Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 22:19

and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his part from the tree of life and from the holy city, which are written in this book.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Book;   Church;   Plague;   Readings, Select;   Wicked (People);   Word of God;   Scofield Reference Index - Bible;   Eternal Life;   Inspiration;   Life;   Summary;   Thompson Chain Reference - Bible, the;   Book;   Future, the;   God's Word;   Heaven;   Heavenly;   Home;   Jerusalem, New;   Living Water;   New;   Reverence;   Water;   Water of Life;   Wells;   Word;   Word of God;   Word, God's;   The Topic Concordance - Kingdom of God;   Name;   Prophecy and Prophets;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Books;   Cities;   Prophecy;   Scriptures, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Tradition;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Inspiration;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Obedience;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Heaven;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Works, Good;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Canon of the Old Testament;   Inspiration;   Jehoiakim;   Revelation of John, the;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Fall;   False Prophet;   Holy City;   Prophecy, Prophets;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Prophet;   Revelation, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Aristeas ;   Book of Life;   Isaiah ;   Life and Death;   Sanctify, Sanctification;   Tree ;   Word;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Book of Life, the;   Inspiration;   Revelation, the;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Scripture;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Assemblies, Masters of;   Epistle;   Revelation of John:;   Text and Manuscripts of the New Testament;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for October 29;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

If any man shall take away - If any man shall lessen this meaning, curtail the sense, explain away the spirit and design, of these prophecies, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, etc. Thus Jesus Christ warns all those who consider this book to beware of indulging their own conjectures concerning it. I confess that this warning has its own powerful influence upon my mind, and has prevented me from indulging my own conjectures concerning its meaning, or of adopting the conjectures of others. These visions and threatenings are too delicate and awful a subject to trifle with, or even to treat in the most solemn manner, where the meaning is obscure. I must leave these things to time and event, the surest interpreters. No jot or tittle of Christ's word shall fall to the ground; all shall have its fulfillment in due time.

This is termed a revelation, but it is a revelation of symbols; an exhibition of enigmas, to which no particular solution is given, and to which God alone can give the solution.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-22.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy - If he shall reject the book altogether; if he shall, in transcribing it, designedly strike any part of it out. It is conceivable that, from the remarkable nature of the communications made in this book, and the fact that they seemed to be unintelligible, John supposed there might be those who would be inclined to omit some portions as improbable, or that he apprehended that when the portions which describe antichrist were fulfilled in distant ages, those to whom those portions applied would be disposed to strike them from the sacred volume, or to corrupt them. He thought proper to guard against this by this solemn declaration of the consequence which would follow such an act. The whole book was to be received - with all its fearful truths - as a revelation from God; and however obscure it might seem, in due time it would be made plain; however faithfully it might depict a fearful apostasy, it was important, both to show the truth of divine inspiration and to save the church, that these disclosures should be in their native purity in the possession of the people of God.

God shall take away his part out of the book of life - Perhaps there is here an intimation that this would be most likely to be done by those who professed to be Christians, and who supposed that their names were in the book of life. In fact, most of the corruptions of the sacred Scriptures have been attempted by those who have professed some form of Christianity. Infidels have but little interest in attempting such changes, and but little influence to make them received by the church. It is most convenient for them, as it is most agreeable to their feelings, to reject the Bible altogether. When it said here that “God would take away his part out of the book of life,” the meaning is not that his name had been written in that book, but that he would take away the part which he might have had, or which he professed to have in that book. Such corruption of the divine oracles would show that they had no true religion, and would be excluded from heaven. On the phrase “book of life,” see the notes on Revelation 3:5.

And out of the holy city - Described in Revelation 21. He would not be permitted to enter that city; he would have no part among the redeemed.

And from the things which are written in this book - The promises that are made; the glories that are described.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-22.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And if any man shall take away from the prophecy of this book,.... As he may be said to do, who denies the authority of this book, which has been done by some, and which the Holy Ghost foresaw; or takes it away from, or denies the reading of it to the people, as the Papists do with respect to the whole Scripture; and who wilfully pervert the sense of it, and will not have the things in it, relating to antichrist, to belong to him.

God shall take away his part out of the book of life; by which is meant eternal election, which is the meaning of the phrase throughout this book, in which whoever are written shall certainly be saved. The worshippers of the beast, or the antichristian party, who are chiefly regarded here, are not written in it, Revelation 13:8 wherefore taking away the part of such, is only taking away that which they seemed to have; see Luke 8:18 and the sense is, that such shall be cast into the lake of fire, which is the second death, and will be the portion of all that are not written in the book of life, Revelation 20:15. The Alexandrian copy, one of Stephens's, and the Complutensian edition, read, "the tree of life"; and so do the Syriac and Ethiopic versions; the sense is the same; see John 15:2 and out of the holy city; the new Jerusalem, before described, a part in which is a right to enter into it through the gates, and possess the glories of it: what is mentioned here is only a seeming one, which wicked men may flatter themselves with; and the meaning is, that such shall never enter into it, and enjoy the happiness of it, but shall ever be without, Revelation 21:27

and from the things which are written in this book; the blessings promised to the overcomers in Revelation 2:7 which such as detract from this book shall have no share in. The Alexandrian copy, with some others, and the Syriac version, leave out the copulative "and", and read "which are written", &c. connecting them with the book of life, and holy city, which are written, and spoken of, in this book. The Ethiopic version connects the words with the holy city, only reading them, "which is written", &c. The Jews say of their Talmud, that nothing is to be added to it, or diminished from itF15Ganz. Tzemach David, par. 1. fol. 34. 1. .

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-22.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

book — None of our manuscripts read this. A, B, Aleph, Vulgate, Syriac, and Coptic read, “(take away his part, that is, portion) from the tree of life,” that is, shall deprive him of participation in the tree of life.

and from the things — so Vulgate. But A, B, Aleph, Syriac, Coptic, and Andreas omit “and”; then “which are written in this book” will refer to “the holy city and the tree of life.” As in the beginning of this book (Revelation 1:3) a blessing was promised to the devout, obedient student of it, so now at its close a curse is denounced against those who add to, or take from, it.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-22.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

If any man shall take away (εαν τις απεληιean tis aphelēi). Also condition of the third class with εανean and second aorist active subjunctive of απαιρεωaphaireō with αποapo repeated both in the condition and in the conclusion (απελει αποaphelei apo future active indicative of απαιρεωaphaireō for the more usual απαιρησειaphairēsei).

Which are written in this book (των γεγραμμενων εν τωι βιβλιωι τουτωιtōn gegrammenōn en tōi bibliōi toutōi). Ablative neuter plural articular perfect passive participle in apposition with εκ του χυλου της ζωηςek tou xulou tēs zōēs (from the tree of life) and εκ της πολεως της αγιαςek tēs poleōs tēs hagias (out of the holy city). Such a man is unworthy of his inheritance.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-22.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

The Book of Life

Read τοῦ ξύλου thetree. So Rev.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-22.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Scofield's Reference Notes

Inspiration: Summary. The testimony of the Bible to itself.

(1) The writers affirm, where they speak of the subject at all, they speak by direct divine authority.

(2) They invariably testify that the words, and not the ideas merely, are inspired. The most important passage is 1 Corinthians 2:7-15 which see.

(3) The whole attitude of Jesus Christ toward the Old Testament, as disclosed in His words, both before His death and after His resurrection, confirms its truth and divine origin, and He explicitly ascribes the Pentateuch to Moses.

(4) In promising subsequent revelations after the predicted advent of the Spirit John 16:12-15 our Lord prepared the way for the New Testament.

(5) The writers of the New Testament invariably treat the Old Testament as authoritative and inspired. (See Scofield "2 Peter 1:19"). See Scofield "1 Corinthians 2:13".

life Eternal life, Summary of the teaching:

(1) The life is called "eternal" because it was from the eternity which is past unto the eternity which is to come--it is the life of God revealed in Jesus Christ, who is God John 1:4; John 5:26; 1 John 1:1; 1 John 1:2

(2) This life of God, which was revealed in Christ, is imparted in a new birth by the Holy Spirit, acting upon the word of God, to every believer on the Lord Jesus Christ John 3:3-15.

(3) The life thus imparted was from the beginning." But the recipient is a "new creation" 2 Corinthians 5:17; Galatians 6:15.

(4) The life of God which is the believer is an unsevered part of the life which eternally was, and eternally is, in Christ Jesus--one life, in Him and in the believer--Vine and branches; Head and members 1 Corinthians 6:17; Galatians 2:20; Colossians 1:27; Colossians 3:3; Colossians 3:4; 1 John 5:11; 1 John 5:12; John 15:1-5, 1 Corinthians 12:12-14

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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 22:19". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-22.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

Ver. 19. And if any man shall take away] Since every word of God is pure, precious, and profitable, Proverbs 30:5; 2 Timothy 3:16.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-22.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 22:19. ἀπὸ τοῦ ξύλου τῆς ζωῆς καὶ τῆς πόλεως τὴς ἁγίας, τῶν γεγραμμένων, κ. τ. λ.) See App. Crit. Ed. ii. on this place.(251) The tree of life itself, and the holy city itself, are the first and the last (ch. 2. 3. 22), nay, even the sum of those distinguished privileges, the hope of which is given to the faithful in this book.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-22.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Revelation 22:13"

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-22.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Take away from the words of-this prophecy; take away a part of what God has revealed, and reject it as not inspired by him. See note to the preceding verse. To attempt to require of men what God does not require, or to absolve them from what he does require, is a great sin, and exposes those who practise it to his endless curse.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-22.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Taking away "his part" from the tree of life and the New Jerusalem does not mean he will lose his salvation either. If the person who corrupts Revelation is an unbeliever, he or she will have no part (share) in the blessings of the new creation. If he or she is a believer, the part (share) lost must be some special privilege in the eternal state. In other words, a believer who perverts the teaching of this book may lose part of his or her eternal reward. To say that a true child of God would never tamper with these Scriptures is simply naive. "Anyone" means anyone.

The Book of Revelation opened with a blessing on all who obey its instructions ( Revelation 1:3), and it closes with a strong curse on all who disobey it.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-22.html. 2012.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

takeaway. Greek. aphaireo. Only here in Rev. Compare Hebrews 10:4.

out of. Same as "from" above.

book of life. The texts read "tree of life". With the last two verses: compare Deuteronomy 4:2; Deuteronomy 12:32. Proverbs 30:5, Proverbs 30:6. Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:8.

and . . . thing? . The texts omit.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-22.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

Book. A B 'Aleph ('), Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, read, 'take away his part (i:e., portion) from the tree of life;'

i.e., exclude him from the tree of life.

And from the things. So Vulgate; but A B 'Aleph ('), Syriac, Coptic, Andreas, omit "and:" then, "which are written in this book" refers to 'the holy city and the tree of life.' As in the beginning (Revelation 1:3), a blessing was promised to the obedient student, so now, at the close, a curse is denounced against those who add to or take from the book.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-22.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.
take
2:18; Luke 11:52
God
3:5; 13:8; Exodus 32:33; Psalms 69:28
out of the book of life
or, from the tree of life.
2
and out
21:2,22-27
and from
12; 1:3; 2:7,11,17,26; 3:4,5,12,21; 7:9-17; 14:13
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:32 - blot me;  Deuteronomy 4:2 - GeneralDeuteronomy 12:32 - thou shalt not;  Nehemiah 13:15 - I testified;  Proverbs 30:6 - Add;  Isaiah 28:22 - lest;  Isaiah 48:2 - they call;  Jeremiah 26:2 - diminish;  Jeremiah 36:23 - he cut;  Matthew 27:53 - holy;  Acts 8:21 - hast;  Galatians 1:8 - though;  Galatians 1:9 - than;  Hebrews 12:22 - the city;  Revelation 11:2 - and the

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-22.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

There is nothing put in the book of God that is not necessary, therefore it is sinful to take any of it out. That would be done by rejecting any of its requirement. (See Hebrews 2:2.) Take away his part. No Prayer of Manasseh, actually has possession of any part of the things in the holy city, but God has prepared a part for each person who will prepare himself for it by faithfulness to the word. "

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-22.html. 1952.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

19.Take away—Seeking to destroy the truth, or undermine its authority.

His part—Either in possession, or the part he would have had had he been true. As the Apocalypse is rich with all the truths of the New Testament, so no one can impugn its doctrines without impugning the Gospel; and to impugn the Gospel is to impugn his own salvation. John, as before said, is conscious that he is making New Testament; he is doubtless conscious that he is closing the canon. But we cannot quite say that he includes the whole canon under the safe-guard of these maledictions otherwise than by the scope of analogy. Note, Revelation 5:14.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 22:19". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-22.html. 1874-1909.