Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 22:3

There will no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His bond-servants will serve Him;
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Church;   Heaven;   Lamb of God;   Readings, Select;   Sin;   Throne;   Thompson Chain Reference - Future, the;   Heaven;   Heavenly;   Home;   Joys, Family;   Living Water;   No Mores, the Seven;   Seven;   Water;   Water of Life;   Wells;   The Topic Concordance - Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ;   Giving and Gifts;   Government;   Light;   Name;   Seeing;   Servants;   Truth;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Christ, the King;   Titles and Names of Christ;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Apocalyptic literature;   Eschatology;   Evil;   Healing;   Heaven;   Lamb;   Paradise;   Revelation, book of;   Servant of the lord;   Temple;   Vision;   Worship;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Blessing;   Curse, Accursed;   Image of God;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Obedience;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Heaven;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Enoch;   Heaven;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Heavens, New;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Love, Lover, Lovely, Beloved;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Enoch Book of;   Fellowship (2);   God;   Mediator;   Minister Ministry;   New Jerusalem;   Pre-Eminence ;   Revelation, Book of;   Sheep, Shepherd;   Throne (2);   Type;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Lamb;   Revelation, the;   13 To Worship, Serve;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Immortal;   Revelation of John:;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for May 1;   Faith's Checkbook - Devotion for October 27;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

No more curse - Instead of καταναθεμα, curse, the best MSS., versions, etc., read καταθεμα cursed person. As there shall be no more sinning against God, so there shall be no more curse of God upon the people; for they shall be all his servants, and serve him. Our first parents came under the curse by sinning against their Maker in paradise; these shall never apostatize, therefore neither they nor the earth shall be cursed.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-22.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And there shall be no more curse - This is doubtless designed to be in strong contrast with our present abode; and it is affirmed that what now properly comes under the name of a curse, or whatever is part of the curse pronounced on man by the fall, will be there unknown. The earth will be no more cursed, and will produce no more thorns and thistles; man will be no more compelled to earn his bread by the sweat of his brow; woman will be no more doomed to bear the sufferings which she does now; and the abodes of the blessed will be no more cursed by sickness, sorrow, tears, and death.

But the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it - God will reign there forever; the principles of purity and love which the Lamb of God came to establish, will pervade that blessed abode to all eternity.

And his servants shall serve him - All his servants that are there; that is, all the inhabitants of that blessed world. For the meaning of this passage, see the notes on Revelation 7:15.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-22.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And there shall be no more curse,.... As there was in Eden, from whence a river came, and where was a tree of life; for there the serpent cursed for his concern in man's transgression, and the earth on account of it; but in this new earth, and paradisiacal state, and on the inhabitants of it, will be no curse; here will be no sin, the cause of the curse, nor pain and sorrow, nor death, corporeal, spiritual, and eternal, or the wrath of God, the several effects of sin, and parts of the curse; the curse of the law cannot here take place; for, besides the righteousness of Christ, which all in the new Jerusalem will be clothed with, and so be blessed and secure from the curse, they will be perfectly pure and holy in nature, and constant and complete in their obedience and service; they will always do the will of God on earth, as it is done in heaven; no accursed person, or anyone devoted to ruin and destruction, will be here; not the old serpent, the devil, he will be shut up in the bottomless pit; nor the blasphemous beast and false prophet, they will be taken and cast alive into the lake of fire before this time comes; no cursing, or accursed men will dwell here; not such who curse themselves, or the saints, or such who will be bid to depart as cursed, these will be destroyed in the general conflagration; nor will there be any anathema denounced against any person, for here wilt be no introducers of another Gospel, nor any that do not love the Lord Jesus Christ; nor will any be an anathema, or accursed from Christ, excommunicated from the church of Christ, for that will have no members deserving of that; none but what are pure and undefiled; see Zechariah 14:11

but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; God himself will be there, his tabernacle will be among men; the name of this city will be "Jehovah Shammah", the Lord is here; the pure and spotless Lamb of God, the Son of the Blessed, will be here, whose presence will make it an happy state; these will both have their throne, or seat, here; they will sit on one throne, being the one God over all, blessed for ever; this city will be the city of the great King, where his royal glory and majesty will be most illustriously displayed, and which will greatly make for the felicity of this state, and secure it from the curse:

and his servants shall serve him: either the angels, who are ministering spirits, and the servants of God and of the Lamb; or the ministers of the Gospel, the servants of the most high God; or rather all the true followers of Christ, who shall be where he is, and "serve him": both God and the Lamb, who are one in nature, though two distinct persons; wherefore serving them both is not serving two masters: and the service the saints will be employed in, in this state, will not be preaching the word, or attending on the ministry of it, or subjecting to ordinances, which will now be at an end, but celebrating the praises of God, adoring the perfections of his nature, ascribing the glory of every providence, and of all salvation to him, and magnifying the riches of his grace; and this they will perform in the most spiritual, fervent, and perfect manner, and that continually; see Revelation 7:15.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-22.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

no more curse — of which the earnest shall be given in the millennium (Zechariah 14:11). God can only dwell where the curse and its cause, the cursed thing sin (Joshua 7:12), are removed. So there follows rightly, “But the throne of God and of the Lamb (who redeemed us from the curse, Galatians 3:10, Galatians 3:13) shall be in it.” Compare in the millennium, Ezekiel 48:35.

serve him — with worship (Revelation 7:15).

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-22.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

There shall be no curse any more (παν κατατεμα ουκ εσται ετιpan katathema ouk estai eti). No other example of κατατεμαkatathema has been found outside of the Didache XVI. 5, though the verb κατατεματιζωkatathematizō occurs in Matthew 26:74, meaning to curse, while we have ανατεματιζωanathematizō in Mark 14:71 in the same sense. It may be a syncopated form of κατανατεμαkatanathema The usual ανατεμαanathema (curse) occurs in 1 Corinthians 16:22; Galatians 1:8; Romans 9:3. For πανpan with ουκουδενouk =λατρευσουσιν αυτωι ouden see Revelation 21:27.

Shall do him service (λατρευωlatreusousin autōi). Future active of αυτωιlatreuō linear idea, “shall keep on serving.” See Revelation 7:15 for present active indicative of this same verb with the dative autōi as here, picturing the worship of God in heaven. See Revelation 22:1 for “the throne of God and of the Lamb.”

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-22.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Shall serve ( λατρεύσουσιν )

See on Luke 1:74. Rev., do Him service. The word originally means to serve for hire. In the New Testament, of the worship or service of God in the use of the rites intended for His worship. It came to be used by the Jews in a very special sense, to denote the service rendered to Jehovah by the Israelites as His peculiar people. See Romans 9:4; Acts 26:7; Hebrews 9:1, Hebrews 9:6. Hence the significant application of the term to Christian service by Paul in Philippians 3:3.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-22.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:

And there shall be no more curse — But pure life and blessing; every effect of the displeasure of God for sin being now totally removed.

But the throne of God and the Lamb shall be in it — That is, the glorious presence and reign of God.

And his servants — The highest honour in the universe.

Shalt worship him — The noblest employment.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-22.html. 1765.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

No more curse; the curse shall be no more; that is, the terrible curses originally denounced against human sin in the days of Adam's transgression (Genesis 3:14-19) shall now be removed forever. Thus the volume of the word of God, having opened with a history of that terrible malediction pronounced upon the human race, which has made this world such a scene of sorrow, now sublimely closes with a prophetic announcement of its perpetual removal. This link, connecting the beginning with the end, binds together the whole word of God, and gives a lofty unity to the long succession of vastly varied materials which the sacred volume comprises.--And his servants shall serve him; shall be employed, actively, in the pursuit and accomplishment of his plans.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/revelation-22.html. 1878.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

3 And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:

Ver. 3. And there shall be no more curse] No casting out by excommunication; no cause of any such thing.

Of God and of the Lamb] He and the Father are one, John 10:30. {See Trapp on "John 10:30"}

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-22.html. 1865-1868.

Sermon Bible Commentary

Revelation 22:3

The Service of God.

I. If we call Christ Saviour, we must also call Him King; we must not pick and choose among the elements of the Gospel, and cast aside such parts of it as may press too hardly on our own craving to have our own way. Even when, in some most comfortable words, He bids us to come unto Him, and promises rest and relief from a heavy load, it is on the condition of taking upon us instead His easy yoke and light burden. The relation between a bondservant, or slave, and a master whose rights over him were absolute, a relation which Christianity was to undermine, but which for the time was suffered to exist, is utilised, so to speak, for the purpose of enforcing this great lesson. Four times does St. Paul, himself the Apostle, as he is called, of spiritual freedom, adopt the title of "a slave of God," or of Christ, a title used also by St. Peter, by St. John, by St. James, and by St. Jude. It is remarkable, too, that in the text the expressions are combined, "His servants shall do Him service for wages."

II. This thought will brighten and elevate the homeliest forms of every-day duty by bringing them under the obligation of personal service to a most equitable and Divinely generous Lord. We can do anything that is good and innocent, and everything that is part of our daily duty, as unto Him. Yes, and all helpful service of men will find fresh motive-power in the service of their and our Saviour. We shall be in a true sense serving Him when we are serving our fellow-men in Him and for His sake.

W. Bright, Morality in Doctrine, p. 130.


Thus, we see, the book closes where it begins. This text embodies all that is contained between its two covers. We have got back to Eden at last; we have got back to the tree of life in the midst of the paradise of God, and to the river of the water of life, and to the land of gold. Very long has been the wandering of the sad human family, the poor, unhappy, cursed, afflicted human race, but the end is reached, and although the curse was pronounced at the beginning, the winding up of all, the close of the matter, is that there is no curse. Consider, then, the curse, its origin, its nature, its penalty, the method of its repeal, and the prospects which its repeal opens to the eyes of believers.

I. The curse is visible. There is a pestilence that walks in darkness; there is a destruction that wastes at noonday; there is the law of sin and death, in which the curse of God is. Remark, again, how it reigns. The region of the curse is the region of the law; it is the region of tribulation and anguish. If we are in the region of the law, we are where the fire burns, and the storm tosses, and the steel pierces, and the poison kills, and the lightning cleaves, and time frightens by its limitations, and space by its contradictions and contractions. On some Mount Carmel God is always answering by fire, and the red curse of the wrath is manifested.

II. "There shall be no more curse." What is implied in this removal? Why, in fact, all experience here tends to teach it concisely. Now, you are to understand that Christ is the great power of God. You perhaps say, "That is nothing new." No, it is not, but it needs to be affirmed and asserted again and again with power. The whole nature of our redemption has no other end but to remove and extinguish the wrath that is between God and man. When that is removed, man is reconciled to God. Where the wrath is, there is that which must be atoned for; there is the cause of the separation between God and man; there is that which Christ came into the world to extinguish.

III. "There shall be no more curse." The sailor longing to set sail passes to and fro upon the shore, waiting the return of the tide, for when the tide returns the ship shall clear the harbour, and fly before the wind, and hasten home, and man can calculate the return of the tide; the astronomer, curious in speculation, waits upon his watch-tower, and notes in the heavenly places beyond the return of a planet or a comet, and by signs he can forecast the return of a luminary to its place in these skies; the feet of affection pace the stones of the station, waiting the return of the train, that the weary heart may be refreshed by the old face, and man can calculate the return of a train. But what of the return of a soul, nay, the return of a race of souls to their home and their allegiance, like weary birds returning to their rest? Then the strain of a glad universe shall be, "No more curse, no more pain, no more separation of lovers and friends, no more sickness, no more sighing, and no more death!" "They shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away."

E. Paxton Hood, Penny Pulpit, New Series, No. 375.

The Services of Heaven.

This promise, or prophecy (to a child of God, all promises are prophecies, and prophecies are promises), this prophetical promise, is the last and the best in the Bible. It seems purposely reserved to be the crowning point, for to be with God, to be near God, to see God, to know God, to enjoy God, to be like God, are all subordinate to serving God! But we must unlearn our common ideas, if we would understand this. For "service" has been so abused, by the unfaithfulness of the servants and the inconsideration and severity of the service, that the very name of "service" is degraded.

I. When this promise is to take effect, and that perfect "service" is to begin, it would be presumptuous to attempt to define too accurately. We must be careful in lifting the veil which screens the sanctuary. Yet it is no forbidden curiosity which follows longingly and lovingly those who are gone, and which yearns to ask, "Where are they? What are they doing? Are they cognisant of us? Though we cannot see them, is there any actual communion with us now? In their quiet resting-places, are they engaged, and how? Or is all action suspended a while, and do they wait for us?" This paradise—where the disembodied souls of the saints are till the Second Advent, as we gather from the intimations which are given to us—is characteristically a state of rest—of rest as in some measure contrasted with, and preparatory to, that state of active enjoyment which we shall have when we have regained our bodies, and of which these bodies are the necessary instruments. The images, which are used to describe the condition immediately after death, all point to rest. Seven times we have the expression, "enter into rest." And even sleep is used as the metaphor of death. And we have the analogy of the Sabbath-day and of the entrance into the land of Canaan; and it seems a gracious and fit arrangement, and according to God's tender mercy, and it commends itself to our feelings and experiences, that, after the toils and conflicts of life, there should be a season of special repose and refreshment. It is not to be believed for a moment that this interval is a time of unconsciousness or dull nonentity. St. Paul would not have hesitated, as he did, in his letter to the Philippians, whether it was better to live or die, if the state after death till the resurrection were a state of inaction. It would be better, certainly, to a mind such as his to remain here and work, than to be nothing and do nothing for a great many years. But the rest of paradise, as I believe, will be such a rest as the Christian needs and loves, passed with Christ, contemplating Christ, delighting in Christ, learning from Christ, properly learning, especially such things as shall be needed for future service. Nor can I conceive that even this quiet period shall be altogether without activity, for we are so constituted that we can hardly think of a sphere of positive enjoyment not combined with action. But rather will it be such employment as is most restful. We have the two beautifully blended in that description of the souls in paradise, which is perhaps given us for this very end, to show the union, "They rest in their beds, each one walking in his uprightness."

II. During that "resting" period, it is pleasant to us to know that they and we are in perfect sympathy in the longing which the whole Church has for the Advent. We are looking to the same point on the horizon, for they too expect, in the perfection of their being, to rise. "How long? How long?" "Even we"—as St. Paul says of us—"who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of the body." But when He shall come in whose presence when He lived upon earth all death awoke to life, on that great Easter morning, the souls of saints which sleep shall rise in the springtide of their beauty, and each soul shall mate itself again to its body, no longer, as now, a clog, to drag it down to the dust, but to be wings to its joy, to do all its will; then shall our perfected and glorified being begin to fulfil the far end of its existence: "His servants shall serve Him."

J. Vaughan, Sermons, 13th series, p. 69.


Reference: Revelation 22:3.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xxvii., No. 1576.

Servitude and Royalty.

I. "His servants shall serve Him." Such is the title of the glorified. In heaven itself there is no emancipation from the bonds of God. The holy nations are eternally bound in absolute obligation to the will of God and of the Lamb. It is no part of the Creator's promise to raise, to educate, the creature to independence, to self-dependence. That could not be without a profound and fatal contradiction. The created soul could not be the basis of its own being, nor could it be the source of its own joy and power or the law of its own eternity. We read what is but likely when we read that the nearer and the clearer is the sight of the Creator granted to the creature, the better the creature recognises the blessedness of self-surrender. The nearer the approach, the more entire the service. Even within the most living circles of the Christian Church just now the sense of duty surely is not at its strongest. The will to do our Divine Master's will, not our liking, but His bidding; the sober strength of Christian character; the weight and fixity of principle; the jealousy that conscience is kept void of offence in the plain duties of the common day—these are not things so often to be found. Nevertheless these things are essentials in the seed sown here which is to issue in the life of heaven. For it is written that His servants there shall serve Him still.

II. "They shall reign for ever and ever." Such is the twin promise of the better life. The bondmen of the Eternal, in that existence of endless duty, shall for ever reign. Even in the present world the true servant of God, in proportion to the reality and simplicity of his servitude, receives some foretastes of his royalty. There is no independence upon earth so strong, and so nobly strong, as that of a Christian who wills wholly to be Christ's servant.

H. C. G. Moule, Christ is All, p. 203.


References: Revelation 22:4.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xiv., No. 824; J. B. Lightfoot, Church of England Pulpit, vol. vii., p. 369; Homiletic Quarterly, vol. v., p. 308. Revelation 22:4, Revelation 22:5.—H. W. Beecher, Christian World Pulpit, vol. ix., p. 282. Revelation 22:5.—W. C. E. Newbolt, Counsels of Faith and Practice, p. 57; Homilist, 3rd series, vol. iii., p. 200; G. W. Conder, Christian World Pulpit, vol. x., p. 44; Preachers Monthly, vol. v., p. 52. Revelation 22:7.—R. S. Candlish, The Gospel of Forgiveness, p. 437.

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Nicoll, William R. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Sermon Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sbc/revelation-22.html.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

St. John has not yet done with this copious description of the New Jerusalem, but here he closes it by doing these two things,

1. He shows what shall not be found there: there shall be no curse, no accursed person, or accursed thing, no sin, nor any thing sinful, that deserves the curse; and there shall be no night there, no darkness of ignorance or error, or darkness of affliction, temptation, or desertion, no night of natural darkness, no night of spiritual darkness, much less of eternal darkness, which is the portion of the wicked: farther, there shall be no need of natural light, the light of the sun; no need of artificial light, the light of a candle; no need of the spiritual light of the word and ordinances, all which shall then and there cease.

2. He shows what there shall be there, namely,

1. The throne of God and the Lamb, that is, the glorious and everlasting presence of God and Christ, as on a throne of royal majesty, insomuch that the name of the city may be Jehovah Shammah, the Lord is there.

2. It is added, that his servants shall serve him, that is the glorious angels and glorified saints shall continually stand before him, and administer unto him, not spend their eternity in a perpetual gazing upon God, but executing his commands, obeying him with vigour, praising him with cheerfulness, loving him above measure, fearing him without torment, trusting him without despondency, serving him without lassitude and weariness, without interruption or distraction, praising God, and singing eternal hallelujah's to the Lamb for ever and ever.

3. It is declared that they shall see God's face, which imports fruition as well as vision of him, together with a sweet and satisfactory delectation in him. Matthew 5:8; Hebrews 12:14 Blessed are the pure in heart, and holy in life, for they shall see God: that is, have a clear and apprehensive, though not a full and comprehensive, knowledge of him.

4. His name shall be in their foreheads: his name, that is, his holy nature, his image and likeness, by which they shall be known, as a man is by his name: an allusion probably to the high-priest, who had holiness to the Lord written on his frontlet; or a reflection upon the worshippers of the beast, who have his name on their foreheads; in like manner the name of God shall be on his servants' foreheads; they are thankful for imperfect lineaments here, but shall be satisfied with his likeness then and there.

Lastly, It is closed with this, they shall reign for ever and ever, not for a thousand years, as the militant church is said to reign on earth after antichrist's destruction, but for eternal ages, and this not partially, but fully and completely, when all their spiritual enemies, sin, Satan, and the world, yea, death itself, shall be put under their feet, and that for ever.

From the whole learn, That when we are at any time dejected upon the account of our dark and imperfect knowledge,or afflicted upon the occasion of many wearisome nights and days of sin and sorrow, of trouble and temptation, of misery and desertion, which we have here on earth, let this meditation comfort us, that the happy day is coming, when there shall be no night, but an eternal sabbath of rest, light, and life, with plenty of all good things, even fulness of joy and rivers of pleasure for evermore.

O Lord, the well of life so pure Doth ever flow from thee, And in thy light thy saints are sure Eternal light to see. --The Lord giveth them light, and they shall reign for ever and ever.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/revelation-22.html. 1700-1703.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 22:3. κατάθεμα) Thus comp. with other editions printed at Antwerp and Geneva, and with almost all the MSS. See App. Ed. ii.(240)ἐν αὐτῇ, in it) This may possibly refer to the street: comp. Job 29:7, ἐν δὲ πλατείαις ἐτίθετό μου δίφρος. But it refers to the city itself, as Revelation 22:2, αὐτῆς, of it: although in truth the throne will be in the most conspicuous place of the city.— αὐτοῦ, of Him) Where mention is made both of God and of the Lamb, the following relative, αὐτοῦ, of Him, has reference either to the Lamb, ch. Revelation 6:17, also ch. Revelation 1:1, Revelation 20:6, because in these places there is ascribed to the Lamb, wrath, revelation, the kingdom: or it has reference to God, as in this passage, because the throne is more frequently ascribed to God; wherefore also, ch. Revelation 11:15, the word βασιλεύσει, shall reign, refers to the Lord. It is not there said, they shall reign; nor is it said in any place, αὐτῶν, of them, in the plural, on account of their intimate union. In the mention of the Lamb, there is an allusion also to God: in the mention of God, there is an allusion also to the Lamb.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-22.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

And there shall be no more curse; nothing that is devoted to the devil, katanayema, no accursed person, or thing.

But the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; the presence of a holy and pure God will prevent and forbid that.

And his servants shall serve him; it is a place in which God alone shall be served by his own servants.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-22.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

ничегопроклятого Проклятие, лежащее на земле, полученное в результате непослушания Адама и Евы (Быт. 3:16-19), полностью снимается. Богу никогда более не придется судить грех, потому что его не будет в новом небе и на новой земле. Рабы Господа будут служить Ему. См. пояснение к 7:15.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-22.html.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And there shall be no curse any more: and the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be therein: and his servants shall serve him;

And there shall be no curse any more ... "This is an allusion to the curse pronounced upon the Ground because of the sin of Adam (Genesis 3:17)."[17] In the final city of God, such curses can never come.

And the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be there ... The oneness of the Father and the Son are dramatically and forcefully stated in the visions of Revelation, no less than in the dogmatic propositions of the Fourth Gospel. See John 1:1-14; 14:1-10; 5:17ff.

And his servants shall serve him ... Heaven is never depicted as a place of leisure or idleness, but always as a place of activity. Even the angels which Jacob saw on the ladder reaching to heaven were "ascending and descending" upon it.

ENDNOTE:

[17] E. M. Zerr, Bible Commentary, Vol. 6 (Marion, Indiana: The Cogdill Foundation, 1954), p. 352.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-22.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

There will no longer be a curse because the tree of life will heal (redeem?) the nations. The curse in view is probably the curse that God pronounced on the old creation at the Fall (cf. Zechariah 14:11; Malachi 4:6). God will have intimate fellowship with His people because this curse has now been lifted. Evidently believers (His bond-servants in the new creation; cf. Revelation 1:1) will occupy themselves serving God and the Lamb in the new earth. The Greek word for "serve" (latreuo) suggests priestly service in view of its other uses in this book (cf. Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:10; Revelation 20:6). "His" and "Him" present God and the Lamb as essentially one being.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-22.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 22:3. And there shall be no more anything accursed, anything upon which the curse of the Almighty rests, and fit only to be cast out of His presence.

And the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it. What throne is this? The three clauses that follow appear to show that it is the throne of God in the innermost recess of His sanctuary. The ‘throne’ therefore is not concealed. The redeemed have constant access to it.

And his servants shall do him service. They shall perform their priestly functions for ever in His presence.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-22.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

no more = no (App-105) longer.

curse. Greek. katanathema, or with the texts, katathema, an accursed thing. Compare Zechariah 14:11 (Septuagint anathema).

but = and.

servants. App-190.

serve. App-187and App-190.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-22.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:

No more curse - of which the earnest shall be given in the millennium (Zechariah 14:11). God can only dwell where the curse and its cause-the cursed thing, sin (Joshua 7:12) - are removed. So there follows, 'but the throne of God and of the Lamb (who redeemed us from the curse, Galatians 3:10; Galatians 3:13) shall be in it.' Compare in the millennium (Ezekiel 48:35).

Serve him - with worship (Revelation 7:15) and active ministrations, as the angels whom they resemble (Psalms 103:20-21; Luke 20:35-36; Revelation 22:9). The sabbatism of heaven, as that of earth, is kept as much by working mercy and holiness as by direct worship (John 5:17; Romans 12:1). No separation shall be there between things secular and divine (Revelation 21:22).

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-22.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(3) And there shall be no more curse . . . Better, And every curse, or accursed thing, shall not be any longer. There may be an allusion to Joshua 7:12; there is certainly a borrowing, of language from Zechariah (Zechariah 14:11). All accursed things are removed, and with them passes the curse. The blessing of God’s presence, and the blessing of God’s rule take the place of the ascendancy of evil over the groaning creation (Romans 8:22). “The throne of God and the Lamb shall be in it.” The song of the Psalmist receives new force: “the Lord reigneth: let the earth rejoice; let the multitudes of the isles be glad thereof;” the accursed things, even all things that offend, are gathered out of the kingdom (Matthew 13:41).

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-22.html. 1905.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

(3) The throne of God and of the Lamb--22:3.

The divine rule of God and of Christ together in the "kingdom of Christ and God" (Ephesians 5:5) removed the penal judgment for sin from the inhabitants of the redeemed city--and there shall be no more curse--that is, no more of anything that was accursed, no accursed person or thing should have a place in the Holy City. The curse of sin was removed by Jesus Christ. The apostle declared that "Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law (Galatians 3:13), being made a curse for us; for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree." It was this death of ignominy on the cross, as declared in the following verse (14) that brought "the blessing of Abraham . . . on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith." In the Holy City Jerusalem there should be no more curse of sin to the redeemed inhabitants.

There was also a dual meaning attached to this symbol of the curse. In the period of the tribulation there had been the edict for the worship of the emperor in bowing to the Caesar-image, and all who refused submission were placed under the imperial curse. Having come out of the tribulation, the persecutors cast into the brimstone lake, the victors over oppression were symbolized as delivered from the curse of the imperial edict. From this setting which remains always in the background of Revelation, and much of the time in the foreground, the progressive application was made to the spiritual state of the New Jerusalem church.

In the environment of the new state the constituency of the ransomed city should not only pay homage of worship to Him who was on the throne, but should also do service--his servants shall serve him (verse 3). At the beginning of the Revelation (chapter 1:6) John said that Jesus Christ hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father in his church and kingdom here; and in chapter 5:10 the Seer said that this kingly and priestly character of the saints redeemed from persecution is further indication that the descriptions were of the church, and not of heaven. It is full harmony with the general teaching of the New Testament that Christians are priests in the church now (1 Peter 2:5; 1 Peter 2:9) and the church therefore is "a holy priesthood."

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-22.html. 1966.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:
there
21:4; Deuteronomy 27:26; Zechariah 14:11; Matthew 25:41; Genesis 3:10-13; Ezekiel 37:27
but
7:15-17; 21:22,23; Psalms 16:11; 17:15; Isaiah 12:6; Ezekiel 48:35; Matthew 25:21; John 14:3; 17:24
his
7:15; John 12:26
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 2:21 - I have healed;  Isaiah 51:11 - and sorrow;  Ezekiel 43:7 - the place of my throne;  Ezekiel 48:8 - the sanctuary;  Zechariah 2:5 - the glory;  Malachi 4:6 - and smite;  Matthew 17:4 - it is;  Mark 9:5 - it is;  Luke 1:33 - he;  John 5:18 - God was;  John 13:32 - shall;  John 14:8 - show;  John 14:23 - make;  Romans 8:21 - into the glorious;  2 Corinthians 5:8 - present;  Ephesians 3:19 - that ye;  1 Thessalonians 4:17 - and so;  2 Thessalonians 2:14 - to;  Hebrews 12:14 - no man;  Revelation 5:6 - a Lamb;  Revelation 7:10 - unto;  Revelation 22:11 - and he that

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-22.html.

Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation

MAGNIFICENT DECLARATIONS

Revelation 22:3-5. — "And no curse shall be any more; and the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and His servants shall serve Him. And they shall see His face; and His Name (is) on their foreheads. And night shall not be any more, and no need of a lamp, and light of (the) sun; for (the) Lord God shall shine upon them, and they shall reign to the ages of ages." On the entrance of sin into the world the serpent, the source of it, was cursed (Genesis 3:14), and the ground too (v. 17). Cain, who added to the sin of his father, completing it, so to speak, was also cursed (Genesis 4:11). All under the works of the law are under the curse (Galatians 3:10). But in the heavenly Jerusalem there is no more curse with its attendant train of ills and miseries. Neither the curse nor its direful effects can ever enter the holy city of God, environed by His glory.{*Again we find the counterpart to "no more curse" in Zechariah 14:11, which refers to the removal of the curse from the earthly Jerusalem.}

Once again the unity of God and the Lamb is proclaimed — a unity exercised in governmental power and action — "the throne of God and of the Lamb," twice repeated (vv. 1, 3). But it is set up in the midst of the Church itself, for we read the throne "shall be in it." Thus the throne is the strength and upholder of the city.

3. — "His servants shall serve Him." God and the Lamb are so united in thought and action that the personal pronoun is here employed. God will be revealed in the Lamb; we shall serve Him. Ours will be a service without cessation, without weariness, without flagging energy. In joy and freedom our service then will be one of pure love; without a flaw, and without one legal thought. How varied the character of service! How gladly the whole being enters upon an eternal life of service to Him!

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Scott, Walter. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sor/revelation-22.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

No more curse is an allusion to the curse pronounced upon the ground because of the sin of Adam ( Genesis 3:17). Instead of a curse there will be endless blessings because not only will the tree of life be in the city (as it was in the garden), but God and the Lamb will themselves be there. Also all creatures who would tempt the righteous will have been consigned to their eternal place in the lake of fire. Servants shall serve him. It is sometimes asked if the saved are to be entirely free in that city, since it is spoken of as the place of rest for God's people. The word serve does not necessarily mean labor or toil. The word is from LATBEUO and at this place Thayer's definition (the words in italics) is as follows: "To render religious service or homage, to worship." It certainly will be only unspeakable pleasure to engage in such employment as worshipping God in his immediate presence, when faithful disciples have taken real happiness from their worship of Him while in the world. In the words of one of the old songs of the church, it will be a service in a time and place "Where congregations ne'er break up, and rest days have no end."

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-22.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 22:3

Revelation 22:3 And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:

And there shall be no more curse

that Isaiah, no kind of misery, sorrow, sickness, affliction, or calamity in the holy city, the new Jerusalem.

But the throne of God, and of the Lamb shall be in it

that Isaiah, in the holy city.

And his servants

that Isaiah, his saints,

shall serve him

that Isaiah, shall worship him in spirit and truth. { John 4:22-24}

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-22.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 22:3. And there shall be no more curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it, and his servants shall serve him. The first words are taken from Zechariah 14:11, "And they dwell in it, and there shall be no more curse in it, and Jerusalem is securely enthroned." On that passage it was remarked in the Christology, "The words, There shall be no more curse, represent the whole church of God as consisting, after this catastrophe, of the purely righteous and holy, and therefore no longer, as in former times, to be purified by sifting theocratical judgments. In the new Jerusalem the penal justice of God will no more find an object; so that his whole procedure toward her will be an uninterrupted manifestation of his love and righteousness." In regard to the meaning of the curse, see my Christology on Malachi 4:6. Among other things, it was there said, "The idea of cursing is always that of the forced consecration to God of those who had obstinately refused to consecrate themselves voluntarily to him—of the manifestation of the divine glory in the destruction of those, who during their life-time would not reflect it, and therefore would not realize the general destination of man, the design of all creation. God sanctifies himself upon all those, in whom he is not sanctified. The destruction of every thing on earth, which will not serve him, proclaims his praise." God constantly declares anew to his militant church what he said of old to Joshua, Joshua 7:12, "The children of Israel could not stand before their enemies, but turned their backs before their enemies, because they were accursed; for they have even taken of the accursed thing; neither will I be with you any more except ye destroy the accursed from among you." Times of revival are constantly followed again by times of decay; times, in which the true city becomes an harlot, in which iniquity rises to the ascendant; and then, where the carcase is, there the eagles gather themselves together; God proves himself to be the jealous God, who visits the iniquities of the fathers on the children.— The clause, "and the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it," is very closely connected with that, which declares, "there shall be no more curse." Because there is no more curse, that is, no more an object of cursing, the gracious presence of God and of Christ shall no longer be liable to such a withdrawal as of old, when it was said to the Jews, as the curse began to alight on them, "Behold your house is left unto you desolate; ye shall not henceforth see me, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord" (Matthew 23:38-39); and so does he virtually speak from time to time to his church. The more the time happens to be one of cursing, so much the more refreshing and consolatory for the true members of the church should be this word of Christ, "And there shall be no more curse, and the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it."

In regard to the serving as connected with high grace and reward, see on ch. Revelation 7:15. It is said, "His servants shall serve him," not, their servants shall serve them; according to the word, "I and my Father are one."[Note: Bengel, "Where mention is made both of God and of the Lamb, the relative following, αὐ τοῦ, is to be referred either to the Lamb (ch. 6:17, also 1:1, 20:6), because in such passages wrath, revelation, kingdom, is ascribed to the Lamb; or to God, as here, because the throne is more frequently spoken of in connection with God; whence also the verb βασιλεύ σει is to be referred to the Lord. It is not said there, they will reign, nor is the plural αὐ τῶ ν, of them, ever used respecting them, on account of the essential unity. When the Lamb is mentioned God also is indicated, as is the Lamb when God is mentioned."]

The fut. in Revelation 22:3-5, serve to shew, as Bengel has justly remarked, that "there shall be an everlasting continuance in the glorious things here described." Up to this the Seer wrote what he had seen; here writing in such a manner could no longer suffice, and the description must take the form of prophecy.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-22.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

3.No more curse—The primal curse of death upon man is removed by the river and tree of immortality.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-22.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

, a corrupt and rare form of = anything accursed (lit. a curse itself, Did. Revelation 16:8). i.e., abstract for concrete, here = “a cursed person,” so Ps. Sol. 17:20 f.— , unfettered and unspoiled devotion. The interruption of the daily service and sacrifice in Jerusalem on 17th July, 70 A.D., had sent a painful thrill to the heart of all who cherished the ideal of Acts 26:7. No fear of that in the new Jerusalem!

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 22:3". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-22.html. 1897-1910.