6), and thus became such objects of dislike that fierce and cruel enemies are poetically styled dogs in Psalms 22:16; Psalms 22:20.” The dog, moreover, was an unclean animal; dogs, therefore, are represented as outside the city, because nothing unclean is allowed to enter. The sins enumerated here are similar to those mentioned in the last chapter (Revelation 22:8); it is the reiteration, therefore, of the warning that those who would enter in must break off their sins by righteousness.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-22.html. 1905.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

Verse 15: For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

These all were the aggregation of the enemies of Christ and the saints and the persecutors of the church and their followers. The characters of all who were without the city were in contrast with all who were within it. The expression without are dogs had the implication that all who were without were of that classification, a term of various connotations. It was descriptive of the evil and impious characters that inhabit the outside.

Among the Jews the dog was typical of that which was unclean and vile. The Mosaic law decreed that the hire of a harlot and the price of a dog were abominable to God and were not acceptable for the offerings and the vows of the law. (Deuteronomy 23:18) Paul warned the Philippians to beware of the dogs (Philippians 3:2) which meant the cautious avoidance of Gentile influence and affiliation. The Jews called the Gentiles dogs; but here the unbelieving Jews had so classified themselves and the term had boomeranged and fallen back upon them. Jesus said to his disciples; "Give not that which is holy to the dogs," meaning that the pure principles of his teaching should not be compromised or mixed with the inferior philosophies and practices of the heathen world surrounding them. None of these evil things could enter the city of God--all dogs were without.

For comments on the terms sorcerers, whoremongers and liars turn to chapter 21:8,27. These were terms to designate heathenism and to define their practices; and these words of John constituted a pronouncement for the eternal exclusion of all classes which these evils represented, and of all who do not obey his commandments--the gospel which Jesus Christ had commissioned his ambassadors to preach to all the world.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition available at BibleSupport.com. Public Domain.
Bibliographical Information
Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-22.html. 1966.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.
without
9:20,21; 21:8,27; 1 Corinthians 6:9,10; Galatians 5:19-21; Ephesians 5:3-6; Colossians 3:6
dogs
Philippians 3:2
sorcerers
9:21; 18:23; Isaiah 47:9,12; 57:3; Malachi 3:5; Acts 8:11; 13:6-11
whoremongers
17:1-6
whosoever
21:8,27; 1 Kings 22:8,21-23; Isaiah 9:15,16; Jeremiah 5:31; John 3:18-21; John 8:46; 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12
Reciprocal: Genesis 39:9 - how then;  Exodus 12:50 - as the Lord;  Exodus 20:23 - GeneralExodus 22:18 - GeneralLeviticus 6:2 - lie;  Leviticus 13:46 - without;  Leviticus 14:40 - without the city;  Leviticus 14:41 - into an unclean place;  Leviticus 26:1 - Ye shall;  Numbers 19:13 - purifieth;  Deuteronomy 23:18 - dog;  Deuteronomy 33:28 - Israel;  1 Samuel 15:23 - witchcraft;  2 Kings 8:13 - a dog;  2 Kings 23:24 - the workers;  Psalm 5:6 - destroy;  Psalm 15:2 - worketh;  Psalm 22:16 - dogs;  Psalm 24:4 - pure;  Psalm 26:9 - Gather not;  Psalm 31:18 - the lying;  Psalm 52:3 - lying;  Psalm 62:4 - delight;  Psalm 101:8 - cut off;  Psalm 118:20 - This gate;  Psalm 119:29 - Remove;  Psalm 119:163 - hate;  Proverbs 2:18 - GeneralProverbs 5:11 - thou;  Proverbs 6:17 - lying;  Proverbs 12:22 - Lying;  Proverbs 19:9 - and;  Proverbs 24:28 - deceive;  Isaiah 30:9 - lying;  Isaiah 49:18 - Lift up;  Isaiah 56:11 - they are;  Isaiah 57:11 - that thou;  Jeremiah 7:9 - steal;  Jeremiah 23:14 - walk;  Jeremiah 27:9 - hearken;  Jeremiah 50:36 - upon the liars;  Ezekiel 41:12 - separate;  Micah 5:12 - GeneralZechariah 5:3 - the curse;  Zechariah 8:19 - therefore;  Zechariah 14:21 - no more;  Matthew 7:23 - depart;  Matthew 7:24 - whosoever;  Matthew 15:14 - And if;  Matthew 15:26 - It is not;  Luke 13:28 - you;  John 8:44 - When;  Acts 8:9 - used;  Romans 3:10 - none;  1 Corinthians 5:11 - fornicator;  1 Corinthians 10:14 - flee;  2 Corinthians 12:21 - uncleanness;  Galatians 5:21 - that they;  Ephesians 4:25 - putting;  Ephesians 5:5 - who is;  Philippians 3:19 - end;  Colossians 3:5 - fornication;  Colossians 3:9 - Lie;  1 Thessalonians 4:3 - that;  2 Thessalonians 1:9 - be;  1 Timothy 1:9 - manslayers;  1 Timothy 1:10 - for liars;  Hebrews 12:16 - any fornicator;  Hebrews 13:4 - and the bed;  Revelation 2:14 - to commit;  Revelation 19:20 - the false

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-22.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

Without means on the outside of the eternal city. The preceding verse reveals who will be permitted to enter the city and this one tells some of the kind that will not enter. Dogs. It would be foolish to think this is used with reference to the dumb brute, for it would not be more true of the dog than of all others of the animal kingdom. 2 Peter 2:12 informs us that the beasts are destined to be destroyed; there will be no "hereafter" for them. The word is from KUON and Thayer says that some authorities define it to mean "sodo-mites." The word corresponding to lit in the Old Testament is lceleb which Strong defines, "A dog; hence (by euphemism) [substitution of a milder word as being less offensive to the ear] a male prostitute." In Deuteronomy 23:18 the word is used in that sense where it is associated with an immoral woman in designating "tainted money." The "hire of a whore" means money an immoral woman receives from her male patrons. While on that subject it was appropriate to name another immoral person and that is a man who practices unnatural immorality for money, and that is what is meant by "the price of a dog." It seems very fitting to call a Sodomite a dog, for that animal is the only creature of the brute creation that is inclined to gratify his lust on one of his own sex. And we have the same appropriateness of the two kinds of immoral characters that the Old Testament passage showed, namely, the dogs and very soon the whoremongers. The dogs are men who have immoral relations with other men, and whoremongers are men who patronize women who are immoral as an occupation. Thayer says a sorcerer is "one who prepares or uses magical remedies." It is similar to those who are engaged in the "dope" business today. The scriptures tell us that medicine does good ( Proverbs 17:22), but any kind of drugs or narcotics that produce unnatural feelings of gaiety, or the opposite one of abandonment to lasciviousness, will damage the body and that will bring the curse of God upon the guilty. ( 1 Corinthians 6:18-20.) The first sin committed by man against man was murder ( Genesis 4:8). That crime is so great that God finally gave the decree of capital punishment against all who commit it ( Genesis 9:6). But literal murder is not the only kind that can be committed. 1 John 3:15 says a man who hates his brother is a murderer, and of course all such persons will be on the outside of the holy city. Idolaters are those who worship anything or any person besides the true God. It may be images made with hands or the works of creation such as the planets or animals, etc. Also Paul says that covetousness is idolatry ( Colossians 3:5), hence there will be no covetous persons in Heaven. Revelation 21:8 shows that liars of ~all kinds will be cast into the lake of fire. Our verse expresses the same thought as to its comprehensiveness by taking in all who love the liars.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-22.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 22:16

Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.

I Jesus

See Revelation 1:1

the root

that Isaiah, David's Lord,

and the offspring

that Isaiah, David's son. { Isaiah 11:1-10; Matthew 22:45; Psalm 110:1} God blessed forever, { Romans 9:5} the day star. { 2 Peter 1:19; Luke 1:78}

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-22.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 22:15. Without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and all who love and do a lie. In ch. Revelation 21:8, those whose part is to be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, form four pairs—the four being the signature of the earth—the fearful and unbelieving, the abominable and murderers, whoremongers and sorcerers, idolaters and all liars. In ch. Revelation 21:27 the enumeration of those, who are excluded from the kingdom of God, is comprised in the number three. Here the excluded are seven, and the seven is divided by the four and the three; as quite similarly in Isaiah 1:4 there are to be found seven designations of sinful and corrupt ways, divided into four and three.

Bengel: "The series is headed by the dogs, that is the unholy and impure, who by their rough behaviour show that they are quite unlike the Lamb. In the language of the world the rabble are called by way of contempt, canaille, that is, dog. They who familiarly use such words should take heed that they are not themselves reckoned to be such by Christ." The dog is in Scripture "the symbol of the disgustingly impure, the shameless, those who are altogether deserving of contempt."It was in a manner consecrated to this use by the Mosaic law. The chief quality that here comes into view is impurity; comp. Proverbs 26:11, "as a dog that returns to his vomit," 2 Peter 2:22; Matthew 7:6. Still we must not stand simply at that. The base dog-like spirit (comp. Philippians 3:2) manifests itself also in another manner; for example, in wrath and biting (comp. Psalms 22:16; Matthew 7:6). That the latter is here also taken into account, appears to be indicated by the juxtaposition of sorcerers with dogs, who, according to the parallel passages, are brought here into notice as persons who seek to hurt their neighbour secretly. Otherwise, we might seek the point of comparison in the disgusting character of their dispositions. Several have wished to understand by the dogs "the effeminate, and abusers of themselves with mankind," of 1 Corinthians 6:9. But however certainly these occupy one of the first places among the dogs, we still cannot think of their being specially and exclusively meant. They would require to have been more specifically described. In Deuteronomy 23:18 also, to which reference is sometimes made, the dog by itself is only a designation of base and disgusting filthiness; it is the genus for the species of abominations mentioned in Revelation 22:17. It is this latter verse alone that supplies the more definite meaning.

Whoremongers are here associated with murderers as adulterers are in the law of Moses. In ch. Revelation 21:8 whoremongery is considered under the aspect of an injury done to a neighbour. Bengel: "Whoremongery is now almost less thought of in Christendom than it was among the heathen; but here whoremongers stand between sorcerers and murderers; so that they may easily understand what their recompense shall be."

Idolaters here also are the kind, liars the species—comp. at ch. Revelation 22:8. The doing a lie stands opposed to doing the truth in John 3:21.

Bossuet, "I am not sure if any portion of Scripture can be found in which terrors and consolations are better intermingled together, than they are in these last chapters. There is everything to attract in this most blessed city; all in it is rich and glorious; but every thing also is fitted to inspire one with dread; for we perceive still more there of purity than of grandeur."

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-22.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

15.Without are the dogs, with the article. Not meaning that the dogs are admitted into the new earth, while excluded from the city. The Greek word for without is used for moral separateness in l Corinthians Revelation 5:12-13; Colossians 4:5; 1 Thessalonians 4:12. In Acts 26:11, it means out of the country, even to foreign cities. The foreign and distant place assigned for characters represented by the dogs is specified in Revelation 21:8, with which passage compare this verse.

 

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-22.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

, an archaic metaphor, coloured by the nomad’s hatred of hounds; cf.Arabia Deserta, i. 337, 339 (“only the dog has no citizenship in the nomad life”. “It is the only life mishandled by the gentle Arab, who with spurns and blows cast out these profane creatures from the tent.”) Here are not merely impure pagans, but the impudently impure, possibly in the special and darker sense of “sodomites” (cf.1 Timothy 1:10; Deuteronomy 23:19-20, collated with and ). cf. on Revelation 21:8 and Cooke’s North Sem. Inscriptions, p. 68. Such loathsome practices were not uncommon in the Oriental cults.

 

 

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-22.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

15. But outside the city. No impurity is allowed in heaven. Those who have followed Satan in this life, have no part in the Holy City! [Note that those allowed in have been accepted as perfect through the imputed righteousness of Christ. See note on Revelation 22:1. ]

 

 

 

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Revelation 22:15". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/revelation-22.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.