Bridgeway Bible Dictionary
The name ‘Caesar’ was a Roman family name that became famous through Caesar Augustus, the man who in 27 BC introduced a new era in Roman affairs. Out of the disorder that characterized Rome and its colonies, Caesar Augustus founded what became known as the Roman Empire (Luke 2:1). People held him in such honour that later rulers took his name Caesar as their title (Luke 3:1). By New Testament times the common practice was to refer to the Emperor simply as Caesar (Mark 12:14; Luke 20:22; John 19:15; Acts 17:7; Acts 25:11; Acts 25:25). For further details see .
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Fleming, Don. Entry for 'Caesar'. Bridgeway Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/bbd/c/caesar.html. 2004.